American History and Genealogy Project

Raby, OH to Randolph, LA

Page 556

Raby, p-o., Lawrence co., O.

Rabun, County, Ga. Situated in the n. e. part of the state, and contains 330 sq. ms. The Blue Ridge passes along its e. border. Drained by Turoree and Chatuga Rivers, and their branches, which unite in the s. point of the co., to form Tugaloo r. It is an elevated table land. Capital, Clayton. There were in 1840, neat cattle 2,790, sheep 2,024, swine 8,526; wheat 1,452 bush, produced, rye 1,635, Ind. corn 62,521, oats 13,151, potatoes 4,734, tobacco 3,208 pounds; 3 stores, cap. $5,000; 1 tannery, 13 distilleries, 23 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,000. 4 sch. 131 scholars. Pop. whites 1,828, slaves 84; total, 1,912.

Racoon, t., Gallia co., O., 94 s. e. Columbus. Organized in 1806. Watered by Racoon cr. It has 5 stores, cap. $3,250; 2 tanneries, 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,200. Pop. 1,610.

Racoon, island, p-o., Gallia co., O.

Racoon, p-o., Laurel co., Ky.

Racoon, p-o., Smith t., Washington co., Pa., 220 w. Harrisburg, 245 W.

Racoon Ford, p-o., Culpepper co., Va., 98 n. n. w. Richmond, 89 W. Situated on the bank of Rapid Ann r., 15 ms. above its entrance into the Rappahannock.

Racine, County, Wis. Situated in the s. e. part of the Territory and contains 610 sq. ms. Lake Michigan lies on its E. border. Drained by Des Plaines, Fox, Pike, and Root rivers. The surface is undulating; soil, very fertile. Capital, Racine. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,506, sheep 340, swine 6,459; wheat 36,099 bush, produced, Ind. corn 30,163, buckwheat 3,481, barley 1,796, oats 41,028, potatoes 53,667, sugar 6,051 pounds; 2 commission houses, cap. $2,500; 19 stores, cap. $83,950; 2 grist m., 13 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $24,837. 2 acad. 65 students, 20 sch. 607 scholars. Pop. 3,475.

Racine, p-t., capital of Racine co., Wis., 112 E. by s. Madison, 780 W. Situated at the mouth of Root r., on Lake Michigan. It contains a court house, jail, 10 stores, and about 300 inhabitants. There are in the t. 2 acad. 65 students, 20 sch. 607 scholars. Pop. 3,475.

Race, at the e. end of Long Island sound, between Connecticut shore and Long Island. A reef of deeply sunken rocks, when the tide, which is here rapid, is flowing, gives an agitated appearance to the water.

Racket, r., N. Y., rises in Hamilton co., and flows in a northerly direction through St. Lawrence co., and falls into the St. Lawrence at the N. boundary of the state, opposite to the island of Cornwall, in Canada. It originates in numerous lakes and ponds, and is 145 ms. long.

Racket, r., p-o., Plymouth co., Mass.

Radnor, p-t., Delaware co., O., 32 n. Columbus, 416 W. It is principally settled by emigrants from Wales, and received its name from a place in that country. It has 5 sch. 150 scholars. Pop. 1,174.

Radnor, t., Delaware co., Pa., 13 n. w. Philadelphia. Watered by Darby cr. It contains 3 churches. It has 3 stores, cap. $10,000; 1 lumber yard, cap. $5,000; 2 tanneries, 1 pottery, 4 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $15,000. 3 sch. 122 scholars. Pop. 1,205.

Ragdales Stand, p-o., La Fayette co., Miss., 144 n. n. e. Jackson, 927 W.

Ragged, mts., N. H., is a precipitous range about 10 ms. long, between Merrimac and Grafton counties, in some parts nearly 2,000 feet high.

Ragged Island, t., Lincoln co., Me. Pop. 17

Rahway, p-t., Essex co., N. J., 9 s. w. Newark, 39 n. e. Trenton, 205 W. The surface is level; soil, red shale, and well cultivated. Drained by Rahway r. and its tributaries. The v. is partly in Woodbridge t., Middlesex co. partly in Rahway t., Essex co., on both sides of Rahway r., at the head of tide, 5 miles from its mouth. The v. is in 4 detached parts, and contains 6 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist. 1 Methodist, 2 Friends, (1 orthodox and 1 Hicksite,) and 1 African, the Athenian Academy, with a building 68 feet long and 36 wide, 2 stories high, the Rahway Female Institute, a bank and insurance office, 30 stores, a large sew m., about 400 dwellings, and 2,000 inhabitants. The railroad from Jersey City to Philadelphia passes through the place. There are in the t 1C stores, cap. $21,100; 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 1 paper fac, 14 flouring m., 4 grist m., 5 saw m Cap. in manufac. $355,525. 1 acad. 41 students. 7 sch. 244 scholars. Pop. 2,53a

Page 557

Raibone's Creek, p-o., Laurens dist., S. C, 78 w. n. w Columbus.

Rail Roads. An account of these will be found under the states in which they are located.

Rail Road Plains, p-o., White co., Tenn., 105 e. Nashville, 576 W.

Rainesburg, p-v., Bedford co., Pa., 113 w. Harrisburg, 129 W. It contains 2 stores and about 25 dwellings.

Raine's Store, p-o., Twiggs co., Ga., 35 s. Milledgeville, 683 W.

Rune's Tavern, p-o., Cumberland co., Va., 65 w. Richmond, 155 W.

Rainsboro', p-v., Paint t., Highland co., O., 77 s. w. Columbus, 432 W.

Rainsville, p-v., Warren co., Ia., 90 n. w. Indianapolis, 651 W.

Raisin, r., Mich., rises in Wheatland t., Hillsdale co., and after a very winding course of 130 ms., it enters Lake Erie, 2½ ms. below Monroe. The distance from its source to its mouth, in a direct line, is about 60 miles. It has high and beautiful banks, a rapid current, and affords very extensive water power. Its name was derived from the numerous grape vines which formerly lined its banks.

Raisin, p-t., Lenawee co., Mich. Watered by Raisin r. The soil is fertile, and well adapted to grain. It has 1 distillery, 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $5,000. 1 acad. 27 students, 6 sch. 2S5 scholars. Pop. 1,117.

Raisinville, t., Monroe co., Mich. It has a fertile soil, adapted to grain. Drained by Raisin r. It has 1 paper fac, 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. 837,000. 3 sch. 70 scholars. Pop. 633.

Raleigh, city, Wake co., N. C, and capital of the state, is pleasantly situated, a few miles w. of Neuse r., 27 n. w. Smithfield, the nearest ordinary point of navigation, 123 n. w. Newbern, 60 n. Fayetteville, 164 s. s. w. Richmond, Va., 288 W. 35° 47' n. lat. and 78° 48' w. Ion. It has an elevated and pleasant situation in a healthy country, and is laid out with great regularity. In the centre of the place is Union square, containing 10 acres, from which extend 4 streets, dividing it into 4 quarters. In the centers of these quarters are 4 other squares, of 4 acres each. The 4 largest streets are 99 feet wide, and the others 66. The state house is a superb granite edifice, 166 feet long, 90 feet wide, and surrounded by massive granite columns, 5½ feet in diameter, and 30 feet high. It is after the model of the Parthenon it Athens. It has a splendid dome, and extensive legislative and other apartments, and cost $500,000. The other public buildings are a court house, jail, governor's house, secretary of state's office, a theatre, a market, 2 banks, 5 churches, 1 Episcopal, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, and 400 dwellings. There were in 1840, 43 stores, cap. 119 1,200; 4 printing offices, 2 binderies, 5 weekly and 1 semi-weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. 836,800; 4 acad. 95 students, 2 sch. 3 scholars. Pop. 2,244. The former state house, containing a beautiful marble statue of Washington, by Canova, was burned in 1831.

Raleigh, p-v., capital of Shelby co., Tenn., 20 w. s. w. Nashville, 905 W. Situated on the side of Wolf r., and contains a court house, jail, stores, and about 250 inhabitants.

Raleigh, p-v., capital of Smith co., Miss., 87 e Jackson, 992 W. Situated on a branch of Leaf r. It contains a court house and about 50 inhabitants.

Ralls, County, Mo. Situated toward the n. part of the state, and contains 470 sq. ms. The surface is undulating; soil, fertile. Drained by Salt r. and its branches. Capital, New London. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,440, sheep 6,344, swine 17,245; wheat 23,954 bushels produced, rye 1,524, Ind. corn 240,225, oats 34,148, potatoes 9,366, tobacco 97,119 pounds; sugar 10,984; 9 stores, cap. $48,100; 4 tanneries, 7 distilleries, 1 flouring m., 15 grist m., 11 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $33,960. l acad. 38 students, 9 sch. 243 scholars. Pop. whites 5,450, slaves 1,209, free col'd 11; total, 5,670.

Ralston, p-o., Lycoming co., Pa., 115 n. Harrisburg, 225 W.

Ramah, p-o., Wilkinson co., Ga.

Ramapo, r., N. Y., rises in Orange co., and flows in a southerly direction through a part of Rockland co. into New Jersey, where it empties into the Passaic r. It affords good water power.

Ramapo, t., Rockland co., N. Y., 8 w. New City v., 132 s. Albany. The surface is hilly and mountainous; soil, productive in the valleys. Drained by Ramapo and Saddle rivers, branches of the Passaic. The New York and Erie railroad passes through the t. It has 8 stores, cap. $25,000; 2 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 1 cotton fac. 516 sp., 1 tannery, 2 distilleries, 5 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $17,250. 8 sch. 315 scholars. Pop. 3,222.

Ramapo Works, p-v., Ramapo t., Rockland co., N. Y., 113 s. by w. Albany, 265 W. Situated on Ramapo r., which affords water power. It contains 1 church, 1 store, 1 saw m., 1 grist m., 1 cotton fac, 1 iron foundry, 1 rolling m., 1 nail fac, 1 screw fac, and about 60 dwellings, chiefly inhabited by persons engaged in manufactories.

Ramsaysburg, p-v., Knowlton t., Warren co., N. J., 61 n. by w. Trenton, 216 W. Situated on the E. bank of Delaware r., and contains an Episcopal church, 1 store, and 10 or 12 dwellings.

Ramsey's Mills, p-o., Jefferson co., Ia., 86 s. s. e. Indianapolis, 569 W.

Ramsborough, p-v., Guilford co., N. C, 95 w. n. w. Raleigh, 290 W.

Ranaleburg, p-v., Mecklenburg co., N. C, 174 s. w. Raleigh, 413 W.

Rancocus, cr., N. J., rises in Monmouth co., and flows northwestwardly into Delaware r.

Rancocus, p-o., Burlington co., N. J.

Randallstown, p-v., Baltimore co., Md., 40 n. Annapolis, 50 W.

Randallsville, p-v., Robeson co., N. C, 85 s. s. w. Raleigh, 373 W. Situated on a branch of Lumber r. In the vicinity is Floral College, an institution for young ladies. It contains 3 teachers and about 60 pupils.

Randolph, County, Va. Situated toward the n. w. part of the state, and contains 2,060 sq. ms. Laurel and Cheat mountains run through the co., from s. to n., inclining to the e. Drained by Cheat r. and its branches, on the e. side of the mountains, and by branches of East Fork on the w. side, all of which constitute head branches of Monongahela. r. Capital, Beverly. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,166, sheep 13,818, swine 9,349; wheat. 27,212 bushels produced, rye 6,861, Ind. corn 151.009, buckwheat 5,039, oats 86,784, potatoes 29,732, tobacco 7,280 pounds, sugar 81,240; 10 stores, cap. $65,500; 5 tanneries, 10 distilleries, 42 grist m., 23 saw m. Cap. in manufac $27,259. 5 sch. 108 scholars. Pop. whites 5,799, slaves 216, free col'd 193; total, 6,208.

Randolph, County, N. C. Situated a little e. of the centre of the state, and contains 900 sq. ms. Drained by Deep cr. and its branches, and by branches of Yadkin r. The surface is diversified; soil, fertile. Capital, Ashboro'. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,111, sheep 13,962, swine 25,529; wheat 78,095 bushels produced, rye 1,952, Ind. corn 295,828, oats 47,671, potatoes , 9,607, tobacco 80,790 pounds, cotton 81.533; 23 stores, cap. 847.390; 2 cotton fac. 1.156 sp., 16 tanneries, 40 distilleries, 2 potteries, 24 flouring m., 27 grist m., 33 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 periodical and 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $151,189. 2 acad. 65 students, 2 sch. 32 scholars. Pop. whites 11,107, slaves 1,407, free col'd 361; total, 12,875.

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Randolph, County, Ga. Situated toward the s. w. part of the state, and contains 620 sq. miles. Chattahoochee r. runs on its w. border, and receives Petawlah cr. Drained also by branches of Flint r. Organized in 1828. Capital, Cuthbert. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,834, sheep 327, swine 5,947; wheat 1,276 bushels produced, Ind. corn 63,740, oats 2,301, potatoes 6,513, cotton 327,067 pounds; 4 stores, cap. §8,100; 2 grist m., 1 saw m., 3 sch. 97 scholars. Pop. whites 5,586, slaves 2,679, free col'd 11; total, 8,276.

Randolph, County, Ala. Situated in the e. part of the state, and contains 875 sq. ms. Drained by Tallapoosa r. and Little Tallapoosa r., and their branches. Capital, McDonald. There were in 1840, neat cattle 33,231, sheep 3,356, swine 19,740; wheat 13,426 bushels produced, Ind. corn 918,997, oats 5,031, potatoes 21,541, tobacco 2,239 pounds, cotton 240,540; 11 grist m., 5 saw m., 3 sch. 302 scholars. Pop. whites 4,446, slaves 526, free col'd 1; total, 12,537.

Randolph, County, Ia. Situated in the E. part of the state, and contains 440 sq. miles. Drained by the w. fork of White r., and by Missisinewa r. and their branches. The surface is undulating; soil, very fertile. Organized in 1818. Capital, Winchester. There were in 1840, neat cattle 8,564, sheep 11,444, swine 27,341; wheat 63,639 bushels produced, rye 2,626, Ind. corn 401,291, oats 115,846, potatoes 25,893, tobacco 8,325 pounds, sugar 167,782; 17 stores, cap. $27,800; 8 tanneries, 1 distillery, 2 flouring m., 17 grist m., 20 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $6,080. 25 sch. 610 scholars. Pop. 10,634.

Randolph, County, Ill. Situated in the s. w. part of the state, and contains 540 square miles. Drained by Kaskaskia r. and its branches, and St. Mary, Horse, and smaller creeks, all of which flow into the Mississippi, which bounds it on the s. w. The surface and the soil are various. It is the oldest county in the state, excepting St. Clair. Capital, Kaskaskia. There were in 1840, neat cattle, 16,847, sheep 7,688, swine 25,338 : wheat 56,792 bushels produced, rye 1,042, Indian corn 301,342, oats 76,051, potatoes 18,177, tobacco 11,174 pounds, cotton 5,776, sugar 719; 10 commission houses, cap. .$51,000; 32 stores, cap. $78,820; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 6 tanneries, 4 distilleries, 6 flouring m., 8 grist m., 11 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $89,150. 1 college 50 students, ] acad. 25 students, 14 sch. 403 scholars. Pop. 7,944.

Randolph, County, Mo. Situated n. of the centre of the state, and contains 450 square ms. Drained by the e. fork of Chariton r., and by Silver cr., which flow into the Missouri. The sur-face is level; soil, fertile. Capital, Huntsville. There were in 1840, neat cattle 9.369, sheep 9,443, swine 24,433; wheat 13,693 bush, produced, Ind. corn 371,875, oats 77,172, potatoes 13,187, tobacco 841,204 pounds, sugar 9,067; 20 stores, capital $83,300; 4 tanneries, 10 distilleries, 15 grist m., b saw m. Cap. in manufac. $49,218. 25 sch. 655 scholars. Pop. whites 5,749, slaves 1,437, free col'd 12; total, 7,198.

Randolph, County, Ark. Situated in the n. e. part of the state, and contains 820 square ms. Drained by head branches of Big Black r. Cm. ital, Pocahontas. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,174, sheep 2,586, swine 12,454; wheat 5,843 bush, produced, Ind. corn 86,170, oats 9,940, potatoes 5,761, tobacco 3,150 pounds, cotton 8,156; 6 stores, cap. $3,950; 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 8 distilleries, 9 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,655. 25 schools 655 scholars. Pip. whites 1,973, slaves 216, free colored 7; total, 2, 1%.

Randolph, p-t., Coos co., N. H., 99 n. Concord, 532 W. Situated immediately n. of the White mountains. Chartered in 1772. Drained by the s. branch of Ammonoosuc r., and by a head branch of Israel's r. It contains some good soil. It has 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $400. 3 sch. 35 scholars. Pop. 115.

Randolph, p-t., Orange co., Vt., 23 s. Montpelier, 498 W. The surface is elevated, and not much broken; soil, fertile, and well cultivated. Drained by the second and third branches of White r., which afford water power. The v. occupies a high and commanding situation, and contains a Congregational church, a flourishing academy, several stores, and a considerable number of handsome dwellings. There are in the t. 7 stores, capital $17,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 4 tanneries, 3 grist m., 10 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $33,325. 1 acad. 181 students, 21 sch. 915 scholars. Pop. 2,678.

Randolph, p-t., Norfolk co., Mass., 16 s. Boston, 444 W. The surface is undulating; soil, strong, and productive. Drained by Mantiquot r. which affords water power. A considerable pond lies on its n. w. border. Incorporated from Braintree in 1793. The v. is on an extended street, and contains a Congregational and a Baptist church, a number of stores, and about 100 dwellings. Two ms. e. is a v. which contains a Congregational and a Baptist church, and about 60 dwellings. There is a bank and a third Baptist church in the t. There are in the t. 20 stores, capital $96,400; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $235,985. 1 acad. 90 students, 11 sch. 820 scholars. Pop. 3,213.

Randolph, p-t., Cattaraugus co., N. Y., 313 w. by s. Albany, 336 W. The surface is hilly; soil, well adapted to grazing. Drained by Alleghany r. and its tributaries. The v. contains 1 church, 3 stores, 1 grist m., and several saw m., on little Connewango cr., 35 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. There are in the t. 5 stores, capital $34,500; 2 tanneries, 1 grist m., 13 saw m., in manuf. $292,200. 7 sch. 246 scholars. Pop. 1,283.

Randolph, t., Crawford co., Pa., 12 e. Meadville. It has 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,400. Pop. 1,040.

Randolph, t., Morris co., N. J., 7 n. w Morristown. The surface is mountainous, Schooley 'a mountain occupying its n. part, and Trowbridge mountain crossing the s. part. Drained by Don's branch of Rockaway r. and the sources of Black r. It contains a mine of magnetic iron ore. of an excellent quality, which is extensively wrought. It has 7 stores, capital $20,400; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 furnace, 1 forge, 2 tanneries, 7 distilleries, 1 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $19,570. 7 sch. 267 scholars. Pop. 1,801

Randolph, p-v., Madison co., Tenn., 201 w. s w. Nashville, 884 W.

Randolph, p-t., Portage co., O., 139 n. e. Columbus, 315 W. It has 8 sch. 435 scholars. Pop 1,649.

Randolph, p-o., Bibb co., Ala., 52 s. E. Tuscaloosa, 819 W.

Randolph, p-o., Natchitoches par., La., 388 n w. by w. New Orleans, 1,307 W.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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