American History and Genealogy Project

Port Deposit, MD to Potts Grove, PA

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Port Deposit, p-v., Cecil co., Md., 63 n. e. Annapolis, 78 W. Situated on the e. side of Susquehanna r., at the lower falls, 5 ms. above Havre de Grace, at the mouth of the r.

Port Elizabeth, p-v., Maurice River t., Cumberland co., N. J., 73 s. s. w. Trenton, 184 W. Situated on Manamuskin cr. near its entrance into Maurice r., 14 ms. from Delaware bay. It contains a Baptist church, an academy, 4 stores, 1 glass fac, 4 grist m., 3 saw m. in the vicinity, and 100 dwellings. Vessels of 120 tons come to the place, and wood and lumber are extensively exported.

Porter, County, Ia. Situated in the n. w. part of the state, and contains 415 sq. ms. Lake Michigan bounds it on the n. The land on the lake is elevated and barren; but level and more fertile s. Drained by Calumic r. and Coffee and Salt creeks. On Kankakee r., which runs on its s. border, the land is marshy. Capital, Valparaiso. There were in 1840, neat cattle 3,002, sheep 1,188, swine 7,220; wheat 30,712 bush, produced, Ind. corn 60,444, buckwheat 1,740, oats 53,312, potatoes 17,673, sugar 16,406; 4 stores, cap. $4,500; 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. §21,600. 8 sch. 182 scholars. Pop. 2,162.

Porter, p-t., Oxford co., Me., 86 s. w. Augusta, 543 W. Ossipee r. bounds it on the s., and N. H. on the w. Incorporated in 1807. It is the s. w. town in the co. It has 1 tannery, 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $100. 7 sch. 483 scholars. Pop. 1,133.

Porter, t., Niagara co., N. Y., 16 n. w. Lockport, 7 n. Lewiston, 300 W. Albany. The surface is level; soil, sandy and argillaceous loam. Drained by Tuscarora cr., flowing into Lake Ontario, which bounds it on the n. Niagara r. bounds it on the w. In the extreme n. w. part of the t., at the mouth of the r., stands old Fort Niagara, and directly opposite, on the Canada side, stands Fort George. It contains Youngstown v. Fort Niagara was taken by the British in Dec. 1813, and delivered up in March, 1815. It has 11 stores, cap. $41,015; 1 tannery, 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,495. 1 acad. 22 students, 8 sch. 481 scholars. Pop. 2,177.

Porter, t., Delaware co., O. Watered by Walnut cr. It has 4 sch. 66 scholars. Pop. 678.

Porter, t., Scioto co., O. It has 4 sch. 132 scholars. Pop. 1,015.

Porter, t, Jefferson co., Pa. It has 1 store, cap. $3,000; 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,000. Pop. 977.

Porter, t., Cass co., Mich. It has 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,152. 1 sch. 40 scholars. Pop. 556.

Porterfield, p-o., Venango co., Pa., 206 w. N. w. Harrisburg, 278 W.

Porter Ridge, p-o., Susquehanna co., Pa.

Porter's, p-o., Carroll co., Md., 53 n. n. w. Annapolis, 63 W.

Porter's Corners, p-o., Greenfield t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 43 n. n. w. Albany, 413 W.

Porter's Ferry, p-o., Early co., Ga., 221 s. w. Milledgeville, 868 W.

Porter's Swamp, p-o., Columbus co., N. C, 117 s. Raleigh, 405 W.

Portersville, p-v., Montville t., New London co., Ct., 55 s. E. Hartford, 361 W.

Portersville, p-v., Muddy Creek t., Butler co., Pa., 218 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 260 W. It contains a store, and about 12 dwellings.

Portersville, p-v., Tipton co., Tenn., 214 w. s. w. Nashville, 894 W.

Portersville, p-v., Dubois co., Ia., 124 s. s. w Indianapolis, 664 W. Situated on the s. bank of the e. fork of White r. It was formerly the capital of the co.

Port Gibson, p-v., Manchester t., Ontario co N. Y., 189 w. Albany, 337 W. Situated on the Erie canal, and contains 1 church, 4 stores, 1 warehouse, 1 distillery, 25 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.

Port Gibson, p-v., capital of Claiborne co. Miss., 45 n. Natchez, 72 s. w. Jackson, 1,082 W. Situated on Pierre Bayou, 30 ms. above its entrance into Mississippi r.

Port Glasgow, p-o., Huron t., Wayne co. N. Y., 186 w. n. w. Albany, 366 W.

Port Henry, p-v., Moriah t., Essex co. N Y., 118 n. Albany, 489 W. Situated on the w. side of Lake Champlain, and has a good steam-boat landing. It contains 1 church, 1 female seminary, 3 stores, 35 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. An iron company, incorporated in 1840, have 2 blast furnaces, cupola furnace, and 1 machine shop. Excellent iron ore is found abundantly in the vicinity.

Port Homer, p-v., Jefferson co., O.

Port Hudson, p-v., E. Feliciana par., La, 146 n. w. New Orleans, 1,030 W.

Port Huron, p-t., St. Clair co., Mich., 59 .n e. Detroit, 583 W. The v. is situated at the confluence of Black r. and St. Clair r., 2 miles from Lake Huron, and contains 12 stores, 1 steam saw m., a steam flouring m., 1 tannery, a printing, office, which issues a weekly newspaper. Its business is considerable, particularly in lumber There are in the t. 4 sch. 75 scholars. Pop. 1,113.

Port Jackson, p-v., Florida t., Montgomery co., N. Y., 33 w. n. w. Albany, 400 W. Situated on the s. side of Mohawk r., on the Erie and contains 1 church, 5 stores, 40 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants.

Port Jefferson, p-v., Brookhaven t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 202 s. s. e. Albany, 282 W. Situated, at the head of Drowned Meadow harbor, and contains 50 dwellings and about 300 inhabitants employed chiefly in ship building and navigation

Port Jervis, p-v., Deerpark t., Orange co. N Y., 117 s. s. w. Albany, 264 W. Situated on the n. e. side of Delaware r., on the Delaware and Hudson canal. It contains 2 churches, 4 stores. 1 grist m., 30 dwellings, and about 250 inhabit ants.

Port Kendall, p-o., Kendall t., Orleans co. N. Y.

Port Kent, p-v., Chesterfield t., Essex co., N Y., 12 s. Plattsburg, 151 n. by E. Albany, 581 W. Situated on the w. side of Lake Champlain and contains 1 church, 3 stores, 2 warehouses, 3l dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. A steam ferry-boat runs between this place and Burlington, Vt.

Portland, city, port of entry, and capital of Cumberland co., Me., is situated on a peninsula at the western extremity of Casco bay, and is in 43° 39' n. lat., and 7° 20' w. Ion., from Greenwich, and 6° 45' e. from Washington. It is 54 ms. n. n. e. from Portsmouth, 50 s. s. e. Augusta 110 n. n. E. from Boston, 545 n. e. from w. The population in 1800 was 3,677; in 1810, 7,169 in 1820, 11,581; in 1830, 12,601; in 1840, 15,316 Engaged in commerce, 397; in manufacture and trades, 1,032; navigating the ocean, 726 in the learned professions, &c, 101. It extend 3 miles from east to west, and has an averaging width of three fourths of a mile. The city presents a beautiful appearance from the sea, as rises like an amphitheatre between two hills, is regularly laid out, and handsomely built, and has some fine public buildings, among which are a court house, a spacious city hall, a jail, and 16 churches. It has also a custom house, 6 banks, a theatre, and an athenaeum, containing a library of about 4,000 volumes. It has a light-house on a point at the entrance of the harbor, called Portland Head, which is of stone, 72 feet high, built in 1790. On an eminence, on which Fort Sumner formerly stood, there is an observatory, 70 feet high, which commands a fine view of the harbor and its islands. The harbor, which is among the best in the United States, is easy of entrance, spacious, and safe, being protected by elands at its entrance from the violence of storms. It is rarely obstructed much by ice. It is defended on opposite sides of the ship channel by forts Preble and Scammel, on islands a mile and 1 half from the light-house. It is well situated for trade, having an extensive back country. There were in 1840, 40 commercial and 8 commission houses, with a cap. of $658,500; 256 retail stores, with a cap. of $574,450; 2 lumber yards, cap. $4,000; fisheries, cap. $11,300; machinery produced, $3,000; 1 furnace, cap. $5,000; 2 tanneries, cap. $9,000; 2 potteries, cap. $4.000; 2 ropewalks, cap. $18,000; 9 printing offices, 5 binderies, 2 daily, 7 weekly, 3 semi-weekly newspapers, and 3 periodicals, employed 94 persons, and a cap. of $34,500. Total capital in manufac. $215,350. 11 acad. and gram. sch. 1,118 students, 12 com. sch. 1,976 scholars. The tonnage of this city in 1840 was 50,135, and that of the coasting trade about 20,000 tons. The principal articles of export are lumber and fish, with beef, butter, &c. The facilities of communication which this city enjoys have been considerably increased by the Oxford canal, which extends from it 20 miles to Sebago pond; and, by a lock in Songo River, is extended into Brady and Long ponds, 30 miles further. The trade of the city is chiefly with the West Indies and Europe, and its coasting trade primarily, though not exclusively, with Boston. With the latter place it is connected by railroad. Portland was formerly a part of Falmouth, and 130 houses, constituting two thirds of the village, were laid in ashes by the British, in October, 1775. It was incorporated with its present name in 1786, and received a city charter in 1832.

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Portland, p-t., Middlesex co., Ct., 15 s. Hartford, 327 W. Recently taken from the n. part Chatham. Connecticut r. bounds it on the w.,

Portland, p-t., Chautauque co., N. Y., 7 s. Maysville, 332 w. by s. Albany, 352 W. Lake Erie bounds it on the n. The surface is hilly; soil, argillaceous and sandy loam. Its streams, which are small, flow into Lake Erie. It has a good harbor. It has 2 stores, cap. $9,500; 1 fulling, 2 tanneries, 1 distillery, 2 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $21,282. 14 sch. 716 scholars. Pop. 2,136.

Portland, p-v., Dallas co., Ala., 94 s. s. e. Tuscaloosa, 869 W. Situated on s. side of Alabama r.

Portland, t., Erie co., O. Situated on the s. ore of Sandusky bay, and contains Sandusky City. It has 18 stores, cap. $40,500; 6 commission houses, cap. $35,000; 1 printing office, 1 bindery, 1 weekly newspaper, 1 flouring m. Cap. manufac. $7,000. 4 sch. 200 scholars. Pop. 33.

Portland, p-t., Ionia co., Mich. 123 w. n. w. Detroit, 617 W. It has 2 stores, cap. $3,800; 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,200. 2 sch. 75 scholars. Pop. 511.

Portland, p-v., Jefferson co., Ky., 52 w. Frankfort, 598 W. Situated on Ohio r., immediately below Louisville.

Portland, p-v., Fountain co., Ia., 74 w. n. w. Indianapolis, 645 W. Situated on Wabash r. It contains 1 church, 5 stores, various mechanic shops, and about 200 inhabitants.

Portland, p-v., Whitesides co., Ill., 177 n. by w. Springfield, 860 W.

Portland, p-v., Van Buren co., Iowa.

Portland, p-v., Callaway co., Mo., 31 e. n. e. Jefferson City, 915 W.

Portland Mills, p-o., Putnam co., Ia., 51 w. Indianapolis, 623 W.

Port Leon, p-v., Leon co., Flor., 22 s. Tallahassee. Situated on the e. side of Wakulla r. It contains 150 buildings, principally warehouses.

Port Mahon, p-v., Huntington co., Ia., 114 n. n. e. Indianapolis, 562 W.

Port Ontario, p-v., port of entry, Kirkland t., Oswego co., N. Y., 170 w. n. w. Albany, 392 W. Situated on Salmon r., at its entrance into the e. end of Lake Ontario. It contains 1 church, 1 store, 3 forwarding houses, 40 dwellings, and about 300 inhabitants. It has a good harbor, protected by a pier, built by the government of the U. S.

Port Penn, p-v., Newcastle co., Del., 39 n. Dover, 134 W. Situated on the w. side of Delaware r., opposite to Reedy island.

Port Republic, p-v., Atlantic co., N. J., 81 s. Trenton, 191 W.

Port Republic, p-v., Calvert co., Md., 51 s. by w. Annapolis, 81 W.

Port Republic, p-v., Rockingham co., Va., 121 n. w. Richmond, 140 W.

Port Royal, p-v., Juniata co., Pa., 46 w. Harrisburg, 134 W.

Port Royal, p-v., Henry co., Ky.

Port Royal, p-v., Montgomery co., Tenn., 43 n. w. Nashville, 725 W. Situated on the s. side of Sulphur creek, at its entrance into Red r., a branch of Cumberland r.

Port Sheldon, p-v., Ottowa co., Mich., 200 w. n. w. Detroit, 681 W. Situated on Lake Michigan, at the mouth of Pigeon cr.

Portsmouth, p-t., and port of entry in Rockingham co., in N. H., is situated in 43° 5' n. lat., and 70° 45' w. Ion., from Greenwich, and 6° 23' e. Ion. from Washington. It is 14 miles e. n. e. from Exeter, 24 n. from Newburyport, 45 e. s. e. from Concord, 54 s. s. w. from Portland, 54 n. from Boston, and 493 from W. The population in 1810 was 6,934; in 1820, 7,327; in 1830, 8,082; in 1840, 7,887. It is the largest town and the only seaport in the state, situated on a peninsula on the s. side of the Piscataqua r., 3 ms. from the ocean. The situation is pleasant and healthy, the land rising gradually from the harbor. It is well built, and many of the houses are elegant. It has a fine harbor, with 40 feet of water in the channel at low tide, and is protected by its islands and headlands from storms. The Piscataqua, opposite the t., is from one half to three fourths of a mile wide; and the tide, which here rises 10 feet, flows with so rapid a current as to keep the harbor free from ice. The main channel is on the E. side of Great island, or Newcastle, and is defended by Fort Constitution, on Great island, and Fort McClary, in Kittery, opposite. There are also Fort Sullivan and Fort Washington on two other islands, which are not garrisoned in time of peace. There is also an entrance on the s. side of Great Island, called Little Harbor, but the water is shallow. There is a light-house on Great Island. This island contains 458 acres, and constitutes the t. of Newcastle, and it is connected to Portsmouth by a bridge, erected in 1821. Portsmouth is also connected to Kittery by 2 bridges, one of which is 1,750, and the other 480 feet in length. On Navy Island, which is on the e. side of the r., and within the bounds of Maine, though it is owned by the general government, is a navy yard belonging to the United States, which has every convenience for the construction of vessels of the largest class. Good water is brought into the town, and distributed through the streets, from the distance of 3 miles, by a company, formed in 1799. Portsmouth contains much wealth, and has considerable trade, though its back country is somewhat, limited. Much of the trade of the state flows to Portland, and more, probably, through the Merrimac River and Middlesex canal to Boston. This will furnish a reason why the population has diminished during the last 10 years. Among the public buildings are 8 churches, 7 banking houses, a court house, 2 market houses, an academy, an athenaeum, an almshouse, and the state lunatic hospital. The Episcopal church is a spacious and elegant brick edifice, from the cupola on which there is a fine view of the town, the river, the islands, and the sur-rounding country. The Atheneum, a very flourishing institution, was incorporated in 1817, and has a library of more than 5,000 volumes, besides cabinets of minerals and of natural history.

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Ship building and other manufactures are carried on to a considerable extent. The cod and other fisheries are actively prosecuted, and Ports-mouth has considerable foreign and coasting trade. The tonnage of the port in 1840 was 27,375. There were in 1840, 18 foreign commercial and 6 commission houses, with a capital of $1,251,500; 137 retail stores, with a capital of $278,500; 6 lumber yards, cap. $11,000; fisheries, cap. $10,600; 4 furnaces, cap. $46,000; 1 woolen factory, cap. $30,00 ); 5 tanneries, cap. $15,700; 2 distilleries, cap. $5,000; 2 flouring m., 2 grist m., 1 saw m., total cap. $15,000; 1 ropewalk, cap. $6,000; 3 printing offices, 3 binderies, 2 weekly newspapers, employed 18 per-sons, and a cap. of $9,100. Total cap. in manufac. $187,101. 3 acad. 188 students, 16 common sch. with 2,222 scholars.

This town was first settled in 1623 and was incorporated by charter in 1633. It suffered less than most other places from the attacks of the savages in early times. Surrounded on three sides by water, the neck which connects it with the main land was defended by a stockaded fence, by means of which savage aggression was easily resisted. This place has been at different times severely visited by fires. In December, 1802, 102 buildings were burned; in December, 1806, 14 buildings, including St. John's Episcopal Church, were destroyed; in December, 1813, a more desolating fire swept over 15 acres, destroying 397 buildings, of which 100 were dwelling houses. The parts which were burned in these fires have generally been rebuilt with brick, in an improved form.

Portsmouth, p-t., Newport co., R. I., 7 n. w. Newport, 24 s. e. Providence, 417 W., occupy-ing the n. part of the island of Rhode Island. The surface is moderately elevated; soil, a fer-tile gravelly and argillaceous loam, adapted to grass and to grain, and well cultivated. Being surrounded by water on 3 sides, it enjoys great facilities for navigation, and its fisheries are valuable. Its vessels are chiefly employed in the coasting trade. It contains 2 churches. Coal and plumbago are found. Several adjoining islands are attached to this t., the largest of which is Prudence, 6 miles long and three fourths of a mile wide, the soil of which is excellent. Ports-mouth is connected with Tiverton by a bridge, and with Bristol by a ferry. There are in the L. 4 stores, cap. $15,500; 2 lumber yards, cap. $3,500; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 5 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $11,925.

Portsmouth, p-v , port of entry, with Norfolk, and capital of Norfolk co., Va., 105 e. s. e. Rich-mond, 213 W. Situated on the w. side of Elizabeth r., at its mouth, opposite to Norfolk, 1 mile distant, and has one of the best harbors in the United States. Ships of the largest class come to its wharves. It contains a court house, jail, 5 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, a branch of the Bank of Virginia, a Masonic hall, a theatre, a military academy, 50 stores, and 6,500 inhabitants. A United States navy yard, dry-dock, and naval hospital, are located at Gosport, a suburb of Portsmouth. By means of the Portsmouth and Roanoke railroad, and the Wilmington railroad, a daily line of communication is formed with Charleston.

Portsmouth, p-v., capital of Scioto co., O., 90 s. Columbus, 424 W. Situated on the e. bank of Scioto r., at its entrance into Ohio r., and at the termination of the Ohio canal. It contains a court house, market house, jail, 3 or 4 churches, a bank, a steam saw m. and grist m., 1 flouring m., 1 rolling and slitting m., 1 nail fac, 1 iron foundry, 1 carding machine, a printing office, 25 or 30 stores, 7 commission warehouses, numerous mechanic shops, 200 dwellings, and about 1,500 inhabitants. As a place of business, its situation is commanding. Iron ore, mineral coal, and fine building stone, are found abundantly in the vicinity.

Portsmouth, p-v., Carteret co., N. C. Situated on the n. end of Core bank, near Ocracoke inlet. Chiefly inhabited by fishermen and pilots.

Port Tobacco, p-v., capital of Charles co., Md., 72 s. w. Annapolis, 32 W. Situated at the head of a bay which sets up from Potomac r., into which a small r. empties. It contains a court house, jail, a church, several stores, 120 dwellings, and about 600 inhabitants.

Portville, p-t., Cattaraugus co., N. Y., 24 e. Ellicottville, 296 Albany. The surface is broken; soil, sandy loam. Drained by Alleghany r. and its branches. It has 1 store, cap. $4,000; 1 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $18,100. 5 sch. 130 scholars. Pop. 462.

Port Washington, p-v., Salem t., Tuscarawas co., O., 99 e. n. e. Columbus, 318 W. Pleasantly situated on the Ohio canal, adjoining the Tuscarawas r. It contains 2 or 3 stores, 4 warehouses, various mechanic shops, 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants. A fine bridge here crosses the Tuscarawas r.

Port William, p-o., Franklin co., Mo.

Posey, county, Ia. Situated in the s. w. corner of the state, and contains 450 sq. ms. Ohio r. runs on its s. border, and Wabash r. on its w border. Drained by Big and Flat creeks. The surface is undulating; soil, fertile. Capital, Mount Vernon. There were in 1840, neat cattle 9,973, sheep 9,521, swine 35,818; wheat 55,103 bushels produced, rye 1,821, Indian corn 607,799, barley 1,500, oats 66,157, potatoes 7,811; 28 store. $253,500; 4 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 7 flouring m. 10 grist m., 9 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $9y,030. 10 sch. 300 scholars. Pop. 9,633.

Posey, t., Clay co., Ia. It has 5 stores, capita, $4,850; 2 tanneries, 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap in manufac. $4,200. 2 sch. 68 scholars. Pop 1.201

Posey, t., Harrison co., Ia. It has 3 flouring m., 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 academy 90 student Pop. 1,374.

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Posey, t., Fayette co., Ia. It has 2 schools 46 scholars. Pop. 1,113.

Posey, t., Rush co., Ia. It has 2 sch. 50 scholars. Pop. 735.

Posey, t., Washington co., Ia. It has 8 stores, cap. $8,000; 1 flouring m., 1 grist m. 1 saw m., 4 sch. 90 scholars. Pop. 1,591.

Posey, t., Switzerland co., Ia. It has 145 scholars in schools. Pop. 2,103.

Post Mills Village, p-v., Orange co., Vt., 39 s. by e. Montpelier, 503 W.

Post Oak Springs, p-o., Roane co., Tenn., 136 e. by s. Nashville, 545 W.

Posts Corners, p-o., Southport t., Chemung co., N. Y., 201 w. s. w. Albany, 277 W.

Postsville, p-v., Jefferson co., Va.

Postville, p-v., Russia t., Herkimer co., N. Y., 98 n. w. Albany, 413 W. It contains 1 store, 2 saw m., 1 tannery, and about 20 dwellings.

Postville, p-v., capital of Logan co., Ill., 39 n. e. Springfield. Situated on the n. side of Salt cr., a branch of Sangamon r., and contains a court house, 3 stores, and several dwellings.

Poteau, r., Ark., rises in Scott co., and running n., chiefly in the Indian ter., enters Arkansas r. at Fort Smith.

Potfcuse, p-o., Northampton co., N. C, 155 n. e. Raleigh, 224 W.

Potomac, r., Md. and Va., rises in 2 branches, the n. and the s , in and near the Alleghany mountains, and forms, through nearly its whole course, the boundary between Virginia and Maryland. It is 550 miles long, and enters Chesapeake Bay between Point Lookout and Smith's point, by a mouth 10 miles wide. At Alexandria it is 1 mile and a quarter wide, 290 miles from the ocean. It is navigable for ships of the line to the navy-yard in Washington, 300 miles from the sea, and 3 miles below the head of tide water. Above this it is obstructed by numerous falls and rapids. Little falls are 3 miles above Washington, with a descent of 37 feet, around which is a canal, 2i miles long with 3 locks. Great falls are 8i miles above this, and descend perpendicularly 76 feet, around which is a canal of 5 locks. Six miles above are Seneca Falls, with a descent of 10 feet. Shenandoah falls, 60 miles above, are at the passage of the river through the Blue Ridge. Houre's falls are 5 miles above. Canals have been constructed around all these falls. From the mouth of Savage river, which enters the Potomac at Westport, to Cumberland, 31 miles, the fall is 445 feet; from Cumberland to the Shenandoah falls, 130 miles, the fall is 490 feet; at the Shenandoah the fall is 43 feet in 5 miles; from the Shenandoah to Great falls, 40 miles, 39 feet; and thence to tidewater 12 miles, 143 feet. The whole descent from the mouth of Savage River to tidewater, 219 miles, is 1,160 feet. The principal places on the e. side of the river are George-town, Washington, Port Tobacco, and Leonard Town; on the w. side, Harpers Ferry and Alexandria. Its principal tributary is the Shenandoah, 200 miles long, and navigable 100 miles, which enters it on the s. side from Virginia, immediately before its passage through the Blue Ridge. This passage is a great curiosity. Of it Mr. Jefferson says, "the passage of the Potomac through the Blue Ridge is, perhaps, one of the most stupendous scenes in nature. You stand on a very high point of land. On your right comes up the Shenandoah, having ranged along the foot of the mountain a hundred miles to seek a vent. On your left approaches the Potomac, in quest of a passage also. In the moment of their junction, they rush together against the mountain, rend it asunder" (referring to a possible event of former times) "and pass off to the sea." His whole description is sublime and beautiful, of a scene, which he pronounces "worth a voyage across the Atlantic" to behold. The Potomac is 42 feet deep at its mouth, 30 at St. George's Island, and 18 feet at Swan's point, and thence to Alexandria.

Poton Valley, p-o., Scott co., Ark., 133 w. by n. Little Rock, 1,203 W.

Potosi, p-v., capital of Washington co., Mo., Ill e. s. e. Jefferson City, 879 W. Situated in the centre of one of the richest mineral regions in the United States, abounding with lead, iron, and copper ores. It contains a court house, jail, an academy, 4 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, and about 500 inhabitants.

Potosi, p-v., Grant co., Wis.

Potsdam, p-t., St, Lawrence co., N. Y., 212 n. n. w. Albany, 496 W. The surface is undulating; soil, sandy loam, and very productive. Watered by Racket and Grass rivers. The v. is situated on Racket r., at the falls, and contains 4 churches, St. Lawrence academy with 2 four-story edifices, 10 stores, 1 satinet fac, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 2 clothiers' works, 1 oil m., 2 machine shops, 1 pocket furnace, 1 trip-hammer works and forge, 120 dwellings, and about 800 inhabitants. There are in the t. 12 stores, cap. $34,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 furnace, 3 tanneries, 4 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $63,955. 1 acad. 280 students, 36 sch. 1,363 scholars. Pop. 4,473.

Potter, County, Pa. Situated in the n. part of the state, and contains 1,110 sq. ms. Drained by head branches of Alleghany r., Tioga r., and Genesee r., and of the w. branch of the Susquehanna r., and Pine, Kettle, Sinnemahoning, and Driftwood creeks. The surface is elevated; soil, loam. Coal and iron are found. Much of the co. is unsettled. Capital, Coudersport. There were in 1840, neat cattle 3,315, sheep 4,960, swine 2,330; wheat 11,410 bush, produced, rye 2,363, Ind. corn 6,091, buckwheat 3,818, oats 24,759, potatoes 60,571, sugar 103,199 pounds; 6 stores, cap. $11,700; 1 tannery, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 8 grist m., 30 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $150,480. 23 sch. 476 scholars. Pop. 3,371.

Potter, p-t., Yates co., N. Y., 201 w. Albany, 326 W. The surface is uneven; soil, gravelly loam, and fertile. Drained by Flint cr. It has 7 stores, cap. $18,300; 2 fulling m., 1 furnace, 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $25,375. 14 sch. 830 scholars. Pop. 2,245.

Potter, t., Centre co., Pa., 10 s. e. Bellefonte, 71 n. w. Harrisburg, 170 W. The surface is mountainous; soil, calcareous loam. It has 2 stores, cap. $8,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 5 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $41,000. 8 sch. 240 scholars. Pop. 1,787.

Potter's Hollow, v., Rensselaerville t, Albany co., N. Y. It contains 1 Friends church, 2 stores, 20 dwellings, and about 125 inhabitants.

Potter's Mills, p-v., Potter t., Centre co., Pa., 73 n. w. Harrisburg, 165 W.

Pottersville, p-o., Chester t., Warren co., N. Y., 87 n. by w. Albany, 462 W.

Pottersville, p-v., on the line of Readington and Tewksbury ts., Hunterdon co., N. J., 48 n. n. w. Trenton, 222 W. It contains a store and a few dwellings.

Pottersville, p-o., Columbiana co., O., 143 e. n. e. Columbus, 299 W.

Pottersville, p-v., Louisa co., Va., 47 n. n. w. Richmond, 89 W.

Potts Grove, t., Montgomery co., Pa. Schuylkill r. bounds it on the s. The surface is hilly; soil, red shale. Watered by Manatawny cr. and Sprogel's run. It has 1 store, cap. $5,000; 2 furnaces, 2 forges, 1 tannery, 1 flouring m., 5 grist m., 3 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $10,400. Pop. 1,361.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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