American History and Genealogy Project

Middlebury, VT to Midway, TN

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Middlebury, pt., capital of Addison co., Vt., 33 s. s. k. Burlington, 59 s. w. Montpelier, 481 W. The surface is moderately uneven; soil, a fertile clay loam. Watered by Otter Creek r., which affords extensive water power. Chartered in 1761. The v. is situated at the falls on both sides of Otter cr., is irregularly laid out, but handsomely built, and contains a court house, jail, 5 churches, 1 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, 1 Methodist, 1 Baptist, and 1 Roman Catholic, a bank, and is one of the most extensive manufacturing places in the state. Here is a marble quarry, on the bank of the creek, which affords some of the finest statuary marble, and is extensively wrought for various purposes. It is the seat of Middlebury College, which was founded in 1800, has a president and 7 professors, or other instructors; has had 758 alumni, of whom 245 have been ministers of the gospel; has 53 students, (in 1842,) and 7,054 vols, in its libraries. The commencement is on the third Wednesday in August. The college edifices are 2, one of them of stone, 106 feet long, 40 feet wide, and 4 stories high, containing 48 rooms for students. There are in the t. 16 stores, cap. $55,700; 6 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 1 cotton fac. 3,860 sp., 2 tanneries, 1 furnace, 1 forge, 2 printing offices, 1 bindery, 2 weekly newspapers, and 1 periodical, 2 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $172,700. 1 college, 62 students, 2 acad. 70 students, 12 sch. 400 scholars. Pop. 3,162.

Middlebury, pt., New Haven co., Ct., 52 w. s. w. Hartford, 310 W. The surface is hilly and rough; soil, a coarse gravelly loam. Watered by branches of Naugatuck r., and by Quassepaug pond, the outlet of which affords water power, and flows into Housatonic River. Incorporated in 1807. It has 1 Congregationalist and 1 Methodist church. It has 2 stores, cap. $6,725; 1 tannery, 3 distilleries, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $22,615. 1 academy 22 students, 6 sch. 138 scholars. Pop. 761.

Middlebury, pt., Wyoming co., N. Y., 247 w. Albany, 365 W. The surface is rolling; soil, a fertile sandy and clay loam. Drained by Allen's cr., and a tributary of Tonawanda cr. It has 5 stores, cap. $1,800; 2 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $22,000. 1 acad. 300 students, 23 sch. 1,154 scholars. Pop. 2,445.

Middlebury, t., Tioga co., Pa. It has 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufactures $10,550. 7 sch. 158 scholars. Pop. 725.

Middlebury, p-v., Talmadge t., Summit co., O., 125 n. E. Columbus, 320 W. Situated on both sides of Little Cuyahoga r., which affords good water power. It contains 1 Presbyterian Church, an academy, 7 stores, 2 flouring m., 1 machine shop, 2 wool carding and cloth dressing fac, 1 sash fac, 1 cabinet and chair fac, and various other mechanic shops.

Middlebury, t., Knox co., O. It is fertile and well settled. It has 8 sch. 233 scholars. Pop. 1,004.

Middlebury, p-v., Elkhart co., Ia., 162 n. Indianapolis, 593 W.

Middle Creek, pt., Union co., Pa. It has 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,000. Pop. 562.

Middle Creek, p-o., Monroe co., O., 113 e. Columbus, 302 W.

Middle Fabius, p-o., Adair co., Mo.

Middlefield, pt., Hampshire co., Mass., 124 w. Boston, 338 W. The surface is elevated; soil, well adapted to grazing. Watered by a branch of Westfield River. Incorporated in 1783. There are in the t. 4 stores, cap. $7,500; 6 fulling m., 2 woolen factories, 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $31,600. 9 sch. 246 scholars. Pop. 1,717.

Middlefield, pt., Otsego co., N. Y., 64 w. Albany, 387 W. The surface is hilly; soil, sandy calcareous loam. Bounded on the w. by Otsego Lake and outlet; on the E. by Cherry Valley cr. It has 7 stores, cap. $15,300; 3 fulling m., 4 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 5 grist m., 18 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $121,340. 2 acad. 58 students, 17 sch. 820 scholars. Pop. 3,319.

Middlefield, p-o., Batavia t., Geauga co., O., 169 n. e. Columbus, 328 W.

Middlefield Centre, p-o., Middlefield t., Otsego co., N. Y., 62 w. Albany, 373 W.

Middleford, p-v., Sussex co., Del., 43 s. Dover, 120 W.

Middle Fork, p-o., Clinton co., Ia., 48 n. n. w. Indianapolis, 606 W.

Middle Fork, p-o., Vermilion co., Ill.

Middle Fork, pt., Macon co., Mo., 92 n. by w. Jefferson City. It has 1 sch. 30 scholars. Pop. 535.

Middle Granville, p-v., Granville t., Washington co., N. Y., 65 n. n. e. Albany, 435 W. It contains 2 Presbyterian churches, 3 stores, 1 cotton factory, 1 grist m., 1 tannery, and about 50 dwellings.

Middle Grove, p-o., Fulton co., Ill., 53 n. w. Springfield, 813 W.

Middle Grove, p-o., Monroe co., Mo., 84 n. Jefferson City, 947 W.

Middle Haddam, p-v., Chatham t., Middlesex co., Ct., 21 s. s. E. Hartford, 333 W. Situated on the e. side of Connecticut r.

Middle Hope, p-o., Newburgh t., Orange co., N. Y., 88 s. by w. Albany, 290 W.

Middle Island, p-v., Brookhaven t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 211 s. s. e. Albany, 285 W. It has a Methodist church and 12 or 15 dwellings.

Middle Mountain, p-o., Botetourt co., Va., 192 w. Richmond, 242 W.

Middleport, p-v., Royalton t., Niagara co., N. Y., 285 w. by N. Albany, 400 W. Situated on the Erie canal, and contains 2 churches, 9 stores, 3 warehouses, 2 flouring m., 1 furnace, 2 tanneries, 1 clothier's works, 65 dwellings, and about 400 inhabitants.

Middleport, p-v., Schuylkill co., Pa., 71 N. E. Harrisburg, 181 W. It contains 2 stores, and 20 or 30 dwellings, inhabited chiefly by persons connected with the coal mines in the vicinity.

Middleport, p-v., Elkhart co., Ia., 157 N Indianapolis, 608 W.

Middleport, p-v., Iroquois co., HI., 192 n. e Springfield, 694 W.

Middle River, p-o., Franklin co., Ga., 120 w. Milledgeville, 606 W.

Middlesex, County, Mass. Situated in the e part of the state, and contains 800 sq. ms. The surface is uneven; soil, various. Watered by Merrimac, Charles, Mystic, Sudbury, Concord, and Nashua rivers. The Middlesex canal passes through the n. e. part. Capitals, Concord, Cambridge, and Lowell. There were in 1840, neat cattle 33,706, sheep 8,351, swine 20,591; wheat 9,502 bush, produced, rye 61,105, Ind. corn 230,473, buckwheat 5,974, barley 28,539, oats 86,021, Potatoes 741,851; 13 houses in foreign trade, capital $165,000; 553 stores, cap. $1,383,400; 23 lumber yards, cap. $230,000; 2 furnaces, 36 forges, 7 fulling m., 18 woolen fac, 35 cotton fac. 189,664 sp. 34 tanneries, 5 distilleries, 1 brewery, 4 powder m., 5 potteries. 2 flouring m., 98 grist m., 141 saw m., 2 oil m., 13 paper fac, 13 printing offices, 12 binderies, 6 periodicals, 8 weekly, 2 semiweekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $12,215,055. 1 college, 341 students, 44 acad. 4,014 students, 389 sch. 24,876 scholars. Pop. 106,611.

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Middlesex, County, Ct. Centrally situated toward the s. part of the state, and contains 342 sq. ms. Watered by Connecticut r., which runs centrally through it, and small tributaries which enter it. The river affords great facilities for navigation, and the small tributaries furnish water power. The surface is uneven; soil, generally good, particularly on the r. Capitals, Middletown and Haddam. There were in 1840, neat rattle 15,667, sheep 14,758, swine 8,494; wheat 3,463 bushels produced, rye 54,224, Indian corn 103,920, buckwheat 9,169, barley 941, oats 40,028, Potatoes 181,673; 105 stores, cap. $508,846; 7 umber yards, cap. $62,000; 8 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 8 cotton fac. 7,646 sp., 1 dyeing and printing estab., 15 tanneries, 1 powder m., 23 grist m., 12 saw m., 4 printing offices, 1 bindery, 1 periodical, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $871,354. 1 college, 147 students, 7 acad. 328; students, 123 sch. 5,225 scholars. Pop. 24,879.

Middlesex, County, N. J. Situated near the center of the state, and contains 339 sq. ms. The surface on the s. e. is level, on the n. and n. e. it is undulating. The soil is various, from a light and to a strong clay, and in some parts highly cultivated. Watered by Raritan River and its branches. Millstone r. and Railway r. Raritan ay forms an excellent harbor, communicating directly with the ocean, and with New York, through Staten Island sound. Capital, New Brunswick. There were in 1840, neat cattle 2,932, sheep 8,310, swine 11,658; wheat 35,933 bush. produced, rye 60,726, Ind. corn 194,474, buckwheat 42,234, barley 1,519, oats 185,730, potatoes 86,965; 136 stores, cap. $412,500; 5 lumber yards, cap. $32,000; 1 cotton fac, 6 tanneries, 15 distilleries, 3 potteries, 1 flouring m., 21 grist m., 20 saw m., 2 paper fac, 4 printing offices, binderies, 1 daily, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac $441,900. 3 acad. 113 students. 70; sch. 2,340 scholars. Pop. 21,893.

Middlesex, County, Va. Situated in the e. part of the state, and contains 170 sq. ms. It lies between the Rappahannock and Piankatank Rivers, with Chesapeake Bay on the e. Capital, Urbanna. There were in 1840, neat cattle 3,633, sheep 2,603, swine 6,801; wheat 17,027 bushels produced, rye 1,143, Indian corn 122,145, oats 1,073, Potatoes 7,527, tobacco 1,350 pounds, cotton 2,620; 14 stores, cap. $25,600; 1 tannery, 1 flouring in., 11 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $23,925. 10 sch. 202 scholars. Pop. whites 2,620, slaves 2,209, free col'd 142; total, 4,392.

Middlesex, pt., Washington co., Vt., 6 n. e. Montpelier. It is bounded on the s. w. by Onion River, by the n. branch of which it is watered, The surface is uneven, and the soil, particularly along the streams, is fertile. Between the t. and Moretown, Onion r. passes through a rocky chasm, with perpendicular walls, 30 feet deep, 60 feet wide, and 80 rods long, across which a bridge is thrown. It is a curiosity. The v. is on the s. line of the t., on Onion r. and contains a church, store, and several mills and manufactories. The t. has 1 store, cap. $3,000; 1 grist m., 3 saw m., 1. m. Cap. in manufac. $4,900. 12 sch. 487 scholars. Pop. 1,270.

Middlesex, pt., Yates co., N. Y., 194 w. Albany, 323 W. The surface is slightly hilly; soil, fertile gravelly loam, well adapted to grain, rained by West cr., flowing into Canandaigua Lake, which bounds it on the w. It has 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,550. 12 sch. 610 scholars. Pop. 1,439.

Middlesex, t., Butler co., Pa. It has 2 stores, cap. $5,000; 1 fulling m., 5 grist m., 3 saw mills. Cap. in manufac. $11,825. 9 sch. 345 scholars. Pop. 1,692.

Middlesex, p-o., Ashtabula co., O., 206 n. e. Columbus, 343 W.

Middlesex Village, p-v., Middlesex co., Mass., 23 Boston, 441 W.

Middle Smithfield, t., Monroe co., Pa. It has 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 2 saw m. Pop. 1,144.

Middle Spring, p-o., Marion co., O., 54 n. Columbus, 428 W.

Middle Swamp, p-o., Gates co., N. C, 133 e. n. e. Raleigh, 234 W.

Middleton, pt., Strafford co., N. H., 38 n. n. e. Concord, 519 W. The surface is level, but rough. Incorporated in 1778. It has 1 store, cap. $1,000; 1 tannery. Cap. in manufac. $1,500. 4 sch. 155 scholars. Pop. 482.

Middleton, pt., Essex co., Mass., 22 n. Boston, 462 W. Situated on both sides of Ipswich r., which affords water power. Incorporated in 1728. It has a paper m., which has manufactured 100 tons of stock in a year, producing to the amount of $35,000. It has 2 stores, cap. $3,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac. Cap. in manufac. $10,000. 4 sch. 200 scholars. Pop. 657.

Middleton, t., Wood co., O. It has 1 sch. 54 scholars. Pop. 193.

Middleton, p-v., Carroll co., Miss., 102 n. Jackson, 987 W.

Middleton, p-v., White co., Ark., 62 N. E. Little Rock, 1,083 W.

Middletown, pt., Rutland co., Vt., 77 s. s. w. Montpelier, 441 W. Situated between 2 mountains. Watered by Poultney r., which affords water power. The soil is adapted to grazing. The v. at the centre contains a Congregational and a Baptist church, several stores, and a number of neat dwellings. The t. has 9 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,075. 9 sch. 333 scholars. Pop. 1,077.

Middletown, t., Newport co., R. I., 23 s. by e. Providence. It is the middle of the 3 townships into which Rhode Island is divided. The surface is undulating; soil, a fertile loam, and highly cultivated. Incorporated in 1743. It has 2 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $1,800. 5 sch. 148 scholars. Pop. 891.

Middletown, city, pt., port of entry, and semi-capital of Middlesex co., Ct., is pleasantly situated on the w. bank of Connecticut r., 34 ms. above its mouth, in 41° 33' 8" n. lat., and 72° 39' w. Ion., 14 s. Hartford, 24 n. e. New Haven, 35 n. w. New London, 326 W. Pop. 1820, 2,618, including the t. 6,479; 1830, 2,965, including the t. 6,892; 1840, 3,511, including the t. 7,010. The ground rises gradually from the river, and the principal streets run parallel with it, and are crossed by others running at right angles with them. Main street, the principal street, is broad, and has many fine houses and stores. The city is well built, chiefly of brick, and in the back parts are many elevated and fine situations, with a commanding view of the river and surrounding country. It is at the head of ship navigation, and any vessels which can cross the bar at the mouth of the river, can come up to its wharves, which have 10 feet water. It has a daily communication with Hartford and the city of New York by steamboats. A ferry boat connects the city with Chatham. Its public buildings are a handsome court house of Grecian architecture, a fine stone custom house, 2 banks, besides one for savings, a jail, an almshouse, and 7 churches, 2 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 1 Universalist, and 1 African. It is the seat of the Wesleyan University, under the direction of the Methodists, founded in 1831. It has a president and 8 professors or tutors, 110 alumni, 80 students, and 6,500 vols, in its libraries. The commencement is on the first Thursday in August. The college buildings occupy an elevated position, and command an extensive prospect. The institution has a valuable philosophical apparatus, and is nourishing.

The t. extends 9 ms. from n. to s., and is from 4 to 10 broad. It was settled in 1636. It rests chiefly on secondary red sandstone. A range of granite crosses Connecticut r. a little below, and forms the basis of a range of high hills. To the north of the city is a village called Middletown Upper Houses. Middletown has considerable commerce and manufactures. There were in 1840, 37 stores, cap. $269,500; 3 lumber yards, cap. $40,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 cotton fac. 11,000 sp., 1 dyeing and printing estab., 2 tanneries, 1 powder m., 2 grist m., 5 saw m., 1 rope walk, 4 printing offices, 1 bindery, 2 weekly newspapers, 1 periodical. Capital in manufac. $379,600. 3 acad. 115 students, 33 sch. 1,268 scholars. Tonnage of the port, 14,230.

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Middletown, pt., Delaware co., N. Y., 79 w. s. w. Albany, 335 W. The surface is mountainous; soil, a sandy loam, and productive. Drained by Papacton branch of Delaware r. It has 8 stores, cap. $16,300; 2 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 7 grist m., 19 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $38,260. 20 sch. 754 scholars. Pop. 2,608.

Middletown, v.. Orange county, N .Y. (See South Middletown.)

Middletown, pt., Monmouth co., N. J., 51 e. n. e. Trenton, 220 W. The surface on the e., and in the centre, is hilly, elsewhere level. The soil is loam, sand, and clay, made productive by the use of marl. Sandy Hook bay runs s. into the t., and is bounded s. w. by the highlands of Nevisink, and on the e. by the sand beach forming Sandy Hook, extending 6 ms. N. from Shrewsbury inlet. Drained by Swimming and Nevisink Rivers. The v. contains 3 churches, 1 Episcopal, 1 Dutch Reformed, and 1 Baptist, 2 stores, and 30 dwellings, some of them very neat. There are in the t. 33 stores, cap. $48,825; 3 lumber yards, cap. $2,900; 2 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 8 distilleries, 11 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. s65,250. 1 acad. 60 students, 19 sch. 1,239 scholars. Pop. 6,063.

Middletown, p-b., Swatara t., Dauphin co., Pa., 10 s. e. Harrisburg, 120 W. Situated near the junction of Swatara and Susquehanna rivers, where the Pennsylvania and Union canals unite. Incorporated in 1829. It contains 2 churches, 7 stores, and 200 dwellings. It has several neat dwellings, and fine stores. Its trade is considerable in grain, flour, lumber, coal, and iron.

Middletown, t., Bucks co., Pa., 20 n. n. e. Philadelphia. The surface is rolling: soil, clay. Watered by Neshaminy cr., which forms its w. boundary, a tributary of which passes through the t., and Bristol creek. It has 4 stores, capital $15,001); 1 acad. 27 students, 2 sch. 17 scholars. Pop. 2,124.

Middletown, t., Delaware co., Pa., 20 w. Philadelphia. The surface is level; soil, clay and loam. Chester cr. runs on its w. boundary, and Ridley cr. on its e. border. It has 3 stores, cap. $9,300; 2 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 4 cotton fac. 4,800 sp., 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $95,500. 5 sch. 126 scholars. Pop. 1,451.

Middletown, t., Susquehanna co., Pa. Drained by Wyalusing cr. and its branches. The surface is hilly; soil, gravel and clay. It has 1 tannery, 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,850. 7 sch. 140 scholars. Pop. 539.

Middletown, p-v., New Castle co., Del., 47 n. Dover, 121 W. Situated upon Appoquinimink creek.

Middletown, p-v., Frederick co., Md., 8 n. w. by w. Frederick, 83 n. w. Annapolis, 51 W. Situated on Middle cr., a branch of Catoctin cr.

Middletown, p-v., Frederick co., Va., 158 n. n. w. Richmond, 87 W. Situated on Meadow run, upon which are several mills. It contains 2 churches, 5 stores, an academy, and about 400 inhabitants, many of whom are employed in the manufacture of wagons.

Middletown, p-v., Hyde co., N. C.,219 e. by s. Raleigh, 404 W.

Middletown, p-v., Butler co., Ala., 162, s. s e. Tuscaloosa, 904 W.

Middletown, p-v., Lemon t., Butler co. O., 30 n. Cincinnati, 90 w. s. w. Columbus, 430 W. Situated on the E. side of Miami r. The Miami canal passes through the place. It contains, 3 churches, 11 stores, 2 pork houses, 1 woolen fac, 1 grist m., 1 academy, 150 dwellings, and about 1,000 inhabitants. There is here a toll bridge across the r.

Middletown v., Butler t., Columbiana co., O. Pop. 27.

Middletown, t., Columbiana co., O. It has 7 sch. 147 scholars. Pop. 1,601.

Middletown, p-v., Jefferson co., Ky., 42 w Frankfort, 584 W. It contains 1 church, am about 200 inhabitants.

Middletown, p-v., Henry co., Ia., 44 e. by n Indianapolis, 546 W. Situated on the w. side of Fall cr.

Middletown, t., Shelby co., Ia. It has 2 stores, cap. $400. Cap. in manufac $710. Pop. 70

Middletown, p-v., Logan co., Ill., 20 n. e. Springfield, 792 W.

Middletown, p-v., Montgomery co., Mo., 5 N. E. Jefferson City, 899 W.

Middletown Point, p-v., port of deliver Middletown t., Monmouth co., N. J., 43 e. by n Trenton, 209 W. Situated on Middletown cr., miles from Raritan Bay, on an elevated bank, 5 feet above the stream. It contains a Presbyterian Church, a bank, 10 stores, and about 1C dwellings, many of them neat. It has considerable trade.

Middleville, p-v., Fairfield t., Herkimer cc N. Y., 82 w. n. w. Albany, 401 W. Situated on both sides of West Canada cr. It contains church, 3 stores, 2 cotton fac, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 cabinet and chair fac, 50 dwellings, at about 300 inhabitants.

Middleville, p-o., Barry co., Mich., 154 w. by N. Detroit, 619 W.

Middleway, p-v., Jefferson co., Va., 162 n. by w. Richmond, 72 W.

Midland, County, Mich. Situated in the n. e. part of the settled portion of the peninsula, on Saginaw Bay, and contains 560 sq. ms. Watered by Tittibawassee r., and Chippewa r., its tributary, which receives Fine r. from the s. Capital Midland.

Mid River, p-o., Caroline co., Va., 57 s. Richmond, 76 W.

Midway, p-o., Davidson co., N. C, 119 Raleigh, 330 W.

Midway, p-v., Barnwell dist., S. C., 72 s. s. w. Columbia, 578 W.

Midway, p-v., Jones co., Ga., 22 w. Milledgeville, 657 W.

Midway, p-v., Monroe co., Tenn., 164 e. s. e. Nashville, 544 W.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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