American History and Genealogy Project

Canton, GA to Carroll, County Ky

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Canton, p-v., capital of Cherokee co., Ga. Situated on the n. side of Etowah r. It contains a court house, several stores and dwellings.

Canton, p-v., Wilcox County, Ala., 91 s. by e. Tuscaloosa, 883 VV.

Canton, p-v., Trigg co., Ky., 9 s. w. Cadiz, 235 s. w. by w. Frankfort, 762 W. Situated on Cumberland r., 40 ms. from its mouth. It is the centre of trade for the surrounding country, and being on navigable waters, it does their shipping business. Pop. about 200.

Canton, p-v., capital of Madison co., Miss., 23 n. by e. Jackson, 993 W. It contains a court house and several dwellings.

Canton, p-v., Lawrence co., Ark., 164 n. n. e. Little Rock, 1,021 W.

Canton, t., Wayne co., Mich. Watered by the head branches of the south branch of Rouge r. It has 1 saw m. Cap. in manufactures, $300. There are in sch. 343 scholars. Pop. 1,081.

Canton Centre, p-v., Canton t., Hartford co., Ct.

Cantonment Gibson, p-v., and military station, in the Indian Ter., 221 w. n. w. Little Rock, Ark., 1,286 W. Situated on the e. side of the Neosho r., 5 ms. above its entrance into Red r. Here are situated strong military works for the protection of the western frontier.

Cantwell's Bridge, p-v., New Castle co., Del., 24 n. by w. Dover, 133 W. It is situated on the n. side of Appoquinimink cr. It contains several stores and dwellings.

Cape Bridge, p-o., Hampshire co., Va.

Cape Island, p-v., Cape May co., N. J., 108 s. Trenton, 218 W. It is situated in the extreme s. point of the state, on the shore of the Atlantic, and is much frequented as a watering place from July to September. Here are 6 boarding houses, some of them large, and several splendid hotels. The place affords great facilities for sea bathing, and for fishing.

Cape May, N. J., situated on the n. side of the entrance into Delaware Bay. On it is a light-house. It is 18 n. Cape Henlopen, 38° 57' n. lat., 74° 52' w. Ion.

Cape May, County, N. J. Situated in the s. part of the state. The soil is wholly alluvial, and the surface is level. Along its e. coast is a sand beach, which, from half a mile to 2 miles in width, is covered with grass, which affords pasture for neat cattle and sheep. It is broken by several inlets by which the sea penetrates the marshes and forms lagunes or salt-water lakes. Tuckahoe r. runs on its n. border, and receives some streams from the co. Capital, Cape May C. H. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,875, sheep 5,778, swine 2,268; wheat 8,692 bush, prod., rye 7.573, Indian corn 69,975, buckwheat 882, oats 24,404 potatoes 14,394; 29 stores, cap. $47,400; 8 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,700. 20 sch. 992 scholars. Pop. 1830, 4,936; 1840, 5,324.

Cape May, C. H., p-v., Middle t., Cape May co., N. J., 93 s. Trenton, 203 W. It has a court house, a stone jail, brick fire-proof offices, a Baptist church of brick, and 10 or 12 dwellings.

Cape Cod, Ms., in 42° 5" n. lat, 70° 14' w. Ion., projects from the shore of Massachusetts, and is curved inward, something in the shape of the arm of a man, bent inward at the elbow and the wrist. It is 65 miles long, and from 1 to 20 broad, and contains the county of Barnstable.

Cape Elizabeth, t., Me., consists chiefly of a peninsula, 6 s. Portland. Cape Elizabeth, in 43° 33' n. lat., 79° 11' w. long., is the s. e. point of the town. Another cape in the e. part of the t., at the entrance of Portland harbor, contains a light-house. It has 9 sch. 670 scholars. Pop. 1,666.

Cape Fear, N. C, is on the s. point of Smith's Island, in 33° 48' n. lat. and 78° 9' w. Ion., near the mouth of Cape Fear river.

Cape Fear, River, N. C. Its n. w. branch is formed by the union of Deep and Haw rivers; thence flowing 103 miles, it receives the N. E. branch of Clarendon r., above Wilmington; and 34 miles below, it enters the Atlantic by 2 channels, one on each side of Smith's Island. It affords the best navigation of any river in the state. By means of embankments the channel has been deepened, and steamboats now proceed 90 miles to Fayetteville at the lowest water.

Cape Girardeau, County, Mo., situated in the s. e. part of the state, lies on the Mississippi river. It contains about 864 sq. ms. Drained chiefly by the sources of White Water r. Iron ore and other minerals are found in the county. Capital, Jackson. There were in 1840, neat cattle 12,857, sheep 10,300, swine 33,528; wheat 41,235 bushels produced, Ind. corn 461,635, oats 111,383, potatoes 24,577, tobacco 229,191 pounds, cotton 9,934, sugar 37,318; 26 stores, cap. $79,800; 12 tanneries, 35 distilleries, 7 flouring m., 16 grist m., 16 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly news-paper. Cap. hi manufac. $82,787. 7 sch. 175 scholars. Pop. 1830,7,445; 1840, whites 8,020, slaves 1,325. free col'd 14; total, 9,359.

Cape Girardeau, p-v., Cape Girardeau co.. Mo., 1 207 s. e. Jefferson City, 850 W., is on the w. bank of the Mississippi r., 10 ms. from Jackson, the co. seat. It has 10 or 12 stores, and about 500 inhabitants. It was agitated by earthquakes in 1810 and 12, and some chimneys were thrown down. It has a steam saw m. The town has 2 acad. 40 students, 1 sch. 30 scholars. Pop. 1,728.

Cape Neddock, York co., Me., a barren head-land, projecting into the Atlantic Ocean, inhabited by a few fishermen.

Capeville, p-v., Northampton co., Va., 170 e. by s. Richmond, 246 W. It is on the e. shore of Chesapeake Bay, near Cape Charles. It contains 2 stores, several mechanic shops, and 12 or 14 dwellings.

Cape Vincent, p-v., Lyme t., Jefferson co., N. Y., 190 n. w. Albany, 442 W. Situated on the s. side of St. Lawrence r. It has 2 churches, 1 Presbyterian and 1 Episcopal, 5 stores, 2 warehouses, 1 steam flouring in., 1 saw m., 1 furnace and axe factory, 1 tannery, and a ship yard. It is a port of entry, and has a convenient steamboat landing. It has a regular communication with Kingston, Canada.

Captina, p-o., York t., Belmont co., O., 134 e. Columbus, 295 W.

Capon Springs, p-o., Hampshire co., Va.

Carbondale. p-v., Luzerne co., Pa., 35 n. e. Wilkesbarre, 160 n. n. e. Harrisburg, 261 W. The village is situated on Lackawanna cr. It has 15 stores, 6 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 2 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic and 500 dwellings. This flourishing village owes its existence to the Lackawanna coal mine. The mine is situated in the front of a hill. It is quarried in a continuous line for 60 rods, and presents a front of good coal, 20 feet in thickness, with several feet of imperfect coal above it. Several stationary steam engines draw up the coal in wagons, on a railway, by several inclined planes, from the mine to the summit level, 850 feet above the mine, whence it descends by another railway, 16 miles long, by several inclined planes, 912 feet, to the canal at Honesdale, and thence to the Delaware r., where it meets the Delaware and Hudson canal through which it is conveyed to the Hudson r. There were 1 19,407 tons of coal raised in 1840, employing a capital of $100,000, and 275 persons. The Delaware and Hudson Canal Company mine and send to market from 180 to 200,000 tons of coal annually. One mile w. of the village, Fall Brook, a considerable stream, has a beautiful cascade, 80 feet high. There are in the town 14 stores, cap. $54,500; 1 furnace, 2 tanneries, 1 brewery. 3 saw m. Cap. in manuf. $327,000. 4 sch. 190 scholars. Pop. 2,398.

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Cardiff, p-v., Lafayette t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 132 w. n. w. Albany, 335 W. It contains 2 stores, 1 flouring m., 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 25 dwellings, and 150 inhabitants.

Cardington, p-v., Morven t., Marion co., O., 36 n. Columbus, 405 W. It has a store, a woolen fac, and several mills in the neighborhood.

Carlinville, p-o., capital of Macoupin co., Ill., 39 s. s. w. Springfield, 811 W. Situated on the n. side of Lake Fork of Macoupin r. in a beautiful prairie. It has several stores, 1 sch. 61 scholars. Pop. 327. A theological seminary, under the patronage of the Presbyterian Synod of Illinois, was established at this place in i838. It has 700 volumes in its library.

Carlisle, p-t., Middlesex co., Ms., 19 n. w. Boston, 456 W. Concord river runs on its s. e. border. Its soil is of a secondary quality. Incorporated in 1805. It has 1 store, cap. $5,000; 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $21,200. 5 sch. 204 scholars. Pop. 556.

Carlisle, p-t., Schoharie co., N. Y., 36 w. by N. Albany, 8 n. w. Schoharie. The surface is uneven, and the soil a sandy loam, underlaid with limestone. In the vicinity are numerous caverns. The v. is on the Cherry valley turnpike, and contains 1 Presbyterian church, 2 stores, and 20 dwellings. It has 2 stores, cap. $4,000; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 1 grist, m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,900. 11 sch. 527 scholars. Pop. 1,850.

Carlisle, p-v., capital of Cumberland County, Pa., 15 w. by s. Harrisburg, 103 W. In 40° 12' n. latitude, 77° 10' w. longitude. The place, founded in 1751, is regularly laid out, with streets crossing each other at right angles, and is neatly built, chiefly with brick or stone houses. Dickinson College is located here, and in the w. part of the v. has an elegant building of limestone, 4 stories high, 150 feet in length, and occupying a commanding situation. It was founded in 1783, under the direction of the Presbyterians; but has some time since gone into the hands of the Methodists, and is flourishing. It has a president and 6 professors, or other instructors, 650 alumni, 227 of whom have been ministers of the gospel, 147 students, and 4,500 volumes in its libraries. The commencement is on the last Thursday in September. The other public buildings are, 9 churches, 2 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Ger-man Reformed, 1 Lutheran, 1 Methodist, 1 Associate Presbyterian, 1 Roman Catholic, and 1 African, a court house, county offices, market house, banking house, young ladies' seminary, &e. There are 6 or 700 houses. Pop. 4,351. The Cumberland Valley railroad, extending from Harrisburg to Chambersburg, passes through the place. The United States barracks, half a mile from the v., were built in 1777, chiefly by the labor of the Hessians captured at Trenton. They are sufficient for a garrison of 2,000 men, and the general government have recently established a cavalry school here. There are in the town 42 stores, cap. $90,446; 2 lumber yards, cap. $2,000; 6 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 2 breweries, 1 printing office, 1 bindery, 3 weekly papers. Cap. in manufac. $68,750. 1 acad. 90 students, 16 sch. 855 scholars.

Carlisle, p-v., Troup co., Ga., 133 w. Milledgeville, 751 W. Situated s. side of Flat Shoal cr.

Carlisle, p-v., capital of Nicholas co., Ky., 53 e. n. e. Frankfort, 496 W. Situated on a small branch of Licking r. It contains a court house, several stores, 2 sch. 50 scholars. Pop. 256.

Carlisle, t., Lorain co., O., 3½ s. Elyria. It has a fine soil, well watered by the w. branches of Black r., which afford good mill seats. There is a considerable village on the e. branch of Black r., which also runs through the town. The village has 1 store, 1 grist m., 1 saw m. and about 30 dwellings. The t. has 2 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,300. 6 sch. 273 scholars. Pop. 1,094.

Carlisle, p-v., Sullivan co., Ia., 100 s. w. Indianapolis, 671 W. Situated 2 ms. e. of Busseron creek.

Carlisle Mills, p-o., Perry co., Miss., 173 s. e. Jackson, 1,051 W.

Carlisle Springs, p-o., Cumberland co., Pa., 19 w. by s. Harrisburg, 107 W. Here are sulphur springs, 4 n. Carlisle v.

Carlow, p-o., Hopkins co., Ky., 216 w. s. w. Frankfort, 749.

Carlton, p-t., Orleans co., N. Y., 258 w. by N. Albany, 401 W. It lies on Lake Ontario. The surface is level, and the soil sandy and gravelly loam. Drained by Oak Orchard creek, which enters Lake Ontario. It has 1 store, cap. $2,000; 2 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 2 tanneries, 1 flouring m., 2 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $35,100. 15 sch. 793 scholars. Pop. 2,275.

Carlton's Store, p-o., King and Queen co., Va., 58 n. e. by e. Richmond, 146 W.

Carlyle, p-v., capital of Clinton co., Ill., 96 s. by e. Springfield, 771 W. It is situated on the w. side of Kaskaskia r., 215 miles above its mouth, by the course of the r. Founded in 1818, on the border of a prairie. It has a court house, 5 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw m" and about 40 dwellings.

Carmel, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 65 n. e. Augusta, 660 W. Watered by Sowadabscook r. and its branches, which afford good water power. It has 5 stores, cap. $3,825; 1 tannery, 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,275. 195 scholars in sch. Pop. 520.

Carmel, p-t., capital of Putman co., N. Y., 100 s. Albany, 287 W. The surface is hilly, and the soil clay and sandy loam, and very fertile. In this t. and the vicinity are several small lakes, from which some of the head waters of Croton r. proceed. The v. is pleasantly situated on the e. side of a small lake, and contains a court house, a jail, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist church, an academy, 3 stores, 40 dwellings, and 250 inhabitants There are in the t., 7 stores, cap. $13,600; 3 fulling m., 1 tannery, 4 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $17,300. 11 sch. 520 scholars. Pop. 2,263.

Carmel, p-v., St. Joseph's co., Ia., 129 n. Indianapolis, 648 W.

Carmel, p-t., Eaton co., Mich. Pop. 868.

Carmel Hill, p-o., Chester dist., S. C., 71 n. Columbia, 460 W.

Carmi, p-v., capital of White co., Ill., 181 s. e. Springfield, 751 W. Situated on the w. bank of Little Wabash r., and contains a court house and several dwellings. Pop. 350.

Carmichaels, p-o., Greene co., Pa., 190 w. by s. Harrisburg, 214 W.

Carnesville, p-v., capital of Franklin co., Ga., Ill n. Milledgeville, 585 W. Situated on Stephen's creek, and contains a court house, which cost $4,600, a jail, an academy, and 5 or 6 stores. Founded in 1798.

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Caroline, County, Md., in the e. part of the state, contains 240 sq. miles. It has the state of Delaware on the e., and the w. branch of Choptank river on the w. The e. branch of the Choptank River passes through the co. Capital, Denton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,678, sheep 5,112, swine 9,379; wheat 24,844 bushels produced, rye 19,271, Indian com 269,375, oats 53,725, potatoes, 13,897; 50 stores, cap. $128,550; 1 tannery, 10 grist m., 13 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $ 7,050. 23 sch. 444 scholars. Pop. 1830, 9,070; 1840, whites 5,334, slaves 752, free col'd 2,551; total, 7,806.

Caroline, County, Va., in the e. part of the state, bounded n. by Rappahannock r. It contains 600 square miles. The surface is hilly and broken, and the soil various. Drained by Rappahannock and Pamunky rivers on its borders, and Mattapony r., through its centre. Produce, grain and tobacco. Capital, Bowling Green. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,359, sheep 9,349, swine 19,372; wheat 80,938 bushels produced, rye 13,117, Ind. corn 575,685, oats 119,986, potatoes 18,766, tobacco 773,745 pounds, cotton 20,005; 18 stores, cap. $132,100; 4 tanneries, 24 grist m., 9 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4.750. 17 acad. 370 students, 13 sch. 219 scholars. Pop. 1830, 17,774; 1840, whites 6,725, slaves 9,314, free col'd 774; total, 17,813.

Caroline, p-o., Haywood co., Tenn., 174 w. s. w. Nashville, 857 W.

Caroline, p-t., Tompkins co., N. Y., 12 s. e. Ithaca, 150 w. by s. Albany, 331 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly and calcareous loam. Drained by W. Oswego and Six Mile creeks; the former emptying into the Susquehanna r., and the latter into the Cayuga Lake. It has 12 stores, cap. $41,500; 2 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 4 grist m., 37 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. ha manufac. $52,450. 13 sch. 861 scholars. Pop. 2,457.

Caroline Centre, p-o., Caroline t., Tompkins county, N. Y., 173 w. by s. Albany, 330 W.

Caroline Furnace, p-o., Perry co., Pa., 23 w. Harrisburg, 133 W.

Carondelet, p-v., St. Louis co., Mo., 134 e. Jefferson city, 814 W. It is situated on the w. bank of Mississippi r., 5 miles below St. Louis. There are in the t., 2 acad. 24 students, 1 sch. 20 scholars. Pop. 2,093.

Carpenter's Landing, p-v., Greenwich t, Gloucester co., N. J., 40 s. w. Trenton, 151 W. Situated at the head of sloop navigation, on Mantua cr., 7 miles above its entrance into the Delaware r. It contains a Methodist church, 2 stores, and over 30 dwellings. It has considerable trade in lumber and wood. Pop. about 250.

Carpenter's Mills, p-o., Allen co., Ky., 155 s. w. Frankfort, 678 W.

Carrick, p-o., Franklin co., Pa., 63 w. s. w. Harrisburg, 111 W.

Carritunk,p-v., Somerset co., Md., 75 s. s e. Annapolis, 70 W.

Carroll, County, N. H., situated in the e. part of the state. It has Winnipiseogee lake on its s. w. border. Ossipee Lake and a part of Squam Lake, and several large ponds are within it. It has also Ossipee Mountain and other elevated summits. Capital, Ossipee. This comity formed a part of Strafford co., at the time when the census was taken. For statistics, see the towns of which it was composed.

Carroll, County, Md., situated in the n. part of the state, and contains 500 sq. miles. Drained by Patapsco and Monococy rs. It is a fertile and wealthy co. Capital, Westminster. There were in 1840, neat cattle 11,012, sheep 12,565, swine 23,311; wheat 180,818 bushels produced, rye 72,091, Ind. corn 251,384, buckwheat 6,060, oats 209,230, potatoes 1 12,171, tobacco 238,560 pounds; 54 stores, cap. $95,825; 7 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 2 cotton fac. 2,032 sp., 1 rope fac, 26 tanneries, 28 distilleries, 1 brewery, 6 potteries, 31 flouring m., 37 grist m., 61 saw m., 3 oil m., 4 paper fac, 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $207,472. 2 acad. 39 students, 14 schools, 334 scholars. Pop. whites 15,221, slaves 1,122, free col'd 898; total, 17,241.

Carroll, County, Ga., toward the n. w. part of the state, having Chattahoochee river on the s. e. It contains 800 square miles. The surface is elevated and broken. Drained by the branches of the Tallapoosa r. This county was ceded to the United States, by the Cherokees, in 1825, at the Treaty of the Indian Springs. Capital, Carrollton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 9,572, sheep 2,345, swine 15,172; wheat 24,552 bushels produced, Ind. corn 366,840, oats 14,439, potatoes 6,950, tobacco 14,456 pounds, cotton 354,089; 14 stores, cap. $40,165; value of gold produced $17,370; 13 smelting houses, 4 furnaces, 4 cotton fac. 54 sp., 4 tanneries, 13 distilleries, 1 flouring m., 16 grist m., 10 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $32,430. 2 acad. 36 students, 20 sch. 441 scholars. Pop. 1830, 3,419; 1840, whites 4,725, slaves 522, free col'd 5; total, 5,252.

Carroll, County, Miss., situated a little n. w. of the centre of the state, bounded by Yazoo r. on the w., and Big Black r. on the s. e., and drained by their branches. It contains 950 sq. ms. Capital, Carrollton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 16,651, sheep 4,137, swine 21,937; wheat 6,028 bushels produced, rye 80, Ind. corn 455,205, oats 10,340, potatoes 35,743, cotton 3,542,051 pounds; 17 stores, cap. $127,500; 17 tanneries, 2 flouring m., 22 grist m., 8 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. 113,800. 1 college, 60 students, 3 acad. 165 students, 11 sch. 267 scholars. Pop. whites 5,136, slaves 5,344, free col'd 1; total, 10,481.

Carroll, Parish, La., situated in the n. e. part of the state. Drained by Bayou Bartholomew, Bayou Beouff, Bayou Macon, and Tensas r. It has the Mississippi river on the e. Capital, Providence. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,670, sheep 180, swine 10,414; Ind. corn 168,890 bush, prod., potatoes 12,971, cotton 8,476,800 pounds, 1 saw m., 1 sch. 18 scholars. Pop. whites 1,146, slaves 3,082, free col'd 9; total, 4,237.

Carroll, County, Tenn., situated in the w. part of the state. It contains 960 sq. ms. It forms the height of land between the Tennessee and Mississippi rivers, toward both of which its streams flow. Capital, Huntingdon. There were in 1840, neat cattle 47,163, sheep 30,635, swine 65,349; wheat 684,691 bushels produced, Ind. corn 692,340, oats 74,079, potatoes 34,320, tobacco 868,664 pounds, cotton 215,383; 13 stores, cap. 43,800; 9 tanneries, 8 distilleries, 3 flouring m., 17 grist m., 12 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $40,027. 35 sch. 923 scholars. Pop. 1830, 9,397; 1840, whites 10,114, slaves 2,218, free col'd 30; total, 12,362.

Carroll, County Ky., situated, centrally, in the n. part of the state, on Ohio r., and contains 140 sq. ms. Drained by Kentucky r. Surface, level; soil, very fertile. Capital, Carrollton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,392, sheep 5,944, swine 11,125; wheat 31,888 bushels produced, rye 1,895, Ind. com 196,229, oats 18,030, potatoes 5,636, tobacco 255,080 pounds; 11 stores, cap. $42,300; 3 tanneries, 3 grist m., 5 saw in. Cap. in manufac. $17,600. 6 sch. 314 scholars. Pop. whites 3,212, slaves 731, free colored 23; total, 3,966.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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