American History and Genealogy Project

Columbia, OH to Conemaugh, PA

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Columbia, t., Meigs co., O., in the n. w. corner of the county. Drained by the head waters of Leading creek, which flows into the Ohio. It has 1 grist in., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufactures $1,600; 7sch. 161 scholars. Pop. 672.

Columbia, t., Randolph co., Ark. It has 2 schools, 40 scholars. Pop. 630.

Columbia Furnace, p-v., Shenandoah co., Va., 157 n. w. Richmond, 111 W.

Columbia Lake, p-o., Bridgewater t., Washtenaw County, Michigan, 50 w. by s. Detroit, 526 W.

Columbia Cross Roads, p-o., Bradford co., Pa., 153 n. by e. Harrisburg, 260 W.

Columbia, b., West Hempfield t., Lancaster co., Pa. Pop. 2,716.

Columbia, p-o., Columbiana co., O., 110 e. n. e. Columbus, 641 W.

Columbia, river of the United States, flows into the Pacific ocean. (See Oregon Ter.)

Columbiana, County, O., situated in the e. part of the state, bounded on the s. e. by the Ohio r., and contains 750 sq. ms. In the s. part it is broken and hilly, with a light soil. The northern and middle parts are more level, and are extremely productive. Common and water limestone are found in all parts; salt water is found in the s. part, and marl in the n., and iron ore in the middle. The climate is healthy, and the water pure. Watered by Little Beaver r. and its branches. The line of the Sandy and Beaver canal extends through the centre of the county. Capital, New Lisbon. There were in 1840, neat cattle 24,810, sheep 88,747, swine 26,650; wheat 445,834 bushels produced, rye 30,737, Ind. corn 336,357, buckwheat 32,058, barley 3,984, oats 463,430, potatoes 132,611, sugar 25,211 pounds; bituminous coal 163,000 bushels, salt 5,400; 5 commission houses in for. trade, cap. $30,000; 114 stores, cap. $406,150; 1 lumber yard, cap. $1,000; 3 furnaces, 10 fulling m., 8 woolen fac, 29 tanneries, 8 distilleries, 2 breweries, 5 potteries, 45 flouring m., 23 grist m., 72 saw m., 2 oil m., 1 paper fac, 3 printing offices, 3 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $346,737. 1 acad. 140 students, 114 sch. 2,421 scholars. Pop. 1830, 35,508; 1840,40,378.

Columbiana, p-v., capital of Shelby county, Ala., 73 e. Tuscaloosa, 781 W. Situated 7 ms. w. of Coosa r. It has a court house and a few dwellings.

Columbian Grove, p-o., Lunenburg co., Va., 101 Richmond, 218 W.

Columbian Inn, p-o., Stokes co., N. C., 117 Raleigh, 323 W.

Columbiana, in Fairfield t., Columbiana co., O. It has 1 sell. 40 scholars. Pop. 273.

Columbiaville, p-o., Martin co., Ia., 110 s. s. w. Indianapolis, 641 W.

Columbiaville, v., Stockport t., Columbia co., N. Y ., situated half a mile e. of Hudson r., at the junction of Claverack and Kinderhook creeks. Incorporated in 1812. It contains 2 stores, 2 cotton fac. with 500 sp., 60 dwellings, and about 600 inhabitants.

Columbus, County, N. C, situated in the s. part of the state, and contains 525 sq. ms. The surface is level, and some of it marshy. Capital, Whitesville. There were in 1840, neat cattle 8,554, sheep 5,600, swine 17,406; wheat 1,366 bushels produced, Ind. corn 79,155, potatoes 49,282, rice 38,627 pounds, cotton 24,035; 5 stores, cap. $10,000; 31 tanneries, 14 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $12,496. 1 sch. 15 scholars. Pop. 1830, 4,141; 1840, whites 2,799, slaves 1,086, free col'd 56; total, 3,941.

Columbus, p-t., Chenango co., N. Y., 98 w. Albany, 353 W. The surface is hilly and some broken, and the soil clay and sandy loam. Watered by Unadilla r. and its tributaries. The v. has 1 church, 2 stores, 1 tannery, and 20 dwellings. There are in the t., 2 stores, cap. $24,500; 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $5,031. 15 sch. 497 scholars. Pop. 1,561.

Columbus, p-v., Mansfield t., Burlington co., N. J , 12 s. by e. Trenton, 163 W. It has 1 store and about 30 dwellings, surrounded by a fertile country.

Columbus, .p-o., Warren co., Pa.

Columbus, city, and capital of Franklin co., O., and of the state, 139 s. w. Cleveland, 110 n. e. Cincinnati, 175 s. Detroit, Mich., 184 s. w. Pittsburg, Pa., 393 W. It is in 39° 47' n. lat., and 83° 3' w. Ion., and 6° w. Ion. from W. It is situated on the e. bank of Scioto r., immediately below the confluence of Whetstone r. When this place was fixed on as the seat of the legislature, in 1812, it was an entire wilderness. The land rises gradually from the river, and the streets cross each other at right angles. Broad-street extends from the bridge along the national road, a little s. of E. on the n. side of the public square of 10 acres, to the e. limit of the city, and is 120 feet wide. High-street, 100 feet wide, crosses Broad-street at the n. w. corner of the public square, at right angles, and passes through the city in that direction. This is the principal business street of the city, and is graveled, and the side-walks are paved. All the other streets are 88 feet wide, and the al-leys 33 feet wide. A convenient wharf, 1,300 feet long, has been erected along the margin of the r. The public buildings are, a state house on the s. w. corner of the public square, a brick edifice, 75 by 50 feet, of two lofty stories, with a steeple 106 feet high. From the balcony, a beautiful view of the city, and of the surround-ing country, is presented. Immediately n. of the state house is a building for the public officers of the state, 150 by 25 feet. Still further n., in a line with the others, is the federal court house. There are 5 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 1 Episcopal, and 1 German Lutheran. Several of these churches are elegant buildings. The state penitentiary is a spacious and elegant edifice, on the bank of the Scioto, half a mile n. of the centre of the city. The asylum for the deaf and dumb is a brick edifice, 50 by 80 feet, 3 stories high, half a mile e. of the state house, with handsome Doric porticoes. There is a lunatic asylum, an institution for the blind, a German Lutheran theological seminary, a fine banking house of stone, with a Doric portico of stone. The private houses are neat and substantial, and some of them elegant. The national road passes through the place, and a canal of 11 miles in length connects it with the Ohio canal. A bridge across the Scioto connects the place with Franklinton. There were in 1840, in Columbus, and Montgomery t., in which it is situated, 3 commission and 4 commercial houses in foreign trade, cap. $63,000; 58 retail stores, cap. $319,750; 3 lumber yards, cap. $12,000; 5 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 3 breweries, 1 pottery, 4 printing offices, 3 binderies, 1 daily, 3 weekly, 1 semi-weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac $257,850. Pop. 6,048.

Columbus, p-t., St. Clair co., Mich., 37 n. e. Detroit, 561 W. It has 2 stores, cap. $3,200; 1 tannery, 1 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $2,800. 2 sch. 43 scholars. Pop. 155.

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Columbus, city, p-v., capital of Muscogee co., Ga., 124 w. s. w. Milledgeville, 757 W. Situated on the e. bank of Chattahoochee r., at the head of steamboat navigation, immediately below the falls on the r., which descends 111 feet in the distance of 4 miles above. It is 300 miles above its junction with Flint r., and 130 above the Appalachicola bay. The river, just below the falls, is only 351 feet wide, but soon widens to 250 yards. The town is elevated 60 feet above the ordinary height of the r., and covers 1,200 acres. Two streets running parallel with the r., exactly n. and s., are 165 feet wide; six others are 132 ft. wide. These are intersected by 12 other streets, at right angles, which are 99 feet wide. It contains a splendid court house, a jail, a market house, 5 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, 100 stores, about 700 dwellings. There is a flour-ing mill in the immediate vicinity, and various mills and manufactories on the r. above. From 13 to 15 steamboats navigate the r., and steam-boats ply to New Orleans. A steamboat requiring 5 feet of water can come to the place at any season. A bridge here crosses the Chattahoochee r., which cost $30,000. It was laid out in 1828, and its growth has been rapid, and it is still increasing. Pop. 1842, about 4,000. There were in 1340, 6 for. commission houses, cap. $80,000; 106 ret. stores, cap. $473,000; 3 printing offices, 3 weekly newspapers, and 1 periodical. Cap. in manufac. $39,8J0. 1 acad. 20 students, 5 schools, 124 scholars. Pop. 3,114.

Columbus, p-v., capital of Lowndes co., Miss.. 141 n. e. Jackson, 885 W. Situated on the e. bank of the Tombigbee r., at the head of steam-boat navigation. It is regularly laid out with streets crossing each other at right angles, and is the centre of an extensive trade in cotton. It has a court house, jail, a United States land office, 3 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Methodist, and 1 Episcopal, a bank, 4 commission houses, 12 or 15 stores, 2 printing offices, 2 weekly news-papers, and about 2,000 inhabitants.

Columbus, p-v., Hempstead co., Ark., 119 s. w. Little Rock, 1,184 W.

Columbus, p-v., Polk co., Term., 170 e s. e. Nashville, 570 W. Situated on N. side of Hiawassee r.

Columbus, p-v., capital of Ballard co., Ky., 110 s. w. by w. Frankfort, 837 W. Situated on the e. bank of the Mississippi r., 25 miles below the mouth of the Ohio r.

Columbus, p-v., Adams co., Ill., 101 w. Spriner-field,873 W. F b

Columbus, p-v., capital of Bartholomew co., Ia., 41 s. s. e. Indianapolis, 579 W. Situated on the e. side of the East Fork of White r. It contains a court house, 4 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Methodist, 1 Christian, and 1 Roman Catholic, an academy, 7 stores, and about 600 inhabitants. There are in the t., 5 sch. 347 scholars. Pop. 2,433.

Columbus, t., Warren co., Pa. It has 4 stores, cap. $6,000; 1 furnace, 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $33,127. 9 sch. 261 scholars. Pop. 1,169.

Colvins, p-o., Wachitta par., La., 358 n. n. w. New Orleans. 1,228 W.

Colvins Tavern, p-o., Culpepper co., Va., 100 n. n. w. Richmond, 86 W.

Coman's Well, p-o., Sussex co., Va., 48 s. s. e. Richmond, 167 W. It was some time since a watering place, but has gone to decay. It has a store and several dwellings.

Comfort, p-o., Jones co., N. C, 119 s. e. Raleigh, 349 W.

Comac, p-v., Smithtown t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 187 s. by e. Albany, 267 W. It contains 2 churches, a store, and about 20 dwellings.

Commerce, p-t., Oakland co., Mich., 35 n. w. Detroit, 559 W. It has 2 stores, cap. $4,375; 1 flouring m., 1 grist m., 3 saw ul, 6 sch. 158 scholars. Pop. 939.

Commerce, p-v., Wilson co., Term., 48 v. n. e. Nashville, 649 W.

Commerce, p-v., Tunica County, Miss., 211 n. Jackson, 950 W. Situated on the e. bank of the Mississippi r. Its progress has been very rapid. It has a number of stores and dwellings. A railroad connects it with Hernando.

Commerce, p-v., Scott co., Mo., 230 s. e. Jefferson city, 863 W. Situated on the w. bank of the 3Iississippi r. It has several stores and dwellings. #

Commettsburg, p-o., Washington co., Pa.

Commons, p-o., Newport co., R. I., 34 s. Providence, 430 W.

Como, p-o., Whitesides co., Ill., 180 n. Springfield, 843 W.

Comstock, p-v., Kalamazoo co., Mich., 137 w. Detroit, 601 W. Situated on the N. bank of Kalamazoo r. It has 1 flouring m., 2 saw m., 1 store. The t. has 1 grist m., 4 saw m., 7 sch. 216 scholars. Pop. 624.

Comstock's Landing, p-o., Fort Ann town, Washington co., N. Y., 66 n. Albany, 436 W.

Concord, p-t., Somerset co., Me., 54 n. Augusta, 648 W. It lies on the w. side of Kennebec r. Incorporated in 1821. The soil is fertile. It has 2 saw m., 9 sch. 234 scholars. Pop. 577.

Concord, p-t., capital of Merrimac co., and of the state of N. H., lies on both sides of the Merrimac r., in 43° 12' 29 n. lat., 71° 29' w. Ion., 65 n. n. w. Boston, Mass., 146 s. w. Augusta, Me., 97 s. e. Montpelier, Vt., 153 n. e. Albany, N. Y., 481 W. There are here 2 bridges across the Merrimac. The v., containing 200 houses, is on the w. side of the river, and extends nearly 2 ms. between the bridges. There are also 2 other small villages in the town. Through Concord r., which is made navigable for boats, by dams, locks, and canals, and the Middlesex canal, and a railroad recently finished, a communication is formed with Boston, where its extensive trade centres. There are 5 churches, and a court house, jail, &c. The state house is an elegant structure of hewn granite, 126 by 49 feet, with a projection in the centre of 4 feet on each front; it cost $30,000. The state prison is a solid structure of granite, 70 by 36 feet, surrounded by a high stone wall. The falls in the Merrimac, and the locks at this place, create a vast water power. There were in 1840, 36 stores, cap. $149,900; hardware and cutlery produced, $40,810; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac., cap. $12,000; 3 tanneries, cap. $5,000; 2 potteries, 4 grist m., 13 saw m., 1 paper fac; 10 printing offices, 5 binderies, 6 weekly newspapers, 1 periodical, cap. $43,950. Capital in manufac. $197,000. 1 acad. 180 students, 28 sch. 1,180 scholars. Pop. 4,897.

Concord, p-t., Essex co., Vt., 47 n. e. Montpelier, 556 W. It lies on the w. bank of Connecticut r. A branch of Pasumsic r. waters it in the n. vv., and 2 beautiful ponds discharge their waters into Connecticut r. It is a good grazing t. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,500; 1 fulling m., 8 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $900. Pop. 1,024.

Concord, p-t., capital of Middlesex co., Mass., 17 N. w. Boston, 445 W. Concord r., a branch of the Merrimac, passes through it. The soil is various; some of it light, and on the streams, fertile. After killing a few militia at Lexington, April 19, 1775, the British proceeded to this place to destroy some military stores, but they were resisted at the bridge, and two British soldiers were killed, the first British blood that was shed in the revolutionary war. A handsome marble monument on the spot, commemorates the fact. It has 5 stores, cap. $19,000; 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $1,550. 1 acad. 85 students, 10 sen. 525 scholars. Pop. 1,784.

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Concord, t, Erie co., N. Y., 25 s. Buffalo, 282 w. Albany. The surface is hilly; soil, clay loam. Watered by Cattaraugus cr. It has 10 stores, cap. $13,300; 2 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 furnace, 2 tanneries, 2 grist m. 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $23,300. 21 sch. 1,104 scholars. Pop. 3,021.

Concord, p-v., Sussex co., Del., 46 s. Dover, 123 W. Situated on the head of Broad cr., a branch of Nanticoke r.

Concord, p-v., Franklin co., Pa., 72 w. Harrisburg, 122 W. Situated at the head of Tuscarora cr.

Concord, t., Erie co., Pa. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly loam, adapted to grazing. Drained by tributaries of French and Broken Straw crs. It has 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,250. 6 sch. 225 scholars. Pop. 652.

Concord, t., Delaware co., Pa., 20 w. Philadelphia. Watered by Painter's cr., a branch of Chester cr., which affords water power. It contains 1 Episcopal and 1 Friends' church. It has 1 store, cap. $800; 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $23,500. 3 sch. 105 scholars. Pop. 1,057.

Concord, p-t., Lake co., O., 177 n. e. Colum-bus, 345 W. It has 3 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $800. 12 sch. 500 scholars. Pop. 1,136.

Concord, p-v., Campbell co., Va., 102 w.bys. Richmond, 188 W.

Concord, p-v., capital, Cabarrus co., N. C, 139 w. s. w. Raleigh, 376 W. Situated on w. side of Big Cold water cr., a branch of Rocky r. It has 3 churches, 1 Lutheran, 1 Methodist, and 1 Presbyterian, 1 academy, a courthouse, 5 stores, 1 cotton fac, cap. $35,000; 50 dwellings, and about 350 inhabitants.

Concord, p-v., Tippecanoe co., Ia., 63 n. w. Indianapolis, 621 W.

Concord, p-v., Baker county, Ga., 154 s. s. w. Milledgeville, 811 W.

Concord, p-v., Lewis co., Ky., 104 e. n. e. Frankfort, 483 VV. Situated on s. bank of the Ohio r.

Concord, p-t., Jackson co., Mich., 84 w. by s. Detroit, 556 W. The v. is situated on Kalamazoo r., and has 2 stores and a large flouring mill. The situation is pleasant, the water power extensive, and the country around is fertile and flourishing. It has 1 store, cap. $10,000; 1 flouring m., 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufactures, $23,250. 1 sch. 43 scholars. Pop. 814.

Concord, p-v., White co., Ill., 191 s. e. Springfield, 753 W.

Concord, p-v., Lincoln co., Tenn., 78 s. Nashville, 713 W.

Concord, p-v., Callaway co., Mo., 35 n. e. Jefferson city, 920 W.

Concord, t., Washington co., Mo. It has 1 sch. 29 scholars. Pop. 597.

Concord, t., Green co., Ark. Pop. 256.

Concord, t., Ross co., O. Paint cr. crosses the middle of the t. Pop. 2,519.

Concord, t., Champaign co., O. It has 2 saw m., 3 sch. 65 scholars. Pop. 935.

Concord, t., Delaware co., O. Pop. 1,185.

Concord, t., La Fayette co., O. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,200; 7 sch. 140 scholars. Pop. 1,014.

Concord, t., Highland co., O. It has 4 sch. 161 scholars. Pop. 1,014.

Concord, t., Miami co., O. The Miami canal passes through it from s. to N., and the Miami r. forms its e. boundary. It has 18 stores, capital $107,000; 2 tanneries. 3 breweries, 3 printing offices, 1 bindery, 2 weekly newspapers, 1 periodical, 3 flouring m., 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $38,350. 6 sch. 367 scholars. Pop. 1,034.

Concord Academy, p-o., Caroline co., Va., 56 n. Richmond, 75 W.

Concord Centre, p-o., Concord t., Erie co., N. Y., 393 w. Albany, 359 W.

Concordia, lake, La. At seasons of high flood the water from the Mississippi flows into it, through a small bayou, and passes off into Bayou Tensas. It was evidently, in former times, the bed of the Mississippi river.

Concordia, p-v., Fayette co., Tenn., 199 s. w. by w. Nashville, 88S W. It contains about 75 inhabitants.

Concordia, p-o., Harrison t., Dark co., O., 105 w. by n. Columbus, 501 W.

Concordia, Parish, La. Situated in the e. part of the state, and lies between the Mississippi r. e., Tensas r. w., and Red r. s. It is long and narrow, and contains 1,390 sq. ms. The surface is level, and much of it liable to submersion, except narrow strips which border the streams. The soil is exceedingly fertile, covered, in its natural state, with a heavy growth of timber. The chief article of production is cotton. Capital, Vidalia. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,633, sheep 1,534, swine 11,613; Ind. corn 301,781 bush, prod., oats 4,032, potatoes 21,486, cotton 19,490,600 pounds; 1 store, cap. $1,500; 9 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $31,000. 3 sch. 49 scholars. Pop. 1830, 4,662; 1840, whites 1,380, slaves 8,003, free col'd 31; total, 9,414.

Concordville, p-v., Delaware co., Pa., 83 e. s. e. Harrisburg, 117 W.

Conescheague, cr., rises in Pennsylvania, by 2 branches which unite 3 ms. n. of Maryland line, and it passes through Maryland, and falls into the Potomac at Williamsport.

Conecuh, river, rises in Alabama, and runs through Florida, into Pensacola bay. Two ms. below the Florida line, it receives the Escambia, the name of which it afterward assumes, though of inferior size. It is navigable for upwards of 100 ms., but the country is poor.

Conecuh, County, Ala. Situated in the s. part of the state, and contains 1,531 sq. ms. Watered by Conecuh river and its branches. The soil is moderately good, and the chief production, cotton. Capital, Sparta. There were in 1840, neat cattle 22,269, sheep 2,737, swine 27,271; wheat 1,847 bush, produced, Ind. corn 237,025, oats 6,132, potatoes 30,050, rice 2,845 pounds, cotton 700,019; 9 stores, cap. $23,000; 20 grist m., 19 saw mills. Cap. in manufac. $35,550. 2 acad. 146 students, 9 schools, 151 scholars. Pop. 1830,7,444; 1840, whites 4,376, slaves 3,817, free col'd 4; total, 8,197.

Conedogwinit, creek, Pa., after a course of 80 ms., falls into the Susquehanna, 2 ms. above Harrisburg.

Conemaugh, r., Pa., rises in the Alleghany mts., and runs w. n. w. into the Alleghany r., 29 n. n. e. Pittsburg. In the lower part of its course, it takes the name of Kiskeminetas. It has salt works on both its banks, 15 n. e. Greensburg. The Pennsylvania canal passes along its border, from Johnstown until it enters into the Alleghany. Its length is about 150 ms.

Conemaugh, t., Cambria co., Pa., 15 s. w. Ebensburg. The surface is hilly; soil, clay and calcareous loam. Little Conemaugh r. and Stone cr. unite in the w. part of the t., at Johnstown, to form Conemaugh r. It has 2 lumber yards, cap. $1,000; 2 grist m., 8 saw in. Cap. in manufac. $930. 9 sch. 439 scholars. Pop. 1,288.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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