American History and Genealogy Project

Atlas Ill. to Avoyelles, Parish, LA

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Atlas, p-v., Pike co., Ill., 81 w. by s. Springfield, 861 W. It is a handsome tract of ground, under the bluffs, half a mile from Snyeartee Slough, which is navigable for steamboats to this place, in high water.

Atlas, t., Lapeer co., Mich. It contains 2 stores, cap. $1,300; 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. m manufac. $11,000. 4 schools, 98 scholars. Pop. 660.

Atsion, p-v., Galloway t., Burlington co., N. J., 43 s. Trenton, 167 W. Situated on Atsion r. Here is an extensive furnace, a forge, grist m., and 3 saw m. The furnace employs about 100

Attala, County, Miss., in the central part of the state, contains 720 sq. ms. Drained by Big Black r., and the head branches of Pearl r. Surface level, soil moderately good. Capital, Kosciusko. There were in 1840, neat cattle 915, sheep 687, swine 13,640; wheat 2,909 bushels produced, Ind. corn 170,892, oats 5,557, potatoes 28,322, tobacco 4,174 pounds, rice 3,230, cotton 151,489; 2 stores, cap. $2,500; 6 grist m., 6 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manuf. $30,900. 6 sch. 85 scholars. Pop. 1840, whites 2,955, slaves 1,082, free colored 266; total, 4,303.

Attapulgus, p-o., Decatur co., Ga., 200 s. s. w. Milledgeville, 858 W.

Attica, p-t., Wyoming co., N. Y., 257 w. Albany, 375 W. The surface is rolling, and the soil, a fertile clay loam. It is watered by the Tonawanda cr. and its tributaries. The village contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist church, a bank, a female seminary, 8 stores, 2 grist m., 1 tannery, 1 clothiers' works, 100 dwellings, and 800 inhabitants. There are in the t. 12 stores, cap. $45,000, 1 fulling m., 1 woollen fac, 2 tanneries, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 1 flouring m., 2 grist m., 4 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $33,950. 2 acad. 140 students, 13 sch. 725 scholars. Pop. 2,710.

Attica, p-v, Venice t., Seneca co., O., 80 n. Columbus, 405 W. It was laid out in 1834; has 3 stores, and over 20 dwellings; Pop. over 100.

Attica, p-o., Fountain co., In., 73 w. n. w. Indianapolis, 644 W. Situated on the e. side of Wabash r.

Attica Centre, p-v., Attica t., Wyoming co., N. Y., 261 w. Albany, 371 W.

Attleborough, p-t., Bristol county, Ms., 12 n. Providence, 30 s. Boston, 412 W. Incorporated 1694. Branches of Pawtucket r. pass through the t., and afford extensive water power. It has 8 stores, 6 cotton fac. with 9,846 spin.; amount produced $150,000; 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Total cap. in manufac. $280,000. 1 acad. 50 students, 24 sch. 833 scholars. Pop. 3,585.

Attleborough, p-v., Buck's co., Pa., 20 n. e. Philadelphia, 120 e. Harrisburg, 162 W.

Attlebury, p-o., Sanford t., Dutchess co., N. Y., 71 s. Albany, 322 W.

Atwater, p-t., Portage co., O., 21 e. Akron, 144 N. E. Columbus, 310 W. It has 1 Congregational and 1 Methodist church, 3 schools, 128 scholars. Pop. 755.

Auburn, p-t., Worcester co., Ms., 5 s. by w. Worcester, 47 w. s. w. Boston, 395 W. Incorporated in 1788, by the name of Ward. French r. passes through it. It has 2 stores, cap. $4,000; 1 woollen fac, 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $11,400. 6 sch. 181 scholars. Pop. 649.

Auburn, p-v., capital of Cayuga co., N. Y., 173 w. Albany, 333 W. On the outlet of Owascolake, 7 s. Erie canal. It has a state prison which is considered a model for such institutions. It occupies a plot of ground 500 by 1000 ft., which is enclosed by a stone wall 3,000 feet in length, 30 feet high, and 4 feet thick at the base. The outlet of Owasco lake passes along the outside of the s. wall, and by a water-wheel and shaft through the wall, moves machinery within the prison. The prison buildings stand about 80 feet within the outside wall, and form 3 sides of a square, the front of which is 280 feet long, and the wings 240 feet long and 45 wide. The earnings exceeded the expenditures in 1839, by $8,490. There is a flourishing theological seminary at Auburn, under the patronage and direction of the Presbyterians, founded in 1821, which has 4 professors and 71 students. Whole number educated, 344. Vols, in libraries, 5,000. Auburn has a court house, jail, and other county buildings. The Auburn Academy, and the Auburn Female Seminary, are incorporated institutions. There are 7 churches — 2 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 1 Episcopal, 1 Roman Catholic, and 1 Universalist. It has a museum, and 2 banking houses. There are 59 stores, cap. $341,447; 1 woollen fac, 1 cotton factory, 2 tanneries, 1 distillery, 1 brewery, 4 flouring m., 2 saw m., 3 furnaces, 4 printing offices, 4 newspapers, 1 daily and 3 weekly. Cap. in manufac. $643,550. 2 acad., 250 students, 9 schools, 740 scholars. Population 5,626.

Auburn, p-o., Chester co., Pa., 79, s. e. Harrisburg, 103 W.

Auburn, p-o., Fauquier co., Va., 109 n. by w. Richmond, 58 W.

Auburn, p-t., Geauga co., O., 156 n. e. Columbus, 33 J W. It is a fine farming town. It has 300 houses; 3 stores, with a cap. of $7,000; 1 tannery, 4 saw m. Cap in manufac. $4,500. 10 sch. 520 scholars. Pop. 1,198.

Auburn, p-v., Pontiac t., Oakland co., Mich., 27 n. w. Detroit, 549 W. Situated on the s. side of Clinton r., and contains 1 Baptist church, an academy, and several stores. Pop. about 100.

Auburn, p-o., De Kalb co., In., 153 n. n. e. Indianapolis, 566 W.

Auburn, p-v., Sangamon co., Ill., 15 s. by w. Springfield, 795 W. It is on the n. side of Sugar creek, surrounded by a beautiful prairie. It has 3 stores, and 12 or 15 families.

Auburn, p-v., Lincoln co., Mo., 84 e. n. e. Jefferson city, 872 W.

Auburn, p-o., Hinds co., Miss., 32 w. Jackson, 1,042 W.

Auburn, p-o., Gwinnett co., Ga., 94 n. n. w Milledgeville, 655 W.

Auburn, p-v., Macon co., Ala., 172 s. E. Tuscaloosa, 786 W.

Auburn, (Four Corners,) p-v., Susquehanna co., Pa., 185 n. by e. Harrisburg, 285 W. In the t. are 2 stores, cap. $3,000; 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac $3,995. 8 schools, 200 scholars. Pop. 1,113.

Audrain, County, Mo. It is central toward the e. part of the state, and contains 435 sq. ms. The surface is level, and the soil good. It is drained by the s. Fork of Salt river. Capital, Mexico. There were in 1840, neat cattle 2,016, sheep 1,655, swine 5,975; wheat 2,927 bush, produced, Ind. corn 77,320, oats 12,700, potatoes i 3,715, tobacco 24,080 pounds; 4 stores, cap. $7,600; 5 grist m., 2 saw m.; 2 sch. 45 scholars. Pop. whites 1,752, slaves 195, free col'd 2; total, 1,949.

Audubon, p-o., Hardiman co., Tenn., 172 s. w. (con't)

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Nashville, 887 W. It is on Cat cr., 10 s. s. e. Bolivar.

Auglaize, t, Allen co., O. It has 3 schools. Pop. 732.

Auglaize, t., Paulding co., O. Pop. 298.

Auglaize, r., O., rises in Allen co., has numerous branches, and forms a large branch of the Maumee r., entering it on the s. side, at Defiance. It is boatable, in high water, 50 or 60 miles.

Augusta, p-t., capital of Kennebec co., and of the state of Me., is situated on both sides of the Kennebec r., 43 ms. from the ocean, at the head of sloop navigation, 44° 18' 43" n. lat. 69° 50' w. lon., 146 n. e. Concord, N. H., 163 n. n. e. Boston, Mass., 595 W. Pop. 1810, 1,805; 1820, 2,475; 1830, 3,980; 1840, 5,314. First settled 1771, incorporated 1797. The t. is 8 by 6 miles. The parts of the village are connected by a fine bridge across the Kennebec, 520 feet long, which cost $28,000. It is regularly laid out; the ground rises on each side of the river; it has many fine buildings, and the streets are ornamented by trees on each side. Its agriculture, commerce, and manufactures are flourishing. Its tonnage is over 3,000. The state house is a beautiful white granite building on a commanding eminence, half a mile s. from the village. The apartments for the senate, house of representatives, and state offices, are spacious and elegant. Before it, is a spacious park, ornamented with walks and trees. The United States arsenal is a large stone edifice on the E. side of the r. The state insane hospital is a splendid granite edifice with wings, on the e. side of the r., surrounded by 70 acres of ground, and cost $100,000. The Augusta high school is a large brick building, 65 by 50 feet, 2 stories high, with a fine doric portico, and cost $7,000. There is a splendid dam erected across the Kennebec, half a mile above the village, with locks to facilitate navigation, completed in 1837, at an expense of $300,000, which will create an immense water power. In constructing the dam, 2,500,000 feet of timber were used, and 75,000 tons of stones and gravel were deposited in it. The pond formed by this dam extends 16 miles, and covers 1,200 acres. It has 64 stores, cap. $141,650; 3 tanneries, 1 distillery, 4 grist m., 4 saw m., 2 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $66,550. 2 acad. 150 students, 26 sch. 1,129 scholars.

Augusta, p-t., Oneida co., N. Y., 100 w. N. w. Albany, 370 W. The v. is on Skanandoa cr. Contains 1 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist church, an academy, 2 stores, 1 grist m., and 40 dwellings. The t. contains 4 stores, cap. $22,000; 2 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 5 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $45,950. 1 acad. 92 students, 14 sch. 626 scholars. Pop. 2,175.

Augusta, p-v., Frankford t., Sussex co., N. J., 75 n. Trenton, 244 W. It has a Presbyterian church, and 8 or 10 dwellings.

Augusta, p-t., Northumberland co., Pa., 65 n. Harrisburg, 165 W. The surface is diversified; soil, alluvial, red shale, and gravel. Drained by Great and Little Shamokin creeks, which unite and flow into the Susquehanna. It has 1 store, cap. $3,000; 1 pottery, 5 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $21,400. 9 sch. 452 scholars. Pop. 2,409.

Augusta, p-t., Carroll co., O., 135 e. Columbus, 304 W. It is watered by tributaries of Sandy cr. Pop. 1,234.

Augusta, p-v., Des Moines co., Iowa. Situated on the n. side of Skunk r. It contains several stores and neat dwellings, 1 carding machine, and 1 flouring m., the largest in the s. part of the territory.

Augusta, C.H., p-v., Bracken co., Ky.,73 n. e Frankfort, 487 W. It contains a church, a court house, a jail, and a college with 104 students, 1 sch. 28 scholars. Pop. 786.

Augusta, County, Va., central in the w. district, contains 900 sq. ms. The surface is uneven or mountainous. It is drained by tributaries of James r. and Shenandoah r. The soil is fertile, of which wheat is the principal production. Capital, Staunton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 21,479, sheep 19,660, swine 32,445; wheat 324,332 bush, produced, rye 92,227, Ind. corn 384,408, oats 244,889, potatoes 48,357; 34 stores, cap. $117,300; 2 fulling m., 18 tanneries, 58 distilleries, 3 furnaces, 1 paper manufac, 29 flouring m., 13 grist m., 31 saw m., 3 oil m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly paper. Cap. in manufac. $137,910. 2 acad. 60 students, 29 com. sch. 633 scholars. Pop. 1830, 19,925; 1840, whites 15,072, slaves 4,145, free col'd 421; total 19,628.

Augusta, p-v., city and capital of Richmond co., Ga., on the s. w. side of Savannah r., 96 Milledgeville, 120 n. w. Savannah, 575 W. Pop. 1830, 4,000; 1840, 6,403. It is regularly lain out and handsomely built, chiefly of brick. The streets cross each other at right angles, and are ornamented with trees, and many of the houses are spacious and elegant. It has a city hall, court house, jail, theatre, arsenal, hospital, and a female asylum. It contains 7 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Episcopal, 1 Methodist, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Roman Catholic, 1 Unitarian, and 1 African. It is connected with Charleston and Milledgeville by railroad. It has a rich back country, and a very active trade, and sends a great amount of cotton, tobacco, and other produce, down the r. to Savannah. It contains 12 commission houses in foreign trade, capital $245,000; 265 stores, cap. $1,281,870; 2 furnaces, 2 printing offices, 2 daily, 4 weekly, 2 semi-weekly newspapers, and 2 periodicals. Cap. in manufac. $44,500. 3 acad. 105 students, 3 sch. 148 scholars.

Augusta, p-v., and capital of Perry co., Miss., 173 s. e. Jackson, 1,051 W. It is situated on Leaf r., a branch of the Pascagoula r.

Augusta, p-v., Marion co., In., 9 n. Indianapolis, 580 W. Situated on a branch of White r.

Augusta, p-v., Hancock co., Ill., 87 w. by s. Springfield, 865 W.

Augusta, t., Kalamazoo co., Mich., 12 E. Kalamazoo. It is on the s. bank of Kalamazoo r. Pop. 616.

Augusta, t., Washtenaw Co., Mich. Pop. 646.

Auraria, p-v., Lumpkin co., Ga., 135 n. n. w. Milledgeville, 625 W. It is situated on the dividing ridge between Chestatee and Etowah rs., in the richest part of the gold region, and is rapidly increasing m population.

Aurelius, p-t., Cayuga co., N. Y., 5 w. Auburn, 158 w. by n. Albany, 337 W. The surface is undulating, and the soil good, being clay and gravelly loam. Watered by the Owasco outlet, and streams flowing w. into Cayuga lake. It has 3 stores, cap. $1l,950; 3 fulling m., 3 woollen fac, 2 tanneries, 1 flouring m., 6 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $52,900. It has 14 sch. 786 scholars. Pop. 2,645.

Aurelius, t., Washington co., O., 20 n. Marietta, 40 s. e. Columbus, 408 W. Situated on the w. branch of Duck cr. The surface is hilly, and the soil rich.

Aurelius, t., Ingham co., Mich. It has 1 sch. 20 scholars. Pop. 148.

Auriesville, p-o., Glen t., Montgomery co., N. Y., 40 n. w. Albany, 408 W.

Aurora, t., Erie co., N. Y., 276 w. Albany, 15 s. e. Buffalo. The surface is undulating soil clay and gravelly loam. Drained by Seneca and Cazenove creeks. It contains 10 stores, cap. $24,600; 3 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 5 19 saw m. Cap. in manufac $62,325. Pop. 2,908.

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Aurora, p-t., Hancock co. Me , 116 e. gusta, 698 W. It has 2 sch. d0 scholars. Pop. 149

Aurora, p-v., Ledyard t., Cayuga co., N. Y., 170 w Albany, 323 V. Delightfully situated on the e. bank of Cayuga lake. Incorporated 1837 It has 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, and 1 Methodist church, the Cayuga academy, 4 stores and several warehouses, 80 dwellings, and 500 inhabitants. It has a number of manufactories; and steamboats stop here several times daily.

Aurora, p-t., Portage co., O., 25 Cleveland, 144 n. E. Columbus, 335 W. It has 2 churches, 4 stores, and 16 mechanic shops. It is celebrated for the quantity and quality of its cheese. More than 2,000 cows are kept in the town, which produce over 300 tons of cheese, and 30 tons of butter annually. 7 schools, 199 scholars. Pop. 906.

Aurora, p-v., Racine co., Wis. Ter., 110 s. e. Madison, 776 W.

Aurora, p-v., Dearborn co., In., 87 s. E. Indianapolis, 518 W. Situated on the N. w. bank of Ohio r.

Aurora, p-v., Kane co., Ill., 117 n. n. e. Springfield, 754 W. Situated on the w. side of Fox r.

Aurora, p-v., Callaway co., Ky., 243 s. w. Frankfort, 770 W.

Aurora, p-o., Marshall co., Ala., 122 n. n. e. Tuscaloosa, 715 W.

Aurora, p-o., Clark co., Ark.

Au Sable, t., Clinton co., N. Y., 15 s. Plattsburg, 140 n. Albany. The surface is undulating or hilly; soil, sandy and clay loam, drained by Great and Little Au Sable rivers. 17 stores, cap. $60,300; 1 tannery, 1 brewery, 1 grist m., 15 saw m., 2 furnaces. Cap. in manufac. $101,975. Pop. 3,222.

Au Sable, p-o., Jay t., Essex co., N. Y., 144 N. Albany, 519 W.

Au Sable, p-o., Kendall co., Ill.

Au Sable Forks, p-v., Jay t., Essex co., N. Y., 154 Albany, 529 W. It is situated at the junction of the e. and w. branch of Au Sable r. It has 1 church, 5 stores, 1 forge, 1 rolling m., 1 nail factory, 2 saw m., and 70 dwellings. Pop 500.

Au Sable, r., rises in Essex co., N. Y., near the head waters of the Hudson, and empties into Lake Champlain, in the s. part of Clinton co. It passes by the manufacturing villages of Clintonville, Keeseville, and Birmingham, affording by its falls great water power. Immediately below the lower falls at Birmingham, the river passes through a chasm, for the distance of 2 miles, in which the banks consist of nearly perpendicular rocks, from 75 to 150 feet high, and about 50 feet across at top.

Autauga, County, Ala., near the centre of the state, contains 1,000 sq. ms. The surface is varied and broken, and the soil moderately fertile, except on the rivers, where it is rich. It is drained by Autauga cr. and other branches of the Alabama r. Capital, Kingston. There were in 18-40, neat cattle 9,989, sheep 1,889, swine 8,938; wheat 7,155 bush, produced, rye 2,326, Ind. corn 402,700, oats 26,159, potatoes 22,090, cotton 1,076,801 pounds, 3 tanneries, 1 pottery, 3 flouring m., 43 grist m., 20 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $177 250 1 acad. 50 students, 22 com. sch. 549 scholars. Pop. 1830, 11,874; 1840, whites 6,217 slaves 8,109, free col'd 16; total, 14,342.

Austerlitz, p-t., Columbia co., N. Y., 31 s.s. w. Albany, 363 W. The surface is hilly and rough, and the soil is gravelly, and clay loam. It is watered by Green r., a branch of the Housatonic. The village has 1 church, 2 stores, and 20 dwellings. Spencertown is another small village in the town. The t. contains 4 stores, cap. $2,900; 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $19,600. 1 acad. 35 students, 18 sch. 824 scholars. Pop. 2,091.

Austerlitz, p-v., Kent co., Mich., 178 w. N. w. Detroit, 659 W.

Austinburg, p-t., Ashtabula co., O., 201 N. E. Columbus, 334 W. It has 1 Presbyterian church, 1 academy, 1 store, 2 flouring m., 3 saw m., 1 oil m., 1 woollen fac, 2 fulling m., and 2 carding machines, 1 acad. 71 students. Pop. 1,047.

Austin's Ferry, p-o., Grainger co., Tenn., 217 e. by n. Nashville, 473 W.

Austintown, t., Trumbull co., O., 12 s. e. Warren, 160 n. e. Columbus; 12 sch. 425 scholars. Pop. 1,245.

Austinville, p-o., Wythe co., Va., 247 w. s. w. Richmond, 315 W.

Austinville, p-o., Livingston co., Mo., 173 N. w. Jefferson city, 1,067 W.

Ava, p-o., Boonville t., Oneida co., N. Y., 124 w. N. w. Albany, 408 W.

Ava, p-v., Winnebago co., Ill.

Averill, t., Essex co., Vt., 30 n. Guildhall, on the Canada line. The head branches of Nulhegan r. flow s. into the Connecticut, while other streams, the outlets of large ponds, flow into the St. Francis r. in Canada. The soil is broken and cold. Pop. 11.

Avent's Cross Roads, p-o., Greenville co., Va., 99 s. Richmond, 215 W.

Averysborough, p-v., Cumberland co., N. C, 35 s. Raleigh, 323 W. On the s. e. bank of Cape Fear r.

Avery's Gore, t., Addison co., Vt. It lies nearly on the summit of the Green Mountains. Chartered in 1791, and has 1 sch. 10 scholars. Pop. 78.

Avery's Gore, p-t., Franklin co., Vt., 57 n. by w. Montpelier, 567 W. 1 sch. 12 scholars. Pop. 35.

Aviston, p-t., Clinton co., Ill., 102 s. Springfield, 786 W.

Avoca, p-v., Bath t., Steuben co., N. Y., 225 w. by s. Albany, 307 W. It is on the Conhocton r., and has 1 Presbyterian church, 2 stores, 1 flouring m., 2 saw m., and 30 dwellings. Pop. 200.

Avoca, p-o., Jefferson co., Mo., 159 e. by s. Jefferson city, 921 W.

Avon, p-t., Franklin co., Me., 49 n. w. Augusta, 635 W. 2 stores, cap. $900; 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,915. 13 sch. 345 scholars. Pop. 827.

Avon, p-t., Hartford co., Ct., 10 w. n. w. Hartford, 336 W. It was taken from Farmington in 1830, and has considerable good land on the borders of Farmington r. It contains 3 stores, cap. $3,000; 1 fulling m., 3 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $8,500. 5 sch. 164 scholars. Pop. 1,001.

Avon, p-v., Livingston co., N. Y., 222 w. by n. Albany, 355 W. It is pleasantly situated about half a mile e. of Genesee r., elevated 100 feet above the level of the r. The village contains 3 churches, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist, 3 hotels and public boarding houses. 4 stores, and various mechanic shops. On the s. w. of the village are two celebrated mineral springs, 60 or 80 rods apart. Near them are 3 bathing houses, for the use of the waters. These waters contain various salts, with sulphuretted hydrogen gas, and other gases, and are efficacious in disordered digestion, rheumatism, gout, and cutaneous affections. The t. contains 10 stores, cap. $16,000; 1 furnace, 1 flouring m., 2 grist mills, 3 saw mills. Capital in manufactures $46,960. 15 sch. 515 scholars. Pop. 2,999.

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Avon, p-t., Lorain co., O., 17 w. Cleveland, 135 n. n. k. Columbus, 377 W. It lies bordering on Lake Erie. French cr. passes through the middle of the town. It has 1 store, capital $3,000; 1 tannery, 5 saw mill. Capital in manufactures, $2,900. 7 schools, 305 scholars. Pop. 1,220.

Avon, p-v., Kane co., Ill., 198 N. N. E. Springfield, 769 W.

Avon, t., Oakland co., Mich. It contains 9 stores, cap. $25,150; 3 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 5 flouring m., 3 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $85,745. 8 sch. 517 scholars. Pop. 1,630.

Avondale, p-o., Chester co., Pa., 71 s. e. Harrisburg, 101 W.

Axeville, p-o., Connewango t., Cattaraugus co., N. Y., 312 w. by s. Albany, 342 W.

Ayersville, p-o., Stokes co., N. C, 122 w. n. w. Raleigh, 302 W.

Aylett's, p-o., King William co., Va., 28 n. E. Richmond, 116 W.

Azalia, p-v., Bartholomew co., In., 60 s. s. E. Indianapolis, 596 W.

Aztalan, p-t., Jefferson co., Wis., 30 e. by s. Madison, 840 W. It has 1 saw m., 2 sch. 42 scholars. Pop. 250.

Avoyelles, Parish, La., lies on the w. of the Mississippi, and the Atchafalaya and the Red r. pass through it. It contains a surface of 1,080 sq. ms. The part of it bordering on the streams is subject to be overflowed, and is not fit for cultivation; but in its w. part, is a slightly elevated table land, which is dry, and tolerably fertile. The principal production is cotton. Capital, Marksville. It had in 1840, neat cattle 9,801, sheep 1,870, swine 1,510; Ind. corn 115,861 bush, produced, potatoes 39,218, cotton 7,015,922 pounds; 54 grist m., 3 saw m., 50 oil m.; 2 acad. 45 students, 3 sch. 47 scholars. Pop. 1830, 3,484; 1840, whites 3,066, slaves 3,472, free col'd 78; total, 6,616.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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