American History and Genealogy Project

Derry, PA to Dillon's Run, VA

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Derry, p-t., Columbia co., Pa., 84 n. by e. Harrisburg, 194 W. The surface is level; soil, clay and calcareous loam. It has 5 stores, cap. $23,500; 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 1 saw m, Cap. in manufac. $3,975. 5 sch. 106 scholars. Pop. 1,754.

De Ruyter, p-t., Madison co., N. Y., 122 w. by n. Albany, 340 W. The surface is elevated and hilly, and the soil clay and sandy loam. Drained by Toughnioga r. The v. was incorporated in 1833, and contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Baptist church, an academy, 4 stores, 1 tannery, 60 dwellings, and about 400 inhabitants. There are in the t. 8 stores, cap. $45,900; 2 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 2 grist m., 10 saw m., 1 rope fac, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $46,100. 1 acad. 194 students, 14 sch. 520 scholars. Pop. 1,799.

Desha, County. Ark. Situated in the s. e. part of the state, and contains 800 sq. ms. The Mississippi passes along its eastern border, and the Arkansas and White rivers unite and pass through the county. The surface is level, liable to be submerged in some parts; soil, fertile. Capital, Belleville. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,592, sheep 229, swine 4,885; Ind. corn 65,455 bush, produced, potatoes 3,942, cotton 75,430 pounds; 11 stores, cap. $13,534; 6 grist m., 3 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly news-paper. Cap. in manufac. $14,130. Pop. whites 1,155, slaves 407, free col'd 36; total, 1,598.

Des Moines, r., Iowa, rises in the Coteau des Prairies, and flows in a s. e. direction through the s. part of the ter., and enters the Mississippi at the foot of the Des Moines rapids, on the boundary between Iowa and Missouri. In high water it is navigable 100 miles for steamboats, and for keel boats in all seasons.

Des Moines, County, Iowa. Situated in the s. e. part of the ter., and contains 410 sq. ms. Mississippi r. flows on its e. border. Drained by Flint r. and its tributaries. Skunk r. forms its s. w. boundary. It consists of timber and prairie in due proportions, and has a fertile soil. Capital, Burlington. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,438, sheep 3,424, swine 15,940; wheat 15,810 bush, produced, Ind. corn 190,720, oats 50,933, potatoes 17,423; 22 stores, cap. 128,975; 3 com. houses, cap. $14,000; 1 lumber yard, cap. $1,000; 2 tanneries, 1 pottery, 2 grist m., 7 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $46,650. 16 sch. 352 scholars. Pop. 5,577.

Des Moines, p-v., Hancock co., Ill., 124 w. n. w. Springfield, 899 W.

Des Moines, t., Clark co., Mo. It has 1 sch. 22 scholars. Pop. 435.

De Soto, County, Miss. Situated in the n. part of the state, and contains 925 sq. ms. Drained by Cold Water r. and branches. The Mississippi r. passes along its n. w. corner. Capital, Hernando. There were in 1840, neat cattle 8,868, sheep 2,046, swine 17,204; wheat 2,600 bushels produced, Ind. corn 159,145, oats 3,250, potatoes 12, 159, cotton 251,078 pounds; 4 stores, capital $3,300; 1 tannery, 4 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $38,780. 13 sch. 322 scholars. Pop. whites 3,975, slaves 3,021, free col'd 6; total, 7,002.

Des Plaines, p-o., Cook co., Ill., 182 n. e. by n. Springfield, 741 W.

Des Plaines, r., one of the head branches of Illinois r., rises in Wisconsin, a few miles above the boundary of Illinois, and runs generally over a bed of limestone rock, through a fertile country.

Detroit, city, capital of Wayne co., Mich., and of the state, 302 w. Buffalo, 524 W. It has a pleasant and healthy situation, on a river or strait of the same name, 30 feet above its surface, with a fine view of the surrounding country. It is 7 miles below the outlet of Lake St. Clair, and 18 above the w. end of Lake Erie, in 42° 19' 53" n. lat., and 82° 58' w. long., and 5° 56' 12" w. long, from W. Pop. 1810, 770; 1820, 1,422; 1830, 2,222; 1840, 9,102. It extends for the distance of a mile upon the r., and three fourths of a mile back. For 1,200 feet back of the r. its plan is rectangular. From this point 8 avenues, 200 feet wide, radiate, dividing it into triangular portions, all terminating at a large open area, called the Grand Circus. The principal public and private offices, and drygoods stores, are located on Jefferson avenue, a fine street running parallel with the r. There are several public squares, the most noted of which is called the Campus Martius. The city is drained by public sewers. The city is partially supplied with water from an elevated reservoir, filled with water raised by steam power from the river. Detroit is among the earlier settlements of N. America, having been founded by the French from Canada in 1683. Among the public buildings are the State House, of brick, of the Ionic order, 90 by 60 feet, with 6 columns in front, and pilasters on the sides. The dome presents an extensive and fine view of the surrounding country. The City Hall, of brick, is a neat edifice, 100 feet by 50. The lower story is a market, and the second contains a spacious hall, in winch the courts are held. It contains 8 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Methodist, 1 Baptist, 1 German Lutheran, 2 for colored people, supplied by clergymen of different denominations, and 2 Roman Catholic. Some of these churches are large and splendid buildings. The Bank of Michigan is a fine stone edifice, of Grecian architecture, 56 by 40 feet. There are 3 other banks, and the whole capital of the banks is $2,250,000. There are a U. S. land office, 3 markets, a theatre, a muse-um, a public garden, state penitentiary, government magazine, and mechanics' hall. There are various charitable and benevolent institutions. The Protestants and the Roman Catholics have each an orphan asylum. The ladies' free school society educate 200 indigent children. There are several literary and scientific societies. There are 3 female institutes of a high order, and several equally respectable schools for boys, besides 12 public schools, attended by about 500 children.

Detroit is admirably situated for trade, and is becoming a great commercial emporium. The navigation of the river and lake are open about 8 months in the year. The arrivals of vessels and steamboats at this place are about 300 annually, and the clearances are as many. The tonnage of the port in 1840 was 11,432 tons. The first steamboat arrival at this place, was in August, 1818. Now, several of the largest class arrive and depart daily. The central railroad, which is designed to extend across the peninsula, is finished 44 ms. from Detroit to Ann Arbor. Detroit was incorporated as a city in 1815. It has several times suffered severely by fires. There were in 1840, H commission houses in for. trade, cap. $123,000; 113 retail stores, cap. $412,760; 4 lumber yards, cap. $31,500; 3 furnaces, 1 tannery, 2 breweries, 1 pottery,3 printing offices, 2 binderies,3 daily and 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $172,375.

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Detroit, river, N. America, forms the boundary between Canada and the United States, and extends from Lake St. Clair, 28 ms., to Lake Erie. Opposite to Detroit, it is three fourths of a mile wide, and increases in width as it descends. It is navigable for vessels of any burden. Near its mouth are several islands, the largest of which are Grosse and Fighting islands. The principal channel is on the eastern side, between Boisblanc Island and the Canada shore; the western channel is wider, but full of small islands. Back from the r. the land descends into low grounds, and the settlements are only one farm deep on the banks of the r. The settlements appear like a continued village on the British shore, and also on the American shore for many miles above and below Detroit, and the houses are surrounded with fruit trees, presenting a delightful spectacle in passing through the strait.

Detroit, p-o., Somerset co., Me.

Devereaux, p-o., Herkimer co., N. Y.

Devereaux's Store, p-o., Hancock co., Ga., 15 n. e. Milledgeville, 565 W.

De Witt, p-t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 126 w. by N. Albany, 351 W. The surface is moderately uneven, and the t. contains inexhaustible quantities of water lime, which is extensively exported. It has 7 stores, cap. $18,450; 2 tanneries, 3 flour-ing m., 3 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $38,175. 1 acad. 32 students, 19 sch. 808 scholars. Pop. 2,802.

De Witt, p-v., and capital of Clinton county, Mich., 96 n. w. by w. Detroit, 599 W.

De Witt, p-v., Carroll co., Mo. Situated on the n. side of Missouri r., 8 ms. above the mouth of Grand r., and contains 200 inhabitants.

De Witt's Valley, p-v., Burns t., Alleghany co., N. Y, 248 w. by s. Albany, 326 W. It contains 1 store, 1 tannery, 25 dwellings, and about 150 inhabitants.

De Wittsville, p-o., Chautauque t,, Chautauque co., N. Y., 348 w. by s. Albany, 335 W.

Dexter, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 71 n. n. e. Augusta, 666 W. The soil is fertile, and produces good wheat. It occupies the height of land between Penobscot and Kennebec rivers, to both of which its waters flow. A large pond, covering 500 acres, furnishes, by its outlet, good mill seats, where the v. is situated. It has 7 stores, cap. $13,700; 5 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 2 tanneries, 3 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $49,506. 10 sch. 306 scholars. Pop. 1,464.

Dexter, p-v., Brownville t., Jefferson co., N. Y. It is situated on the n. side of Black r., at its mouth, where is extensive water power, and an uninterrupted navigation to Lake Ontario. The United States are constructing piers for the improvement of the harbor. It has several vessels which ply regularly between this place and Oswego, and other places on the lake. It is of recent growth, and contains 1 Episcopal church, 3 stores, and an extensive warehouse and wharf. It has 1 large woolen fac, 1 clothier's works, 1 flouring m., 4 double saw m., 1 planing machine, 1 oil m., 1 plaster m., 1 iron foundry, 1 axe fac, and other mechanic establishments.

Dexter, p-v., Scio t., Washtenaw co., Mich., 52 w. Detroit, 533 W. It has an elevated and pleasant location on Mill cr., at its entrance into Huron r. It has 7 stores, 1 flouring m., 1 saw m., and 1 tannery. The water power here is very extensive. The railroad from Detroit to St. Joseph will pass through the place.

Dexterville, v., Ellicott town, Chautauque county, N. Y Situated on the n. side of the outlet of Chautauque lake, possesses great water power, and furnishes 2,000,000 feet of pine boards annually, besides lath and shingles, and has some other manufactures. It is of recent origin, but promising.

Diamond Grove, p-v., Brunswick co., Va., 80 s. s. w. Richmond, 196 W.

Diamond Grove, p-o., Iowa co., Wis., 57 w. Madison, 889 W.

Diamond Hill, p-o., Anson co., N. C, 154 s. w. Raleigh, 123 W.

Diana, t., Lewis co., N. Y., 154 n. w. Albany. The surface is hilly, and the soil sandy and gravelly loam, well adapted to grazing. Drained by Oswegatchie and Indian rivers. It has 1 store, cap. $2,000; 1 furnace, 4 saw m., 10 sch. 294 scholars. Pop. 883.

Diana Mills, Buckingham co., Va., 75 w. Richmond, 149 W. It contains 2 stores, 2 mills, and a number of dwellings.

Dickinson, p-t., Franklin co., N. Y, 222 n. n. w. Albany, 15 s. w. Malone, 523 W. It is a large town, 40 ms. long, settled to the N., but a wilderness toward the s., abounding with lakes, and has a heavy growth of timber. Drained by branches of Racket and St. Regis rivers. The soil is various. There is a small v. at the post-office. It has 2 saw m., 7 sch. 342 scholars. Pop. 1,005.

Dickinson, p-t., Cumberland co., Pa., 24 s. w. Harrisburg, 111 W. Drained by Yellow Breeches cr. The surface is hilly; soil, calcareous loam. Iron ore abounds. It has 2 stores, cap. $4,300; 2 furnaces, 2 forges, 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 5 flouring m., 2 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $35,175. 10 sch. 350 scholars. Pop. 2,701.

Dickinson, p-v., Franklin co., Va., 170 w. s. w. Richmond, 245 W.

Dickinson's Store, p-o., Bedford co., Va., 149 w. by s. Richmond, 224 W.

Dickinsonville, p-v., Russell co., Va., 342 w. by s. Richmond, 401 W.

Dickson, County, Tenn. Situated toward the n. w. part of the state, and contains 100 sq. ms. It has Cumberland r. on its n. e. border. It is on the height of land between Cumberland and Tennessee rivers, its waters flowing into both. The surface is an elevated table land, and the soil moderately good. Capital, Charlotte. There were in 1840, neat cattle 7,445, sheep 6,370, swine 26,570; wheat 26,560 bush, produced, rye 1,931, Ind. corn 336,161, oats 74,861, potatoes 6,373, tobacco 43,540 pounds, cotton 13,036, sugar 4,961; 10 stores, cap. $72,300; 5 tan., 3 dist., 12 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $15,047. 13 sch. 444 scholars. Pop. 1830, 7,265; 1840, whites 5,370, slaves 1,687, free col'd 17; total, 7,074.

Dickson's Mills, p-o., Parke co., Ia., 62 w. Indianapolis, 627 W.

Dicksburg, p-v., Knox co., Ia., 130 s. w. Indianapolis, 700 W.

Dighton, p-t., and port of entry, Bristol co., Mass., 41 s. Boston, 421 W. Situated on the w. side of Taunton r., which is navigable to this place for small vessels. It has some shipping, and considerable manufactures, and some vessels are built. On the opposite bank of the r. is the "Dighton Rock," celebrated for an ancient inscription, which has never been satisfactorily explained. It has 9 stores, cap. $5,250; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 2 cotton fac. 3,416 sp., 2 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac $129,199. 7 sch. 421 scholars. Pop. 1,378.

Dill's Bottom, p-o., Mead t., Belmont co., O., 142 e. Columbus, 269 W.

Dillon's, p-o., Tazewell co., Ill., 53 n. Springfield, 775 W. Here is a large settlement.

Dillon's Run, p-o., Hampshire co., Va., 171 n. n. w. Richmond, 99 W.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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