American History and Genealogy Project

Gaddysville, NC to Garrard, County, Ky

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Gaddysville, p-o., Robeson co., N. C. w. Raleigh, 400 W.

 

Gadsden, County, Flor. Situated in the central part of the ter., and extends from Georgia to the Gulf of Mexico. Dog Island, on the coast, belongs to it. Ocklockony r. runs on its e. border, and the Appalachicola r. on the w. The land on the Appalachicola and some other streams, is good, some is pine barren, and some of it, particularly in the s., is low and marshy. Capital, Quincy. There were in 1840, neat cattle 8,497, sheep 1,878, swine 12,943; Indian corn 183,400 bush, produced, oats 3,314, potatoes 57.36 3, rice 113,900 pounds, tobacco 66,324, cotton 1,833,549, sugar 114,100; 1 tannery, 14 grist m., 9 saw ni., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $86,700. 8 acad. 336 students, 1 school. Pop. 5,992.

 

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Gainer's Store, p-o., Pike co., Ala., 179 s. k. Tuscaloosa, 875 W.

 

Gaines, p-t., Orleans co., N. Y., 252 w. n. w. Albany, 395 W. The surface is generally level; soil, a fertile clay loam. Drained by branches of Oak Orchard cr. The v. is situated on the Ridge road. Incorporated in 1832. It has 2 churches, 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist, an academy, 4 stores, 1 tannery, 80 dwellings, and about 600 inhabitants. There are in the t., 6 stores, cap. $19,650; 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 2 grist m. 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $37,550. 1 acad. 156 students, 14 sch. 749 scholars. Pop. 2,268.

 

Gaines, t., Tioga co., Pa. It has 3 saw m., 1 sch. 19 scholars. Pop. 215.

 

Gainesborough, p-v., Frederick co., Va., 154 N. n. w. Richmond, 82 W. It contains 2 churches, 1 Methodist and 1 Friends, 2 tanneries, and various mechanic shops, 30 dwellings, and about 150 inhabitants. In the vicinity is 1 woolen fac. and 2 flouring m.

 

Gainesborough, p-v., capital of Jackson co., Tenn., 73 e. n. e. Nashville, 631 W. Situated on the s. side of Cumberland r. It has a court house and several stores and dwellings.

 

Gaines Cross Roads, p-v., Rappahannock co., Va., 119 n. n. w. Richmond, 70 W. It contains 1 Baptist church, 1 store, and 10 dwellings.

 

Gainesville, p-t., Wyoming co., N. Y., 252 w. Albany, 357 W. The surface is rolling or hilly; the soil, fertile, and well adapted to grass. Drained by Allen's cr., and another tributary of Genesee r! The v. contains 1 church, 3 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., and 25 or 30 dwellings. There are in the t., 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $15,500. 19 sch. 79S scholars. Pop. 2,367.

 

Gainesville, p-v., capital of Hall co., Ga., 118 N. n. w. Milledgeville, 621 W. Situated 3 ms. e. of the Chattahoochee r. It has a court house, jail, 3 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Presbyterian, 10 stores, and 300 inhabitants.

 

Gainesville, p-v., Sumter co., Ala., 54 s. w. Tuscaloosa, 872 W., 327 by r. from Mobile. Situated on the w. side of the Tombigby r., and contains 18 stores, and about 1,200 inhabitants.

 

Galen, t, Wayne co., N. Y., 5 E. Lyons, 172 w. by n. Albany. The surface is hilly; soil, a fertile sandy and gravelly loam. Drained by Clyde r. The Erie Canal passes through it. It has 29 stores, cap. $89,500; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 2 glass fac, 3 flouring m., 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $53,500. 1 acad. 223 students, 13 sch. 911 scholars. Pop. 4,234.

 

Galena, p-v., Berkshire t., Delaware co., O., 21 n. Columbus, 399 W. It was formerly called Zoar.

 

Galena, city, p-v., and capital of Jo Daviess co., Ill., 230 .v. w. Springfield, 832 W. It is pleasantly situated on Feve, or Bean r., and is the metropolis of the great lead region. It is 6 miles above the mouth of the r., which is navigable to this place, at all stages of the water, for the largest steamboats. It has an intercourse by steamboats with St. Louis, New Orleans, Louisville, Cincinnati, and other places on the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. It contains 5 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, 35 stores, 1 academy, 1 flouring m., 1 saw m., various mechanic establishments, 300 dwellings, and about 1.500 inhabitants. First settled in 1826. In this region there were produced in 1811,22,000,000 pounds of lead, most of which finds a market in this place. The manufacture of copper is also becoming important, and 3 furnaces are engaged in smelting it.

 

Galena, t., Franklin co. Mo. It has 2 acad. 50 students, 1 sch. 18 scholars. Pop. 803.

 

Gales, p-o., Thompson t., Sullivan co., N. Y., 103 s. w. Albany, 286 W.

 

Galesburg, p-v., Knox co., Ill., 105 n. n. w. Springfield, 834 W.

 

Galesburg, p-v., Kalamazoo co., Mich., 137 w. Detroit, 596 W.

 

Gales Ferry, p-o., Ledyard t., New London co., Ct., 7 n. New London, 47 s. e. Hartford, 360 W. It contains about 30 dwellings.

 

Galesville, p-o., Greenwich t., Washington co., N. Y., 39 n. n. e. Albany, 409 W.

 

Galion, p-v., Sandusky t., Richland co., O., 68 n. n. e. Columbus, 394 W. It contains 3 stores, 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.

 

Gallagher's Mills, p-o., Franklin co., Mo., 100 e. Jefferson city, 879 W.

 

Gallant Green, p-o., Charles county, Md., 74 s. w. Annapolis, 49 W.

 

Gallatia, Gallatin co., Ill., 177 s. s. e. Springfield, 794 W.

 

Gallatin, County, Ky. Situated in the n. part of the state, on the Ohio r., and contains 175 sq. ms. Eagle r., a branch of Kentucky r., runs on its s. border, and the Kentucky river runs through its centre. Surface, undulating; soil, fertile. Capital, Warsaw. There were in 1840, neat cattle 2,676, sheep 4,185, swine 6,540; wheat 27,669 bushels produced, rye 2,910, Indian corn 144,400, oats 13,635, potatoes 5,253, tobacco 198,730 pounds; 9 stores, cap. $32,000; 1 tannery, 2 distilleries, 1 flouring m., 9 grist m., 4 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $39,280. 6 sch. 176 scholars. Pop. whites 3,361, slaves 604, free col'd 33; total, 4,003.

 

Gallatin, County, Ill. Situated in the s. e. part of the state, and contains 760 sq. ms. Organized in 1812. The Wabash and Ohio rivers run on its e. border. The soil is generally sandy, resting on slate. Salt springs exist. Capital, Equality. There were in 1840, neat cattle 11,254, sheep 5,349, swine 29,106; wheat 37.533 bushels produced, Ind. corn 504,225, oats 55,953, potatoes 7,661, tobacco 63,190 pounds, cotton 2,253, salt 17,000 bushels; 39 stores, capital $259,300; 1 tannery, 1 flouring m., 5 grist m., 6 saw m., 2 oil m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $47,200. 22 sch. 556 scholars. Pop. 10,760.

 

Gallatin, p-v., Allen co., O., 113 n. w. Columbus, 484 W.

 

Gallatin, p-v., capital of Sumner co., Tenn., 26 n. e. Nashville, 667 W. Situated 3 miles n. of the Cumberland r. It has a court house, jail, 3 churches, 2 female and 3 male academies, a large female seminary with 120 students; 12 stores, and 999 inhabitants.

 

Gallatin, p-v., Parke co., Ia., 78 w. Indianapolis, 650 W.

 

Gallatin, p-v., capital of Copiah co., Miss., 37 s. by w. Jackson, 1,047 W. Situated on the e. side of Bayou Pierre r., in the heart of a fine cotton growing country. It has a court house and several neat dwellings.

 

Gallatin, p-t., capital of Davies co., Mo., 189 n. w. Jefferson city, 1,092 W. The v. is situated 1 m. s. of the west fork of Grand r. It has a brick court house, and 159 inhabitants. There are in the t., 4 sch. 73 scholars. Pop. 1,467.

 

Gallatin, t, Columbia co., N. Y., 15 s. e. Hudson, 44 s. by e. Albany. The surface is hilly, and the soil various. It has Charlotte Lake in its n. part, from which flows Dove cr. Roeliff Jansen's cr. drains its s. part. It has 5 stores, cap. $9,000; 2 fulling m., 2 flouring m., 2 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,400. 6 sch. 451 scholars. Pop. 1,644.

 

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Gallatinville, p-o., Gallatin t., Columbia county, N. Y., 48 s. Albany, 332 W.

 

Gallatins, r., one of the s. w. sources of the Missouri r. Flowing northwardly, it unites with Madison and Jefferson rivers to form the Missouri river.

 

Gallia, County, O. Situated in the s. E. part of the state, on Ohio r., and contains about 500 sq. ms. The surface is generally hilly and broken, and the soil poor, excepting on the Ohio river, where it is fertile. Drained by Racoon cr., and some smaller tributaries of the Ohio. Its earlier settlers were from France, whence it derived its name. First settled in 1790. Capital, Gallipolis. There were in 1840, neat cattle 11,886, sheep 20,528, swine 17,884; wheat 124,029 bushels produced, Indian corn 327,967, oats 1 15,431, potatoes 28,343, sugar 49,925 pounds; 43 stores, cap. $49,134; 1 forge, 1 fulling m., 11 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 1 flouring m., 17 grist m., 24 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $59,250. 75 scholars in schools. Pop. 13,444.

 

Gallipolis, p-t., capital of Gallia co., O., 100 s. E. Columbus, 358 W. It is pleasantly situated on the w. bank of Ohio r. It has 2 churches, a jail, an academy, 15 stores, 3 steam m., a printing office, and 80 dwellings, many of them handsome brick edifices. Near the academy is a semi-globular mound, 18 or 20 rods in circumference, at its base, a monument of early times. The v. was organized in 1810. There are in the t., 18 stores, cap. $24,704; 2 tanneries, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 1 flouring m., 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $37,730. Pop. 1,413.

 

Galley Rock, t., Pope co., Ark. It has 1 sch. 14 scholars. Pop. 219.

 

Galloway, t., Atlantic co., N. J. Drained by Nacote cr. The surface is even; soil, sandy salt marsh on the s. It has 7 stores, cap. $9,700; 1 glass fec, 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $47,500. 8 sch. 616 scholars. Pop. 2,208.

 

Gallupsville, p-o., Schoharie t., Schoharie co., N. Y., 27 w. Albany, 388 W.

 

Gallum, p-o., Perry co., Ill., 166 s. Springfield, 848 W.

Galway, p-t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 36 n. n. w. Albany, 404 W. The surface is undulating and hilly; soil, clay loam, and well cultivated. Drained by a branch of Kayaderosseras and by Chuctenunda creeks. It has 6 stores, capital $23,900; 4 fulling m., 4 woolen fee., 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $21,375. 1 acad. 37 students, 13 sch. 428 scholars. Pop. 2,412.

 

Galvezton, v., Ascension parish, La. It is on the s. side of the Iberville r., opposite the junction of Amite r.

 

Gambier, p-v., Pleasant t., Knox co., O., 56 n. e. Columbus, 371 W. It was laid out in 1826, in the centre of a tract of 4,000 acres, belonging to Kenyon College. This institution was founded in 1826 by funds obtained in England. It is under the direction of the Episcopalians, has a president and 11 professors, or other instructors, 61 alumni, 8 of whom have been ministers of the gospel, 55 students, besides those in the preparatory department, and 8,720 vols, in its libraries. The commencement is on the 1st Wednesday in September. The v. was named after Lord Gambier, and is beautifully situated on a high and level ridge of land, encompassed on 3 sides by Vernon r. It contains 4 stores, a printing office, 1 acad. 25 students, 50 dwellings, and 292 inhabitants. The buildings of Kenyon College are 4 in number, the principal of which is an elegant Gothic edifice of hewn stone, 190 feet long, and 4 stories high.

 

Gamble's, p-o., Alleghany co., Pa., 156 w. Harrisburg, 212 W.

 

Ganges, p-o., Richland co., O., 75 n. n. e. Columbus, 390 W.

 

Gansevoort, p-o., Northumberland t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 49 n. Albany, 419 W.

 

Gap, p-o., Sadsbury t , Lancaster co., Pa., 54 s. E. Harrisburg, 114 W. Situated at the e. foot of the Mine Ridge.

 

Gap Creek, p-o., Knox co., Tenn., 195 e. Nashville, 510 W.

 

Gap Grove, p-o., Jo Daviess co., Ill., 167 n. Springfield, 830 W.

 

Gap Mills, p-o., Monroe co., Va.

 

Gardiner, p-t., Kennebec co., Me., 6 s. Augusta, 594 W. Situated on the w. side of Kennebec r. Cobbeseconte r. here enters the Kennebec, and for more than a mile has a continued succession of falls, affording an extensive water power. The v. contains an Episcopal and a Methodist church, a bank, and a lyceum. There are in the t., 34 stores, cap. $63,450; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fee, 2 paper fac, 1 printing office, 1 periodical, 1 weekly newspaper, 6 tanneries, 1 pottery, 5 grist m., 16 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $87,050. 1 acad. 70 students, 21 sch. 2,086 scholars. Pop. 5,042.

 

Gardner, p-t., Worcester co., Mass., 58 n. n. w. Boston, 418 W. The surface is uneven, and the soil good for grazing. Watered by a branch of Miller's r., which affords water power. Incorporated in 1785. It has 2 stores, cap. $10,000; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $108,633. 6 sch. 317 scholars. Pop. 1,260.

 

Gardiner's Bay, N. Y., is a considerable expanse of water, at the E. end of Long Island, somewhat in a circular form, 8 miles in diameter, between Gardiner's Island and the mainland.

 

Gardiner's Island, N. Y., lies off the e. end of Long Island, and is 4 miles long and 2 wide. Settled by a man of the same name, from Scotland, in 1639, whose descendants still occupy it. It is highly cultivated.

 

Gardiner's Lake, p-o., New London co., Ct., 34 s. e. Hartford, 347 W.

 

Gardner, p-o., Morgan co., O., 92 e. Columbus, 314 W.

 

Gardner's Bridge, p-o., Martin co., N. C, 151 e. Raleigh, 275 W.

 

Gardner's Ford, p-o., Cleveland co., N. C, 192 w. s. w. Raleigh, 429 W.

 

Gardnersville, p-o., Seward t., Schoharie co., N. Y., 47 w. Albany, 392 W.

 

Gardnersville, p-o., Weakley co., Tenn., 134 w. Nashville, 820 W.

 

Garland, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 93 n. n. e. Augusta, 693 W. The soil is fertile, and adapted to grain. Watered by head branches of Kanduskeag stream. Incorporated in 1811. It has 1 store, cap. $500; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 4 saw m., 7 schools, 350 scholars. Pop. 1,065.

 

Garland's, p-o., Albemarle co., Va., 85 n. n. w. Richmond, 135 W.

 

Garlandsville, p-o., Jasper co., Miss., 94 e. s. e. Jackson, 972 W.

 

Garnettsville, p-v., Mead co., Ky., 83 w. Frankfort, 623 W.

 

Garoga, p-o., Ephratah t., Fulton co., N. Y., 54 w. n. w. Albany, 400 W.

 

Garrard, County, Ky. Situated a little e. of the central part of the state, and contains 240 ms. Kentucky r. runs on its n. border, Dicks r. runs on its s. w., and Paint Lick cr. on its n. e. border. The soil is highly productive. Capital, Lancaster. There were in 1840, neat cattle 9,120, sheep 17,582, swine 35,712; wheat 57,941 bush, produced, rye 33,184, Ind. corn 576,495, oats 140,130, potatoes, 16,554, tobacco 472,480 pounds, sugar 35,888; 22 stores, cap. $103,700; 6 tanneries, 22 distilleries, 7 flouring m., 34 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $78,863. 4 acad. 150 students, 15 sch. 390 scholars. Pop. whites 7,110, slaves, 3,283, free col'd 87; total, 10,480.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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