American History and Genealogy Project

Richland, PA to Ridgefield, CT

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Richland, t., Cambria co., Pa. It has 3 grist m 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $650. 8 sch. 320 scholars. Pop. 1,038.

Richland, p-v., Richland co., O., 82 n. by e. Columbus, 389 W.

Richland, t., Belmont co., O. The surface is rolling; soil, very fertile. It contains the v. of St. Clairsville, the county seat. Soil, very fertile. The national road passes through it from e. to w. It began to be settled several years before the admission of Ohio to the Union as a state. It has 2 acad. 42 students, 12 sch. 294 scholars. Pop. 3,748.

Richland, t., Clinton co., O. It contains the villages of Cedarville, Sabina, and Claysville. There are in the t. 3 stores, cap. $3,500; 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,740. 10 sch. 551 scholars. Pop. 1,385.

Richland, t., Darke co., O. It has 2 sch. 30 scholars. Pop. 577.

Richland, t., Fairfield co., O. It contains the v. of Rushvillle. Pop. 1,992.

Richland, t., Guernsey co., O., 95 e. by n. Columbus. It contains Senecaville, Uniontown, and Point Pleasant villages. Pop. 1,777.

Richland, t., Hancock co., O. It has 5 sch. 135 scholars. Pop. 332.

Richland, t., Henry co., O. It has 3 sch. 80 scholars. Pop. 542.

Richland, t., Holmes co., O. It has 2 stores, ap. 83,800; 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 2 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $7,150. Pop. 1,092.

Richland, t., Jackson co., O. It has 2 stores, cap. $400; 2 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,550. Pop. 548.

Richland, t., Miami co., Ia. It has 1 store, cap. $4,000; 3 sch. 89 scholars. Pop. 362.

Richland, t., Madison co., Ark. Pop. 452.

Richland, t., Phillips co., Ark. It has 2 distilleries, 3 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $4,600. Pop. $530.

Richland, t., Washington co., Ark. It has 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 2 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,351). Pop. 353.

Richland, p-v., Giles co., Tenn., 69 s. Nashille,719 W.

Richland, p-v., Holmes co., Miss.

Richland, p-v., Stewart co., Ga., 127 s. w. Milledgeville, 783 W.

Richland, p-t., Jefferson co., Ark., 70 s. e. Little Rock, 1,124 W. It has 4 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $2,000. Pop. 594.

Richland, p-t., Kalamazoo co., Mich., 135 w. Detroit, 600 W. It consists of a large and beautiful prairie, called Gull prairie. It has 2 stores, Cap. $7,000; 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $150. 1 acad. 20 students, 6 sch. 176 scholars. Pop. 518.

Richland, p-v., Henderson co., Ky., 178 w. by s. Frankfort, 705 W.

Richland, p-v., Rush co., Ia., 51 e. s. e. Indianapolis, 545 W.

Richland, p-v., Sangamon co., Ill.,10 n. Springfield,790 W.

Richland, t., Kalamazoo co., Mich. It has 2 stores, cap. $7,000; 2 saw m. 1 acad. 20 students, sch. 176 scholars. Pop. 518.

Richland, p-o., Greene co., Mo.

Richland Creek, p-o., Washington co., Ark., 9 n. w. Little Rock, 1,198 W.

Richland Hill, p-o., E. Feliciana par., La., 123 n. w. New Orleans, 1,120 W.

Richland's, p-o., Tazewell co., Va., 314 w. Richmond, 369 W.

Richlands, p-o., Onslow co., N. C, 128 s. e. Raleigh, 358 W. It contains a Methodist church, 1 store, and 8 inhabitants.

Richlandtown, p-v., Bucks CO., Pa., 105 e. Harrisburg, 178 W.

Richmond, County, N. Y. Situated in the s. part of the state, and contains the whole of Staten Island. Its area is about 63 sq. ms., and is divided into 4 townships. The surface is broken and hilly. Richmond hill, the highest point, is 307 feet above the level of the ocean. It contains much good land, and valuable fisheries on its coast. It contains several beds of hermetic iron ore, and other minerals. It has strong fortifications at the Narrows. Steamboats run to New York many times daily. Capital, Richmond. There were in 1840, neat cattle 2,517, sheep 136, swine 3,180; wheat 18,989 bush, produced, rye 8,865, Ind. corn 36,347, buckwheat 4,238, barley 5,819, oats 33,793, potatoes 47,712; 49 stores, cap. $58,870; cap. invested in the fisheries, $36,000; 1 dyeing and printing establishment, 1 tannery, 14 flouring m., 8 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $272,415. 1 acad. 25 students, 14 sch. 604 scholars. Pop. 10,965.

Richmond, County, Va. Situated in the e. part of the state, and contains 200 sq. ms. Rappahannock r. bounds it on the s. w. Capital, Richmond C. H. There were in 1840, neat cattle, 6,996, sheep 4.738, swine 14,329; wheat 43,224 bush, produced, rye 1,014, Ind. corn 231,493, oats 25,920, potatoes 5,434, tobacco 5,738 pounds, cotton 9,252; 12 stores, cap. $27,200; 8 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $15,850. 9 sch. 170 scholars. Pop. whites 3,092, slaves 2,363, free col'd 510; total, 5,963.

Richmond, County, N. C. Situated in the s. part of the state, and contains 540 sq. ms. Great Pedee r. runs on its s. w. border, and Lumber r. on its e. border. Drained by branches of Little Pedee r. Capital, Rockingham. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,653, sheep 7,226, swine 18,841 j wheat 20,347 bush, produced, rye 1,649, Ind. corn 247,169, oats 12,942, potatoes 31,171, tobacco 4,715 pounds, cotton 1,794,154; 8 stores, cap. $27,804; 1 cotton fac. 1,000 sp., 1 tannery, 13 flouring m., 40 grist m., 15 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $72,718. 6 acad. 219 students, 8 sch. 233 scholars. Pop. 1830, 9,326; 1840, whites 4,693, slaves 3,880, free col'd 336; total 8,909.

Richmond, County, Ga. Situated in the E. part of the state, and contains 384 sq. ms. Savannah r. runs on its n. e. border, and Brier cr. on its s. w., by branches of which it is watered. The railroad from Augusta to Decatur crosses its N. part. Capital, Augusta. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,149, sheep 753, swine 10,797; wheat 1,670 bushels produced, Ind. corn 183,015, oats 1,912, potatoes 28,079, cotton 692,275 pounds; 265 stores, cap. $1,281,870; 12 commission houses, cap. $245,000; 2 furnaces, 2 cotton fac. 2,000 sp., 1 flouring m., 15 grist m., 18 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 periodicals, 2 daily, 4 weekly, and 2 semi-weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $182,500. 8 acad. 224 students, 4 sch. 36 scholars. Pop. whites 5,650, slaves 6,096, free col'd 186; total, 11,932.

Richmond, p-t., Lincoln co., Me., 15 s. by w. Augusta, 585 W. Situated on the w. side of Kennebec r. A mill stream passes through it to the s., and enters the Kennebec at Merrymeeting bay. Incorporated in 1823. It has some navigation, and vessels are built here. It has 12 stores, cap. $22,850; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $31,000. 1 acad. 50 students, 9 sch. 472 scholars. Pop. 1,604.
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Richmond, p-t., Cheshire co., N. H., 61 s. w. Concord, 424 W. Situated on the s. border of the state. The surface is mostly level soil, moderately fertile. Drained by branches of Ashuelot r. A pond in its s. part flows into Millers r. Chartered in 1752. It has 15 sch. 418 scholars. Pop. 1,165.

Richmond, p-t., Chittenden co., Vt., 13 s. e. Burlington, 27 w. n. w. Montpelier, 513 W. Onion r. runs on its n. border. Huntington r. runs through it. These streams afford water power. The surface is uneven, with extensive and fertile flats along the streams. At the centre is a church with 16 sides, with a neat steeple rising from the centre, and which is occupied by several denominations. The stage road from Burlington to Montpelier passes along the n. side of Onion r. It has 3 stores, cap. $5,100; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 2 tanneries, 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,800. 8 sch. 210 scholars. Pop. 1,054.

Richmond, p-t., Berkshire co., Mass., 142 w. Boston, 369 W. It occupies a fertile valley, 3 ms. wide, with mountains on the e. and w. The soil is fertile and well cultivated. Drained by a branch of Housatonic r. It has 4 stores, cap. $12,000; 1 tannery, 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,000. 1 acad. 9 students, 5 sch. 183 scholars. Pop. 1,097.

Richmond, t., Washington co., R. I., 30 s. s. Providence. The surface is uneven; soil, a gravelly loam, well adapted to grazing. Wood r. runs on its w. border, and Charles r. on the s., several branches of which water the interior, and all afford good water power. Stonington railroad passes through the s. e. corner of the t. It has 2 fulling m., 3 woolen fac, 6 cotton fac. 7,038 sp., 1 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $113,400. 2 sch. 50 scholars. Pop. 1,361.

Richmond, t., Ontario co., N. Y., 14 w. Canandaigua, 209 w. Albany. The surface is hilly; soil, clay loam. Honeoye lake lies partly in the s. part. Drained by its outlet N. It has 6 stores, cap. $33,600; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 3 tanneries, 1 distillery, 2 flouring m., 1 grist m., 3 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $54,600. 1 acad. 25 students, 14 sch. 641 scholars Pop. 1,937.

Richmond, p-v., capital of Richmond co., N. Y., 159 s. by w. Albany, 237 W. Pleasantly situated near the centre of Staten Island, and contains a court house and jail, 1 Presbyterian and 1 Episcopal church, 3 stores, 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.

Richmond, t., Crawford co., Pa. It has cap. in manufac. 8900. 5 sch. 90 scholars. Pop. 771.

Richmond, t., Tioga co., Pa. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,800; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 9 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $13,350. 2 sch. 82 scholars. Pop. 742.

Richmond, t., Berks co., Pa. The surface is level; soil, calcareous loam and gravel, fertile and well cultivated. It contains 2 churches, common to Lutherans and Presbyterians. Watered by Moslem creek, which affords water power. Iron ore is found on the border of Maiden creek t., adjoining. It has 5 stores, cap. $16,600; 1 furnace, 4 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $12,000. Pop. 1,997.

Richmond, p-v., Lower Mount Bethel t., Northampton co., Pa., 119 e. n. e. Harrisburg, 212 W. Situated on a small stream, 2 miles w. of Delaware r. It contains 2 stores, 2 tanneries, and about 25 dwellings.

Richmond, city and port of entry, and capital of Henrico co., and of the state of Virginia, is situated on James r., at the lower falls, at the head of tidewater, and is in 37° 30' n. lat., and 77° 31' w. Ion. from Greenwich, and 0° 27' w. Ion. from W. It is 23 miles n. from Petersburgh; and 117 s. by w. from W. The population in 1800 was 5,737; in 1810, 9,785; in 1820, 12,067 in 1830, 16,060; in 1840, 20,153. It is beautifully located on the w. side of the r., between 50 and 60 miles above City Point, and 150 miles above the mouth of the river. It is directly opposite to Manchester, to which it is connected by 2 bridges. The situation is healthy and highly picturesque. The deaths do not exceed 1 in 85 of the population, annually. Shockoe and Richmond hills stand opposite to each other and Shockoe creek, an active stream, passes between them; and the city is spread over these hills, and along the margin of the creek. The elevations present many picturesque views of the city, of James r., and of the surrounding country. The city contains about 1,400 houses, a large proportion of which are of brick, with slated roofs. The city is regularly laid out, the streets generally crossing each other at right angles. The city plat covers an area of about three and a half square miles, but a moderate portion of which is yet covered with buildings. The houses arc neat and convenient, and many of them are elegant. In the western division of the city, on an elevated plain, denominated Shockoe Hill, stands the capitol. It has a very commanding situation, in the centre of a beautiful public square, of an oblong form, containing about 8 acres, ornamented with grass plats and graveled walks. It is a spacious and elegant building, surrounded on 3 sides by a lofty portico of the Ionic order. In the center of a spacious hall, in the middle of the building, stands a marble statue of Washington, executed in Paris. Near it is a marble bust of Lafayette. In one angle of Capitol Square stands the City Hall, decorated at each end by a fine Doric portico of 4 columns. On the eastern part of Capitol Square is a house erected for the residence of the governor of the state. In another angle of the same square is the county court house. In the western suburbs of the city is the State Penitentiary, a large building, in the form of a hollow-square, 300 feet long and 110 feet broad, with several acres of ground connected with it. In the suburbs of the city, on the n., is the Almshouse, a spacious building, surrounded by extensive grounds. The other public buildings are a county and city jail, an orphan asylum, a theatre, a museum, 2 markets, an armory 320 by 29J feet, an academy, and a Masonic hall. The city is supplied by water, winch is elevated by water power, and 2 forcing pumps, into 3 large reservoirs, containing 1,000,000 gallons each, from which it is distributed over the city, and forms a great resource in case of fire, as well as a supply for the inhabitants. The cost of these works was about $120,000.

There are two banks in the city. There are 16 churches, of which the Episcopalians have 6, the Presbyterians 3, the Baptists 3, the 3 Methodists 3, the Roman Catholics, Friends, Unitarians, one each, and the Jews have a synagogue. Some of the churches are large and elegant buildings.

Richmond is well situated for commerce. V easels drawing 10 feet of water come to Rockets, about a mile below the centre of the city , and those drawing 15 feet to Warwick, 3 miles below the city. The falls in James r. are obviated by the canal, and above them it is navigable for boats 220 miles. Regular lines of packets connect this city with New York and other places, and it is connected by steamboats to Norfolk. The principal articles of exportation are wheat, flour, and tobacco. The exports amount to about $3,000,000 annually. The tonnage of this port in 1840, was 6,911.

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The manufactures of Richmond are also extensive. The falls of the James river afford a water power of unlimited extent. There were in 1840, 17 foreign commercial and 29 commission houses, cap. $3,062,000; 256 retail stores, cap. $1,646,450; 3 lumber yards, cap. $24,000; 4 furnaces, and 8 forges, &c, cap. $317,900; machinery produced amounted to $128,000; 1 cotton fac. 5,810 sp., cap. $175,000; tobacco manufactories, capital $192,250; 1 paper fac, cap. $75,000; 21 flouring m., 2 grist m., 3 saw m., total cap. $61,000; 8 printing offices, 1 bindery, 2 daily, 6 weekly, and 2 semi-weekly newspapers, and 1 periodical, cap. $48,700. Total cap. in manufac. $1,372,950. 1 college 63 students, 13 acad. 753 students, 14 sch. 673 scholars.

Richmond was founded by an act of the legislature of the state, in 1742; and the seat of government was removed from Williamsburg to this place in 1780. In 1787 it contained about 300 houses. The canal around the falls of James river, which has added so much to the commercial advantages of Richmond, was completed in 1794. December 26th, 1811, the theatre of Rich-mond took fire, during an exhibition, when 600 persons were present, of whom 66 white persons and 6 people of color lost their lives. Among the former was George William Smith, Esq., the governor of the state. To commemorate this sad event, an Episcopal, denominated the Monumental Church, has been erected on the spot. It is an octangular building, two sides projecting and forming wings; and it has a monument in front.

Richmond, p-v., Dallas co., Ala., 104 s. Tuscaloosa, 879

Richmond, p-v., capital of Madison par., La., 200 n. w. New Orleans. Situated on the w. side of the Roundaway Bayou, at its junction with Brushy Bayou, 10 ms. w. of the Mississippi r. It contains a court house and a few dwellings.

Richmond, p-v., Bedford co., Tenn., 70 s. Nashville, 694 W.

Richmond, p-v., capital of Madison co., Ky., 18 s. e. Frankfort, 546 W. Situated on a small branch of Kentucky r. It contains a court house, jail, 8 stores, and 822 inhabitants.

Richmond, p-v., Salem t., Jefferson co., O., 11 w. Steubenville, 134 e. by n. Columbus, 275 W. t contains 1 large brick church, 4 stores, a printing office, 60 dwellings, and about 400 inhabitants.

Richmond, p-t., Macomb co., Mich. Watered by Belle r., and by the e. fork of Clinton branch of Red r., and by head branches of South r., which 2 last flow into Lake St. Clair. It has 6 ch. 123 scholars. Pop. 602.

Richmond, p-v., Wayne co., Ia., 68 e. Indianapolis, 503 W.

Richmond, p-v., capital of Ray co., Mo., 142 w. n. w. Jefferson City, 1,045 W. Situated on the s. side of Elkhorn cr., and contains a courthouse, jail, and about 500 inhabitants.

Richmond City, p-v., Lake co., O., 177 n. e. Columbus, 351 W. Situated on the w. side of Grand r., 1½ ms. from its entrance into Lake Erie. Has several stores and warehouses, a steam m., and a ship-yard. It is at the head of navigation, on the r. and steamboats and vessels come to its wharves. It divides the business of the region with Fairport, nearly opposite, on the e. side of the r., and Painsville in the vicinity.

Richmond Dale, p-o., Richmond t., Ross co., O., 51 s. Columbus, 392 W.

Richmond, t., Huron co., O. It has 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,200. 2 sch. 35 scholars. Pop. 306.

Richmond Factory, p-o., Richmond co., Ga., 102 e. Milledgeville.

Richmond Valley, p-o., Westfield t., Rich-mond co., N. Y., 167 s. Albany, 245 W.

Richmondville, p-v., Richmond t., Lincoln co., Me., 20 s. Augusta, 590 W. Situated on the w. side of Kennebec r.

Richmondville, p-v., Cobleskill t., Schoharie co., N. Y., 47 w. Albany, 381 W. It contains 3 stores, 1 clothier's works and carding machine, 25 dwellings, and about 150 inhabitants.

Rich Square, p-o., Northampton co., N. C, 124 n. e. Raleigh, 227 W.

Rich Valley, p-o., Wythe co., Va.

Rich Valley, p-o., Bedford co., Tenn., 64 s. Nashville, 687 W.

Richville, p-v., De Kalb t., St. Lawrence co., N. Y., 187 n. w. Albany, 456 W. It contains 2 churches, 1 store, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 clothier's works, 30 dwellings, and about 150 inhabitants.

Rich Wood, p-o., Union co., O., 57 n. w. Columbus, 447 W.

Rich Woods, p-o., Izard co., Ark., 120 n. Little Rock, 1,076 W.

Ridge, or Ridge Road, is an elevated alluvial way, consisting of beach, sand, and gravel stones, 6 or 8 rods wide, extending from the Genesee r. near Rochester, to the Niagara r. near Lewiston, on which is an excellent road, from 6 to 10 ms. s. of the shore of Lake Ontario. It seems to have formerly bounded the lake on the s.

Ridge, p-o., Mount Morris t., Livingston co., N. Y., 246 w. Albany, 357 W.

Ridge, p-o., St. Marys co., Md., 110 s. Annapolis, 87 W.

Ridge, p-o., Edgefield dist., S. C, 40 w. Columbia, 538 W.

Ridge, p-o., Troy t., Madison co., Ill., 81 s. Springfield, 787 W.

Ridge, t., Hancock co., O. It has 1 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $600. 3 sch. 127 scholars. Pop. 477.

Ridge, t., Van Wert co., O. Pop. 211.

Ridgebury, p-v., Ridgefield t., Fairfield co., Ct., 74 s. w. Hartford, 287 W. Situated in the n. part of Ridgefield, and contains a Congregational church and a number of dwellings.

Ridgebury, p-v., Minisink t., Orange co., N. Y., 113 s. by w. Albany, 270 W. It contains 1 church, an academy, 3 stores, 30 dwellings, and about 180 inhabitants.

Ridgebury, p-t., Bradford co., Pa., 18 n. w. Towanda. The surface is hilly soil, gravelly loam. Drained by Bentley and South creeks, which flow into Tioga r., in N. Y. It has 7 sch. 260 scholars. Pop. 1,214.

Ridge Farm, p-o., Vermilion co., Ill.

Ridgefield, p-t., Fairfield co., Ct., 31 w. by n. New Haven, 81 s. w. Hartford, 281 W. The surface is elevated, commanding a fine view of Long Island sound, which is 14 ms. distant, and the adjacent country. The soil is a fertile gravely loam. Drained by Saugatuck and Norwalk rivers, which afford water power, and an e. branch of Croton r. The v. is pleasantly situated on a street 1 m. long, and contains 3 churches, 1 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, and 1 Methodist, an academy, several stores, 1 extensive carriage fac, 1 cabinet furniture fac, and about 60 dwellings. It has 12 stores, cap. 826,000; 1 lumber yard, cap. $6,C00; 1 furnace, 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $93,100. 3 acad. 44 students, 14 sch. 392 scholars. Pop. 2,474.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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