American History and Genealogy Project

Oriskany, NY to Otisco, NY

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Oriskany, p-o., Whitestown t., Oneida co., N. Y., 99 n. w. Albany, 397 W.

Oriskany Falls, p-v., Augusta t., Oneida co., N. Y. Situated on both sides of Oriskany cr., which here has a fall of about 30 feet, affording extensive water power. It is on the line of the Chenango canal, and contains 1 church, 2 stores, 1 woolen fac, 2 grist m., 2 saw m., 1 distillery, 1 carding machine, 1 chair and turning fac, 90 dwellings, and about 600 inhabitants.

Orland, p-t., Hancock co., Me., 61 e. by n. Augusta, 657 W. Situated on the E. side of Penobscot r., opposite to Wetmore's island. It contains several large ponds. The soil is fertile, and it possesses great facilities for navigation. Incorporated in 1800. It has 15 sch. 622 scholars. Pop. 1,381.

Orland, p-t., Steuben co., Ia., 190 n. n. e. Indianapolis, 562 W.

Orleans, p-o., Fauquier co., Va., 114 n. by w. Richmond, 63 W.

Orleans, County, Vt. Situated in the n. part of the state, and contains 675 sq. ms. Lake Memphremagog lies partly in its n. part. Drained by Barton, Black and Clyde rivers, which flow into Lake Memphremagog and by the head branches of Missisque and Onion rivers. The surface is level or moderately uneven; soil, fertile and easily tilled. In its E. part are many ponds. It lies between the e. and w. range of the Green Mountains. Capital, Irasburg. There were in 1840, neat cattle 18,299, sheep 46,669, swine 9,750; wheat 33,315 bush, produced, rye 2,400, Ind. corn 20,886, buckwheat 20,067, barley 10.997, oats 133,301, potatoes 596,855, sugar 507,446 pounds : 32 stores, cap. $106,400; 1 furnace, 1 forge, 13 fulling m., 4 woolen fac, 11 tanneries, 1 distillery, 19 grist m., 53 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $141,575. 2 acad. 111 students, 122 sch. 3,916 scholars. Pop. 13,634.

Orleans, County, N. Y. Situated in the n. w. part of the state, and contains 372 sq. ms. It is bounded n. by Lake Ontario. The surface is level or gently undulating, with the exception of the Mountain Ridge, which extends across it from e. to w. The soil is loam or gravel, with an intermixture of clay and sand, and is fertile. Drained by Oak Orchard, Johnson's and other creeks, flowing into Lake Ontario. It contains some sulphur and brine springs, and a small quantity of bog iron ore. The Erie Canal passes centrally through it from E. to w. Capital, Albion. There were in 1840, neat cattle 18,123, sheep 69,563, swine 27,933; wheat 701,212 bush, produced, Ind. corn 198,998, buckwheat 10,047, barley 30,723, oats 180,581, potatoes 303,314, hops 1,533 pounds, sugar 150,786; 77 stores, cap. $339,144; 5 furnaces, 12 fulling m., 4 woolen fac, 10 tanneries, 1 brewery, 5 flouring m., 15 grist m., 53 saw m., 4 printing offices, 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac $398,940. 7 acad. 750 students, 163 sch. 8,2-17 scholars. Pop. 25,127.

Orleans, Parish, La. Situated in the s. e. part of the state, and contains 160 sq. ms. The surface is level and marshy, and too low for profitable cultivation, excepting on the margins of the streams. Sugar, cotton, rice and Indian corn, together with an abundance of garden vegetables, and oranges, figs, and peaches, are its chief productions. Capital, N. Orleans. There were in 1840. neat cattle 2,639, sheep 1,807, swine 1,824; Ind. corn 3,100 bush, produced, cotton 10,000 pounds, sugar 10,000; 8 commercial and 375 commission houses, cap. $16,490,000; 1,881 stores, cap. $11,018,225; 32 lumberyards, cap. $67,800; 1 tannery, 2 distilleries, 3 saw m., 18 printing offices, 9 daily, 6 weekly and 2 semi-weekly newspapers. Capital in manufactures, $1,774,200. 2 colleges 165 students, 10 acad. 440 students, 25 sch. 975 scholars. Pop. whites 59,519, slaves 23,450, free col'd 19,226; total 102,193.

Orleans, p-t., Barnstable co., Mass., 95 s. e. Boston, 496 W. It extends across the narrow part of Cape Cod. The surface is moderately uneven; soil, generally sandy and barren. Pleasant bay sets up from the ocean on the e. side of the cape, and contains several islands belonging to this t. It contains 4 churches, Congregational, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Universalist. The inhabitants are extensively employed in the fisheries, and the manufacture of salt. It has 10 stores, cap. $16,400; 4 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $5,800. 10 sch. 765 scholars. Pop. 1,974.

Orleans, t.., Jefferson co., N. Y., 12 n. Watertown, 172 n. n. w. Albany. The surface is gently undulating; soil, a fertile clay and loam, under-laid by limestone. Drained by Chaumont and Perch rivers. It has 5 stores, cap. $13,100: 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac $3,100. 11 sch. 271 scholars. Pop. 3,001.

Orleans, p-v., Phelps t., Ontario co., N. Y., 190 w. Albany, 355 W. Situated on Flint cr., and contains 2 churches, 3 stores, 1 flouring m., 1 saw m., 1 plaster m., 1 distillery, 1 tannery, 1 clothier's works, 40 dwellings, and about 300 inhabitants.

Orleans, p-o., Alleghany co., Md.

Orleans, p-o., Greenville dist., S. C.

Orleans, p-v., Orange co., Ia., 86 s. by w. Indianapolis, 625 W. It contains 3 stores, 1carding machine, 2 tanneries, 40 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants.

Orne's Store, p-o., Bledsoe co., Tenn., 125 e. s. e. Nashville, 5S4 W.

Orono, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 75 n. e. Augusta, 670 W. Situated on the w. side of Penobscot r., opposite to the great falls. The soil is fertile, adapted to wheat. Watered by Pushaw r., which issues from Pushaw pond, a large body of water in its w. part. Marsh island m Penobscot r., containing 5,000 acres, belongs in part to this t. It possesses great water power, and has numerous saw m. Incorporated in 1806 A railroad, 12 ms. long, extends from Bangor to the village of Stillwater in this t., and to Oldtown v. in Oldtown t,., which cost $350,000. It has 6 stores, cap. $6,500; 2 lumber yards, cap. $1,600; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 36 saw m. Cap. manufac. $10,780. 4 sch. 350 scholars. Pop. 1,521.

Oronoko, t., Berrien co., Mich. It has 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,100. Pop. 335.

Orrington, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 70 n. e. Augusta, 666 W. Penobscot r. bounds it on the w. The soil is fertile, adapted to wheat. The v. is pleasantly situated on Penobscot r., which affords facilities for navigation. A small stream flows across it into the Penobscot, Bill affords water power. It has 2 stores, cap $5,000; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 flouring m., 6 saw m. Cap in manufac $32,700. 10 sch. 64. scholars. Pop. 1,580.

Orrstown, p-o., Franklin co., Pa., 39 w. s w. Harrisburg, 106 W.

Orrsville, p-v., Pine t., Armstrong co., Pa. 192 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 246 W.

Orrsville, p-o., Mecklenburg co., N. C,. 170 w. s. w. Raleigh, 409 W.

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Orrville, p-o., Gwinnett co., Ga., 101 n. w. Milledgeville, 649 W.

Orwell, p-t., Rutland co., Vt., 79 s. w. Montpelier, 463 W. It is bounded w. by Lake Champlain, and lies opposite to Ticonderoga, N. Y., and contains Mount Independence, both celebrated in the revolutionary war. The width of the lake between them, is about 80 rods. At Sholes landing, 1 m. s., it is only 40 rods wide, though its general width opposite the t. is 1 m. Drained by East cr. and Lenonfair r., which afford water power. The surface in a portion of the s. part is broken and hilly, but generally level, and very fertile. It is one of the best farming towns in the state. Chartered in 1763, but not settled until 1783. It contains 1 Congregational, and 1 Baptist church. It has 3 stores, 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,400. 10 sell. 473 scholars. Pop. 1,504.

Orwell, p-t., Oswego co., N. Y., 148 w. n. w. Albany, 333 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly loam. Drained by Salmon r. and its tributaries. It has 2 stores, cap. $5,400; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $5,850. 9 sch. 205 scholars. Pop. 808.

Orwell, p-t., Bradford co., Pa., 146 n. Harrisburg, 256 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly loam. Watered by Wysox cr. and its tributaries. It has 1 store, cap. $7,000; 1 woolen fee, 2 tanneries, 1 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,880. 8 sch. 325 scholars. Pop. 1,037.

Orwell, p-t., Ashtabula co., O., 185 n. e. Columbus, 325 W. Organized in 1826. It has 4 sch. 112 scholars. Pop. 459.

Orwigsburg, p-b., capital of Schuylkill co., Pa., 62 n. E. Harrisburg, 172 W. Situated near a small cr. which flows into the Schuylkill r. It stands on a rising ground, in a valley surrounded by lofty hills, capable of cultivation to the top. It contains a court house and public offices if brick, a jail, an academy, and a Lutheran church. Incorporated in 1813. It has 7 stores, ap. $26,000; 1 tannery, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $8,500. 2 acad. 87 students, 2 sch. 80 scholars. Pop. 779

Osage, r., Mo., rises in the Indian territory, and flows into the state of Mo., and after a winding course, falls into the Missouri r., 133 ms. above the Mississippi. It is 397 yards wide at ts mouth, and navigable for steamboats 200 ms. t has much fertile land on its borders.

Osage, County, Mo. Situated a little s. e. of the centre of the state, and contains 860 sq. ms. Drained by Gasconade r., flowing into the Missouri r., which bounds it on the n. Osage r. bounds it on the n. w. Capital, Alexander.

Osage, p-v., capital of Benton co., Ark.. 200 n, w. by w. Little Rock, 1,161 W. Situated on the n. side of the Arkansas r. It contains a court house, and several stores and 25 dwellings.

Osage, p-o., Crawford co., Mo., 87 s. e. Jefferson City, 911 W.

Osage, t., Carroll co., Ark. It has 4 stores, cap. $9,400; 2 grist m., 1 sch. 25 scholars. Pop. 660

Osborn's Bridge, p-o., Northampton t., Fulton co , N. Y., 58 n. w. Albany, 421 W.

Osborn's Ford, p-o., Scott co., Va., 350 w. by Richmond, 410 W.

Osborn's Hollow, p-o., Chenango t., Broome N. Y., 130 w. s. w. Albany, 306 W.

Osceola, p-v., capital of St. Clair co., Mo., 132 w. Jefferson City, 1,068 W. Situated on the s. side of Osage r. It contains a court house and a few dwellings.

Oscoda, County, Mich. Situated in the n. e. part of the state, and contains 576 square miles. Drained by Au Sable r. (It is unorganized.)

Osh Kosh, p-o., Fond du Lac co., Wis., 118 n. e. Madison, 965 W.

Osnaburgh, p-t., Stark co., O., 129 n. e. Columbus, 308 W. The surface is rolling and hilly, with a growth of oak timber. The v. contains 1 church, 3 stores, 2 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 70 dwellings, and about 400 inhabitants. Pop. 2,333.

Ossabaw Island and Sound, Bryan co., Ga. Situated at the mouth of Ogechee r. The island is low and sandy, and 10 ms. long; and the sound is an inlet between this island and Warren Island, constituting a broad estuary.

Ossian, p-t., Alleghany co., N. Y., 244 w. by s. Albany, 334 W. The surface is undulating; soil, a fertile argillaceous loam. Drained by Canaseraga cr. and its branches. The v. contains 1 church, 2 stores, 1 saw m., 1 tannery, 30 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. There are in the t. 1 fulling m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $5,000; 8 sch. 311 scholars. Pop. 938.

Ossipee, lake and river, Strafford co., N. H., covers about 7,000 acres, in an oval form, and without islands. Its waters are pure, and are discharged through Ossipee r., passing through several ponds into Saco r., Me.

Ossipee, mountains, Strafford co., N. H., extend about 8 ms. toward the e., a little n. of the north part of Winnipiseogee lake, and reaching within 4 ms. of Ossipee lake.

Ossipee, p-t., capital of Carroll co., N. H., 52 N. n. E. Concord, 533 W. Ossipee lake lies partly in its n. e., and Ossipee mountain in its n. w. part. Bear Camp r. passes through it into Ossipee Lake. It has several ponds. Incorporated in 1785. The v. is situated on the w. side of Ossipee lake, and contains a court house and several dwellings. There are in the t. 7 stores, cap. $11,500; 3 tanneries, 5 grist m., 10 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $18,360. 22 sch. 876 scholars. Pop. 2,170.

Osterville, p-v., Barnstable t. and co., Mass., 72 s. s. e. Boston, 477 W. Situated on the e. side of Oyster Bay, and contains a Baptist and Congregational church, and several dwellings.

Oswegatchie, r., N. Y., rises in Herkimer co., and, flowing into St. Lawrence co., pursues a circuitous course, in a n. w. direction, until it enters the St. Lawrence, at Ogdensburg. It is about 120 ms. long.

Oswegatchie, t., St. Lawrence co., N. Y., 16 w. Canton, 200 n. n. w. Albany. The surface is undulating; soil, clay loam, generally well cultivated. Black lake lies partly in this t., and discharges its waters into Oswegatchie r. The St. Lawrence r. bounds it on the n. w. It contains the v. of Ogdensburg. It has 2 commission houses, cap. $3,000; 57 stores, cap. $202,500; 1 lumber yard, 3 furnaces, 3 fulling m., 4 tanneries, 2 printing offices, 1 bindery, 2 weekly news-papers, 2 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $473,400. 19 sch. 662 scholars. Pop. 3,193.

Oswegatchie, p-o., Lewis co., N. Y., 163 n. w. Albany, 462 W.

Oswego, r., N. Y., is formed by the junction of Seneca and Oneida rivers. Seneca r. forms a common outlet of Seneca, Cayuga, Crooked, Canandaigua, Owasco, Skeneateles, and Cross lakes. Oneida r. forms the outlet of Oneida Lake. After the junction, Oswego r. pursues a n. W. course, 24 ms., until it enters Lake Ontario, at Oswego v. The r., for some distance, forms the Oswego canal, the falls being overcome by a succession of locks. It affords extensive water power. At its mouth is the commodious harbor of Oswego, which has been much improved by artificial structures. It has falls near its mouth, which prevent its being navigated at all by vessels from the lake.

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Oswego, County, N. Y. Situated in the n. part of the state, on Lake Ontario, and contains 923 sq. ms. Drained by Oswego r., Salmon r., and numerous small streams, flowing into Lake Ontario, which bounds it on the n. w. Oneida lake lies on its s. E. border. The Oswego canal passes down the E. bank of Oswego r. Surface, level, or gently undulating; the soil is well adapted to grain and to grazing. Capitals, Oswego and Pulaski. There were in 1840, neat cattle 35,369, sheep 63,842, swine 39,233; wheat 138,602 bush, produced, rye 1,676, Indian corn 189,327, buckwheat 41,618, barley 11,061, oats 215,177, potatoes 599,137, sugar 264,980 pounds; 7 commercial and commission houses, cap. $246,000; 107 stores, cap. 8366,225; 3 lumber yards, cap. $11,000; 6 furnaces, 16 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 25 tanneries, 10 flouring m., 29 grist m., 135 saw m., 2 oil m., 1 paper fac, 5 printing offices, 5 weekly newspapers. Capital in manufactures $895,066. 5 acad. 468 students, 325 sch. 12,193 scholars. Pop. 43,619.

Oswego, p-v., port of entry, and semi-capital of Oswego co., N. Y. It lies on both sides of Oswego r., at its entrance into Lake Ontario, in the towns of Oswego and Scriba, 160 w. n. w. Albany, 373 W. Incorporated in 1828. It is regularly and handsomely laid out with streets 100 feet wide, crossing each other at right angles. The two parts of the village are connected by a bridge, 700 feet long, which cost $6,000. It has a court house, a custom house, 2 banks, with an aggregate capital of $400,000, an insurance company, an incorporated academy, and a flourishing female seminary, 5 churches, 2 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, besides a Bethel congregation. It has great facilities for commerce. The Oswego canal, 38 miles, connects it with the Erie Canal at Syracuse. A part of the way the Oswego River constitutes the canal, and has a tow-path on its bank. Next to Sacketts Harbor, Oswego has the best harbor on the s. side of Lake Ontario. The harbor is formed by a pier, or mole, built by the U. S., of wood, filled in with stones, and having stones on the outside, on the lake side. This pier is 1,219 feet in length, with an entrance 250 feet wide. On the end of the w. pier is a light-house, and there is another on the hill, on the e. side of the r., near the fort. The water within the pier has a depth of from 10 to 20 feet, and the harbor is spacious and safe. There are owned at this place 6 steamboats and 70 schooners, averaging 100 tons burden, and a large number of canal-boats. The canal-boats are generally built in a very substantial manner, with decks, capable of being towed through the lake. A considerable portion of the trade between New York and the west passes through Oswego and the Welland canal, in Canada, around the Falls of Niagara. The salt from Salina, destined to the west, mostly passes this way. The tonnage of Oswego, in 1840, was 8,346. Oswego possesses great manufacturing facilities. A feeder dam, 7½ feet high, three fourths of a mile above the village, furnishes an abundance of surplus water, which is taken from the canal, with a fall of 19 feet, on the e. side of the r. A canal has also been constructed on the w. side, 62 feet wide and 7 feet deep, at a cost of $75,000, which has a fall at the village of 19 feet. Various manufacturing establishments now exist, and many more might be accommodated. The t. of Oswego had in 1840, mostly in the v. of Oswego, 3 commercial and 4 commission houses in for trade, cap. $246,000; 32 retail stores, cap. $92,150; 2 lumber yards, cap. $4,000; 2 tanneries, 5 flouring m., 2 grist m., 6 saw m., 3 printing offices, and 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $323,135. 17 sch. 1,039 scholars. Pop. 4,665; of the v. of Oswego, 4,500. As a considerable portion of the v. of Oswego lies in the township of Scriba, part of the following statistics of that t. belong to the v. of Oswego. 2 stores, cap. $5,500; 1 lumber yard, cap. $7,000; 1 tannery, 4 flouring m., 3 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $172,816. 17 sch. 1,047 scholars. Pop. 4,051. Daily lines of steamboats, for the conveyance of passengers, run between Oswego and Lewiston, Kingston, Canada, Sacketts Harbor, and Ogdensburgh, stopping at the intermediate places. On the e. side of the r., near the lake, a tract of land has been ceded to the United States, on which is situated Fort Oswego, for the defense of the harbor, which occupies the site of an old fort of the same name, celebrated in the colonial wars, and which was given up by the British treaty of 1794. The town, with the fort, fell into the hands of the British during the late war; but they were expelled from it, 12 hours afterward, with loss.

The surface of Oswego t. is mostly level; soil, sandy loam, of medium quality. Watered by Oswego r. Drained by several small streams flowing into Lake Ontario, which bounds it on the n.

Oswego, t, Potter co., Pa. It has 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $380. Pop. 101.

Oswego, p-v., Kosciusko co., Ia., 133 n. Indianapolis, 603 W.

Oswego, p-v., Kane co., Ill., 171 n. n. e Springfield, 760 W.

Otego, cr., N. Y., rises in Burlington, Otsego co., and empties into the e. branch of Susquehanna r. It affords good water power.

Otego, p-t., Otsego co., N. Y., 22 s. w. Cooperstown, 86 w. Albany, 340 W. The surface if partly hilly, with extensive flats along the Susquehanna r.; soil, clay and sandy loam. Drainer by Otsdawa cr. and Susquehanna r. The v. contains 3 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal and 1 Baptist, 7 stores, 1 tannery, 50 dwellings and about 300 inhabitants. There are in the t. 5 stores, cap. $20,500; 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 2grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $13,500. 15 sch. 571 scholars. Pop. 1,919.

Otis, t., Hancock co., Me. It contains severe large ponds, the outlets of which flow into Blue hill bay, and one which discharges its waters into Penobscot r. It has 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 4 sch. 48 scholars. Pop. 83.

Otis, p-t., Berkshire co., Mass., 15 s. e. Lenox 119 w. Boston, 368 W. The surface is uneven and broken, and difficult of tillage; the soil well adapted to grazing. Drained by head branches of Farmington and Westfield rivers, has 3 stores, cap. $5,100; 1 forge, 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $29,912. 1 acad. 20 students, 10 sch. 305 scholars. Pop. 1,177.

Otisco, lake, N. Y., lies in the w. part of Onondaga co., is 5 miles long and 2 wide and discharges its waters by Nine Mile cr. into Onondaga Lake. The cr. affords water power.

Otisco, p-t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 15 s. Syracuse, 133 w. by n. Albany, 335 W. The surface is hilly; soil, clay loam, and generally well cultivated. Otisco lake lies on its w. border. Drained by Nine Mile cr., the outlet of the lake. The v. contains 1 church, 2 stores, 20 dwellings, and about 100 inhabitants. It has 2 stores, capital $6,000; 2 tanneries, 1 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $6,900. 16 sch. 782 scholars. Pop. 1,906.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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