American History and Genealogy Project

Babylon, NY to Bangor, ME

Babylon, p-v., Huntington t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 185 s. E. Albany, 265 W. It is situated near South Bay, has 1 church, 4 stores, 4 m. It is a pleasant resort, in the summer season, for fishing and fowling. Pop. about 250.

Bachelor's Retreat, p-o., Pickens dist., S. C, 20 s. w. Pendleton, 167 n. w. Columbia, 572 W.

Bachman's Mills, p-o., Carroll co., Md., 65 n. Annapolis, 75 W.

Back Creek, p-o., Somerset co., Md., 117 s. e. Annapolis, 157 W.

Back Creek, p-o., Scriven co., Ga., 123 e. Milledgeville, 644 W.

Back Creek Valley, p-o., Frederick co., Va., 159 n. Richmond, 87 W.

Bacon Castle, p-o., Surry co., Va., 63 s. e. Richmond, 186 W.

Bad River, rises in Saginaw co., Mich., and enters into Saginaw r.

Bagdad, p-o., Smith co., Tenn., 64 e. n. e. Nashville, 643 W.

Baggs, p-o., McIntosh co., Ga., 130 s. e. Milledgeville, 35 Darien.

Bahama Channel, or Gulf of Florida, the narrow sea between the coast of America and the Bahama islands, 135 ms. long, and 46 wide. The currents here are most violent, formed by an inflection of the Gulf Stream, passing at the rate of from 2 to 5 ms. an hour, among islands; and vessels are frequently wrecked in passing through this strait.

Baileysburgh, p-v., Surry co., Va., 66 s. e. Richmond, 185 W.

Bailey's Landing, p-o., Lincoln co., Mo., 96 n. e. Jefferson city, 865 W.

Bailey's Mills, p-o., Jefferson co., Flor.

Baileyville, p-t., Washington co., Me., 209 E. Augusta, 795 W. Situated on the St. Croix r. It has 1 saw m.; 4 sch. 154 scholars. Pop. 329.

Baileysville, p-o., Centre co., Pa., 98 n. w. Harrisburg, 170 W.

Bald Eagle, t., Clinton co., Pa. Pop. 1,178.

Bainbridge, p-t., Chenango co., N. Y, 104 w. by s. Albany, 320 W. The soil is good, and adapted both to grain and grazing. It is watered bv the Susquehanna r. and its tributaries. Pop. 3,324.7 grist m., 12 saw m.; 24 sch. 1,064 scholars.

Bainbridge, p-v., West Donnegal t., Lancaster co., Pa., 20 s. e. Harrisburg, 112 W. It is on the w. bank of the Susquehanna, and contains 15 or 20 dwellings.

Bainbridge, p-v., Ross co., O., 18 s. w. Chillecothe, 69 s. Columbus, 424 W. It is near the falls of Paint cr., contains 2 brick churches, and about 60 dwellings.

Bainbridge, t., Geauga co., O., in the s. w. comer of the co. It is watered by Chagrin r. and its branches. It contains 1 store, cap. $300; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 2 saw m.; 10 sch. 389 scholars. Pop. 988.

Bainbridge, t., Berrien co., Mich. It has 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,500. 2 sch. 41 scholars. Pop. 251.

Bainbridge, p-v., and capital of Decatur co., Ga., 188 s. s. w. Milledgeville, 845 W. Situated on the e. side of Flint r. It has a court house, jail, and several dwellings.

Bainbridge, p-v., Putnam co., In., 38 w. Indianapolis, 609 W. Situated a little w. of the Walnut fork of Eel r.

Bainbridge, p-o., Macon co., Ala., 102 s. e. Tuscaloosa, 789 W.

Bainbridge, p-v., Williamson co., Ill., 176 s. by e. Springfield, 827 W. Situated on the s. side of a small branch of Big Muddy r.

Bainbridge, v., Cape Girardeau co., Mo. Situated on the Mississippi r., e. of Jackson, the co. seat, and opposite Hamburg.

Bainbridge Centre, p-o., Bainbridge t., Chenango co., N. Y., 107 w. by s. Albany, 317 W.

Bairdstown, p-t., capital of Nelson co., Ky., 40 s. w. Frankfort, 60 w. s. w. Lexington, 615 W. It is on the e. side of Beech Fork, one of the branches of Salt r. It has a stone court house and jail, a church, market house, 1 acad. 100 students, 1 sch. 35 scholars. Pop. 1,492. St. Joseph's college, Roman Catholic, situated in the vicinity, was founded in 1819. It has a president, and 14 professors or other instructors, 150 alumni, 69 students, and 7,000 volumes in its libraries. The commencement is on the 1st of August.

Baiting Hollow, p-v., Riverhead t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 221 s. e. Albany, 301 W. Contains a Methodist church, and about 12 or 15 dwellings.

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Baker, p-o., Jackson t., Champaign co., O., 11 s. w. Urbanna, 56 w. Columbus, 450 W.

Baker's, p-o., Lenawee co., Mich., 82 s. w. Detroit, 497 W.

Baker's, r., Grafton co., N. H., is formed of a n. and s. branch, the former of which rises near Moosehillock mountain, and pursuing a s. e. and E. course, it falls into Pemigewasset r., just above the village of Plymouth.

Baker's Island, Mass., off Salem harbor, on the n. end of which is a lighthouse. It is not quite half a mile long, and is 5 ms. e. n. e. of Salem.

Baker's Falls, on Hudson r., Sandy Hill t., Washington co., N. Y. The falls, with the connected rapids, descend 70 feet in 100 rods.

Baker, County, Ga., is situated in the s. w. part of the state. Organized in 1825. It is watered by Flint r., which passes through it from the N. e. to the s. w. The Itchawaynochaway and its branches, also traverse it from N. to s., and enter Flint r. near the s. border of the county. The soil is sandy, but productive for sugar. Capital, Newton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 12,450, sheep 879, swine 13,355; wheat 1,931 bush, produced, Ind. corn 92,509, oats 2,718, potatoes 5,222, cotton 815,473 pounds, sugar 4,260; 8 stores, cap. $33,1 16; 2 grist m., 2 saw m. Pop. 1830, 1,253; 1840, whites 2,447, slaves 1,773, free col'd 6; total, 4,226.

Bakersfield, p-t., Franklin co., Vt, 30 n. e.

Burlington, 49 n. n. w. Montpelier, 551 W. First settled 1789, chartered 1791. The surface, containing 26,000 acres, is broken, but not mountainous, and the soil warm and productive. Watered by small branches of the Missisque r. It has 3 stores, cap. $5,000; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $11,450. 9 sch. 197 scholars. Pop. 1,258.

Bakerstown, p-v., Alleghany co., Pa., 14 Pittsburg, 217 w. Harrisburg, 243 W.

Bakersville, p-v., Yancey co., N. C., 247 w. Raleigh, 473 W.

Balcony Falls, p-o., Rockbridge co., Va., 147 w. Richmond, 210 W. Situated on James r., at the passage of the Blue Ridge, at the western termination of the James r. canal. The r. is here compressed, and is crossed by a dam, for the purpose of feeding the canal. The surrounding scenery is highly picturesque.

Bald Creek, p-o., Yancey co., N. C, 251 w. Raleigh, 481 W.

Bald Eagle, t., Clinton co., Pa. It has 4 stores, cap. 11,000; 2 forges, 2 tanneries, 1 distillery, 2 flouring m., 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $13,350. 2 sch. 99 scholars. Pop. 1,178.

Bald Eagle, r., Pa., runs n. e. 44 ms., through Centre and Clinton counties, and after a course of 50 ms., falls into the w. branch of the Susquehanna.

Bald Eagle, mountains, Pa., situated on the confines of Huntingdon and Centre counties, n. e. of Juniata r. Bald Eagle valley lies on the e. side, and is 5 ms. wide, having beneath it a bed of limestone. This valley, which is pleasant, has a place where caverns in the rocks absorb the principal streams of the valley, and they run several miles under ground, before they emerge.

Bald Head, cape, on the s. w. point of Wells Bay, Me.

Bald Head, the s. w. end of Smith's island, at the mouth of Cape Fear r., N. C. It has a lighthouse, lat. 33° 51' n., lon. 78° 13' w.

Bald Mount, p-o., Luzerne co., Pa., 147 n. n. E. Harrisburg, 251 W.

Baldwin, p-o., Butler co., Pa., 207 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 259 W.

Baldwin, t., Cumberland co., Me., 40 n. w Portland, 150 n. n. e. Boston, 583 W. It has Sebago pond on the e., and Saco r. on the w. Incorporated, 1802. It contains 1 tannery, 4 grist m., 4 saw m.; 11 sch. 471 scholars. Pop. 1,134.

Baldwin, p-v., Hinds co., Miss., 43 Jackson, 1,053 W. Situated on the e. side of Big Black r. Baldwin, county, Ga., in the central part of the state. It has an area of about 216 sq. ms. The face of the country is uneven, and the soil moderately good, excepting on the streams, where it is fertile. The Oconee r. passes through it. The capital of the co., and also of the state, is Milledgeville. There were in 1840, neat cattle 6,041, sheep 2,639, swine 12,549; wheat 9,779 bush, produced, rye 1,195, Ind. corn 210,686, oats 12,556, potatoes 9,486, cotton 1,561,654 pounds; 18 stores, cap. $171,000; 4 tanneries, 4 saw m., 4 printing offices, 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $97,810. 1 college, 50 students, 7 acad. 233 students, 1 sch. 12 scholars. Pop. 1830, 7,295; 1840, whites 3,075, slaves 4,107, free col'd 68; total, 7,250.

Baldwin, County, Ala., in the s. part of the state. It contains about 2,000 sq. ms. The surface near the Gulf of Mexico is a sandy plain, but gradually rises into pine ridges, in the interior. The soil is generally poor, though some good land is found along the streams. Chief production, cotton. Capital, Blakely. There were in 1840, neat cattle 17,359, sheep 648, swine 5, 175; Ind. corn 49,330 bush, produced, potatoes 12,941, rice 15,180 pounds, cotton 213,121; 11 stores, cap. $28,150; 2 distilleries, 14 grist m., 39 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $135,000. 7 sch. 110 scholars. Pop. 1830, 2,324; 1840, whites 1,161, slaves 1,707, free col'd 83; total, 2,951.

Baldwinsville, p-v., Templeton t., Worcester co., Ms., 64 w. by n. Boston, 414 W.

Baldwinsville, p-v., Lysander t, Onondaga co., N. Y., 145 w. by n. Albany, 262 W., on the n. side of Seneca r. It has 2 churches, 8 stores, 150 dwellings, 1 large woollen fac, 3 flouring m., 3 saw m., 1 iron foundry, 2 machine shops, 1 sash fac, &c. It has a flourishing academy. Seneca r. has a tow path, by which this place is connected with the Oswego canal. Pop. about 1,000.

Baldwinsville, p-v., Scott co., Mo., 260 s. e. Jefferson city, 838 W.

Bale's Branch, p-o., Green co., Tenn., 262 Nashville, 424 W.

Baley, t., Benton co., Ark. Pop. 373.

Balize, In., (See North West Pass village.)

Ballard, co., Ky., taken from Hickman and McCracken counties in 1842, situated in the w. part of the state, and contains 375 sq. ms. The Ohio r. bounds it on the n. and n. w., and the Mississippi r. on the w. Drained by Mayfield's cr. and branches. Capital, Columbus.

Ballard's Bridge, p-o., Chowan co., N. C. 195 e. n. e. Raleigh, 275 W.

Ballardsville, p-v., Logan co., Va., 346 Richmond, 383 W.

Ballardsville, p-v., Oldham co., Ky., 29 n. w. Frankfort, 571 W. Situated near the e. line of the county.

Ballow's Ferry, p-o., Calcasieu parish, In., 334 w. n. w. N. Orleans, 1,359 W. Situated on e. side of the Sabine r.

Ball Ground, p-o., Cherokee co., Ga.

Ball Play, p-o., Cherokee co., Ala., 189 N. E. Tuscaloosa, 680 W.

Ballville, t., Sandusky co., O., lying on both sides of Sandusky r., affording excellent mill seats.

Ballston, t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 26 Albany 395 W. The surface of the t. is undulating, and the soil a gravelly loam. On its eastern boundary is Ballston or Long lake, 4 ms. long, and half a mile wide, the outlet of which affords some water 1 power. Organized in 1788. There are several post-offices and small villages in the place. The Schenectady and Saratoga railroad passes through the t. It contains 2 stores, cap. $4,500; 1 fulling m., 1 woollen fac, 3 tanneries, 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $12,800. 1 acad. 23 students, 11 schs, 269 scholars. Pop. 2,044.

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Ballston Centre, p-v., Ballston t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 25 Albany, 396 W. It has 1 Presbyterian church, 1 store, and 10 or 12 dwellings.

Balston Spa, p-v., and capital of Saratoga co., N. Y., is situated in Milton t., 28 Albany, 399 W. Through the village flows a small branch of the Kayaderosseras creek. Incorporated 1807. It has a brick court house and jail, a county clerk's office, 4 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist, 1 banking house, 20 stores, 200 dwellings, and about 1,500 inhabitants. It has 2 flouring m., 1 saw m., 1 iron foundry, 1 machine shop, 2 tanneries, and 1 distillery. There are several mineral springs at the place, more celebrated formerly than at present, as they have lost some of their properties, and the Sans Souci Hotel, a large building, erected for the accommodation of visiters, and which is much frequented in the summer season. It is connected by rail roads with Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga.

Ballsville, p-o., Powhatan co., Va., 48 w. Richmond, 151 W.

Baltimore, County, Md., situated in the n. part of the state, contains 900 sq. ms. The surface is hilly, but not mountainous. It is watered by Gunpowder and Patapsco rivers. The capital is Baltimore. There were in 1840, neat cattle 13,723, sheep 16,826, swine 23,883; wheat 153,181 bushels produced, rye 79,132, Ind. corn 523,423, buckwheat 9,116, oats 300,278, potatoes 183,684, tobacco 9,417 pounds; 70 for. commercial, and 108 commission houses, cap. $4,404,500; 1,310 ret. stores, cap. $6,795,038; 2 forges, 4 fulling m., 2 woollen fac, 13 cotton fac. 34,102 sp., 3 dyeing and printing estab., 27 tanneries, 5 distilleries, 3 breweries, 5 powder m., 1 glass fac. 9 potteries, 33 flouring m., 48 grist m., 34 saw m., 8 rope walks, 4 paper fac, 19 printing offices, 6 daily, 7 weekly, and 5 semi-weekly newspapers, 6 periodicals. Cap. in manufac. $4,294,792. 4 colleges, 395 students, 61 acad. 2,372 students, 94 sch. 3,043 scholars. Population 1830, 120,876; 1840, whites 105,331, slaves 7,595, free colored 21,453; total, 134,379.

Baltimore, the third city in population and commerce in the United States, and capital of Baltimore county, in Maryland, is situated on the N. side of the Patapsco river, 14 miles from its entrance into the Chesapeake Bay, and 200 ms. from the ocean, by ship channel; and is in 39° 17' n. lat., and 76° 36' w. lon. from Greenwich, and 0° 26' e. lon. from Washington. It is 40 miles n. e. from Washington, 97 s. w. from Philadelphia, 183 s. w. from New York, 398 s. w. from Boston, 160 n. e. from Richmond, 230 e. s. E. from Pittsburg, 590 n. n. e. from Charleston. The population in 1790, was 13,503; in 1800, 26,514; in 1810, 35,583; in 1820,62,738; in 1830, 80,625; in 1840, 102,313, of which 3,199 were slaves. Employed in commerce, 1,991; in manufactures and trades, 8,847; learned professions, 554. It had 4 colleges with 395 students; 50 academies and grammar schools, with 2,044 students, 63 common schools with 3,401 scholars; and 1,191 white persons over twenty, who could neither read nor write. The city is pleasantly situated, on slightly undulating ground, with commanding elevations on the n. and E. As laid out it includes 4 miles square, and is built around a bay which sets up from the n. side of the Patapsco. The streets are regular and spacious, and the houses are neat, most of them of brick, and some of them are splendid. The harbor, which is very fine, consists of three parts. The entrance to it, between Fort M'Henry and the Lazaretto, is about 600 yards wide, with 22 feet of water. This depth is continued, with an increased width, for a mile and a quarter, to mar Fell's Point. Opposite Fell's Point, the width is contracted to one fourth of a mile. This is the entrance to the second harbor, and is about 12 feet deep; but it widens above into an ellipse, a mile long, half a mile broad, and 15 feet deep. The third or inner harbor has a depth of 10 feet, and penetrates to near the centre of the city. It is well defended by Fort M'Henry, at the entrance to the outer harbor, which was proved by a powerful attack that was made upon it and repulsed, in the last war with Great Britain. Jones' Fulls, a small stream from the N., divides the city into 2 parts, and over it are erected 3 elegant stone bridges and 4 wooden ones. Vessels of 500 or 600 tons can lie at the wharves near Fell's Point; but those of 200 tons can come up to the town m the inner harbor. The amount of the tonnage of this port in 1840, was 76,022. Among the public buildings, the City Hall, on Holliday-street, is a plain building, 3 stories high, having a portico with 4 massive pillars; and is occupied by the city council and several offices. The Court House, corner of Monument square and Lexington-street, is a large and commodious building, and is appropriated to the city and county courts, with their connected offices. It is 145 feet long and 65 wide, two stories high, constructed of marble and brick In front are several Tuscan columns, and the whole is surmounted by a cupola of an imposing appearance There are six markets. The State Penitentiary consists of three large buildings, besides workshops and some other buildings, and occupies 4 acres, containing gardens and walks, surrounded by a stone wall 20 feet high. The prisoners work together by day, and are confined in separate cells at night. The County Prison, near the Penitentiary, is a neat building, with embattled towers at the ends, and has an appropriate cupola. The House of Refuge is well fitted for its purpose. But the most imposing public structure is the Washington Monument, at the intersection of Charles and Monument streets. Its base is 50 feet square and 20 feet high, on which is a pedestal supporting a Doric column, 140 feet high, on the top of which is a statue of Washington, 13 feet high. The column is 20 feet in diameter at the bottom and 14 feet at the top, and is ascended by a circular stair-case on the inside. The Battle Monument, corner of Calvert and Fayette streets, was erected in 1815, in commemoration of the successful defence of the city against an attack of the British in September, 1814, and is 52 feet high, including an elegant statue on the top, emblematical of the city of Baltimore. The names of those who fell in the battle are inscribed on the column in letters of gold. Baltimore is well supplied with pure and wholesome water. In several parts of the city are public springs or fountains, accessible to all the citizens. These fountains are enclosed by circular railings, and covered by small, neat, open temples, consisting of columns supporting a dome. These are denominated the City Spring, Western Fountain, Centre Fountain, and Eastern Fountain; and they are an ornament as well as a convenience to the city. But there is a still more copious supply of water from an elevated part of Jones' Falls, in an aqueduct half a mile long, to a reservoir on Calvert-street, whence it is distributed in pipes through the city. The harbor of Baltimore is accessible through a great part of the year, though sometimes obstructed by ice. The commerce is great, for which it enjoys peculiar facilities. It possesses most of the trade of Maryland, about half that of Pennsylvania, and a portion of that of the Western States. In its shipping, it is the third city in the Unlon. It is the greatest market for tobacco in the United States, and the greatest flour market in the world. Its tonnage in 1840 amounted to 76,022. Its manufactures are not less extensive than its commerce. A vast amount of water power is concentrated in its vicinity. Jones' Falls, though a small stream, has a succession of falls which afford considerable water power. The Patapsco, though not a large river, has a fall of about 800 feet in a course of thirty miles; and it affords many valuable mill sites. There are within 20 miles of the city, 60 flouring mills, besides numerous cotton manufactories, and other manufactories of cloth, powder, paper, iron, copper, glass, steam engines, chemicals, tobacco, &c. There were in 1840, 70 commercial and 108 commission houses, with a cap. of $4,404,500; 1,254 retail stores, cap. $6,703,611; 20 lumber yards, cap. $267,500; machinery manufac. to the amount of $284,000; hardware and cutlery $10,300; precious metals $13,000; of various metals $310,000; 1 woollen fac, cap. $20,000; 1 cotton fac. 3,600 sp.; 1 dyeing and printing establishment, total cap, $16,200; tobacco, cap. $118,900; 13 tanneries, cap. $132,800; 3 distilleries, 3 breweries, capital $87,000; 1 powder m., cap. $30,000; paints, drugs, &c, cap. $79,000; 1 glass factory, capital $30,000; 9 potteries, cap. $22,300; 6 sugar refineries produced $176,000; 3 paper fac. prod. $59,000; 8 rope walks, cap. $66,550; 1 grist m., 2 saw m., cap. $27,000; furniture to the amount of $268,200; 213 brick and stone houses, and 1 wooden house, employed 845 persons, and cost $548,400; 19 printing offices, 10 binderies, 6 daily, 7 weekly, 5 semi-weekly newspapers, and 6 periodicals, employed 279 persons, and a cap. of $119,900. Total cap. in manufactures $2,729,983. 4 univ. and colleges, 395 students, 50 acad. or gram, sch., 2,044 students, 63 com. and prim, schools with 3,401 scholars. The Baltimore and Port Deposite railroad extends 36 miles to Havre de Grace, and there connects with a chain of railroads to Philadelphia, making the whole distance 95 miles. The Washington branch of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad extends 38 miles to Washington city. The Baltimore and Ohio railroad is completed over 80 miles to Harper's Ferry, and is designed to be continued to Wheeling, on the Ohio. It already brings much trade into Baltimore and when completed will form the most direct communication which exists between the Atlantic coast and the Mississippi valley. The Baltimore and Susquehanna railroad extends to York in Pennsylvania, and connects with a chain of railroads to Philadelphia and Baltimore. There are lines of steam packets to Philadelphia and to Norfolk, and other packets to New York and to various parts of the Atlantic coast. There were in 1840, 9 banks, besides savings institutions, with an aggregate cap. of $2,500,000. The University of Maryland was incorporated in 1812, and the Baltimore College has since been merged in it. It has an academical and scientific, a medical and a law department. The medical department has 6 professors and 65 students St. Mary's College is a flourishing Catholic institution; has 25 instructors and 73 students, and 12,000 volumes in its libraries. The Maryland Institute has for its object the diffusion of scientific and mechanical knowledge, by means of lectures and otherwise. It has a fine chemical laboratory, and a complete philosophical apparatus. The Maryland Academy of Science and Literature, located in the Athenseum buildings, which were erected for scientific purposes, has collections in the several departments of natural history, plaster casts, &c. Other institutions are Asbury College, and several free schools, founded by donations from benevolent individuals, The City Library, the Apprentices Library, and the Exchange Reading Room are valuable institutions. There is a number of public schools, some of which have fine buildings, and are well provided with all the means of instruction. There are in the city 42 churches, of which the Episcopalians have 5, the Roman Catholics have 6, one of which is a splendid cathedral, the Presbyterians have 3, the Scotch Presbyterians 2, the Baptists 4, the Methodists have 9, and there are various others. There are various benevolent institutions, among which are the hospital, the building of which cost $150,000; the almshouse, 375 feet long, with spacious grounds; several dispensaries and several orphan asylums, and some others. There are 2 theatres, a circus, a museum, with some other places of amusement. Baltimore was first laid out as a town in 1729, and in 1765, it contained but 50 houses. It received a charter as a city in 1797. Few towns in the United States have risen more rapidly; and its growth is of a substantial and permanent character.

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Baltimore, p-v., Liberty t., Fairfield co., O., 32 s. w. Columbus, 378 W. It is on high ground, on both sides of the Ohio canal. It has 3 stores and 2 warehouses, 1 large flouring m., 2 tanneries, 1 woollen factory, over 100 dwellings, and more than 500 inhabitants. It has a printing office, at which a weekly paper is issued.

Baltimore, t., Windsor co., Vt., 65 s. Montpelier. Organized in 1794. The surface is stony, and the soil warm. Hawk Mountain divides it from Cavendish, to which it originally belonged. It has 1 sch. 40 scholars. Pop. 155.

Baltimore, Hundred, Sussex co., Del. It has 7 stores, cap. 6,400; 2 grist m., 2 sawm., 6 sch. 185 scholars. Pop. 2,241.

Baltimore, p-v., Warren co., In., 77 n. w. Indianapolis, 648 W. Situated on the w. side of the Wabash r.

Bangor, city and p-t., the capital of Penobscot co., Me. It is situated at the head of the navigation on the w. side of Penobscot river, 60 miles from the ocean. It is in 44° 47' 50' n. lat., and 68° 47' w. lon., 68 e. n. e. Augusta, 120 n. E. by E. Portland, 230 n. e. Boston, Mass., 663 W. Pop. 1790, 169; 1800, 277; 1810, 850 1820, 1,221; 1830, 2,868; 1840, 8,627. Kenduskeag, a stream 190 yards wide at its mouth, divides the city into 2 parts, which are connected by bridges. This stream has falls about 1 mile from the city, which afford many mill seats. Just above the city, is abridge across the Penobscot r., 1,320 feet long, connecting it with Orrington, which cost $50,000. The harbor, which is at and below the mouth of the Kenduskeag, is spacious; the tide here rises 17 feet, and is of itself sufficient to float vessels of a large class. The principal article of trade is lumber, which comes down the river in immense quantities. 1,200 vessels, of over 100 tons burden each, are employed, in the season of navigation, in the lumber trade, besides a large number of vessels engaged in the coasting and foreign trade. It has an extensive back country, in which there is much good land. The city occupies a pleasant and commanding situation, affording a fine view of the river and surrounding country. The buildings, both public and private, are not only neat, but many of them elegant. Steamboats regularly ply between this place and Portland, and Boston, when the river is open, which is about eight months in the year. Bangor has 7 churches, 1 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 1 Lutheran, 1 Universalist, and 1 Roman Catholic. It was incorporated as a town in 1791; as a city, in 1834. The Bangor Theological Seminary, originally called the "Maine Charity School," and first located at Hampden, 6 ms. s., was opened in 1816. It is designed to give a classical and theological education for the ministry, in a shorter time than is ordinarily employed in a collegiate and theological course, and is under the direction of the Congregationalists. It has 3 professors, 43 students, 139 alumni, and 7,000 vols, in its libraries. 11 commercial and commission houses in foreign trade, cap. $98,500; 134 ret. stores, cap. $318,500; value of lumber produced $305,500; 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 42 saw m., 3 printing offices, 1 daily, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufactures $101,800. 2 academies, 29 students, 25 schools, 1,647 scholars.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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