Red Oak Grove, VA to Richland, PA
Red Oak Grove, p-o., Charlotte co., Va., 112 s. w. Richmond, 210
Red Plains, p-o., Surry co., N. C, 12S w. n. w. Raleigh, 336 W.
Red, r., La., Ark., &c, is the first large r. which enters the
Mississippi above its mouth, and rises at the base of the range
of the Rocky mountains, near Santa Fe, in Mexico. It is formed
by several head branches, and receives several tributaries, the
largest of which are Blue r. and False Washita. The s. bank of
it forms, for a great distance, the boundary between the United
States and Texas. A greater part of its course is through rich
prairies of a red soil, which colors the water of the r., and
has been the origin of its name. Its shores are covered with
grass, and abound with grape-vines, which produce an excellent
fruit. About 100 ms. above Natchitoches commences what is
denominated the Raft, which consists of a swampy expansion of
the r. to the width of 20 or 30 ms., and has a length of 60 or
70 ms. The r. divides into a great number of channels, many of
which are shallow, and these channels have been obstructed by
fallen trees, brought down by floods from its upper parts. In
some places, the raft covered the whole r., and had grass and
willows growing on the alluvial soil collected on it, and could
be even crossed on horseback, though not without danger. But
more generality the r. appeared between the masses of timber. At
a great expense, this raft has been so far removed by the U. S.
government, that steamboats pass through it. Boats sometimes
pass the raft by leaving the r. above it, in a channel which
flows out of it into some neighboring lake, and following the
outlet of this lake, until it joins the r. below the raft. This
raft has been a serious obstruction, as the r. would otherwise
be navigable for steamboats 400 ms., and the lands on its
borders are highly fertile, and desirable for cultivation for a
great distance above the raft. Below the raft, and 4 ms. above
Natchitoches, the whole volume of the r. is again united, but
very soon divides into many channels, and fills an immense
number of bayous and lakes, that lie parallel to it. In its
lower parts, the main channel of the r. is narrower than above
Red River, t., Lafayette co., Ark. Pop. 631.
Red River, t., White co., Ark. It has 2 grist m.
Red River, p-o., Robertson co., Tenn., 36 n. Nashville, 718 W.
Red River Iron Works, p-v., Estell co., Ky., 74 s. E. Frankfort,
529 W. Situated s. side of Red r., and contains 75 inhabitants.
Red Rock, p-o., Wayne co., Pa., 179 n. e. Harrisburg, 276 W.
Red Shoals, p-o., Stokes co., N. C, 135 w. n. w. Raleigh, 323 W.
Redstone, t., Fayette co., Pa. It has 1 woolen fac, 1
distillery, 1 paper fac, 1 flouring m., 4 grist m., 3 saw m.
Cap. in manufac. $24,695. 2 sch. 59 scholars. Pop. 1,159.
Red Sulphur Springs, p-v., Monroe co., Va., 249 w. Richmond, 286
W. Situated on Indian cr., 40 ms. s. w. of White Sulphur
Springs. It flows from a rock into a quadrangular reservoir,
composed of 4 slabs of white marble, the lower edges of which
rest upon the rock from which the water flows. The reservoir is
6 feet long, 5 wide, and 4h deep, and a red substance covers the
bottom and the lower part of the sides, giving to the water a
red tinge. The water is clear and cool, has a temperature of 54°
of Fahrenheit, and is charged with sulphuretted hydrogen gas,
and several neutral salts. It is on a triangular plain,
surrounded by mountains, and is covered by an octagon building,
the second story of which is used as a chapel. There are 2 large
hotels, and 3 rows of cabins of 2 rooms each, for the
accommodation of families. The hotels are well kept.
Redwood, p-v., Alexandria t., Jefferson co N. Y., 188 n. w.
Albany, 440 W. Situated at the head of Butterfield lake, and
contains 2 stores, 1 large glass fac, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 35
dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.
Redwood Grove, p-o., E. Baton Rouge par., La.
Reed, t., Seneca co., O. It has 1 store. Cap. in manufac. $690.
8 sch. 259 scholars. Pop 1,214.
Reedsborough, t., Bennington co., Vt., 12 s. e. Bennington, 18
s. w. Brattleboro'. The surface is mountainous, being in the
Green mountain range, and much of it is unfit for cultivation.
Watered by Deerfield r. and a considerable branch, which afford
water power. The turn-pike from Bennington to Brattleboro',
across the mountain, passes through its n. part. It has 1 woolen
fac, 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $41,750. 4
sch. 127 scholars. Pop. 767.
Reedsborough City, p-v., Reedsboro' t., Bennington co., Vt., 147
Montpelier, 416 W.
Reedsburg, p-o., Plain t., Wayne co., O., 86 n. n. e. Columbus,
Reed's Corners, p-o., Canandaigua t., Ontario co., N. Y.
Reed's Creek, p-o., Lawrence co., Ark., 110 n. e. Little Rock,
Reeds Mills, p-o., Jackson co., O., 77 s. s. e. Columbus, 373 W.
Reedtown, p-o., Reed t., Seneca co., O., 86 n. Columbus, 408 W.
Reedy Creek, p-o., Sullivan co., Tenn., 283 e. Nashville, 395 W.
Reedy Spring, p-o., Campbell co., Va., 106 w. s. w. Richmond,
Reform, p-o., Effingham co., Ga., 128 e. s. e. Milledgeville,
Reform, p-o., Pickens co., Ala.
Regniers Mills, p-o., Aurelius t., Washington co., O., 106 e. s.
e. Columbus, 307 W.
Rehoboth, p-t., Bristol co., Mass., 40 s. by W Boston, 413 W.
The situation is pleasant, and the soil adapted to tillage.
Watered by Palmer's r., which affords water power. It contains 5
churches, 2 Baptist, 1 Congregational, 1 Reformed Methodist, and
1 Christian. It has 5 stores, cap. $6,600; 2 cotton fac. 1,840
sp, 4 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $30,100. 15 sch. 324
scholars. Pop. 2,169.
Rehoboth, p-v., Somerset co., Md.
Rehoboth, p-v., Lunenburg co., Va., 85 s. w. Richmond, 204 W.
Rehoboth, p-v., Edgefield dist., S. C, 80 w. Columbia, 558 W.
Rehoboth, p-v., Wilkes co., Ga., 88 n. e. Milledgeville, 576 W.
Rehoboth, p-v., Perry co., O., 51 e. by s. Columbus, 358 W. It
contains 2 churches, 3 stores, 2 tobacco warehouses, 1 carding
machine, about 50 dwellings, and 300 inhabitants.
Rehoboth Village, p-v., Rehoboth t., Bristol co., Mass., 44
Boston, 409 W.
Rehobothville, p-v., Morgan co., Ga., 66 n. n. w. Milledgeville,
Rehrersburg, p-v., Tulpehocken t, Berks co., Pa., 55 e.
Harrisburg, 165 W. It contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Lutheran
church, 3 stores, and about 50 dwellings.
Reidsburg, p-v., Armstrong co., Pa., 187 w. n. w. Harrisburg,
Reid Island, p-o., Pulaski co., Va.
Reids Store, p-o., Copiah co., Miss., 52 s. s. e. Jackson, 1,062
Reidsville, p-o., Bern t., Albany co., N. Y., 18 w. Albany, 372
Reidsville, p-v., Rockingham co., N. C, 108 n. w. Raleigh, 277
Reidsville, p-v., capital of Tatnall co., Ga., 162 s. e.
Milledgeville, 773 W. Situated on the w. side of the Great
Ohoopee river, and contains a court house, a store, and about 30
Reiley, p-o., Butler co., O., Ill w. s. w. Columbus, 508 W.
Reinholdsville, p-v., Lancaster co., Pa., 41 e. s. e.
Harrisburg, 139 W.
Reistertown, p-v., Baltimore Co., Md., 17 n. w. Baltimore, 46 n.
Annapolis, 56 W. Situated a few ms. e. of the Patapsco river,
and contains about 100 inhabitants.
Remsen, p-t., Oneida co., N. Y., 18 n. Utica, 100 w. n. w.
Albany, 405 W. The surface is hilly; soil, moderately good.
Drained by Black r. The v. contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Baptist
church, 4 stores, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 60 dwellings, and about
450 inhabitants. It has 6 stores, capital $58,400; 1 tannery, 1
grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,575. 13 sch. 600
scholars. Pop. 1,638.
Renick's Valley, p-o., Greenbrier co., Va.
Rensselaer, County, N. Y. Situated in the r.
part of the state, and contains 626 square ms. Organized in
1791. It is bounded by Hudson r. on the w. The surface is hilly,
interspersed with extensive and fertile valleys. Drained by
Hoosic r., Poestenkill, and Wynantskill, all flowing into Hudson
r., and affording water power. The Albany and West Stockbridge
railroad commences at Greenbush v., and a branch of it is
extending to Troy, to connect with railroads to Schenectady and
Saratoga. Capital, Troy. There were in 1840, neat cattle 32,174,
sheep 134,864, swine 27,916; wheat 21,454 bush, produced, rye
M7,703, Indian corn 329,193, buckwheat 54,767, barley 9,488,
oats 810,333, potatoes 759,346, hops 2,590 pounds, sugar 30,548;
44 commercial and 13 commission houses, cap. $2,274.621; 403
stores, cap. $1,311,913; 19 lumber yards, cap. $206,000; 1
furnaces, 8 forges, 16 fulling m., 13 woolen fac, 21 cotton fac.
54,035 sp., 3 rope fac, 22 tanneries, 1 distillery, 4 breweries,
2 powder m., 1 glass fac, 1 pottery, 18 flouring m., 37 grist
m., 106 saw m., 8 oil m., 4 paper fac, 6 printing offices, 1
periodical, 2 daily, 4 weekly, 1 semi-weekly newspapers. Capital
in manufactures 53,351,233. 12 acad. 546 students, 239 schools
1,512 scholars. Pop. 60,259.
Rensselaer, v., Sand Lake t., Rensselaer co., Y., 17 s. r. Troy.
It contains 3 churches, Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, and 1
Methodist, 3 stores, 1 glass fac, and several saw m. in the
Rensselaer, p-v., capital of Jasper co., Ia. Situated on
Rensselaerville, p-t., Albany co., N. Y., 26 w. Albany, 369 W.
The surface is hilly, and portions of the Catskill mountains
extend into; soil, sandy loam, and generally very fertile,
drained by Catskill and Foxes creeks. The v. situated on Foxes
cr., and contains 4 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1
Baptist, and 1 Methodist, 7 stores, 3 grist m., 1 saw m., 1
clothier's works and carding machine, 1 furnace, 1 machine shop,
1 tannery, 150 dwellings, and about 1,000 inhabitants. There are
in the t. 22 stores, cap. $49,550; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac,
furnace, 9 tanneries, 3 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac.
$144,300. 1 acad. 55 students, 20 sch. 1,188 scholars. Pop.
Republic, p-o., Scipio t., Seneca co., O.
Republican, p-o., Westmoreland t., Oneida co., N. Y.
Republican, p-o., German t., Darke co., O., 91 w. Columbus, 417
Republican, p-o., Columbia co., Ga., 73 e. n. e. Milledgeville,
Republican Grove, p-o., Halifax co., Va., 140 s. w. Richmond,
Reservation, p-o., Alden t., Erie co., N. Y., 272 w. Albany, 378
Reserve, t., Alleghany co., Pa. It has 2 tanneries, 1 paper fac.
Cap. in manufac. $46,000. 3 sch. 175 scholars. Pop. 1,443.
Retreat, p-o., Franklin co., Va., 189 w. s. w. Richmond, 264 W.
Reullurd, p-o., Carroll co., Tenn., 105 w. Nashville, 790 W.
Rexburg, p-o., Essex co., Va., 58 n. e. Richmond, 104 W.
Rexford Flats, p-o., Clifton Park t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 21 n.
w. Albany, 389 W.
Reynoldsburg, p-v., Truro t, Franklin co., O., 11 e. Columbus,
332 W. Situated on the e. bank of Black Lick cr., which affords
good water power. Organized in 1831, and contains 2 churches, 3
stores, about 50 dwellings, and 300 inhabitants.
Reynoldsburg, p-v., capital of Humphrey's co., Tenn., 69 w.
Nashville, 753 W. Situated on the e. side of the Tennessee r. It
contains a court house, jail, 8 stores, and 200 inhabitants.
Reynoldsville, p-v., Hector t., Tompkins co., N. Y., 178 w. by
s. Albany, 311 W. It contains 1 Methodist church, 1 store, 1 saw
m., 1 tannery, 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.
Rhea, County, Tenn. Situated toward the s. e.
part of the state, and contains 440 square ms. Drained by
branches of Tennessee river, which bounds it on the e. Capital,
Washington. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,156, sheep 2,843,
swine 13,386; wheat 19,648 bush, produced, rye 3,851, Indian
corn 248,477, oats 44,760, potatoes 5,689, tobacco 5,305 pounds,
cotton 8,741; 6 stores, cap. $21,500; 1 forge, 7 tanneries, 13
distilleries, 7 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac $16,190. Pop.
whites 3,530, slaves 377, free col'd 28; total, 3,985.
Rhea's Store, p-o., Washington co., Va., 319 w. by s. Richmond,
Rheatown, p-v., Greene co., Tenn., 263 e. Nashville, 427 W.
Situated a few miles n. of the Nolichucky r.
Rhinebeck, p-t., Dutchess co., N. Y., 55 s. Albany, 315 W. The
surface is mostly level on the w., rolling on the e. The flats
near the centre are easily cultivated, and very productive.
Hudson r. runs on its w. border. Drained by Landtman's cr. The
v. is pleasantly situated 2 miles from the landing on Hudson r.
Incorporated in 1826, and contains 3 churches, an academy, 12
stores, 1 iron foundry, 1 paper m., 1 grist m. on Landtman's
cr., 200 dwellings, and about 1,200 inhabitants. There are in
the t. 9 stores, capital $41,500; 3 lumber yards, cap. $7,000; 1
tannery, 1 paper fac, 1 flouring m., 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap.
in manufac. $33,300. 4 sch. 27 scholars. Pop. 2,629.
Rhinebeck Landing, v., Rhinebeck t., Dutchess co., N. Y.
Situated on the e. side of Hudson r., where steamboats land and
receive passengers several times daily, and a steamboat with
freight barges plies to New York. It contains 2 stores and about
State of Rhode Island
Rhodes, p-o., Skeneateles t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 148 w. by n.
Albany, 350 W.
Riblet's, p-o., Richland co., O., 63 n. n. e. Columbus, 388 W.
Riceborough, p-v., Liberty co., Ga., 32 s. s. w. Savannah, 194
s. e. Milledgeville, 696 W. Situated on Newport river. It
contains a court house, jail, several stores, 15 dwellings, and
about 100 inhabitants. Sloops come up to the t. 20 ms. from the
Rice City, p-v., Coventry t., Kent co., R. I.,
19 w. by s. Providence, 381 W. It contains a Baptist church.
Rice Creek, p-o., Calhoun co., Mich., 112 w. Detroit, 577 W.
Rice Cross Roads, p-o., Bath co., Ky., 82 e. Frankfort, 490 W.
Rice Cross Roads, p-o., Panola co., Miss., 177 n. Jackson, 945
Rice's Landing, p-o., Greene co., Pa., 200 w. by s. Harrisburg,
Rice's Store, p-o., Westmoreland co., Va., 70 n. e. Richmond,
Riceville, p-o., Mayfield t., Fulton co., N. Y., 56 n. w.
Albany, 420 W.
Richardson's Creek, p-o., Anson co., N. C, 167 s. w. Raleigh,
Richardsonville, p-v., Edgefield dist., S. C, 75 w. Columbia,
Richardsville, p-v., Culpepper co., Va., 79 n. n. w. Richmond,
Richborough, p-v., Bucks co., Pa., 114 e. Harrisburg, 156 W.
Richburg, p-o., Wirt t., Alleghany co., N. Y., 282 w. by s.
Albany, 315 W.
Richfield, p-t., Otsego co., N. Y., 13 n. w. Cooperstown, 72 w.
Albany, 376 W. The surface is elevated and uneven; soil, a
fertile sandy and calcareous loam, generally well cultivated.
Canaderaga lake lies on its e. boundary, into which several
small streams flow. It has 5 stores, cap. $13,070; 1 fulling
m.,4 tanneries, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $15,890.
13 schools 487 scholars. Pop. 1,680.
Richfield, p-o., Juniata co., Pa., 65 n. w. Harrisburg, 159 W.
Richfield, p-t., Summit co., O., 134 n. e. Columbus, 347 W. The
surface is elevated, and moderately uneven; soil, fertile,
adapted to grazing, and well cultivated. There is a v. at the
centre, containing 1 Congregational church, 1 store, various
mechanics, and about 20 dwellings. Three fourths of a mile w. is
another v., contain-ing 1 Methodist and 1 Baptist church, and 15
or 20 dwellings. There are in the t. 1 acad. 26 students, 10
sch. 353 scholars. Pop. 1,108.
Richfield, t., Henry co., O. It has 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac.
$500. 1 school 20 scholars. Pop. 83.
Richfield, t, Huron co., O. It has 13 sch. 471 scholars. Pop.
Richfield, p-t., Lapeer co., Mich. It has 1 saw m. Cap. in
manufac. $4,500. 2 sch. 35 scholars. Pop. 193.
Richfield Springs, v., Richfield t., Otsego co., N. Y. Situated
near the head of Canaderaga lake, and contains 2 churches, 3
stores, 1 grist m., 40 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants.
Here is a celebrated sulphur spring.
Richford, p-t., Franklin co., Vt., 66 n. by w. Montpelier, 567
W. The surface is mountainous; soil, adapted to grazing. Watered
by Missisque r. and its branches. Along the streams is good
arable land. Chartered in 1780. It is bounded n. by Lower
Canada. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,500; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries,
1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,575. 5 sch. 103
scholars. Pop. 914.
Richford, p-t., Tioga co., N.Y., 144 w. s. w. Albany, 295 W. The
surface is uneven, with fertile valleys. Drained by East and
West Owego creeks, which afford water power. The v. is situated
on East Owego cr., and contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Episcopal
church, 3 stores, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 30 dwellings, and about
250 inhabitants. There are in the t. 2 stores, cap. $8,000; 1
fulling m., 1 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $8,230. 340
scholars in schools. Pop. 939.
Rich Fork, p-o., Davidson co., N. C, 109 w. Raleigh, 330 W.
Rich Hill, p-o., Butler co., Pa., 221 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 247
Richland, District, S. C. Situated in the
centre of the state, and contains 550 sq. ms. The Wateree r.
bounds it on the e., and the Congaree on the s. w., and they
form a junction at the s. e. angle of the dist. The soil is very
fertile. Capital, Columbia. There were in 1840, neat cattle
8,878, sheep 3,022, swine 14,709; wheat 3,465 bush, produced,
Ind. corn 333,796, oats 63,325, potatoes 42,584,cotton 1,281,989
pounds; 15 stores, cap. $177,300; 1 pottery, 19 grist m., 21 saw
to. Cap. in manufac. $72,800. 1 college, 168 students, 5 acad.
161 students, 14 sch. 366 scholars. Pop. whites 5,326, slaves
10,664, free col'd 407; total, 16,397.
Richland, County, O. Situated toward the n.
part of the state, and contains 900 sq. ms. The surface is
rolling and hilly in its s. and s. e. parts soil, very fertile,
well adapted to grain. Drained by branches of the Mohiccan cr.
and of the Olentangy r. It produces wheat abundantly, and fine
horses and neat cattle. Capital, Mansfield. There were in 1840,
neat cattle 34,930, sheep 79,782, swine 51,440; wheat 506,585
bush, produced, rye 65,854, Ind. corn 484,511, buckwheat 34,727.
bar-ley 9,337, oats 522,209, potatoes 965,784, tobacco 1,070
pounds, sugar 484,335; 67 stores, cap. $17,700; 9 fulling m., 8
woolen fac.,25 tanneries, 5 potteries, 8 flouring m., 74 grist
m., 106 saw m., 2 oil m., 2 printing offices, 1 weekly
newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $146,122. 1 acad. 52 students, 20
sch. 6,635 scholars. Pop. 44,532.
Richland, p-t., semi-capital of Oswego co , N. Y., 155 w. n. w.
Albany, 385 W. It contains a part of the county buildings in the
v. of Pulaski. The surface is diversified; soil, moist clay loam
adapted to grazing. Drained by Salmon r. and some small streams
flowing into Lake Ontario, which bounds it on the w. It has 17
stores, cap. $44,400; 2 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 3 tanneries, 3
grist m., 15 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $32,400. 1 acad.
64 students, 37 sch. 868 scholars Pop. 4,050.
Richland, t., Venango co., Pa. It has 4 stores, cap. $2,900; 1
fulling m., 2 tanneries, 3 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac.
$5,750. Pop. 1,385. Richland, t., Bucks co., Pa., 37 n. w.
Philadelphia. The surface is level; soil, clay. Drained by
Tohickon cr. and its branches. In the s. w. angle of the t. is
the v. of Quakertown, which contains a Friends church and 40 or
50 dwellings. There are in the t. 5 stores, cap. $11,300; 2
tanneries, 3 potteries, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $
14,325. 3 sch. 85 scholars. Pop. 1,781.
Table of Contents
Source: A Complete Descriptive And
Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel
Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith,
This book is a joint project between
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