American History and Genealogy Project

Annsburg ME to Armstrong, County, PA

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Annsburg, t., Washington co., Me. Watered by Narraguagus r. Pop. 23.

Annsville, v., Dinwiddie co., Va., 57 s. w. Richmond.

Annville, p-L, Lebanon co., Pa., 19 k. Harrisburg, 129 W. Pop. 2,949.

Anson, p-t., Somerset co., Me., 44 n. e. Augusta, 639 W. It is on the w. side of the Kennebec river. It is well cultivated, and produces good wheat. It has 8 stores, cap. $6,800; 2 tanneries, 3 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $8,650. 1 acad. 30 students, 23 com. sch. 837 scholars. Pop. 1,941.

Anson, County, N. C, on its s. border, with Rocky r. on the n., and the Yadkin r. e. It is watered by branches of these rivers, and contains 760 sq. ms. The surface is uneven. Capital, Wadesboro. There were in 1810, neat cattle 15,461, sheep 10,401, swine 28,492; wheat 39,991 bush, produced, Ind. corn 416,102, oats 25,528, potatoes 32,744, tobacco 3,210 pounds, cotton 9,078,659; 17 stores, cap. $115,800; 1 tannery, 21 distilleries, 2 flouring m., 30 grist m., 13 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $33,637. 7 acad. 150 students. Pop. 1830, 14,081; 1840, whites 9,633, slaves 5,304, free col'd 140; total, 15,077.

Antes, n-t., Huntingdon co., Pa., 116 Harrisburg, 172 W. It has 4 stores, cap. $24,500; 1 woollen fac, 1 tannery, 1 furnace, 1 distillery, 4 grist m., 38 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,940. 8 sch. 560 scholars. Pop. 2,154.

Anthony's Creek, p-o., Greenbriar co., Va., 220 w. by N. Richmond, 257 W.

Anthony's nose, the name of several elevated peaks in N. Y., 2 in the Highlands, on the e. of Hudson r., 1 in Johnstown, n. of the Mohawk river.

Antietam Creek, runs through Washington co., Md., into the Potomac.

Antioch, p-o., Monroe co., O., 274 e. by s. Columbus, 126 W.

Antioch, p-o., Marengo co., Ala., 88 s. Tuscaloosa, 900 W.

Antistown, v., Huntingdon co., Pa., 124 w. Harrisburg.

Antoine, p-t., Clark co., Ark., 86 Little Rock, 1,151 W. Pop. 245.

Antrim, p-t., Hillsborough co., N. H., 28 w. by s. Concord, 460 W. It is watered by Contocook r. and North Branch r., which furnishes valuable mill seats. It has 6 ponds well stored with fish. One of them, Gregg's pond, covers 200 acres, and is 80 feet deep. On the streams are fertile intervales, and otherwise it is uneven, but good for grazing. It has 2 stores, cap. $7,000; 1 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 4 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $31,545. 12 sch. 421 scholars. Pop. 1,225.

Antrim, p-v., Guernsey co., O., 91 e. Columbus, 40 e. Zanesville, 307 W. It has 3 churches, 3 stores, 1 acad., which is flourishing, and about 30 buildings.

Antrim, t., Crawford co., O., Pop. 261.

Antrim, p-o., Alleghany co., Pa., 209 w. Harrisburg, 229 W.

Antrim, t., Franklin co., Pa. Watered by Conecheague cr. and its tributaries. The surface is level, and the soil calcareous loam. It Has 7 stores, cap. $48,000; 1 woollen fac, 3 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 2 flouring m., 9 grist m., 8 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $22,450. 13 sch. 493 scholars. Pop. 4,061.

Antrim, t., Shiawassee co., Mich. 1 saw m. Pop. 117.

Antwerp, p-t., Jefferson co., N. Y., 20 n. e. Watertown, 169 n. w. Albany, 438 W. The surface is uneven, and the soil a clay loam, and fertile. It is watered by Oswegatchie r. on the n., and Indian r. on the s. It has 6 stores, cap. $23,000; 3 tanneries, 1 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. m manufac. $22,150. 12 sch. 295 scholars. Pop. 3,109.

Antwerp, p-o., Paulding co., O.

Antwerp, t., Van Buren co., Mich. 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,000. 6 sch. 88 scholars. Pop. 316.

Anville, t., Lebanon co., Pa. The surface is level, and the soil gravel and calcareous loam. Drained by Quitapahilla cr., which affords water power. It has 11 stores, cap. $47,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woollen fac, 3 tanneries, 1 distillery, 8 grist m., 5 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $33,820. 2 acad. 62 students, 6 sch. 194 scholars. Pop. 2,949.

Apalachin, p-o., Tioga co., N. Y., 169 s. w. Albany, 283 W.

Apollo, p-v., Armstrong co., Pa., 193 w. Harrisburg, 216 W.

Appalachee, a large open bay on the coast of Florida, in the Gulf of Mexico. Through this bay is a passage 10 feet deep, which is gradually reduced to 8, by which St. Marks is reached. It furnishes the best anchorage ground along the coast for the distance of 230 miles.

Appalachian mts. See Alleghany mts.

Appalachicola, p-v., port of entry and capital Franklin co., Flor., 135 s. w. Tallahassee, 976 W. It is situated on a bluff at the mouth of the Appalachicola r., w. side. It occupies a square mile, and is regularly laid out. On Frontstreet there are 7 blocks of large brick stores and warehouses, with granite fronts, back of which the houses are of wood. It has 1 Episcopal church, 2 banks, is the seat of admiralty jurisdiction, and has 1 weekly newspaper. This place is a considerable cotton mart. It generally has a number of large vessels in its harbor, and 20 steamboats, besides other craft, navigating the Appalachicola r. The tonnage in 1840, was 4,054.

Appalachicola r. is formed by the union of Chattahoochee, and Flint rs., which unite in the state of Georgia, in lat. 30° 42' n., from which it proceeds s. 70 ms. to St. George's sound, and thence to the Gulf of Mexico. Near the mouth of the river it forms a broad estuary, denominated Appalachicola Bay, which connects with St. George's sound. The latter is enclosed by three islands, and is 50 miles in length, and from 4 to 9 wide. Between the islands are 3 passages into the sound, which have a depth of about 15 feet of water at low tide. The river is navigable for small vessels to the junction of the Chattahoochee and Flint rs. The Chattahoochee, the largest branch, is navigable for boats nearly 400 miles from the Gulf of Mexico. The whole surface drained by the Appalachicola and its branches, is estimated at a little less than 20,000 sq. miles.

Appanoos, p-o., Hancock co., Ill., 122 w. n. w. Springfield, 883 W.

Apple r., Ill., passes through Jo. Daviess co., in the n. w. part of the state; and after a course of 45 miles, falls into the Mississippi, 20 miles below Galena. It is 50 yds. wide at its mouth. It is a rocky and rapid stream, furnishing many good mill seats.

Apple River, p-o., Jo. Daviess co., Ill., 215 n. by w. Springfield, 867 W.

Apple Creek, p-o., Wayne co., 99 n. e. Columbus, 341 W.

Apple Creek, p-o., Morgan co., Ill., 37 w. by s.Springfield, 809 W.

Apple Creek, p-o., Cape Girardeau co., Mo., 212 s. e. Jefferson city, 880 W.

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Appleton. p-o., Bennington t., Licking co., O., 52 e by n. Columbus, 389 W.

Appleton, t., Waldo co., Me., 20 s. w. Belfast, 84 n w. Portland, 35 E. by s. Augusta. Incorporated 1829. Situated between the head waters of St. George's and Muscongus rs. Soil fertile. It has 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $800. 5 sch. 301 scholars. Pop. 891.

Appling, County, Ga., in the s. part of the state, contains 1,600 sq. ms. It lies on the s. side of Ockmidgee r. Drained by the head waters of Santilla r. Surface level, soil sandy and light. Capital, Holraesville. There were m 1840, neat cattle 13,328, sheep 766, swine 9,563; wheat 2,027 bush, produced, Ind. corn 24,24o, potatoes 13,428, cotton, 5,159 pounds; 4 stores, cap. $8,200; 7 grist m., 7 saw rn.,1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $5,150 2 sch. 55 scholars. Pop. 1830 1,468; 1840, whites 1,755, slaves 282, free col'd 15; total, 2,052.

Appling, p-o., Jefferson co., N. Y., 169 n. w. Albany, 410 W.

Appling, C. H., or Applington, p-v., capital of Columbia co., Ga., Ill s. s. e. Milledgeville, 597 W. It is situated on the Great Kiokee cr., has a court house, jail, an acad., 1 Baptist and 1 Methodist church, 3 stores, and 20 dwellings.

Appomattox r., Va., rises in Prince Edward co., and after flowing e. 120 miles, unites with James r. at City Point. It is navigable for vessels of 100 tons to the falls at Petersburg, the head of tide water. There is a canal around these falls, and the r. is boatable 80 miles above.

Appoquinimink, (hundred,) Newcastle co., Delaware. It has 9 stores, cap. $10,400; 3 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $6,110. 2 sch. 61 scholars. Pop. 3,075.

Apulia, p-o., Fabius t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 124 w. Albany, 331 W.

Aquasco, p-o., Prince George's co., Md., 51 s. w. Annapolis, 44 W.

Aquebogue, p-v., Riverhead t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 229 s. s. e. Albany, 309 W. It has 1 church, 1 store, and about 15 dwellings.

Aquia, p-o., Stafford co., Va., 42 s. s. w. of W., on a small creek of the same name.

Aquilla, p-o., Franklin co., Ga., 120 n. by e. Milledgeville, 576 W.

Ararat, p-o., Washington co., Ala., 122 s. s. w. Tuscaloosa, 940 W.

Arator, p-o., Pettis co., Mo., 58 w. by n. Jefferson city, 994 W.

Arbuckle, p-o., Mason co., Va., 354 w. by N. Richmond, 367 W.

Arcadia, p-o., Morgan co., Ill., 40 s. w. Springfield, 820 W.

Arcadia, t., Wayne co., N. Y., 5 w. Lyons, 190 w. N. w. Albany. The surface is hilly; soil sandy and calcareous loam. Gypsum is found and quarried. Watered by Meed cr. The v. is situated on the Erie canal, and contains 1 Baptist church, 2 stores, and several groceries, 1 flouring m., 1 tannery, 100 dwellings, and 500 inhabitants. In the t. are 14 stores, cap. $62,800; 2 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 1 distillery, 1 flouring m., 1 grist m., 14 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $103,145. 2 acad, 46 students, 22 sch. 646 scholars. Pop. 4,980.

Arcadia, p-o., Madison co., Mo., s. e. Jefferson city.

Archer, p-t., Harrison co., O., 122 e. by n. Columbus, 202 W. It is watered by Stillwater r. and its tributaries. It has 5 sch. 230 scholars. Pop. 1,012.

Arcola, p-o., Loudon co., Va., 141 n. Richmond, 36 W.

Arcola, p-v., Madison t., Lake co., O. It has 30 dwellings, 2 blast furnaces, which yield 1,400 tons of fine iron castings annually, a steam grist m., and various mechanic shops.

Arenac county, Mich. Situated on the n. w. side of Saginaw Bay. Contains about 400 sq. ms. Drained by Rifle r., and some small streams falling into Saginaw Bay. (Unorganized.)

Arentsville, p-o., Adams co., Pa.

Arenzville, p-o., Morgan co., Ill., 52 s. w. Springfield, 832 W.

Argentine, t., Genesee co., Mich. Pop. 177.

Argo, p-o., Franklin co., Mo., 73 e. by s. Jefferson city, 917 W.

Argosville, p-o., Schoharie co., N. Y., 46 w. Albany, 395 W.

Argus, p-o., Montgomery co., Ala., 141 s. E. Tuscaloosa, 395 W.

Argyle, p-t., Washington co., N. Y., 36 n. Albany, 416 W. The v. is on Moseskill, and was incorporated in 1838. It has 1 Scotch Presbyterian, 1 Cameronian, and 1 Methodist church, 5 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 fulling m., 1 carding machine, and 80 dwellings. Pop. of the v., 500. In the t. are 10 stores, cap. $25,000; 2 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,500. 17 sch. 363 scholars. Pop. 3,111.

Argyle, p-o., McDonough co., Ill., 92 n. w Springfield, 865 W.

Argyle, p-t., Cumberland co., N. C, 74 s. s. w. Raleigh, 361 W.

Argyle, t., Penobscot co., Me., 89 n. e. Augusta. The soil is fertile, and produces good wheat. It has 2 grist m., 42 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $101,800. 8 sch. 204 scholars. Pop. 527.

Arietta, t, Hamilton co., N. Y., 72 n. w. Albany. It is a large t., partly settled on the s. only. It contains several lakes. Drained by Canada cr. and Sacandago r. 2 stores, cap. $8,500; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 9 saw m. Pop. 209.

Arkansas, State of

Arkansas River, Ark., rises in the Rocky Mountains, about lat. 42° n. near the sources of the Del Norte, and near the boundary between the United States and Mexico, and for some distance forms a part of that boundary. It flows through the central part of Arkansas, and after a whole course of 2,170 miles, enters the Mississippi in lat. 33° 40' n. Its general course is E. s. E It is navigable for boats, at some seasons, 1,980 ms. The navigation is not obstructed by rocks, shoals, or rapids. The country watered by the Arkansas, in its upper parts, is sterile; but in the lower parts it is tolerably fertile, and on its alluvial borders, it is rich. The whole surface drained by this river and its tributaries, is estimated at 178,000 sq. ms.

Arkansas County, Ark., lies on both sides of Arkansas r., near its mouth. White r. runs on its n. e. boundary. It is watered on the n. parts by Bayou Agnew r., which enters White r., and Big Meter r., which enters the Arkansas. The south end of Grand Prairie is in this county, and is very rich land. The surface is generally level, though rising some in the w. part. There were in 1840, neat cattle 6,251, sheep 413, swine 6,810. Ind. corn 70,834 bush, produced, potatoes 3,164^ tobacco 1,422 pounds, cotton 361,404; 2 stores, cap. $27,250; 5 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 sch. 24 scholars. Pop. whites 980, slaves 361, free col'd 5; total, 1,346.

Arkansas Post, p-v., and capital of Arkansas co., Ark., 117 s. E. Little Rock, 1,087 W. It was founded by the French in 1685. It is on the n. bank of Arkansas r. in 34° n. lat. and 14° 25' w. lon. from W. It occupies a high bluff of sterile land, and has flats in the rear, inundated at certain seasons by White r. It is 50 miles above the Mississippi, by the course of the river. Contains a printing office, court house, jail, and 40 or 50 houses.

Arkport, p-v., Hornellsville t., Steuben co., N. Y., 246 w. by s. Albany, 322 W. It is on Canisteo r., and contains 1 store and 30 dwellings. Pop. 175.

Arkville, p-o., Middletown t., Delaware co., N. Y., 83 s. w. Albany, 393 w. m. Cap. in manufac. $2,245. 7 sch. Pop. 1,410.

Arkwright, p-t., Chautauque co., N. Y., 328 w. by s. Albany, 350 W. It has 7 schools, 320 scholars. Pop. 1,418. It occupies the height of land from which the water flows in opposite directions N. s. e. and w. The soil is gravelly loam and suited to grazing and to grain. It has 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,245. 7 sch. Pop. 1,410.

Arlington, p-t., Bennington co., Vt., 15 n. Bennington, 103 s. w. Montpelier, 420 W. It is watered by Green r., and other branches of the Battenkill, which latter passes through the n. part of the town. These streams afford a good water power. The land is generally good, and particularly on the rivers. A good white marble is quarried and exported, and lime is produced. There is a chalybeate spring, and a curious cavern, in the town. It contains 3 stores, capital $13,500. 1 fulling m., 1 woollen fac, 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $24,850 9 sch. 325 scholars. Pop. 1,038.

Armada, t., Macomb county, Mich., has 9 sch. 303 scholars. Pop. 652.

Armagh, p-b., Indiana co., Pa., 60 e. Pittsburg, 158 w. by n. Harrisburg, 201 W. It contains 40 dwellings; 3 stores, cap. $20,000; 1 tannery. Cap. in manufac. $1,200. Pop. 625.

Armagh, t., Mifflin co., Pa., contains 4 stores, cap. $26,200; 1 woollen fee, 2 tanneries, 1 distillery, 4 grist m., 10 saw m. Cap. in manufactures $39,320. 7 sch. 250 scholars. Pop. 1,468.

Armenia, p-o., Scriven co., Ga., 122 E. s. e. Milledgeville, 661 W.

Armstrong, County, Pa., central in the w. part of the state, contains 575 sq. ms. The Alleghany r. passes through the co., and its tributaries Redbank, Mahoning, and Crooked creeks. The surface is agreeably diversified. There were in 1840, neat cattle 26, 1 10, sheep 54,815, swine 29,621; wheat 289,789 bushels produced, rye 138,120, Indian corn 171,089, oats 508,998, potatoes 170,046; 79 stores, cap. $186,200; 2 woollen factories, 12 fulling ra., 25 tanneries, 68 grist m., 91 saw m.; 5 potteries produced $1,010; machinery, $19,660; 3 furnaces; bushels of bituminous coal prod. 705,490; of salt, 322,030.2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $225,825. 2 acad. 166 students, 105 schools, 1,936 scholars. Pop. 28,365.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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