American History and Genealogy Project

Onslow Bay, NC to Oriskany Creek, NY

Page 496

Onslow Bay, N. C, a name given to a portion of the Atlantic, between Cape Fear and Cap Lookout, where the shore has a considerable curve inward, along which, at a distance from it of from 1 to 2 ms., stretches a chain of narrow, long and low islands, with shallow inlets between them.

Onslow, County, N. C. Situated in the s. e. part of the state, and contains 720 sq. ms. The surface is low and level. Drained by New r. and its branches. Capital, Onslow C. H. There were in 1840, neat cattle 9,003, sheep 5,161, swine 23,128; wheat 2,117 bush, produced, rye 1,556, Ind. corn 228,759, oats 8,126, potatoes 74,924, rice 4,411 pounds, cotton 218,104; 4 stores, cap. $35,000; 3 flouring m., 18 grist m., 10 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $13,825. 3 sch. 71 scholars. Pop. whites 4,675, slaves 2,739, free col'd 113; total, 7,527.

Onslow, C. H., p-v., capital of Onslow co., N. C, 145 s. E. Raleigh, 372 W. Situated on the E. side of New r. It contains a court house and a few dwellings.

Ontario Lake, N. Y. The easternmost of the great chain of lakes of North America. It receives the waters of the upper lakes through Niagara r., and discharges its waters through the St. Lawrence r. into the Atlantic, which is nearly 1,000 ms. distant from it. It is about 190 ms. long, 55 wide and 480 ms. in circumference. The middle of it forms the boundary between the United States and Canada. It is navigable throughout its whole extent for vessels of the largest class, and is in some places more than 600 feet deep. The surface is 334 feet lower than Lake Erie, with which it is connected by the Welland canal in Canada, and the Niagara r. Many vessels and steamboats are employed upon it, and so great is its depth that it rarely freezes in the winter, excepting in shallow places near the shore. It has several important places on its shores, as Kingston, Toronto, Niagara and Coburg, in Canada; and Oswego, Sackett's Harbor, and Port Genesee or Charlotte, in the United States. The Oswego and Erie canals, and Hudson r., connect it with the Atlantic Much of the trade of New York with the west passes through it, by the Oswego and Welland canals.

Ontario, County, N. Y. Situated centrally in the w. part of the state, and contains 617 sq. ms. The surface is various; the soil is generally a fertile loam. It has Canandaigua Lake in the centre, Seneca Lake on the e., and Candia, Honeoye, and Hemlock lakes on the w. The outlet of Canandaigua Lake flows into Seneca r. The lakes further w. discharge their waters into Genesee r. Iron ore, gypsum, and marl, are found abundantly. It contains a spring, which emits carbureted hydrogen, or inflammable gas, and some sulphur springs. The Erie Canal touches its n. border, and the Auburn and Rochester railroad passes through it. Capital, Canandaigua. There were in 1840, neat cattle 34,300, sheep 172,190, swine 46,837; wheat 770,235 bush, produced, rye 6,162, Indian corn 246,018, buckwheat 16,961, barley 117,060, oats 462,266, potatoes 395,844, sugar 183,273 pounds; 136 stores, cap. $535,500; 5 lumber yards, cap. $5,300; 27 fulling m., 10 woolen fac, 20 tanneries, 14 distilleries, 3 breweries, 3 potteries, 23 flouring m., 35 grist m., 92 saw ra., 1 oil m., 1 paper fac, 6 print-ing offices, 3 binderies, 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $1,043,535. 1 college, 146 students, 18 acad. 1,372 students, 242 sch. 12427 scholars. Pop. 43,500.

Ontario, p-t, Wayne co., N. Y., 22 w. Lyons 205 w. by n. Albany, 362 W. The surface is level; sod, gravelly and sandy loam. Drained by small streams flowing into Lake Ontario which bounds it on the n. It has 1 store, cap $2,000; 1 furnace, 1 forge, 1 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $12,600. 10 sch. 423 scholars Pop. 1,889.

Ontario, p-o., Richland co., O., 60 n. by e Columbus, 385 W.

Ontwa, t., Cass co., Mich. It has 6 stores cap. $37,000; 1 flouring m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac $3,857. 1 sch. 63 scholars. Pop 543

Onward, p-o., Stewart co., Tenn., 88 w. n. w Nashville, 769 W.

Oostenaula, r., Tenn. and Ga., rises in Tennessee, and, flowing s., it unites with the Etowah r. to form the Coosa r. It is the northern most stream e. of the Mississippi which flows into the Gulf of Mexico.

Oostenaula, p-o., Hamilton co., Tenn., 140 s e. Nashville, 596 W.

Opellikau, p-o., Russell co., Ala., 171 e. s. e Tuscaloosa, 784 W.

Opelousas, p-v., capital of St. Landry par La., 217 w. n. w. New Orleans, 1,242 W. Situated on a branch of Teche r. It is surrounds by a level and pleasant country. It contains Franklin College, founded in 1839. It has president, 3 professors, or other instructors, and 70 students. The commencement is on the 1st of November. It contains a court house, a U. S. land office, 3 stores, and about 500 inhabitants.

Oporta, p-o., St. Joseph co., Mich., 13: m. w. Detroit, 583 W.

Oppenheim, p-t., Fulton co., N. Y., 64 n. w. Albany, 402 W. The surface is partly hilly soil, various. East Canada cr. bounds it on the w. Drained by several streams, which flow into Mohawk r. It has 1 store, cap. $1,300; 3 tanneries, 17 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac $16,100; 13 sch. 601 scholars. Pop. 2,169.

Oquawka, p-v., capital of Henderson co., 11138 n. w. Springfield, 868 W. Situated on the e. bank of the Mississippi r., and contains a few stores and dwellings.

Or an, p-v., Pompey t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 119 w. by n. Albany, 348 W. It contains 1 church, 1 store, 20 dwellings, and about 125 inhabitants.

Orange, County, Vt. Situated in the e. part of the state, and contains 650 sq. ms. Organized in 1781. The n. w. part is mountainous, lying on the e. range of the Green mountains. The rocks in the n. and central part are chiefly granite. A range of argillaceous slate extends through the w. part. Large quantities of sulphuret iron are found in Strafford, and some lead ore in Thetford. Connecticut r. bounds it on the Drained by Ompompanoosuc and Wait's river and by branches of White r. Capital Chelsea. There were in 1840, neat cattle 36,853. sheep 156,053, swine 22,516; wheat 69,565 bush produced, rye 11,933, Indian corn 120,543, buckwheat 30,144, barley 5,265, oats 245,878, potatoes 1,055,379, sugar 420,639 pounds; 60 stores, cap. $208,200; 22 fulling m., 5 woolen fac, 26 tanneries, 33 grist m., 109 saw m., 2 oil m., 2 pa; fac, 1 printing office. Cap. in manufac. $294,360 acad. 994 students, 267 schools 9,622 scholars Pop. 27,873.

Orange, County, N. Y. Situated in the s part of the state, and contains 760 sq. miles, part of it is mountainous, having Shawangunk mountains in the w. part, and the Highland in the s. k. The remainder consists of gentle hills, and pleasant and fertile valleys. The soil is productive, and particularly adapted to grazing. It is celebrated for its fine dairies, and Orange County butter is universally known and highly valued in the New York market. Drained by Delaware r. and its tributaries in the w., Wallkill in the centre and Hudson r. bounds it on the e. The Delaware and Hudson canal crosses its w. part, and the New York and Erie railroad is finished and in operation, 45 ms., from Piermont, on Hudson r., to Goshen. Capitals, Goshen and Newburgh. There were in 1840, neat cattle 54,799, sheep 50,218, swine 47,034; wheat. 94,774 bushels produced, rye 326,668, Ind. corn 410,194. buckwheat 112,833, barley 1,879, oats 417,701, potatoes 359,563, hops 1,845 pounds; value of the products of the dairy, $669,866; 471 stores, cap. $l,191,295; 21 lumber yards, cap. $85,000; 3 furnaces, 14 fulling m., 13 woolen fac, 2 cotton fac. 3.520 sp., 28 tanneries, 41 distilleries, 1 brewery, 3 potteries, 4 flouring m., 53 grist m., 100 saw m., 4 paper fac, 6 printing offices, 1 bindery, 2 periodicals, 5 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $1,515,415. 21 acad. 1,409 students, 170 sch. 8,727 scholars. Pop. 50,739.

Page 497

Orange, County, Va. Situated in the central part of the state, and contains 380 square miles, Rapidan r. runs on its n. border. Drained by tranches of North Anna and Rivanna rivers. The surface is hilly; soil, fertile. Capital, Orange C. H. There were in 1840, neat cattle 7,399, sheep 10,708, swine 15,026; wheat 97,747 bush. produced, rye 8,420, Indian corn 394,784, buckwheat 114, oats 91,671, potatoes 20,897, tobacco 416,335 pounds, cotton 2,061; 15 stores, Cap. $95,300; 8 smelting houses, producing gold to the amount of $84,000; 7 tanneries, 6 flouring m., 24 grist m., 20 saw m. Cap. in manufactures $115,600. 5 acad. 41 students, 26 sch. 347 scholars. Pop. whites 3,575, slaves 5,364, free col'd 86; total, 9,125.

Orange, County, N. C. Centrally situated toward the n. part of the state, and contains 1,300 q. ms. Drained by branches of Neuse and Haw Rivers. Capital, Hillsboro'. There were in 1840, neat cattle 9,507, sheep 46,340, swine 23,131; wheat 87,579 bush, produced, rye 2,643, Indian corn 383,426, oats 81,613, potatoes 14,847, tobacco 262,882 pounds, cotton 253,437; 12 stores, cap. 72,000; 3 cotton fac. 2,360 sp., 11 tanneries, 11 distilleries, 1 pottery, 18 flouring m., 27 grist m., 5 saw m., 3 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $102,880. acad. 209 students, 7 sch. 157 scholars. Pop. whites 16,771, slaves 6,954, free col'd 613; total, 4,356.

Orange, County, la. Centrally situated toward the s. part of the state, and contains 400 sq. ms. Drained by Lost r., and Lick and Patoka creeks, which afford good water power. The surface is hilly and broken. The macadamized road from New Albany to Vincennes is located through the co. Capital, Paoli. There were in 340, neat cattle 7,508, sheep 15,678, swine J.280; wheat 140,864 bush, produced, rye 1,991, Ind. corn 529,927, oats 149,796, tobacco 268,527 pounds, sugar 22,968; 27 stores, cap. $33,925; 5 tanneries, 4 distilleries, 3 potteries, 14 grist m., 5 saw m., 2 oil m., 1 printing office, 1 periodical, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $51,082. 40 sch. 974 scholars. Pop. 9,602.

Orange, p-t., Orange co., Vt., 14 s. e. Montpelier, 527 W. The soil is cold and wet, but adapted to grazing; the surface is uneven. The rocks are chiefly granite, in which are found beautiful nail plates of white mica, several inches square. Drained by Jail branch, which flows into the s. branch of Onion r., and by head branches of Wait's r., which flow into Connecticut r. It has 12 stores, cap. $3,000; 3 tanneries, 2 potteries, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 5 grist m., 7 saw in., 1 oil m. Capital in manufac. $92,700. 12 sch. 323 scholars. Pop. 984.

Orange, t., Grafton co., N. H., 40 n. w. Concord. The surface is uneven; soil, generally productive. It has a pond in the s. w. part, the outlet of which flows into Smith's r. On the borders of this pond is found a yellow paint. Ochre is also found, and exported in large quantities. Chartered in 1769, by the name of Cardigan, which is now the name of a mountain in its s. e. part. It has 1 pottery, 2 grist m., 2 saw m., 4 sch. 207 scholars. Pop. 463.

Orange, p-t., Franklin co., Mass., 74 w. Boston, 415 W. The surface is uneven and rough; soil, adapted to grazing. Drained by Miller's r., which affords good water power. Incorporated in 1783. It has 6 stores, cap. $15,100; 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,250. 12 sch. 424 scholars. Pop. 1,501.

Orange, t., New Haven co., Ct., 4 s. w. New Haven. Organized in 1822, from New Haven and Milford. The v., formerly called West Haven, is a neat and quiet place, and contains a Congregational and an Episcopal church. There is a Congregational church in the parish formerly called North Milford. Some silver and copper ore have been obtained here. Drained by Wopewaug r. There are in the t. 3 stores, capital $1,830; 4 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $10,800. 8 sch. 423 scholars. Pop. 1,329.

Orange, p-t., Steuben co., N. Y., 201 w. by s. Albany, 313 W. The surface is elevated and rolling; soil, adapted to grass and to grain. Drained by Mead's cr. It has 2 stores, capital $5,000; 1 tannery, 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $250. 10 sch. 525 scholars. Pop. 1,824.

Orange, p-t., Essex co., N. J., 4½ n. w. Newark, 53 n. E. Trenton, 219 W. The surface is mountainous or rolling; soil, red shale, generally well cultivated. Drained by Second River and branches of Rahway r. The v. extends 2 or 3 miles along the turnpike road, and contains 4 churches, 1 Episcopal, 2 Presbyterian, and 1 Methodist, 10 stores, 2 saw m., and about 220 dwellings. Near it is a chalybeate spring, much resorted to. The v. of South Orange is 5 ms. w. Newark, and contains 1 Presbyterian Church, 1 store, 1 paper factory, and about 30 dwellings. There are in the t. 10 stores, cap. $27,800; 1 tannery. Cap. in manufac. $76,750. 8 schools 330 scholars. Pop. 3,261.

Orange, t., Cuyahoga co., O. The e. branch of Chagrin r. crosses its s. e. corner, where is Chagrin falls, where the water falls over a rock 28 feet perpendicularly, affording good water power, where is a thriving v. It has 4 stores, cap. $5,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 flouring m., 1 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac $3,050. 8 sch. 380 scholars. Pop. 1,113.

Orange, t., Hancock co., O. It has 3 sch. 101 scholars. Pop. 314.

Orange, t., Meigs co., O. It has 1 store, cap. $200; 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Capital in manufac $2,200. 6 sch. 220 scholars. Pop. 830.

Orange, t., Shelby co., O. It has 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac. 2 flouring m., 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. In manufac $3,730. 2 sch.55 scholars. Pop. 783.

Orange, p-o., Austintown t., Trumbull co., O., 169 n. e. Columbus, 298 W.

Orange, t., Noble co., Ia. It has 1 store, cap. $3,000; 1 saw m., 1 sch. 18 scholars. Pop. 242

Orange, p-o., Branch co., Mich., 116 w. s. w Detroit, 567 W.

Pare 498

Orange, t., Macomb co., Mich. The soil is fertile, adapted to grain and grass. Pop. 193.

Orange, p-v., Cherokee co., Ga., 129 n. w. Milledgeville, 660 W.

Orange, p-t, Fayette co., Ia., 49 e. by s. Indianapolis, 535 W. Pop. 1,187.

Orangeburg, p-v., Marion co., Miss., 102 s. s. e. Jackson, 1,052 W.

Orangeburg, dist., S. C. Situated a little s. of the centre of the state, and contains 1,824 sq. ms. Congaree r. runs on its e. border, and South Edisto r. on its s. border. Watered by North Edisto r. and its branches. Capital, Orangeburg. There were in 1840, neat cattle 22,507, sheep 3,523, swine 33,383; wheat 12,490 bush, produced, rye 577, Ind. corn 477,011, oats 12,357, potatoes 74,240, rice 510,670 pounds, cotton 878,370; 18 stores, cap. $42,100; 67 grist m., 78 saw m. 1 acad. 40 students, 11 sch. 236 scholars. Pop. whites 6,321, slaves 11,934, free col'd 264; total, 18,519.

Orangeburg, C. H., p-v., capital of Orangeburg dist., S. C, 43 s. by e. Columbia. Situated on the e. bank of North Edisto r. It contains a court house, jail, an academy, and several stores and about 500 inhabitants.

Orange, C. H., p-v., capital of Orange co., Va., 84 n. w. Richmond, 94 W. Situated at the foot of S. W. mountain. It contains a court house, jail, 2 churches, 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist a female academy, 9 stores, 1 printing office issuing a weekly newspaper, and about 60 dwellings, mostly of brick, and 500 inhabitants.

Orange Springs, p-v., Orange co., Va., 76 n w. Richmond, 98 W.

Orangetown, t., Rockland co., N. Y., 123 p. Albany. The surface is hilly; soil, clay, blended with red shale. Hudson r. flows on its e. border. Drained by Hackensack r. It contains the v. of Piermont, where the New York and Erie railroad terminates, on Hudson r. There are in the t. 30 stores, cap. $51,100; 4 lumber yards, cap. $45,000; 1 cotton fac. 576 sp., 2 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 7 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $18,674 8 sch. 312 scholars. Pop. 2,771.

Orangeville, p-t., Genesee co., N. Y., 257 w. Albany, 369 W. The surface is hilly; soil, clay loam, well adapted to grass. Drained by Tonawanda cr. and its tributaries. It has 2 stores, cap. $5,000; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $8,750. 16 sch. 659 scholars. Pop. 1,949.

Orangeville, p-v., Bloom t., Columbia co., Pa., 5 n. Bloomsburg, 81 n. by e. Harrisburg, 191 W. Situated on Fishing cr., and contains 2 stores, and about 40 dwellings.

Orangeville, p-o., Trumbull co., O., 194 n. e. Columbus, 300 W.

Orbisonia, p-o., Huntingdon co., Pa., 81 w. Hamburg, 125 W.

Oregon Territory

Oregon, County, Mo. Situated on the s. border of the state, and contains 1,600 sq. ms. Drained principally by Eleven Points r.

Oregon, p-o., Stocton t., Chautauque co., N. Y, 333 w. by s. Albany, 334 W.

Oregon, v., and capital of Holt co., Mo. Situated on the n. e. side of the Missouri r.

Oregon City, p-v., Ogle co., Ill., 176 n. Springfield, 818 W. Situated on the n. side of Rock r., on an elevated alluvial bottom, 10 ms. above Grand Detour. It has 2 stores and 12 or 15 dwellings.

Orford, p-t., Grafton co., N. H., 60 n. n. w. Concord, 505 W. It lies on the e. side of Connecticut r. The extensive intervals on Connecticut r. are very fertile. It has several ponds. Watered by small streams which flow into Connecticut r., and by the head waters of Baker's r., which flows into Merrimac r. It furnishes extensively a good limestone, and especially a fine kind t soapstone, which is wrought and exported. The v. is on an extended street. A bridge across Connecticut r. connects the t. with Fairlee, Vt. It has 4 stores, cap. $31,000; 2 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 1 pottery, 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,350. 17 sch. 580 scholars. Pop. 1,707.

Orfordville, p-v., Orford t., Grafton co., N. H., 62 n. n. w. Concord, 507 W.

Orient, p-t., Aroostook co., Me., 222 n. e. Augusta, 817 W. Pop. 68.

Orient, p-v., Southold t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 252 s. s. e. Albany, 332 W. Delightfully situated at the head of Oyster Pond harbor, and contains 2 churches, several stores, and about 50 dwellings. This place was, until very recently, called "Oyster Ponds."

Orion, p-t., Oakland co., Mich., 35 n. by w. Detroit, 558 W. It contains several small lakes. Watered by Paint cr. It has 3 stores, cap. $6,500; 2 flouring m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. 27,800. Pop. 769.

Oriskany Creek, N. Y., rises in Madison County, and enters the Mohawk River at Oriskany village, Oneida co. It is a valuable mill stream.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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