American History and Genealogy Project

Epson, NH to Experiment Mills, PA

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Epsom, p-t., Merrimac co., N. H., 12 e. Concord. 432 W. The surface is uneven; soil, fertile, adapted to grain or to grazing. Watered by Suncook r. Chartered in 1727. It has 5 stores, cap. §4,350; 2 grist m., 5 saw m., 8 sch. 404 scholars. Pop. 1,205.

Equality, p-v., Mecklenburg co., N. C, 166 w. s. w. Raleigh, 405 W.

Equality, p-o., Anderson dist., S. C, 127 w. N. w. Columbia, 522 W.

Equality, p-v., capital of Gallatin co., Ill., 187 s. s. E. Springfield, 776 W. Situated on the n. side of Saline cr. It contains a neat brick court house, 40 feet square, 2 stories high, 13 stores of different kinds, various mechanics, and about 80 dwellings. It has salt manufactories in the vicinity.

Equality, t., Miller co., Mo. It has 1 sch. 20 scholars. Pop. 424.

Erasmus, p. o., Lincoln co., N. C, 184 w. by s. Raleigh, 423 W.

Erie, lake. Situated n. of N. Y., Pa., and O., and constitutes a part of the boundary between the United States and Canada. It is 240 miles long, and 60 broad, in its widest part. It receives the waters of Superior, Michigan, and Huron lakes, through Detroit r., and discharges its waters through Niagara r. into Lake Ontario. Its surface is elevated 565 feet above tide water in the Hudson r. at Albany. The greatest depth which has been obtained by sounding is 270 feet. Toward the shores it is shallow, and its navigation is, for a considerable time in the winter, prevented by its being frozen. The business done on this lake is immense, and increasing. More than 50 steam-boats, and about 300 sloops, schooners, and ships navigate it, and find abundant employment. A battle was fought near its w. end Sept. 10th, 1813, between the American fleet, under Commodore Perry, and the English fleet, in which the latter was captured.

Erie, County, N. Y. Situated in the w. part of the state, and contains 876 sq. ms. The sur-face is level or undulating toward the n., and hilly toward the s. Lake Erie and Niagara river bound it on the w. Cattaraugus cr. runs on its s. boundary. Drained by Buffalo, Cayuga, Cazenove, Seneca, Ellicott's, Cauquaga, and Tonewanda creeks. The Erie Canal passes through the co., and communicates with Lake Erie by means of an extensive basin, formed by the pier at Black Rock. A railroad extends from Buffalo to Niagara Falls. Capital, Buffalo. There were in 1840, neat cattle 39,734, sheep 81,442, swine 37,203; wheat 207, 492 bush, produced, rye 5,539, Indian corn 179,057, buckwheat 19,593, barley 13,966,oats 424,48 J, potatoes 556,332, sugar 331,040 pounds; 23 commission houses in foreign trade, cap. $94,000; 317 stores, cap. $926,875 , 6 lumber yards, cap. $14,500: 4 furnaces, 22 fulling m., 4 woolen fac, 26 tanneries, 6 distilleries, 10 breweries, 7 potteries, 9 flouring m., 44 grist m., 135 saw m., 2 oil m., 10 printing offices, 5 binderies, 6 periodicals, 5 daily, 4 weekly, 1 semi-weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $1,142,470. 3 acad. 156 students, 275 sch. 11,432 scholars. Pop. 1830, 35,710; 1840, 62,465.

Erie, County, Pa. Situated in the n. w. part of the state, bounded n. w. on Lake Erie, and contains 720 sq. ms. The surface is undulating; soil, sandy loam, gravel, and clay, particularly adapted to grass. Watered by Conneaut, Elk, Walnut, and other creeks, which flow into Lake Erie, and French cr., which flows s. into the Alleghany r. Capital, Erie. There were in 1840, neat cattle 31,805, sheep 47,971, swine 21,665; wheat 173,094 bush, produced, rye 6,550, Indian corn 197,825, buckwheat 31,834; barley 10,456, oats 242,749, potatoes 334,871, hops 3,874 pounds, sugar 254,241; 4 commission houses, cap. $6,000; 67 stores, cap. $277,600; 2 lumber yards, cap. $1,200; 1 furnace, 15 fulling m., 3 woolen fac, 18 tanneries, 4 distilleries, 2 breweries, 1 flouring m., 36 grist m., 118 saw m., 2 paper fac, 3 printing offices, 1 bindery, 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $152,490. 4 acad. 165 students, 226 sch. 8,349 scholars. Pop. 1830, 17,027; 1840, 31,344.

Erie, County, O. Situated in the N. part of the state, and contains 150 sq. ms. Lake Erie and Sandusky bay form its n. boundary. The surface is generally level, and the soil fertile. Drained by Huron and Vermillion rivers. Capital, Huron. There were in 1840, neat cattle 7,155, sheep 18,853, swine 10,866; wheat 94,112 bush, produced, rye 1,532, Ind. corn 79,877, buck-wheat 3,958, barley 2,495, oats 64,567, potatoes 71,687, sugar 300 pounds; 11 commission houses, cap. $70,000; 47 stores, cap. $80,500; 2 furnaces, 1 forge, 2 tanneries, 2 flouring m., 4 grist m., 9 saw m., 2 printing offices, 1 bindery, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $60,400. 60 sch. 2,955 scholars. Pop. 12,599.

Erie, p- borough, port of entry, and capital of Erie co., Pa., 270 n. w. Harrisburg, 343 W It is beautifully situated on Presque Isle bay, of Lake Erie, contains 1 mile square, and has one of the best harbors on the lake. The depth of water on the bar is 8 or 10 feet, and within much more. It contains a court house, jail, printing office, 7 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 1 Associate Reformed, 1 German Lutheran, and 1 Roman Catholic, 1 academy, 1 female seminary, 1 bank, 33 wholesale and retail stores, 6 forwarding and commission warehouses, 2 flouring m., 2 iron foundries, and 3,412 inhabitants. Perry's fleet, in the last war, was fitted up in this harbor, then well defended by a fort, and the remains of it are now found here. Visitors are weekly cutting pieces from the Lawrence, Perry's flag ship, which lies here, partly out of water, and much decayed. There are in the b. 45 stores, cap. $211,600; 4 commission houses, cap. $6,000; 2 lumber yards, cap. $1,200; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 3 printing offices, 1 bindery, 4 weekly newspapers, 2 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac $31,200. 3 acad. 102 students, 8 sch. 452 scholars. Pop. 3,412.

Erie, p-v., Greene co., Ala., 48 s. by w. Tuscaloosa, 865 W. Situated on the E. side of Black Warrior or Tuscaloosa r. It contains several stores and dwellings.

Erie, t., Ottawa co., O., 16 n. Lower Sandusky. Situated on the n. side of Portage r., near its entrance into Lake Erie. Originally settled by the French from Canada, whose descendants are still found here. Organized in 1803. Pop. 200.

Erie, p-t., Monroe co., Mich., 47 s. w. Detroit, 476 W. The soil is fertile, and well adapted to grain and to grazing. Watered by Vance r. and Bay cr. It contains a good stone quarry. It has 3 sch. 83 scholars. Pop. 852.

Erieville, p-v., Nelson t., Madison co., N. Y., 110 w. by N. Albany, 357 W. It contains 1 church, 1 store, 40 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants.

Erin, p-t., Chemung co., N. Y., 8 e. Elmira, 1 195 w. by s. Albany, 291 W. The surface is hilly and broken; soil, gravelly loam, and not very fertile. Drained by Cayuta cr. It has 7 sch. 253 scholars. Pop. 1,441.

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Erin, p-o., Meriwether co., Ga., 88 w. Milledgeville, 703 W.

Errol, p-t., Coos co., N. H., 155 n. by e. Concord, 616 W. Umbagog lake lies partly in this t., and bounds it on the w. Watered by Andros-coggin r., which flows from this lake, and Mogalloway r., its tributary. Chartered in 1774. It has 1 sch. 40 scholars. Pop. 104.

Erving, p-t., Franklin co., Mass., 79 w. by n. Boston, 412 VV. Miller's r. runs on its s. border, and Connecticut r. on its w. Its streams afford good water power. Incorporated in 1838. It has considerable manufactures. It has 4 sch. 80 scholars. Pop. 309.

Erwin, p-t., Steuben co., N. Y., 217 w. by s. Albany, 282 W. The surface is hilly; soil, clay loam. Drained by Conhocton and Tioga rivers, winch here unite to form Chemung r. It has 2 stores, cap. $8,000; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 14 saw m. Cap. in manufac, $10,005. 6 sch. 227 scholars. Pop. 785.

Erwin Centre, p o., Erwin t., Steuben co., N. V.. 225 w. by s. Albany, 274 W.

Erwinna, p-v., Bucks co., Pa., 123 E. Harrisburg, 187 W. Situated on Delaware r., 37 n. Philadelphia.

Erwinsville. p-v., Cleveland co., N. C, 201 w. by s. Raleigh, 438 W.

Erwinton, p-o., Barnwell dist., S. C, 137 s. Columbia, 633 W.

Escambia, r., Flor. and Ala., rises in Monroe co., Ala., and receives Conecuh r., larger than itself, and flows into a branch of Pensacola bay.

Escambia, County, Flor. Situated in its extreme w. part, bounded s. by the Gulf of Mexico, end contains 600 sq. ms. The surface near the gulf shore is level, but rises to some elevation in the interior. The soil is generally poor, covered with pine. Perdido r. flows on its w. boundary, and Escambia r. on the e. Pensacola bay furnishes an important harbor. Capital, Pensacola. There were in 1840, neat cattle, 10,173, sheep 485, swine 2,674; Ind. com 7,657 bush, produced, potatoes 6.551; 48 stores, cap. $221,800; 5 lumber yards, cap. $29.500; 10 grist m., 27 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $284,140. 2 acad. 100 students, 13 sch. 213 scholars. Pop. whites 2,330, slaves 1,356, free cold 307; total, 3,993.

Esmond's Corners, p-o., Calhoun co., Mich., 125 w. Detroit, 533 W.

Esopus, p-t., Ulster co., N. Y., 7 s. Kingston, 66 s. by w. Albany, 307 W. The surface is uneven and broken; soil, sandy clay and gravelly loam. Watered by Hudson r., on its E. border, and by Walkill and Rondout rivers on the w. border. The v., 2 miles w. of the landing on Hudson's r., contains 1 church, 1 store, and 20 dwellings. There are in the t. 5 stores, cap. $15,000; 1 cotton fac. 2,136 sp., 1 flouring m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $36,019. 7 sch. 418 scholars. Pop. 1,939.

Esperance, p-v., Schoharie t., Schoharie co., N. Y., 29 w. Albany, 396 W. Incorporated in 1818. It contains 1 Presbyterian church, 4 stores, 1 paper m., 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 clothier's works, 75 dwellings, and about 450 inhabitants.

Espy, p-v., Columbia co., Pa., 87 n. by e. Harrisburg, 197 W. Situated on the w. bank of Susquehanna r., and contains 2 stores and about 20 dwellings.

Espyville, p-v., Crawford co., Pa., 255 n. w. by w. Harrisburg, 313 W.

Essex, County, Vt. Situated in the n. e. corner of the state, and contains 225 sq. ms. The surface is rough, and the soil generally poor, excepting on Connecticut r., which bounds it on the e. Watered by Nulhegan and Moose Rivers and their branches, and Paul's stream. In the N. are the head waters of the St. Francis r., which flows n. into the St. Lawrence. In the w., Clyde r. flows into Lake Memphremagog. Capital, Guildhall. There were in 1840, neat cattle 6,837 T sheep 14,188, swine 3,639; wheat, 11,161 bushels produced, rye 1,537, Ind. corn 6,709, buckwheat 15,070, barley 2,223, oats 46,485, potatoes 235,180, hops 5,959 pounds, sugar 99,385; 7 stores, cap. $12,500; 2 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 2 grist m., 24 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $10,400. 2 acad. 101 students, 49 sch. 1,345 scholars. Pop. 4,226.

Essex, County, Mass. Situated in the n. e. part of the state, and contains 360 sq. ms. It is bounded e. by the Atlantic, and n. by N. Hampshire. Organized in 1643. The surface is uneven and rough, but the soil is in many parts good. It has an extensive sea coast, good harbors, extensive commerce, and great wealth. Watered by Merrimac and Shawsheen Rivers. Capitals, Salem, Newburyport, and Ipswich. There were in 1840, neat cattle 20,271, sheep 6,900, swine 12,047; wheat 3,231 bush, produced, rye 19,309, Ind. corn 166,861, buckwheat 3,268, barley 28,044, oats 61,882, potatoes 437,790; 70 houses in for trade, cap. $908,500; 495 stores, cap. $1,298,455; 20 lumber yards, cap. $110,800; invested in fisheries, $1,116,795; 1 furnace, 38 fulling m., 15 woolen fac, 9 cotton fac. 25,452 sp., 77 tanneries, 6 distilleries, 5 potteries, 2 flouring m., 51 grist m., 39 saw m., 2 paper fac, 13 printing offices, 7 binderies, 1 daily, 11 weekly, 4 semi- weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $5,673,700. 1 college, 125 students, 44 acad. 2,109 students, 368 sch. 19,269 scholars. Pop. 94,987.

Essex, County, N. Y. Situated toward the n. e. part of the state, and contains 1,779 sq. miles. The surface is hilly on the e., and rises to lofty mountains on the w. Lake Champlain lies on its E. border, along which is some good land. It is a vast depository of iron ore, and other mineral treasures. Vast quantities of magnetic iron ore exist. Mount Marcy, in this county, is 5,467 feet above the level of the ocean. Capital, Elizabeth-town. There were in 1840, neat cattle 22,017, sheep 79.835, swine 14,658; wheat 60,444 bush, produced, rye 29,121, Ind. corn 78,662, buckwheat 25,610, barley 3,158, oats 170,396, potatoes 470,235, sugar 113,357 pounds; 76 stores, cap. $221,800; 7 furnaces, 48 bloomeries, forges, &c, employing a cap. of $199,300; 19 fulling m., 7 woolen fac, 14 tanneries, 5 flouring m., 25 grist m., 266 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $592,320. 7 acad. 395 students, 141 sch. 5,636 scholars. Pop. 23,634.

Essex, County, N. J. Situated toward the n. e. part of the state, and contains 241 sq. miles. Two mountain chains pass through it. Drained by Passaic r. and its branches, and Rahway r., and some others. The soil is generally red shale. It has good wafer power, and extensive manufactures. Capital, Newark. There were in 1840, neat cattle 12,522, sheep 5,465, swine 8,475; wheat 34,692 bush, produced, rye 34,244, Indian corn 225,314, buckwheat 39,538, barley 745, oats 181,261, potatoes 178,193; 2 commercial and 2 commission houses in for trade, capital $15,000; 203 stores, cap. $524,650; 10 lumber yards, cap. $56,000; cap. invested in the fisheries, $60,000; 6 fulling m., 3 woolen fac, 2 cotton fac. 1,166 sp., 4 dyeing and printing estab., 10 tanneries, 3 rope fac, 3 distilleries, 2 breweries, 1 glass-cutting establishment, 6 potteries, 21 flouring m., 20 grist m., 25 saw m., 1 oil m., 18 paper fac, 7 printing offices, 4 binderies, 3 periodicals, 1 daily, 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac $3,170,568. 16 acad. 630 students, 112 sch. 4,655 scholars. Pop. 44,621.

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Essex, County, Va. Situated in the e. part of the state, and contains 2S0 sq. ms. Rappahannock r. runs on its n. e. border, by the small tributaries of which it is watered. The surface is moderately uneven; soil, sandy and barren, except on the streams. Capital. Tappahannock. There were in 1810, neat cattle 7,214, sheep 6,619, swine 12,981; wheat 74,033 bush, produced, rye 204, Ind. corn 418,720, oats 40,175, potatoes 15,125, tobacco 3,891 pounds, cotton 14,530; 20 stores, cap. $139,800; 2 tanneries, 15 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $53,430. 3 acad. 71 students, 12 sch. 203 scholars. Pop. whites 3,955, slaves 6,756, free col'd 593; total, 1 1,309.

Essex, p-t., Chittenden co., Vt., 48 n. w. Montpelier, 523 W. Onion r. runs on its s. border, and by its falls furnishes good water power. Watered by Brown's River, and Stevens' and other brooks, which afford some water power. In the s. and w. part, the soil is sandy and covered with pine. In other parts is a sandy and clay loam, with hard wood, and is fertile. On Onion r. is some excellent interval. The v. at the centre contains 1 Congregational and 1 Baptist church, a saw m., and 12 or 15 dwellings. There are in the t., 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 1 paper fac, 1 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $25,600. 10 sch. 344 scholars. Pop. 1,824.

Essex, p-t., Essex co., Mass., 32 n. e. Boston, 472 W. Organized in 1819 from Ipswich. The soil is well cultivated, and hay and fruits are ex-ported. Many vessels are built. Many of the inhabitants are engaged in the fisheries. The v. at the centre has 2 churches, and about 50 dwellings. There are in the t., 1 tannery, 1 grist m.. 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,000. 7 sch. 473 scholars. Pop. 1,450.

Essex, p-v., Saybrook t, Middlesex co., Ct., 37 s. by e. Hartford, 334 W. Situated on Connecticut r., 7 ms. from its mouth, and contains 3 churches, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist, an academy, 10 stores, an extensive rope walk, and about 1,000 inhabitants. Ship building is extensively carried on. It has considerable navigation and trade.

Essex, p-t., Essex co., N. Y., 133 n. Albany, 509 W. The soil is fertile on the e., and sterile w. Watered by Boquet r., flowing into Lake Champlain. The v. is situated on the w. side of Lake Champlain, and has a good steamboat landing, and 2 wharves. It contains 3 churches, 1 Congregational, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist, 6 stores, 2 extensive storehouses, 1 tannery, 1 ship yard for lake craft, and about 100 dwellings. A horse ferryboat crosses, 2£ miles, to Vermont. There are in the t., 9 stores, cap. $23,700; 1 forge, 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 flouring m., 2 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $50,800. 2 acad. 65 students, 11 sch. 457 scholars. Pop. 1,681.

Essex, p-o., Porter co., Ia.

Estanaula, p-o., Haywood co., Tenn., 154 w. by s. Nashville, 839 W.

Estill, County, Ky. Situated centrally toward the e. part of the state, and contains 864 sq. ms. Watered by Kentucky r. and its branches. Capital, Irvine. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,113, sheep 5,902, swine 12,910; wheat 6,815 bush, produced, rye 1,839, Ind. corn 296,697, oats 32,610, potatoes 8,195, tobacco 23,876 pounds, cotton 3,173, sugar 39,573, bituminous coal 98,525 bush.; 4 stores, cap. $3,700; 1 furnace, 6 forges, 5 tanneries, 23 distilleries, 27 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $5,840. Pop. whites 4,960, slaves 558, free col'd 17; total, 5,535.

Estillville, p-v., capital, Scott co., Va., 344 w. by s. Richmond, 412 W. Situated on Mocassin cr., a branch of Clinch r. It contains a court house, jail, and several stores and dwellings.

Etowah, r., Ga., one of the two constituent branches, which unite in Floyd co., to form the Coosa r.

Etowah Valley, p-o., Cass co., Ga., 144 n, w. Milledgeville, 653 W.

Etna, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 61 n. n. e. Augusta, 656 W. The soil is fertile, adapted to wheat. Watered by a branch of Sebasticook r. It has 1 store, cap. $1,000; 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $400. 6 sch. 321 scholars. Pop. 745.

Etna, p-v., Dryden t., Tompkins co., N. Y., 169 w. Albany, 302 W. Situated on Fall creek, and contains 2 churches, 1 store, 1 flouring m., 1 saw m., 2 distilleries, 1 cloth dressing establishment, 30 dwellings and about 200 inhabitants.

Etna, p-o., Hanover co., Va.

Etna, p-o., Lapeer co., Mich.

Etna, p-v., Greene co., Ky.,99 s. s. w. Frankfort.

Etna, p-v., Lima t., Licking co., O., 17 e. Columbus, 376 W. Situated on the national road, and contains 1 church, 3 stores, 40 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.

Etna, t., Licking co., O. Pop. 857.

Eubanks, p-o., Columbia co., Ga., 117 E. n. e. Milledgeville, 585 W.

Euclid, p-o., Clay t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 144 w. by n. Albany, 362 W.

Euclid, p-t., Cuyahoga co., O., 155 n. e. by n. Columbus, 367 W. Situated on Lake Erie. It has 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,100. 12 sch. 746 scholars. Pop. 1,775.

Eulalia, p-t., Potter co., Pa., 187 N. n. w. Harrisburg, 279 W. Drained by the e. branch of the Sinnemahoning r. and its tributaries. The surface is hilly; soil, vegetable mold and gravelly loam. It is but little cultivated. It has 4 stores, cap. $7,200; 1 tannery, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,800. 3 schools, 80 scholars. Pop. 368.

Eugene, p-v., Vermillion co., Ia., 85 w. Indianapolis, 657 W. It is situated on the s. side of Big Vermillion r., 1½ ms. from the Wabash r. It contains 3 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., and a carding machine, propelled by water power, and a large grist and saw m., by steam, 1 brewery, 1 tannery, and 400 inhabitants. Big Vermillion is navigable for steamboats to this place. There are in the t., 4 stores, cap. $12,500; 1 flouring m., 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $10,200. 3 sch. 105 scholars. Pop. 1,048.

Eutaw, p-o., De Soto co., Miss., 215 n. Jackson, 928 W.

Eutaw, p-v., capital of Greene co., Ala. Situated 3 ms. w. of Black Warrior r., and contains a court house, and a few dwellings.

Eutaw Springs, S. C. a small branch of Santee r. On the borders of this stream was fought the battle of Eutaw Springs, Sept. 8, 1781, in the American revolution, between General Greene, American, with a loss of 555; and Gen. Stewart, British, with a loss of 1,000.

Evans, p-t., Erie co., N. Y., 311 w. Albany, 368 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly loam and clay, adapted to grain and to grass. Drained by Little and Big Sisters creeks, flowing into Lake Erie, which bounds it on the w. It has 3 stores, cap. $1,800; 2 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 3 grist m., 9 saw m. Cap. in manufac $19,500. 16 sch. 503 scholars. Pop. 1,807.

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Evansburg, p-v., Crawford co., Pa., 242 n. w. by w. Harrisburg, 312 W.

Evans' Mills, p-v., Le Ray t., Jefferson co., N. Y., 165 n. w. Albany, 425 W. Situated on Pleasant cr., a branch of Indian r. It contains 3 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, an academy, 5 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw m. 1 machine shop, 1 tannery, 1 carding and fulling m., 50 dwellings, and about 350 inhabitants.

Evansport, p-v., Williams co., O., 165 n. w. Columbus, 517 W.

Evansville, p-v., Preston co., Va., 266 n. w. Richmond, 190 W. Situated between Cheat and Valley rivers.

Evansville, p-v., capital, Vanderburg co., Ia., 172 s. w. by s. Indianapolis. It is situated on the n. bank of the Ohio r., at the great north bend, below the entrance of Green r., and contains a brick court house, jail, a bank, 8 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Dutch Reformed, 1 Episcopal, 1 Lutheran, 1 Methodist, 2 Presbyterian, 1 Roman Catholic, an academy, 6 schools, a steam flouring m., 1 foundry, 45 stores, 500 dwellings, and 2,500 inhabitants.

Evansville, p-o., Washington co., Ark., 189 n. w. Little Rock, 1,215 W.

Everettsville, p-v., Albemarle co., Va., 78 w. n. w. Richmond, 119 W. It contains 1 store and 2 mechanic shops.

Evergreen, p-o., Anderson dist., S. C, 133 w. n. w. Columbia, 559 W.

Evergreen, p-o., Conecuh co., Ala., 172 s. by e. Tuscaloosa, 914 W.

Evergreen, p-o., McDonough co., III.

Everton, p-v., Fayette co., Ia., 66 e. by s. Indianapolis, 522 W.

Evesham, p-t., Burlington co., N. J., 34 s. Trenton, 150 W. The surface is level; soil, sand and sandy loam, pretty well cultivated, and productive. Drained by Rancocus and Haines' creeks on its borders, and by the head waters of Little Egg Harbor r. It has several villages. There are in the t. 19 stores, cap. $43,650; 1 lumber yard, cap. $7,000; 1 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 6 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $97,600. 21 sch. 1,167 scholars. Pop. 5,060.

Eve's Mills, p-o., Monroe co., Tenn., 170 e. s. e. Nashville, 538 W.

Ewing, t., Franklin co., Mass. It has 1 store, cap. $2,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,200. 4 sch. 80 scholars. Pop. 309.

Ewing, t., Mercer co., N. J. It has 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 distillery, 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $14,500. 3 sch. 77 scholars. Pop. 1,017.

Ewingsville, p-v., Cooper co., Mo., 70 w. n. W. Jefferson City, 984 W.

Ewington, p-v., and capital of Effingham co., Ill., 85 s. e. Springfield, 714 W. Situated on the national road, on the w. bank of Little Wabash r. It has an elevated and pleasant situation, and contains a court house and a few dwellings.

Exchange, p-o., Warren co., N. C, 57 n. n. E. Raleigh, 237 W.

Exeter, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 79 n. n. e. Augusta, 674 W. The soil is fertile, producing excellent wheat. Watered by branches of Kenduskeag r., which afford water power. Incorporated in 1811. It has 1 tannery. Cap. in manufac. $100,000.

Exeter, p-t., Rockingham co., N. IL, 37 s. E. by e. Concord. 480 W. The soil is moderately good, and the cultivation excellent. The v. is situated on Exeter r., a branch of the Piscataqua, at the head of tide water. The falls here afford great water power. It contains a court house, jail, bank, 3 churches, 2 Congregational and 1 Baptist and a well endowed academy. The r. is navigable to this place for vessels of 500 tons burden. The t. contains 30 stores, cap. $67,240; 4 tanneries, 1 powder m., 3 potteries, 1 paper fac, 4 printing offices, 2 binderies, 3 weekly newspapers, 4 acad. 275 students, 12 sch. 610 scholars. Pop. 2,925.

Exeter, t., Washington co., R. I., 24- s. w. Providence. The surface is uneven; soil, gravelly loam, and productive. Incorporated in 1743. Drained by Wood r. and its branches, which afford water power. It has 8 stores, cap. $3,650; 1 fulling m., 3 woolen fac, 6 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $83,860. 13 sch. 422 scholars. Pop. 1,776.

Exeter, p-t., Otsego co., N. Y., 77 w. Albany, 367 W. The surface is elevated and hilly; soil, calcareous mold, well adapted to grazing. Drained by Butternut and Wharton's creeks. Canaderaga lake lies on its n. e. border. The v. contains a church, store, and 12 or 15 dwellings. There are in the t. 4 stores, cap. $13,000; 1 full-ing m., 3 tanneries, 2 grist m., 9 saw m. Cap. in manufac $15,012. 9 sch. 469 scholars. Pop. 1,423.

Exeter, t., Berks co., Pa. The surface is undulating or hilly; soil, red gravel, and moderately productive. Drained by Manokesy and Roush creeks, branches of the Schuylkill. It contains a church, common to Presbyterians and Lutherans, and a v. with 1 store and 6 or 8 dwellings. There are in the t. 3 stores, cap. $2,800; 1 forge, 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 3 grist m., 3 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $6,750. Pop. 1,911.

Exeter, p-t., Luzerne co., Pa., 129 n. n. e. Harrisburg, 237 W. The surface is very uneven, and the soil excellent. Susquehanna r. flows on its n. e. boundary. Watered by Gardner s creek and Cascade run, which flow into the Susquehanna. Shawney ridge of mountains passes through it, on the e. side of which anthracite coal is found. In the s. part of this t. the well-known battle of Wyoming was fought, in 1778, celebrated in Campbell's "Gertrude of Wyoming." It has 3 stores, cap. $8,600: 1 fulling m., 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $6,300. 8 sch. 289 scholars. Pop. 1,529.

Exeter, p-t., Monroe co., Mich. The soil is productive, adapted to grain and to grazing. It has 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $800. Pop. 235.

Exeter, p-v., Morgan co., Ill., 47 w. Spring-field, 827 W. Situated on Mauvaiseterre r. It contains a large flouring m., 3 stores, and 15 or 20 families, surrounded by a flourishing country.

Experiment Mills, p-o., Monroe co., Pa., 129 n. E. by e. Harrisburg, 222 W.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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