American History and Genealogy Project

Callaway, County, Mo to Campbell's Station, TN

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Callaway, County, Mo., situated in the central part of the state, and lies on the Missouri r., which bounds it on the s. It contains 760 square miles. The surface is undulating, and the soil excellent. Drained by Big and Little Au Vase creeks. Capital, Fulton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 11,693, sheep 13,666, swine 29,493; wheat 33.909 bushels produced, rye 1,915, Ind. corn, 334,559, oats 127,057, potatoes 2,696, tobacco 391,342 pounds, sugar 12,353; 24 stores, cap. $146,400; 6 woolen fac., 9 tanneries, 9 distilleries, 1 rope fee, 5 flouring m., 31 grist m., 7 saw m., 2 oil m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $33,510. 2 acad. 61 students, 40 sch. 964 scholars. Pop. 1830, 6,159; 1840, whites 8,601, slaves 3,142, free col'd 22; total, 11,765.

Callaway's Mills, p-o., Franklin co., Va., 182 w. s. w. Richmond, 257 W.

Callensburg, p-v., Toby t.. Clarion co., Pa., 190 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 276 W.

Calumet, County, Wis., situated in the n. e. part of the ter. Winnebago lake lies on its w. order. It contains 300 square ms. Drained by the head branches of Manitowoc r. There were in 1840, neat cattle 255, swine 433; wheat 1,192 bushels produced, Ind. corn 3,619, potatoes 3,803. Cap. in manufac. $1,000. Pop. 725.

Calumet Village, p-v., Calumet co., Wis., 110 n. e. Madison, 957 W. Situated on the e. shore of Lake Winnebago.

Calumet, t., Pike co., Mo. It has 5 sch. 142 scholars. Pop. 2,743.

Calvary, t., Franklin co., Mo. It has 1 sch. 16 scholars. Pop. 779.

Calvary, p-o., Athens co., O., 82 s. e. Colum-bus, 318 W.

Calvert, County, Md., situated in the s. part of the state, on Chesapeake Bay, which forms its e. boundary. It contains 264 square miles. The surface is undulating. Capital, Prince Frederick Town. There were in 1840, neat cattle 6,487, sheep 6,601, swine 12,617; wheat 36,932 bushels produced, Ind. corn 166,592, oats 55,775, potatoes 6,056, tobacco 3,689 695 pounds; 26 stores, cap. $45,520; 25 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $13,545. 5 acad. 58 students, 8 schools, 175 scholars. Pop. 1830, 8,899; 1840, whites 3,585, slaves 4,270, free col'd 1,474; total, 9,229.

Calvin, t., Cass co., Mich. It has 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,100. 1 sch. 44 scholars. Pop. 209.

Camak, p-o., Warren co., Ga., 48 n. e. Milledgeville, 622 W. It is a depot on the Georgia railroad.

Camanche, p-v., and capital of Clinton County, Iowa. 60 e. Iowa City, 912 W. Situated on the w. side of the Mississippi r.

Cambria, p-o., Luzerne co., Pa., 104 n. n. e. Harrisburg, 215 W.

Cambria, County, Pa., central in the w. part of the state, and contains 720 square miles. It occupies a valley between the main branch of the Alleghany Mountains and Laurel ridge. The railroad from Hollidaysburg passes over the mountain, on its eastern border, and terminates at Johnstown, in the s. part of this county, connecting the parts of the Pennsylvania canal. The surface is rough, and in some parts mountainous, and the soil moderately good. Drained by the head waters of the Kiskiminitas or Connemaugh r., and also of the w. branch of the Susquehanna River. There were in 1840, neat cattle 8,518, sheep 11,461, swine 10,769: wheat 34,421 bush. 13 prod., rye 22,704, Indian corn 31,943, buckwheat 15,827, barley 1,473, oats 1 14,470, potatoes 87,856, hops 503 pounds, sugar 27,539; 10 com. houses in for. trade, cap. $5,900; 32 stores, cap. $88,800; 2 lumberyards, cap. $1,000; 6 tanneries, 1 brewery, 1 pottery, 1 rope fee, 20 grist m., 60 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $32,852. 71 sch. 269 scholars. Pop. 1830, 7,076; 1840, 11,256.

Cambria, p-t., Niagara co., N. Y., 283 w. by Albany, 406 W. The surface is generally level, and the soil sandy and calcareous loam. It has 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $6,050. 17 sch. 759 scholars. Pop. 2,099.

Cambria, t., Cambria co., Pa. The surface is hilly; soil, clay and sand. Drained by Black Lick cr. and the n. branch of Little Connemaugh r. Ebensburg b., in this t., is the capital of the co. It has a commanding situation on the Alleghany Mountains and contains 3 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Congregationalism, and 1 Roman Catholic and about 40 dwellings. The t. has 7 stores, cap. $23,800; 1 tannery, 1 printing office, 1 weekly paper, 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,830. 8 sch. 320 scholars. Pop. 1,156.

Cambria, p-o., Hillsdale co., Mich.

Cambridge, p-t., Somerset co., Me., 63 n. Augusta, 659 W. It has 1 store, cap. $500; 2 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,000. 5 sch. 198 scholars. Pop. 461.

Cambridge, p-t., Lamoille co., Vt., 48 n. w. Montpelier. The Lamoille r. runs through this t., and, with its branches, furnishes some mill seats. The interval land on the r. is fertile; the surface, generally, is rough, but suited to grazing. First settled in 1783. It has 8 stores, cap. $15,500; 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 3 saw ra. Cap. in manufac. $3,150. 17 sch. 530 scholars. Pop. 1,790.

Cambridge, p-t., semi-capital of Middlesex co., Ms., 3 n. w. Boston, 437 W. In 43° 23' n. lat., and 74° 40' 30" w. Ion. This is one of the early towns in New England, having been first settled in 1631, under the name of Newtown. It is the seat of Harvard University, formerly called Harvard College, the oldest college in the United States, having been founded in 1633, which was less than 20 years after the first landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. Cambridge contains a court house and jail, state arsenal, and 5 churches, 2 Unitarian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, and 1 Universalist. The courts are alternately held here and at Concord. The court house and jail are at e. Cambridge, at Lechmere's Point, a village at the s. E. extremity of the town, which is connected with Boston and Charlestown by bridges. Here is a large glass manufactory.

Harvard University has a president and 27 professors, or other instructors; has had 5,546 alum-ni, of whom 1,406 have been ministers of the gospel; has 246 classical students, and 53,000 volumes in its libraries. The commencement is on the 4th Wednesday in August. The philosophical and chemical apparatus are very complete, as well as its cabinet of minerals. It has an excellent anatomical museum and a botanical garden, of eight acres, richly stored with an extensive collection of trees, shrubs, and plants, both native and foreign. The University buildings are extensive and commodious, situated on a beautiful plain, where is a neat village. The irregularity in the position of the edifices, renders them less imposing in their appearance than they otherwise would be, but not less adapted to their purposes. They are University Hall, an elegant granite building, 140 by 50 feet, and 42 feet high, containing the chapel, dining halls, and lecture rooms; Harvard Hall, containing the library, philosophical apparatus, museum, &c; 4 spacious brick edifices, containing rooms for students, and several other buildings for the accommodation of the president, professors, and students; Divinity Hall, for the accommodation of the theological students; and the Medical College, in Boston, a Law School, a Theological Seminary, and a Medical School, are attached to the institution, the last of which is located in Boston. The Law School has 115, the Theological 26, and the Medical 86 students. The whole number of students attached to the institution, including resident graduates, is 478. This institution is more richly endowed than any other similar institution in the United States. There are in the town 1 commercial and 1 commission house, cap. 840,000; 27 stores, cap. $93,950; 8 lumber yards, capital 835,000; 3 rope fac, 2 printing offices, 1 bindery, 5 periodicals, 1 university, 341 students, 2 acad. 45 students, 16 sch. 2,455 scholars. Pop. 8,409.

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Cambridge, p-t., Washington co., N. Y., 34 n. by E. Albany, 404 W. The surface is mostly level, and the soil gravelly loam. Watered by Hoosic River and its tributaries. The village contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Associate Reformed church, 100 dwellings, and about 700 inhabitants. It has 4 stores, and several mills and manufactories. The t. has 2 stores, cap. 85,000; 2 tanneries. 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $900. 13 sch. 297 scholars. Pop. 2,005.

Cambridge, t., Coos co., N. H. Situated on the Androscoggin r. The surface is uneven and rough. Chartered in 1773. It has only 5 inhabitants.

Cambridge, p-v., capital of Dorchester County, Md.. 61 s. e. Annapolis, 101 W. Situated on the s. side of Choptank r., which is here 2 miles wide, 12 miles from the Chesapeake bay. It contains a court house and jail, an academy, and 2 churches, 1 Methodist and 1 Episcopal.

Cambridge, p-t., Lenawee co., Mich., 66 s. w. Detroit, 526 W. It has 2 com. houses, cap. $6,000: 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,500. 4 sch. 114 scholars. Pop. 614.

Cambridge, p-t., capital of Guernsey co., O., 77 e. Columbus. 316 W. The village is pleasantly situated on the e. side of Wills cr., on the national road, and contains a court house and other public buildings, 130 dwellings, and about 700 inhabitants. It has 1 acad. 25 students, 9 schools, 329 scholars. Pop. 1,845.

Cambridge, p-v., Abbeville dist., S. C., 79 w. by n. Columbia, 525 W.

Cambridge, p-v., Wayne co., Ia., 52 e. Indianapolis, 519 W. Situated on the w. side of the West branch of Whitewater r., and on the national road.

Cambridge, p-v., Dallas co., Ala., 84 s. by e. Tuscaloosa, 867 W.

Cambridgeport, p-o., Windham County, Vt., 101 s. Montpelier, 448 W.

Cambridgeport, p-v., Cambridge t., Middlesex county, Ms., 2 w. Boston, 433 W. Here is a neat and pleasant village, containing a Unitarian and a Baptist church, and considerable commerce and manufactures.

Camden, County, N. C. Situated in the n. e. part of the state, and contains 228 sq. ms. The surface is low and marshy. It has Pasquotank r. on its s. w. border. Capital, Camden C. H. or Jonesburg. There were in 1810, neat cattle 4,149, sheep" 2,672, swine 12,562; wheat 2,739 bush, produced, Ind. corn 285,574, oats 9,480, potatoes 15,455, cotton 6,792 pounds; 21 stores, cap. 848,200; 5 distilleries, 18 grist m., 5 saw in., 1 acad. 70 student, 6 sch. 169 scholars. Pop. 1830, 6,721; 1840, whites 3,844, slaves 1,661, free col'd 153; total, 5,663.

Camden, County, Ga. Situated in the s. e. part of the state, with the Atlantic on the e., from which it is separated by Cumberland island, which stretches along almost its entire border. It contains about 700 sq. ms. St. Mary's river curves along its s. border, and has a depth of water sufficient for the largest vessels. The Santilla r. passes through the co. Capital, Jeffersonton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 17,093, sheep 1,453, swine 7.207: Ind. com 63,565 bush, produced, potatoes 53,575, rice 1,006.440 pounds, silk cocoons 120, cotton 2,032,740, sugar 20,450; 15 stores, cap. $112,500; 5 tanneries, 4 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $101,290. 1 acad. 90 students, 11 sch. 133 scholars. Pop. 1830, 4,578; 1840, whites 2,004, slaves 4,049, free col'd 22; total, 6,075.

Camden, p-t., Waldo co., Me.. 42 e. s. e. Augusta, 10 n. Thomaston, 632 W. It is pleasantly situated on the w. side of Penobscot Bay, and has a good harbor. It has considerable navigation employed in the coasting trade and the fisheries. Ship building is carried on, and the manufacture of lime, which is extensively exported. It has 41 stores, cap. $100,000; 2 tanneries, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 5 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $105,600. 1 acad. 100 students, 17 sch. 1,169 scholars. Pop. 3,005.

Camden, p-t., Oneida co., N. Y., 128 n. w. Albany, 397 W. The surface is uneven, and the soil a fertile sandy loam. Drained by Fish cr. and its tributaries. The v. is on the w. branch of Fisher. Incorporated in 1834. It has a town house, 3 churches, 100 dwellings, and about 700 inhabitants. There are in the t, 5 stores, cap. $46,500; 1 furnace, 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 5 tanneries, 6 grist m., 13 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $33,750. 1 acad. 60 students, 14 sen. 720 scholars. Pop. 2,331.

Camden, city, p-b., and port of entry, Gloucester co., N. J., 29 s. s. w. Trenton, 139 W. It is situated on the e. side of Delaware River, opposite to Philadelphia. The city consists of three parts, a central or principal part, and a northern and southern village or suburb, from each of which is a ferry to Philadelphia. The ship channel is on the Philadelphia side, but ships of the largest class come up to the lower village, and vessels of 150 tons to the central parts of Camden, at high tide. Camden has 6 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Episcopal, 2 Methodist, and 2 Friends, an academy, a bank, 400 dwellings, and 70 or 80 buildings occupied in manufactures, and considerable commerce. It has several public gardens. The Camden and Amboy railroad, leading from New York City, terminates here. A railroad also proceeds s. to Woodbury. There were in 1840, 13 stores, cap. $28,400; 2 lumber yards, cap. $18,000; 1 turpentine factory, 1 grist m., 5 saw m., 3 printing offices, 3 weekly newspapers, 1 periodical. Cap. in manufac. $224,050. 3 acad. 240 students, 3 schools, 15 scholars. Pop. 3,371.

Camden, p-v., Kent co., Del., 3 s. Dover, 121 W. It is situated on the s. branch of Jones' cr., and contains 20 or 30 dwellings.

Camden, p-v., Somers t., Preble co., O., 102 w. s. w. Columbus, 495 W. Situated on the w. bank of Seven Mile cr., near the mouth of Paint cr. It contains 2 churches, 9 or 10 stores, and about 60 dwellings.

Camden, p-t., Hillsdale, co., Mich. 120 s. e. Detroit, 537 W. Pop. 174.

Camden, p-v., Shelby co., Ky., 31 w. Frankfort, 573 W.

Camden, p-v., capital of Benton co., Tenn., 79 w. Nashville, 763 W., 9 w. Tennessee r., contains a court house and a few dwellings.

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Camden, p-v., Carroll co., Ia., 74 n. Indianapolis, 632 W. Situated on the n. side of Passianong cr.

Camden, p-v., Madison co., Miss., 33 n. by e. Jackson, 1,007 W. Situated on a small creek flowing into Big Black r.

Camden, p-v., capital of Kershaw dist., S. C., 33 n. e. Columbia, 473 W. It is situated on the e. bank of Wateree river, which is crossed li miles s. w. of the village by a bridge, which cost $20,003. Flat-boats of 70 tons come to the place. Camden contains a court house, jail, an academy, a Masonic hall, a brick market-house, a library, an arsenal, 4 churches, some of which are elegant, 1 Episcopal, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist. It has a bank, about 40 stores, 200 dwellings, and 1,000 inhabitants. One mile e. by s. of the place, are the De Kalb mills, and a cotton fac. with 1,200 sp., 24 looms, and which employs 60 hands. The soil around Camden is fertile, yielding good crops of cotton and corn, but liable to be overflowed. In a good season, peaches and apples are sold at from 12 to 25 cents a bushel, and fine melons equally cheap. Two celebrated battles were fought here during the revolution, one August 16th, 1780, between Gen. Gates and Lord Cornwallis, and another, April 23d, 1781, between Gen. Greene and Lord Rawdon. At the end of De Kalb street, opposite the Presbyterian church, is a fine, white marble monument, erected to the memory of Baron De Kalb, of revolutionary celebrity, the corner-stone of which was laid by the venerable Lafayette, in 1825. Two miles w. of Camden is a large Indian mound, supposed to mark the site of an ancient town of the Catawbas.

Camden, p-o., Camden co., Ga.

Camden, p-v., Schuyler co., Ill., 72 w. n. w. Springfield, 850 W.

Camden, p-v., Ray co., Mo., 149 w. N. w. Jefferson city, 1,052 W. Situated on the n. side of the Missouri r., 340 from St. Louis, by the course of the r.

Camden, C. H., p-v., capital of Camden co., N. C, 219 e. n. e. Raleigh, 287 W. Situated on the e. side of Pasquotank r. It contains a court house, and several stores and dwellings.

Camden, t., Lorain co., O. It has 4 sch. 115 scholars. Pop. 504.

Camden Point, p-o., Platte co., Mo.

Camel's Rump, one of the highest peaks of the Green Mountains, Vt., situated on the e. border of Huntington t., 4,188 feet above tide water, 17 w. Montpelier, 20 s. e. Burlington. The view from the top of it is extensive, beautiful, romantic, and grand.

Cameron, p-t., Steuben co., N. Y., 7 s. Bath, 225 w. s. w. Albany, 304 W. The surface is hilly, and the soil, a fertile calcareous loam and clay. Watered by Canisteo r. It has 2 stores, cap. $7,000; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $8,195. 12 sch. 542 scholars. Pop. 1,359.

Camerons Mills, p-o., Orange co., N. C, 45 n. w., Raleigh, 262 W.

Camillus, p-t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 7 w. Syracuse, 139 w. n. w. Albany, 347 W. The surface is rolling; soil, calcareous loam. Drained by Nine Mile cr. The Erie Canal passes through the t. It contains a Presbyterian and a Methodist church. Gypsum is found here. It has 12 stores, cap. $65,900; 2 tanneries, 2 flouring m., 1 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $69,427; 15 sch. 924 scholars. Pop. 3,957.

Campbell, County, Va., in the s. part of the state, lies between James r. on the n., and Staunton r. on the s., and contains 576 sq. ms. The surface is rough and the soil productive, adapted both to grain and to grazing, and producing also tobacco and fruits. The rivers by which it is bordered are both navigable for boats, giving it a ready access to Chesapeake Bay and Albemarle Sound. Capital, Lynchburg. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,810, sheep 13.85S, swine 20,991; wheat 177,949 bush, produced, Ind. corn 481,960, oats 227,539, potatoes 22,622, hemp and flax 163 tons, tobacco 3,257,193 pounds, cotton 4,234; 3 commission houses in for. trade, cap. $102,000; 94 stores, cap. $1,537,636; 1 furnace, 1 cotton fac. 1,500 sp., 9 tanneries, 15 distilleries, 11 flouring m., 34 grist m., 38 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $398,091. 5 acad. 195 students, 20 sch. 389 scholars. Pop. 1830, 20,330; 1840, whites 10,213, slaves 10,045, free col'd 772; total, 21,030.

Campbell, County, Ga., in the n. w. part of the state, lies on both sides of Chattahoochee r., and contains 330 sq. miles. Surface undulating, soil, fertile. Capital, Campbellton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 6,164, sheep 3,103, swine 15,779; wheat 37,201 bush, produced, Ind. corn 231,475, oats 18,194, potatoes 3,864, tobacco 7,436 pounds, cotton 895,737; 12 stores, cap. $14,200; 3 tanneries, 14 distilleries, 13 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,787. 19 sch. 462 scholars. Pop. 1830, 3,323; 1840, whites 4,526, slaves 842, free col'd 2; total, 5,370.

Campbell, C. H., p-v., Campbell co., Va., 125 w. s. w. Richmond, 203 W.

Campbell, County, Tenn. Situated in the n. e. part of the state; has the Tennessee r. passing through its s. E. part. It contains 672 sq. ms. The Cumberland Mountains pass through it; and on its n. w. side, the streams are discharged into Cumberland r. Capital, Jacksborough. There were in 1840, neat cattle 6,863, sheep 4,954, swine 22,803; wheat 14,240 bush, produced, rye 1,951, I. corn 199,758, oats 43,270, potatoes 6,154, cotton 1,781 pounds, sugar 5,715; 10 stores, cap. $33,500; 5 forges, 5 tanneries, 19 distilleries, 1 powder m., 37 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $21,681. 2 sch. 56 scholars. Pop. 1830, 5,110; 1840, whites 5,831, slaves 264, free col'd 54; total 6,149.

Campbell, County, Ky. Situated in the n. part of the state, on the Ohio r. Licking r. passes w. of it, and enters the Ohio nearly opposite to Cincinnati. The surface is uneven, and the soil fertile. Capital, Newport. There were in 1840, neat cattle 2,446, sheep 4,071, swine 5,589; wheat 27,702 bush, produced, rye 1,110, Ind. com 112,147, oats 19,167, potatoes 15,371, tobacco 23,010 pounds; 3 stores, cap. $6,100. Cap. in manufac. $7,065. 8 sch. 186 scholars. Pop. 1840, whites 4,921, slaves 289, free col'd 4; total, 5,214.

Campbell, t., Warwick co., Ia. It has 4 sch. 125 scholars. Pop. 959.

Campbell, p-o., Lawrence co., O.

Campbell Creek, p-o., Bath t., Steuben co., N. Y., 224 w. by s. Albany, 304 W.

Campbell, t., Steuben co., N. Y., 10 s. e. Bath, 209 w. s. w. Albany. The surface is hilly, and the soil clay and marly loam. Watered by Conhocton r. It has 1 store, cap. $3,000: 2 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 2 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,775. 4 sch. 237 scholars. Pop. 852.

Campbell's Bridge, p-o., Marion dist., S. C, 139 e. by n. Columbia, 441 W.

Campbellsburg, p-v., Henry co., Ky., 31 n. w. Frankfort, 573 W.

Campbell's Port, p-o., Portage co., O.

Campbell's Station, p-o., Knox co., Tenn., 168 e. Nashville, 513 W.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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