Newton, NJ to
Nimmon's Cross Roads, DE
Newton, t., Gloucester co., N. J., 6 n. e. Woodbury. The surface is level; soil, sandy, covered extensively with yellow pine; the cultivated parts are devoted to the raising of vegetables for market. Watered by Cooper's and
Newton creeks. It contains 2 villages. There are in the t. 9 stores, cap. $35,400 ; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac., 1 tannery, 1 pottery, 3 grist m.
Cap. in manufac. $21,190. 3 acad. 155 students, 5 sch. 245 scholars.
Newton, t., Cumberland co., Pa., 16 w. Carlisle. The surface is level; soil, calcareous loam. Yellow Breeches cr. rises in Big pond on its w. border, and flows through it. It has 2 stores, cap. $4,000; 2 commission houses, cap.
$9,000; 1 furnace, 2 fulling m., 2 woolen fac., 1 tannery, 2 distilleries, 3 flouring m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $31,250. 7 sch. 317 scholars.
Newton, t., Delaware co., Pa., 14 n. w. Philadelphia. The surface is hilly; soil, loam. Watered by Crum and Darby creeks. It has 3 stores, cap. $13,000; 1 tannery, 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,000. 5 sch. 105 scholars. Pop. 752.
Newton, t., Miami co., O. It has 1 distillery, 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,300. 6 sch. 298 scholars. Pop. 1,242.
Newton, p-t., Muskingum co., O., 60 e. Columbus, 345 W. It contains 3 churches, and has 2 or 3 salt works. It has 15 sch. 522 scholars. Pop. 2,568.
Newton, t., Licking co., O. It has 2 sch. 60 scholars. Pop. 1,247.
Newton, t., Pike co., O. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,000; 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $260. 4 sch. 74 scholars. Pop. 326.
Newton, p-t, Calhoun co., Mich., 114 w. Detroit, 579 W. It has 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $12,050. 1 sch. 25 scholars. Pop. 235.
Newton, p-v., capital of Jasper co., Ill., 130 s. e. Springfield, 707 W. Situated on the w. side of Embarrass r., and contains 1 Baptist church, 2
stores, and about 150 inhabitants.
Newton Centre, p-v., Newton t., Middlesex co., Mass., 7 w. Boston, 431 W. It contains 2 churches--1 Baptist and 1 Congregational--and a theological seminary. (See Newton.)
Newton Falls, p-v., Newton t., Trumbull co., O., 162 n. e. Columbus, 311 W. Situated on the Pennsylvania and Ohio canal, at the junction of the 2 branches of the Mahoning r., which afford good water power. It contains 2 churches, 4 stores, 3 warehouses, 2 grist m., 3 saw m., 2 woolen fac., 1 paper m., and about 450 inhabitants. Iron ore is found in the vicinity.
Newton Hamilton, p-o., Mifflin co., Pa., 82 n. w. Harrisburg, 140 W.
Newton Lower Falls, p-v., Newton t., Middlesex co., Mass., 11 w. Boston, 429 W. Situated mostly on the e. side of Charles r., and has an Episcopal church and 5 paper fac.
Newton's Corners, p-o., Northampton t., Fulton co., N. Y., 51 s. w. Albany, 420 W.
Newton Upper Falls, Newton t., Middlesex co., Mass., 9 w. Boston, 429 W. Situated on the e. side of Charles r. It has 2 churches--1 Baptist and 1 Methodist--2 cotton fac., and 1 iron works.
Newtown, p-t., Rockingham co., N. H., 30 s. e. Concord, 474 W. It contains a large pond on its n. w. border. The soil is fertile. First settled in 1720. Here was formed the first Baptist church in the state. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,100. Cap. in manufac. $2,500. 3 sch. 195 scholars. Pop. 541.
Newtown, p-t., Fairfield co., Ct., 62 s. w. Hartford, 293 W. The surface is elevated and hilly; soil, gravelly loam, and fertile. Watered by Potatuck r., a branch of the Housatonic. The borough is on elevated ground, chiefly on one
street, 80 rods long, and contains 3 churches--1 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, and 1 Methodist--4 stores, and about 40 or 50 dwellings. Sandy Hook, another v., is 1½ mile n. e., on the Potatuck r., where is a good water power, and various mills and manufactories, and about 50 dwellings. The t. contains 5 churches--2 Episcopal, 1 Congregational, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist. It has 16 stores, cap. $46,900; 3 woollen fac., 1 cotton fac. 300 sp., 3 tanneries, 6 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $70,100. 2 acad. 45 students, 18 sch.
583 scholars. Pop. 3,189.
Newtown, p-t., Queens co., N. Y., 152 s. Albany, 232 W. The surface is, in some parts, uneven and stony; soil, sand and clay loam, well cultivated, and particularly adapted to fruit. Bounded n. by the East r. and Long Island sound. Drained by Newtown cr. The v. contains 4 churches--1 Dutch Reformed, 1 Episcopal, and 2 Methodist--a town house, 4 stores, 80 dwellings, and about 500 inhabitants. There are in the t. 10 stores, cap. $22,500; 2 lumber yards,
cap. $3,500; 1 woolen fac., 2 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $98,900. 1 acad. 55 students, 10 sch. 466 scholars. Pop. 5,054.
Newtown, p-t., Bucks co.. Pa., 20 n. e. Philadelphia, 113 e. Harrisburg, 160 W. The surface is level; soil, a fertile clay loam, and well cultivated. Drained by Newtown cr., a branch of Neshaminy cr., which affords water power. The borough is on Newtown cr., and contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Friends church, 2 stores, and about 100 dwellings. It was formerly the capital of
the co. A large number of excellent carriages are manufactured here. There are in the t. 1 store, cap. $1,200; 2 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,235. 1 acad. 50 students, 6 sch. 436 scholars. Pop. 1,414.
Newtown, t., Delaware co., Pa., 14 n. w. Philadelphia. The surface is hilly; soil, loam. Drained by Crum and Darby creeks. The v., at the centre, contains a church. It has 3 stores, cap. $13,000; 1 tannery, 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,000. 5 sch. 105 scholars. Pop. 752.
Newtown, p-v., Worcester co., Md., 126 s. e. Annapolis, 166 W.
Newtown, p-v., King and Queen co., Va., 38 e. n. e. Richmond, 106 W. Situated 3 ms. n. of Mattapony r. It contains 1 Reformed Baptist or Campbellite church, 1 male seminary, 2 stores, 20 dwellings, and about 100 inhabitants.
Newtown, p-v., Scott co., Ky., 25 e. by n. Frankfort, 518 W.
Newtown, p-v., Anderson t., Hamilton co., O., 119 s. w. by w. Columbus, 490 W. Situated on the e. side of Little Miami r., and contains 1 church, 1 steam m., 1 distillery, and about 30 dwellings. There are 4 flouring m. within
Newtown, p-v., Fountain co., Ia., 63 w. n. w. Indianapolis, 634 W.
Newtown, p-v., Hinds co., Miss., 10 s. Jackson, 1,020 W.
Newtown, cr., rises in Newtown, Queens co., N. Y., and flows into the East r., opposite to the city of New York.
Newtown Square, p-v., Delaware to., Pa., 90 e. s. e. Harrisburg, 132 W. It contains a church, a store, and 5 or 6 dwellings.
Newtown Stephensburg, p-v., Frederick co., Va., 154 n. n. w. Richmond, 82 W. It contains 2 churches--1 Methodist, and 1 common to Lutherans and German Reformed--2 stores, 3 tanneries, about 100 dwellings, and 700 inhabitants.
New Trenton, p-v., Whitewater t., Franklin co., Ia., 81 e. s. e. Indianapolis, 516 W. It contains 3 stores, and about 250 inhabitants.
New Tripoli, p-v., Linn t., Lehigh co., Pa., 86 e. n. e. Harrisburg, 178 W. Situated on a branch of Maiden cr.
New Utrecht, p-t., Kings co., N. Y., 7 s. N. York, 151 s. by w. Albany, 231 W. The surface is slightly hilly on the n., but elsewhere level; soil, light sand or loam. It occupies the extreme w. end of Long Island, being separated from Staten Island by the "Narrows." It contains 1 Dutch Reformed church, 3 stores, 30 dwellings, and about 175 inhabitants. One mile w. is the "Bath House," much resorted to during the summer season as a watering place. It has 4 stores, cap. $19,500. Cap. in manufac. $9,200. 1 acad. 35 students, 2 sch. 107 scholars. Pop. 1,283.
New Vernon, p-o., Mount Hope t., Orange co., N. Y., 105 s. s. w. Albany,
New Vernon, p-v., Morris co., N. J., 49 n. Trenton, 220 W.
New Vienna, p-o., Clinton co., O.
New Village, p-v., Brookhaven t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 198 s. s. e. Albany, 278 W. It has a Methodist church, 1 store, and several dwellings.
New Village, p-v., Greenwich t., Warren co., N. J., 54 n. n. w. Trenton, 205 W. Situated on the Morris canal, and contains 1 store and about 12 dwellings.
Newville, p-v., Danube t., Herkimer co., N. Y., 66 w. n. w. Albany, 389 W. It contains 1 church, 1 store, 1 grist m., 1 tannery, 1 clothier's works, 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.
Newville, p-b., Newton t., Cumberland co., Pa., 30 s. w. Harrisburg, 113 W. Situated on Big Spring cr. Incorporated in 1817. It contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Associate Reformed church; 11 stores, capital $45,800; 1 lumber yard, capital §1,000; 2 tanneries. Cap. in manufac. $20,950. 2 sch. 130 scholars. Pop. 654.
Newville, p-o., Sussex co., Va., 46 s. s. e. Richmond, 165 W.
Newville, p-v., Worthington t., Richland co., O., 74 n. n. e. Columbus, 372 W. Handsomely situated on the n. side of Clear fork of Mohiccan cr. It contains 1 church, 3 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 2 carding machines, 1 fulling m., 40 dwellings, and about two hundred and fifty inhabitants.
Newville, p-v., De Kalb co., Ia., 156 n. n. e. Indianapolis, 538 W.
New Vineyard, p-t., Franklin co., Me., 48 n. w. Augusta, 635 W. The surface is uneven; soil, generally productive, adapted to grain. Watered by a branch of Seven Mile r., and by a branch of Sandy r., both tributaries of Kennebec
r. Incorporated in 1802. It has 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,200. 5 sch. 385 scholars. Pop. 927.
New Wakefield, p-v., Washington co., Ala., 164 s. s. w. Tuscaloosa, 976 W.
New Washington, p-v., Clarke co., Ia., 97 s. by e. Indianapolis, 578 W.
New Westville, p-o., Preble co., O., 104 w. by s. Columbus, 497 W.
New Wilmington, p-v., Lackawannock t., Mercer co., Pa., 241 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 284 W. It contains 2 stores, 1 grist m., and 15 or 20 dwellings.
New Winchester, p-v., Marion co., O., 62 n. Columbus, 407 W.
New Winchester, p-v., Hendricks co., Ia., 27 w. Indianapolis, 598 W.
New Windsor, p-t., Orange co., N. Y., 86 s. by w. Albany, 288 W. The surface is uneven and hilly; soil, loam, fertile, and adapted to grass. Drained by Murderer's cr., flowing into Hudson r., which last bounds it on the e. The
v. is situated on the w. side of Hudson r., and contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Episcopal church, 1 store, 2 warehouses, 1 ship yard and railway, 40 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. Two sloops and 1 barge run to New York. De Witt Clinton was born here, and his father's house is still standing, and in good repair. There are in the t. 9 sch. 641 scholars. Pop. 2,482.
New Windsor, p-v., Carroll co., Md., 65 n. w. Annapolis, 66 W.
New Woodstock, p-v., Cazenovia t., Madison co., N. Y., 115 w. by n. Albany, 347 W. It contains 2 churches, 2 stores, 1 woolen fac., 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 50 dwellings, and about 300 inhabitants.
State of New York
New York, p-v., Switzerland co., Ia., 103 s. e. Indianapolis, 544 W. Situated on the n. bank of Ohio r., 8 ms. e. Vevay.
New York Mills, p-v., Whitestown t., Oneida co., N. Y., 96 w. n. w. Albany, 392 W. Situated on Sadaquada cr., which affords good water power. It contains 2 churches, 3 stores, a large cotton fac., with 2 extensive stone buildings, containing 400 looms, and with a dyeing and bleaching establishment, employing 400 persons. The buildings and machinery cost $275,000, and it is
one of the most extensive establishments of the kind in the state. The v. contains 150 dwellings, and about 900 inhabitants.
Niagara, county, N. Y. Situated in the n. w. part of the state, and contains 484 sq. ms. Lake Ontario bounds it on the n., and Niagara r. on the w. The country rises gradually from the lake shore, to the mountain ridge, from 7 to 12 ms. distant, and between this ridge and the lake is the Ridge road, 3 or 4 ms. n. of the mountain ridge, consisting of an arched surface, composed of sand and gravel, elevated 130 feet above the surface of the lake. Watered by Tonawanda cr. The surface on the s. is diversified; soil, generally fertile, adapted to grass and to grain. Capital, Lockport. There were in 1840, neat
cattle 20,752, sheep 40,531, swine 28,344; wheat 454,823 bush. produced, Ind. corn 158,402, buckwheat 13,578, barley 47,786, oats 215,591, potatoes 288,692, sugar 44,059 pounds; 128 stores, cap. $369,245; 2 lumber yards, cap. $800; 1 furnace, 6 fulling m., 1 woolen fac., 6 tanneries, 2
distilleries, 2 breweries, 1 pottery, 5 flouring m., 9 grist m., 45 saw m., 1 oil m., 1 paper fac., 4 printing offices, 3 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $415,980. 7 acad. 596 students, 138 sch. 7,998 scholars. Pop. 31,132.
Niagara, t., Niagara co., N. Y., 16 w. Lockport, 298 w. Albany. The surface is undulating; soil, calcareous, gravelly loam, underlaid with limestone and gypsum. It is situated on the mountain ridge, and is bounded w. by Niagara r.
It contains the grand Falls of Niagara, and Goat island, and some smaller islands in the r. It has 5 stores, cap. $15,150; 4 fulling m., 1 woolen fac., 1 furnace, 1 paper m., 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $39,800. 4 sch. 254 scholars. Pop. 1,277.
Niagara, r. and falls, N. Y. The r., which connects Lake Erie with Lake Ontario, is about 365 ms. long, and flows from s. to n. At its egress from Lake Erie, it is three quarters of a mile wide, and from 40 to 60 feet deep, and flows with a current of about 4 ms. an hour. As it proceeds, the r. widens to 6 or 8 ms., embracing several islands, the principal of which are Grand island, 12 ms. long, and from 2 to 7 ms. wide, well wooded, and reaching to within 1½ m. of the falls; and Navy island, much smaller, celebrated in the events of the late Canadian rebellion. The Falls of Niagara are about 22 ms. below Lake Erie, and 14 above Lake Ontario,
and are one of the greatest natural curiosities in the world. When the traveller first arrives at the spot, he stands and gazes, and is lost in admiration. The mighty volume of water which forms the outlet of the great Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, and Erie, is here precipitated over a precipice 160 feet high, with a roar like that of thunder, which may be heard, in favorable circumstances, to the distance of 15 miles,
hough, at times, the falls may be nearly approached without perceiving much to indicate a tremendous cataract in the vicinity. In consequence of a bend in the r, the principal weight of water is thrown on the Canadian side, down
what is called the Horse-shoe fall, which name has become inappropriate, as the edge of the precipice has ceased to be a curve, and forms a moderately acute angle. Near the middle of the fall, Goat island, containing 75 acres, extends to the brow of the precipice, dividing the r. into 2 parts; and a small projecting mass of rock at a little distance from it, toward the American shore, again divides the cataract on that side. Goat island, at the lower end, presents a perpendicular mass of rocks, extending from the bottom to the top of the precipice. A bridge has been constructed from the American shore to Bath island; and another connects the latter with Goat island, and a tower is erected on the brow of the Horseshoe fall, approached from Goat island by a short bridge, on which the spectator seems to stand over the edge of the mighty cataract, and which affords a fine view of this part of it. The
distance at the fall from the American shore to Goat island, is 65 rods; across the front of Goat island, is 78 rods; around the Horse-shoe fall, on
the Canadian side, 144 rods; directly across the Horse shoe, 74 rods. The height of the fall near the American shore is 163 feet; near Goat island on the same side, 158 feet; near Goat island on the Canada side, 154 feet. Table rock, a shelving projection on the Canadian side, at the edge of the precipice is 150 feet high. This place is generally thought to present the finest view of the falls though if the spectator will visit the tower on the opposite side on Goat island at sunrise, when the whole cavity is enlightened by the sun, and a complete rainbow is presented in the rising spray, he cannot desire any thing finer. A covered stairway on the American side, descends from the top to the bottom of the precipice. It has been computed that 100 million tons of water are discharged over the precipice every hour. The rapids commence about a mile above the falls, and the water descends 57 feet before it arrives at the cataract. The view from the bridge to Goat island, of the troubled water dashing tumultuously over the rocks, is terrific. While curiosity constitutes an attribute of the human character, these falls will be frequented by admiring and delighted visitors, as one of the grandest exhibitions in nature.
Niagara Falls, p-v., Niagara t. and co., N. Y., 297 w. by n. Albany, 403 W. Situated on the e. side of Niagara r. at the falls, and contains 2 churches, 1 male and 1 female institute, 6 hotels, 9 stores, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 1 paper m., 1 woolen fac., 1 furnace, 2 machine shops, 90 dwellings, and about 750 inhabitants. Railroads from Buffalo and from Lockport meet at this
Niangua, county, Mo. Situated s. w. of the centre of the state, and contains 576 sq. miles. Drained by Niangua r. Capital, Buffalo Head.
Niccottoo, p-o., Arkansas co., Ark.
Nicholas, County, Va. Centrally situated toward the w. part of the state, and contains 1,430 sq. ms. Drained by Gauley and Elk rivers and their branches. The Great Kanawha runs on its s. w. border. Capital, Summersville. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,095, sheep 4,863, swine 5,332; wheat 4,454 bush. produced, rye 3,222, Indian corn 56,327, buckwheat 861, oats 37,733, potatoes 11,354, tobacco 3,913 pounds; 3 stores, cap. $40,000; 2 tanneries, 20 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $6,825. 3 sch. 77 scholars. Pop. whites 2,440, slaves 72, free col'd 3; total, 2,515.
Nicholas, County, Ky. Situated in the n. e. part of the state, and contains 350 sq. ms. Watered by Licking r. and its branches. Capital, Carlisle. There were in 1840, neat cattle 8,121, sheep 19,067, swine 29,427; wheat 60,765 bush. produced, rye 25,315, Indian corn 613,804, oats 77,086, potatoes 6,949, tobacco 47,633 pounds, sugar 57,020; 16 stores, cap. $77,690; 1 woolen fac., 5 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 19 grist m., 10 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $65,638. 22 sch. 501 scholars. Pop. whites 7,310, slaves 1,253, free col'd 182;
Nicholas, C. H., p-v., capital of Nicholas co., Va., 310 w. by n. Richmond, 322 W.
Nicholasville, p-v., capital of Jessamine co., Ky., 36 s. e. Frankfort, 534 W. Situated on a small branch of Kentucky r. It contains a court house, jail, 2 academies, and 632 inhabitants.
Nichols, p-t., Tioga co., N. Y., 8 s. w. Owego, 170 w. s. w. Albany, 268 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly loam, with extensive and fertile flats on Susquehanna r., which bounds it on the n. The v. is situated on the s. side of Susquehanna r., and contains 1 Baptist and 1 Methodist church, an academy, 6 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 tannery, 60 dwellings, and about
100 inhabitants. There are in the t. 5 stores, cap. $19,000; 3 fulling m., 1 tannery, 8 grist m., 28 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $41,371. 848 scholars in schools. Pop. 1,986.
Nicholson, p-t., Luzerne co., Pa., 161 n. e. Harrisburg, 268 W. Tunkhannock mt. extends across its n. part. It has 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,500. 3 sch. 102 scholars. Pop. 658.
Nicholsville, p-v., Hopkinton t., St. Lawrence co., N. Y., 213 n. n w. Albany. Situated on both sides of the e. branch of St. Regis r., and contains 2 stores, 1 grist m., 1 saw in., 1 clothier's works, 20 dwellings, and about 125 inhabitants.
Nickell's Mills, p-o., Monroe co., Va.
Nickojack, creek, Ga., issues from a cave 80 feet wide, 50 feet high, and 1¼ ms. long. The stream is 60 feet wide at the mouth of the cave.
Niconza, p-o., Miami co., Ia., 108 n. Indianapolis, 601 W.
Niles, p-t., Cayuga co., N. Y., 10 s. e. Auburn, 169 w. Albany, 329 W. The surface is rolling; soil, clay and sandy loam. It has Owasco lake on the w., and Skeneateles lake on the e. It has 4 stores, cap. $14,000; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 1 distillery, 2 grist m., 10 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $45,402. 11 sch., 629 scholars. Pop. 2,234.
Niles, p-t., Berrian co., Mich., 182 w. s. w. Detroit, 627 W. The soil is fertile, adapted to grain. The v. is pleasantly situated on the e. side of St. Josephs r. It contains 2 churches--1 Episcopal, 1 Presbyterian--9 stores, a branch of the university, and about 1,000 inhabitants. There are in the t. 3 commission houses, cap. $9,500; 11 stores, cap. $49,750; 2 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers, 2 flouring m., 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $91,600. 1 college, 38 students, 4 sch. 94 scholars. Pop. 1,420.
Nimishillen, t., Stark co., O. The surface is level; soil, fertile. The natural growth is beech and sugar maple. Watered by Nimishillen cr. It has 1 sch. 30 scholars. Pop. 1,927.
Nimisilla. p-v., Franklin t., Summit co., O., 121 n. e. Columbus, 327 W. It contains a Lutheran church, 2 stores, 1 school, and 100 inhabitants.
Nimmon's Cross Roads, p-o., Delaware co., O., 36 n. Columbus, 406 W.
Table of Contents
Source: A Complete Descriptive And
Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel
Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith,
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