American History and Genealogy Project

Red Oak Grove, VA to Richland, PA

Page 562

Red Oak Grove, p-o., Charlotte co., Va., 112 s. w. Richmond, 210 W.

Red Plains, p-o., Surry co., N. C, 12S w. n. w. Raleigh, 336 W.

Red, r., La., Ark., &c, is the first large r. which enters the Mississippi above its mouth, and rises at the base of the range of the Rocky mountains, near Santa Fe, in Mexico. It is formed by several head branches, and receives several tributaries, the largest of which are Blue r. and False Washita. The s. bank of it forms, for a great distance, the boundary between the United States and Texas. A greater part of its course is through rich prairies of a red soil, which colors the water of the r., and has been the origin of its name. Its shores are covered with grass, and abound with grape-vines, which produce an excellent fruit. About 100 ms. above Natchitoches commences what is denominated the Raft, which consists of a swampy expansion of the r. to the width of 20 or 30 ms., and has a length of 60 or 70 ms. The r. divides into a great number of channels, many of which are shallow, and these channels have been obstructed by fallen trees, brought down by floods from its upper parts. In some places, the raft covered the whole r., and had grass and willows growing on the alluvial soil collected on it, and could be even crossed on horseback, though not without danger. But more generality the r. appeared between the masses of timber. At a great expense, this raft has been so far removed by the U. S. government, that steamboats pass through it. Boats sometimes pass the raft by leaving the r. above it, in a channel which flows out of it into some neighboring lake, and following the outlet of this lake, until it joins the r. below the raft. This raft has been a serious obstruction, as the r. would otherwise be navigable for steamboats 400 ms., and the lands on its borders are highly fertile, and desirable for cultivation for a great distance above the raft. Below the raft, and 4 ms. above Natchitoches, the whole volume of the r. is again united, but very soon divides into many channels, and fills an immense number of bayous and lakes, that lie parallel to it. In its lower parts, the main channel of the r. is narrower than above the raft.

Red River, t., Lafayette co., Ark. Pop. 631.

Red River, t., White co., Ark. It has 2 grist m.

Red River, p-o., Robertson co., Tenn., 36 n. Nashville, 718 W.

Red River Iron Works, p-v., Estell co., Ky., 74 s. E. Frankfort, 529 W. Situated s. side of Red r., and contains 75 inhabitants.

Red Rock, p-o., Wayne co., Pa., 179 n. e. Harrisburg, 276 W.

Red Shoals, p-o., Stokes co., N. C, 135 w. n. w. Raleigh, 323 W.

Redstone, t., Fayette co., Pa. It has 1 woolen fac, 1 distillery, 1 paper fac, 1 flouring m., 4 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $24,695. 2 sch. 59 scholars. Pop. 1,159.

Red Sulphur Springs, p-v., Monroe co., Va., 249 w. Richmond, 286 W. Situated on Indian cr., 40 ms. s. w. of White Sulphur Springs. It flows from a rock into a quadrangular reservoir, composed of 4 slabs of white marble, the lower edges of which rest upon the rock from which the water flows. The reservoir is 6 feet long, 5 wide, and 4h deep, and a red substance covers the bottom and the lower part of the sides, giving to the water a red tinge. The water is clear and cool, has a temperature of 54° of Fahrenheit, and is charged with sulphuretted hydrogen gas, and several neutral salts. It is on a triangular plain, surrounded by mountains, and is covered by an octagon building, the second story of which is used as a chapel. There are 2 large hotels, and 3 rows of cabins of 2 rooms each, for the accommodation of families. The hotels are well kept.

Redwood, p-v., Alexandria t., Jefferson co N. Y., 188 n. w. Albany, 440 W. Situated at the head of Butterfield lake, and contains 2 stores, 1 large glass fac, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 35 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.

Redwood Grove, p-o., E. Baton Rouge par., La.

Reed, t., Seneca co., O. It has 1 store. Cap. in manufac. $690. 8 sch. 259 scholars. Pop 1,214.

Reedsborough, t., Bennington co., Vt., 12 s. e. Bennington, 18 s. w. Brattleboro'. The surface is mountainous, being in the Green mountain range, and much of it is unfit for cultivation. Watered by Deerfield r. and a considerable branch, which afford water power. The turn-pike from Bennington to Brattleboro', across the mountain, passes through its n. part. It has 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $41,750. 4 sch. 127 scholars. Pop. 767.

Reedsborough City, p-v., Reedsboro' t., Bennington co., Vt., 147 Montpelier, 416 W.

Reedsburg, p-o., Plain t., Wayne co., O., 86 n. n. e. Columbus, 355 W.

Reed's Corners, p-o., Canandaigua t., Ontario co., N. Y.

Reed's Creek, p-o., Lawrence co., Ark., 110 n. e. Little Rock, 1,027 W.

Reeds Mills, p-o., Jackson co., O., 77 s. s. e. Columbus, 373 W.

Reedtown, p-o., Reed t., Seneca co., O., 86 n. Columbus, 408 W.

Reedy Creek, p-o., Sullivan co., Tenn., 283 e. Nashville, 395 W.

Reedy Spring, p-o., Campbell co., Va., 106 w. s. w. Richmond, 192 W.

Reform, p-o., Effingham co., Ga., 128 e. s. e. Milledgeville, 677 W.

Reform, p-o., Pickens co., Ala.

Regniers Mills, p-o., Aurelius t., Washington co., O., 106 e. s. e. Columbus, 307 W.

Rehoboth, p-t., Bristol co., Mass., 40 s. by W Boston, 413 W. The situation is pleasant, and the soil adapted to tillage. Watered by Palmer's r., which affords water power. It contains 5 churches, 2 Baptist, 1 Congregational, 1 Reformed Methodist, and 1 Christian. It has 5 stores, cap. $6,600; 2 cotton fac. 1,840 sp, 4 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $30,100. 15 sch. 324 scholars. Pop. 2,169.

Rehoboth, p-v., Somerset co., Md.

Rehoboth, p-v., Lunenburg co., Va., 85 s. w. Richmond, 204 W.

Rehoboth, p-v., Edgefield dist., S. C, 80 w. Columbia, 558 W.

Rehoboth, p-v., Wilkes co., Ga., 88 n. e. Milledgeville, 576 W.

Rehoboth, p-v., Perry co., O., 51 e. by s. Columbus, 358 W. It contains 2 churches, 3 stores, 2 tobacco warehouses, 1 carding machine, about 50 dwellings, and 300 inhabitants.

Rehoboth Village, p-v., Rehoboth t., Bristol co., Mass., 44 Boston, 409 W.

Rehobothville, p-v., Morgan co., Ga., 66 n. n. w. Milledgeville, 623 W.

Rehrersburg, p-v., Tulpehocken t, Berks co., Pa., 55 e. Harrisburg, 165 W. It contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Lutheran church, 3 stores, and about 50 dwellings.

Reidsburg, p-v., Armstrong co., Pa., 187 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 264 W.

Reid Island, p-o., Pulaski co., Va.

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Reids Store, p-o., Copiah co., Miss., 52 s. s. e. Jackson, 1,062 W.

Reidsville, p-o., Bern t., Albany co., N. Y., 18 w. Albany, 372 W.

Reidsville, p-v., Rockingham co., N. C, 108 n. w. Raleigh, 277 W.

Reidsville, p-v., capital of Tatnall co., Ga., 162 s. e. Milledgeville, 773 W. Situated on the w. side of the Great Ohoopee river, and contains a court house, a store, and about 30 inhabitants.

Reiley, p-o., Butler co., O., Ill w. s. w. Columbus, 508 W.

Reinholdsville, p-v., Lancaster co., Pa., 41 e. s. e. Harrisburg, 139 W.

Reistertown, p-v., Baltimore Co., Md., 17 n. w. Baltimore, 46 n. Annapolis, 56 W. Situated a few ms. e. of the Patapsco river, and contains about 100 inhabitants.

Remsen, p-t., Oneida co., N. Y., 18 n. Utica, 100 w. n. w. Albany, 405 W. The surface is hilly; soil, moderately good. Drained by Black r. The v. contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Baptist church, 4 stores, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 60 dwellings, and about 450 inhabitants. It has 6 stores, capital $58,400; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,575. 13 sch. 600 scholars. Pop. 1,638.

Renick's Valley, p-o., Greenbrier co., Va.

Rensselaer, County, N. Y. Situated in the r. part of the state, and contains 626 square ms. Organized in 1791. It is bounded by Hudson r. on the w. The surface is hilly, interspersed with extensive and fertile valleys. Drained by Hoosic r., Poestenkill, and Wynantskill, all flowing into Hudson r., and affording water power. The Albany and West Stockbridge railroad commences at Greenbush v., and a branch of it is extending to Troy, to connect with railroads to Schenectady and Saratoga. Capital, Troy. There were in 1840, neat cattle 32,174, sheep 134,864, swine 27,916; wheat 21,454 bush, produced, rye M7,703, Indian corn 329,193, buckwheat 54,767, barley 9,488, oats 810,333, potatoes 759,346, hops 2,590 pounds, sugar 30,548; 44 commercial and 13 commission houses, cap. $2,274.621; 403 stores, cap. $1,311,913; 19 lumber yards, cap. $206,000; 1 furnaces, 8 forges, 16 fulling m., 13 woolen fac, 21 cotton fac. 54,035 sp., 3 rope fac, 22 tanneries, 1 distillery, 4 breweries, 2 powder m., 1 glass fac, 1 pottery, 18 flouring m., 37 grist m., 106 saw m., 8 oil m., 4 paper fac, 6 printing offices, 1 periodical, 2 daily, 4 weekly, 1 semi-weekly newspapers. Capital in manufactures 53,351,233. 12 acad. 546 students, 239 schools 1,512 scholars. Pop. 60,259.

Rensselaer, v., Sand Lake t., Rensselaer co., Y., 17 s. r. Troy. It contains 3 churches, Presbyterian, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist, 3 stores, 1 glass fac, and several saw m. in the vicinity.

Rensselaer, p-v., capital of Jasper co., Ia. Situated on Iroquois r.

Rensselaerville, p-t., Albany co., N. Y., 26 w. Albany, 369 W. The surface is hilly, and portions of the Catskill mountains extend into; soil, sandy loam, and generally very fertile, drained by Catskill and Foxes creeks. The v. situated on Foxes cr., and contains 4 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist, 7 stores, 3 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 clothier's works and carding machine, 1 furnace, 1 machine shop, 1 tannery, 150 dwellings, and about 1,000 inhabitants. There are in the t. 22 stores, cap. $49,550; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, furnace, 9 tanneries, 3 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $144,300. 1 acad. 55 students, 20 sch. 1,188 scholars. Pop. 3,705.

Republic, p-o., Scipio t., Seneca co., O.

Republican, p-o., Westmoreland t., Oneida co., N. Y.

Republican, p-o., German t., Darke co., O., 91 w. Columbus, 417 W.

Republican, p-o., Columbia co., Ga., 73 e. n. e. Milledgeville, 612 W.

Republican Grove, p-o., Halifax co., Va., 140 s. w. Richmond, 227 W.

Reservation, p-o., Alden t., Erie co., N. Y., 272 w. Albany, 378 W.

Reserve, t., Alleghany co., Pa. It has 2 tanneries, 1 paper fac. Cap. in manufac. $46,000. 3 sch. 175 scholars. Pop. 1,443.

Retreat, p-o., Franklin co., Va., 189 w. s. w. Richmond, 264 W.

Reullurd, p-o., Carroll co., Tenn., 105 w. Nashville, 790 W.

Rexburg, p-o., Essex co., Va., 58 n. e. Richmond, 104 W.

Rexford Flats, p-o., Clifton Park t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 21 n. w. Albany, 389 W.

Reynoldsburg, p-v., Truro t, Franklin co., O., 11 e. Columbus, 332 W. Situated on the e. bank of Black Lick cr., which affords good water power. Organized in 1831, and contains 2 churches, 3 stores, about 50 dwellings, and 300 inhabitants.

Reynoldsburg, p-v., capital of Humphrey's co., Tenn., 69 w. Nashville, 753 W. Situated on the e. side of the Tennessee r. It contains a court house, jail, 8 stores, and 200 inhabitants.

Reynoldsville, p-v., Hector t., Tompkins co., N. Y., 178 w. by s. Albany, 311 W. It contains 1 Methodist church, 1 store, 1 saw m., 1 tannery, 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.

Rhea, County, Tenn. Situated toward the s. e. part of the state, and contains 440 square ms. Drained by branches of Tennessee river, which bounds it on the e. Capital, Washington. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,156, sheep 2,843, swine 13,386; wheat 19,648 bush, produced, rye 3,851, Indian corn 248,477, oats 44,760, potatoes 5,689, tobacco 5,305 pounds, cotton 8,741; 6 stores, cap. $21,500; 1 forge, 7 tanneries, 13 distilleries, 7 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac $16,190. Pop. whites 3,530, slaves 377, free col'd 28; total, 3,985.

Rhea's Store, p-o., Washington co., Va., 319 w. by s. Richmond, 387 W.

Rheatown, p-v., Greene co., Tenn., 263 e. Nashville, 427 W. Situated a few miles n. of the Nolichucky r.

Rhinebeck, p-t., Dutchess co., N. Y., 55 s. Albany, 315 W. The surface is mostly level on the w., rolling on the e. The flats near the centre are easily cultivated, and very productive. Hudson r. runs on its w. border. Drained by Landtman's cr. The v. is pleasantly situated 2 miles from the landing on Hudson r. Incorporated in 1826, and contains 3 churches, an academy, 12 stores, 1 iron foundry, 1 paper m., 1 grist m. on Landtman's cr., 200 dwellings, and about 1,200 inhabitants. There are in the t. 9 stores, capital $41,500; 3 lumber yards, cap. $7,000; 1 tannery, 1 paper fac, 1 flouring m., 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $33,300. 4 sch. 27 scholars. Pop. 2,629.

Rhinebeck Landing, v., Rhinebeck t., Dutchess co., N. Y. Situated on the e. side of Hudson r., where steamboats land and receive passengers several times daily, and a steamboat with freight barges plies to New York. It contains 2 stores and about 30 dwellings.

State of Rhode Island

Rhodes, p-o., Skeneateles t., Onondaga co., N. Y., 148 w. by n. Albany, 350 W.

Riblet's, p-o., Richland co., O., 63 n. n. e. Columbus, 388 W.

Riceborough, p-v., Liberty co., Ga., 32 s. s. w. Savannah, 194 s. e. Milledgeville, 696 W. Situated on Newport river. It contains a court house, jail, several stores, 15 dwellings, and about 100 inhabitants. Sloops come up to the t. 20 ms. from the ocean.

Rice City, p-v., Coventry t., Kent co., R. I.,

19 w. by s. Providence, 381 W. It contains a Baptist church.

Rice Creek, p-o., Calhoun co., Mich., 112 w. Detroit, 577 W.

Rice Cross Roads, p-o., Bath co., Ky., 82 e. Frankfort, 490 W.

Rice Cross Roads, p-o., Panola co., Miss., 177 n. Jackson, 945 W.

Rice's Landing, p-o., Greene co., Pa., 200 w. by s. Harrisburg, 218 W.

Rice's Store, p-o., Westmoreland co., Va., 70 n. e. Richmond, 129 W.

Riceville, p-o., Mayfield t., Fulton co., N. Y., 56 n. w. Albany, 420 W.

Richardson's Creek, p-o., Anson co., N. C, 167 s. w. Raleigh, 436 W.

Richardsonville, p-v., Edgefield dist., S. C, 75 w. Columbia, 539 W.

Richardsville, p-v., Culpepper co., Va., 79 n. n. w. Richmond, 70 W.

Richborough, p-v., Bucks co., Pa., 114 e. Harrisburg, 156 W.

Richburg, p-o., Wirt t., Alleghany co., N. Y., 282 w. by s. Albany, 315 W.

Richfield, p-t., Otsego co., N. Y., 13 n. w. Cooperstown, 72 w. Albany, 376 W. The surface is elevated and uneven; soil, a fertile sandy and calcareous loam, generally well cultivated. Canaderaga lake lies on its e. boundary, into which several small streams flow. It has 5 stores, cap. $13,070; 1 fulling m.,4 tanneries, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $15,890. 13 schools 487 scholars. Pop. 1,680.

Richfield, p-o., Juniata co., Pa., 65 n. w. Harrisburg, 159 W.

Richfield, p-t., Summit co., O., 134 n. e. Columbus, 347 W. The surface is elevated, and moderately uneven; soil, fertile, adapted to grazing, and well cultivated. There is a v. at the centre, containing 1 Congregational church, 1 store, various mechanics, and about 20 dwellings. Three fourths of a mile w. is another v., contain-ing 1 Methodist and 1 Baptist church, and 15 or 20 dwellings. There are in the t. 1 acad. 26 students, 10 sch. 353 scholars. Pop. 1,108.

Richfield, t., Henry co., O. It has 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $500. 1 school 20 scholars. Pop. 83.

Richfield, t, Huron co., O. It has 13 sch. 471 scholars. Pop. 1,599.

Richfield, p-t., Lapeer co., Mich. It has 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $4,500. 2 sch. 35 scholars. Pop. 193.

Richfield Springs, v., Richfield t., Otsego co., N. Y. Situated near the head of Canaderaga lake, and contains 2 churches, 3 stores, 1 grist m., 40 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. Here is a celebrated sulphur spring.

Richford, p-t., Franklin co., Vt., 66 n. by w. Montpelier, 567 W. The surface is mountainous; soil, adapted to grazing. Watered by Missisque r. and its branches. Along the streams is good arable land. Chartered in 1780. It is bounded n. by Lower Canada. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,500; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,575. 5 sch. 103 scholars. Pop. 914.

Richford, p-t., Tioga co., N.Y., 144 w. s. w. Albany, 295 W. The surface is uneven, with fertile valleys. Drained by East and West Owego creeks, which afford water power. The v. is situated on East Owego cr., and contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Episcopal church, 3 stores, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 30 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. There are in the t. 2 stores, cap. $8,000; 1 fulling m., 1 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $8,230. 340 scholars in schools. Pop. 939.

Rich Fork, p-o., Davidson co., N. C, 109 w. Raleigh, 330 W.

Rich Hill, p-o., Butler co., Pa., 221 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 247 W.

Richland, District, S. C. Situated in the centre of the state, and contains 550 sq. ms. The Wateree r. bounds it on the e., and the Congaree on the s. w., and they form a junction at the s. e. angle of the dist. The soil is very fertile. Capital, Columbia. There were in 1840, neat cattle 8,878, sheep 3,022, swine 14,709; wheat 3,465 bush, produced, Ind. corn 333,796, oats 63,325, potatoes 42,584,cotton 1,281,989 pounds; 15 stores, cap. $177,300; 1 pottery, 19 grist m., 21 saw to. Cap. in manufac. $72,800. 1 college, 168 students, 5 acad. 161 students, 14 sch. 366 scholars. Pop. whites 5,326, slaves 10,664, free col'd 407; total, 16,397.

Richland, County, O. Situated toward the n. part of the state, and contains 900 sq. ms. The surface is rolling and hilly in its s. and s. e. parts soil, very fertile, well adapted to grain. Drained by branches of the Mohiccan cr. and of the Olentangy r. It produces wheat abundantly, and fine horses and neat cattle. Capital, Mansfield. There were in 1840, neat cattle 34,930, sheep 79,782, swine 51,440; wheat 506,585 bush, produced, rye 65,854, Ind. corn 484,511, buckwheat 34,727. bar-ley 9,337, oats 522,209, potatoes 965,784, tobacco 1,070 pounds, sugar 484,335; 67 stores, cap. $17,700; 9 fulling m., 8 woolen fac.,25 tanneries, 5 potteries, 8 flouring m., 74 grist m., 106 saw m., 2 oil m., 2 printing offices, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $146,122. 1 acad. 52 students, 20 sch. 6,635 scholars. Pop. 44,532.

Richland, p-t., semi-capital of Oswego co , N. Y., 155 w. n. w. Albany, 385 W. It contains a part of the county buildings in the v. of Pulaski. The surface is diversified; soil, moist clay loam adapted to grazing. Drained by Salmon r. and some small streams flowing into Lake Ontario, which bounds it on the w. It has 17 stores, cap. $44,400; 2 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 3 tanneries, 3 grist m., 15 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $32,400. 1 acad. 64 students, 37 sch. 868 scholars Pop. 4,050.

Richland, t., Venango co., Pa. It has 4 stores, cap. $2,900; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 3 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $5,750. Pop. 1,385. Richland, t., Bucks co., Pa., 37 n. w. Philadelphia. The surface is level; soil, clay. Drained by Tohickon cr. and its branches. In the s. w. angle of the t. is the v. of Quakertown, which contains a Friends church and 40 or 50 dwellings. There are in the t. 5 stores, cap. $11,300; 2 tanneries, 3 potteries, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $ 14,325. 3 sch. 85 scholars. Pop. 1,781.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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