American History and Genealogy Project

Saint Croix, WI to Saint Louis County, MO

Page 586

Saint Croix, v., capital of St. Croix co. Wis. Situated on the w. side, and near the head of St. Croix lake. It contains a court house and a few dwellings.

Saintfield, p-o., Muskingum co., O., 66 e. Columbus, 339 W. Saint Francis, r. Mo. and Ark., rises in St. Francis Co., Mo., and flowing s., enters Ark., and receives White Water r., a large branch which rises in Mo. and flows nearly parallel to it, and enters the Mississippi in Phillips co. It is navigable in high water nearly 200 ms. It passes through many lakes and swamps, yet its waters are remarkably clear, and abound with fine fish. Saint Francis, County, Mo. Situated toward the s. e. part of the state, and contains 425 sq. ms. The surface is hilly; soil, fertile. Drained by St. Francis, Big, and Establishment rivers. Iron ore is found. Capital, Farmington. There were in 1840, neat cattle 3,740, sheep 3,548, swine 10,721; wheat 21,903 bush, produced, Ind. corn 167,275, oats 31,273, potatoes 411, tobacco 13,410 pounds; 11 stores, cap. $23,950; 5 tanneries, 1 distillery, 4 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,600. 11 sch. 286 scholars. Pop. whites 2,694, slaves 501, free col'd 16; total, 3,211.

Saint Francis, County, Ark. Situated in the e. part of the state, and contains 1,080 sq. ms. St. Francis r. runs on its e. border. Drained by Cache and White rivers. Capital, Franklin. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,508, sheep 559, swine 8,862; wheat 1,438 bush, produced, Ind. com 128,470, oats 3,942, potatoes 13,790, tobacco 2,502 pounds, cotton 53,338 ; 7 stores, capital $24,650; 1 flouring m., 6 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $12,000. 3 sch. 70 scholars. Pop. whites 2,032, slaves 365, free col'd 2 ; total, 2,499.

Saint Francis, p-v., St. Francis co., Ark., 110 e. by n. Little Rock.

Saint Francis, t., Phillips co., Ark. It has 3 sch. 72 scholars. Pop. 983.

Saint Francisville, p-v., Lawrence co., Ill.. 178 s. e. Springfield, 698 W.

Saint Francisville, p-v., capital of West Feliciana par., La., 136 n. w. New Orleans, 1,170 W. Situated on the e. bank of the Mississippi, on a bluff, 1 m. from the r., and 160 ms. above New Orleans. By the Bayou Sarah it communicates with the Mississippi, and is a noted stopping place for descending boats, and great quantities of corn are shipped from it. A weekly newspaper is issued here. It contains a court house, 15 stores, and 814 inhabitants.

Saint Francisville, p-v., Clark co., Mo., 177 N. Jefferson City, 904 W. Situated on the s. w. side of Des Moines r.

Saint Genevieve, County, Mo. Situated in the e. toward the s. part of the state, and contains 400 sq. ms. The Mississippi r. runs on its n. w. boundary. The surface is rolling and broken; soil, on the bottoms, very fertile, upland but moderately so. Drained by Au Vase and Establishment rivers, and Coldwater cr. Capital, St. Genevieve. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,329, sheep 1,696, swine 10,591; wheat 28,976 bush, produced, Ind. corn 203,754, oats 18,351, potatoes 2,520, tobacco 81,855 pounds, sugar 1,175; 6 commission houses, cap. $12,000; 14 stores, cap. $78,550; 2 tanneries, 1 flouring m., 2 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $37,950. 2 acad. 60 students, 4 sch. 92 scholars. Pop. whites 2,563, slaves 548, free col'd 37; total, 3,148.

Saint Genevieve, p-v., capital of St. Genevieve co., Mo., 61 s. by e. St. Louis, 190 e. s. e. Jefferson City, 844 W. Situated on the w. bank of the Mississippi, about 1 m. from the r. It is built on Gabonrie cr., a small stream, which is sometimes boatable. It contains a Roman Catholic Church, an academy, some neat French houses, and about 1,000 inhabitants. Below the v. is a prairie of 6,000 acres of great fertility, fenced, and cultivated in common. The inhabitants are chiefly French. The v. has an extensive trade in lead. There are in the t. 1 acad. 40 students. Pop. 1,607.

Saint George, p-t., Lincoln co., Me., 48 s. e. Augusta, 625 W. Situated on a peninsula formed by the Atlantic ocean on the e. and s., and Muscongus bay on the w. It possesses great facilities for navigation, and has considerable shipping employed in the lumber and coasting trade, and in the fisheries. Vessels are built here. Incorporated in 1803. It has 10 stores, cap. $4,850; 1 grist m., 17 sch. 904 scholars. Pop. 2,094.

Saint George, t., Chittenden co., Vt., 8 s. e. Burlington, 28 w. by n. Montpelier. It is a small t. The surface is uneven; soil, loam, clay, and gravel. Chartered in 1763. First settled in 1784. It has 1 sch. 25 scholars. Pop. 121.

Saint George's, p. hundred. New Castle co., Del., 31 n. Dover, 126 W. It has 10 stores, cap. $30,800; 4 lumber yards, cap. $6,500; 1 tannery, 3 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $13,750. 3 sch. 92 scholars. Pop. 3,127.

Saint Helena, Parish, La. Situated in the s. e, part of the state, and bordering on Miss. It contains 1,700 sq. ms. Amite r. runs on its w. border. Drained by Tiefah r. and its branches. The soil is sterile, excepting on the streams, and is generally covered with pine timber. Capital, Greensburg. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,590, sheep 1,513, swine 16,300; Ind. corn 102,930 bush, produced, oats 4,978, potatoes 38,782, rice 35,060 pounds, cotton 925,176; 11 stores, cap. $14,500 ; 2 tanneries, 11 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $30,650. 1 acad. 37 students, 4 sch. 86 scholars. Pop. whites 1,945, slaves 1,573, free col'd 7 ; total, 3,525.

Saint Helena, p-v., St. Helena par., La., 85 N. New Orleans, 1,157 W. Situated on the w. side of Tiefah r.

Saint Inigoes, p-v., St. Mary's 'co., Md., 105 s. Annapolis, 82 W. Situated on a small r. of the same name, which enters St. Mary's r., a short distance from the Potomac.

Saint James, Parish La. Situated in the s. e. part of the state, a little west of New Orleans, and contains 250 sq. ms. Amite r. bounds it on the n. and the Mississippi on the s. It contains Jefferson College, at Bringiers. Capital, Bringiers. There were in 1840, neat cattle 4,762, sheep 5,107, swine 3,290; Ind. corn 155,790 bush, produced, cotton 1,032,950 pounds, sugar 15,157,000; 14 stores, cap. $155,000; 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $246,000. 2 colleges, 505 students, 3 sch. 48 scholars. Pop. whites 2,762, slaves 5,711, free col'd 75 ; total, 8,548.

Saint James, p-o., Baltimore co., Md., 62 n. Annapolis, 72 W.

Saint James' Church, p-o., Bedford co., Va., 136 w. Richmond, 211 W.

Saint John Baptist, Parish La. Situated in the s. e. part of the state, a little w. of New Orleans, and contains 260 sq. ms. The Mississippi r. passes through it, and Lake Pontchartrain lies on its n. e. border. The only land capable of cultivation is on the margin of the streams, and is very fertile. It produces cotton and sugar. Capital, Bonnet Carre. There were in 1840, neat cattle 2,620, sheep 2,000, swine 950; Ind. Corn, 208,830 bush, produced, rice 112,000 pounds, sugar 11,000,000; 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $37,000. 8 sch. 81 scholars. Pop. whites 2,141. free col'd 191; total, 5,776.

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Saint Johns, r., Me., rises by several branches in Somerset co. Its head waters approach near to those of the Chaudiere, in Canada, and the Penobscot, in Me., and by a broad sweep it passes through the n. part of Maine, and below the entrance of St. Francis r. it forms the m. boundary of Maine until it crosses the United Suites boundary into New Brunswick, in about lat. 47° n., where it pursues a s. and s. e. course until it enters the Bay of Fundy. The Aroostook, a large tributary, rises in the n. part of Penobscot co., and crossing Aroostook co. enters it in New Brunswick. The St. Johns is navigable for sloops of 50 tons 80 ms. from its mouth; and, with the exception of 2 short portages, nearly to its source, a distance of 350 ms. The free navigation of this r., secured by the late treaty with Great Britain, will be of great importance to the n. part of Maine.

Saint Johns, r., Flor., This r., or sound, rises in an immense marsh, elevated but little above the level of the ocean, and flows northwardly nearly parallel with the ocean, until it turns suddenly to the e. and flows into the Atlantic. It receives in the upper part of its course the Ocklawaha, a large branch, previous to which it passes through Lake George. Its whole course is about 250 ms. It often spreads from 3 to 5 ms. in width, though in other places it is not more than one-fourth of a mile wide. Vessels requiring 8 feet water enter Lake George and Dunns Lake, 150 ms. from its mouth. At its entrance, it has 12 feet of water on the bar, and it is here only 1 mile wide. There is a light-house on the s. side of the r. at its entrance.

Saint Johns, County, Flor. Situated in the e. part of the peninsula, and contains 1,450 sq. ms. Watered by St. John's and North Rivers, and Matanzas sound. It produces cotton, Indian corn, and sugar cane; and of fruits, oranges, citrons, and lemons. It has much fertile land, and some capable of cultivation. Live oak is extensively found on St. Johns r. In the neighborhood of St. Augustine the land has long been tilled. Capital, St Augustine. There were in 1840, neat cattle, 547, swine 534; Ind. corn 3,175 bush, produced, potatoes 1,126, sugar 25,000 pounds; 45 stores, cap. $81,700; 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $3,850. 3 acad. 113 students, 4 sch. 77 scholars. Pop. whites 1,685, slaves 888, free col'd 121; total, 2,694.

Saint Johns, p-o., Allen county, O., 95 n. w. Columbus, 480 W.

Saint Johns, p-o., Hertford co., N. C, 162 e. by n. Raleigh, 291 W.

Saint Johnsbury, p-t., Caledonia co., Vt., 7e. Danville, 37 n. e. Montpelier, 546 W. The surface is uneven; soil, strong and fertile, particularly on the r. Watered by Pasumpsic r. and its tributaries, which afford good water power, bartered in 1786. First settled in 1788. It has pleasant v., 2½ miles s. of the centre, containing several stores, and some fine dwellings. At the centre is a Congregational church. There are in the t. 6 stores, cap. $29,500; 3 fulling m., 1furnace, 3 tanneries, 2 potteries, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper, 5 grist m., 7 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $92,700. 1 acad. 25 students, 15 sch. 602 scholars. Pop. 1,887.

Saint Johnsbury Centre, p-o., St. Johnsbury t., Caledonia co., Vt., 40 n. e. Montpelier,

Saint Johnsbury East, p-o., St. Johnsbury t. Caledonia co., Vt., 41 n. e. Montpelier, 550

Saint Johnstown, p-v., Sussex co., Del., 31 s. Dover, 119 W.

Saint Johnsville, p-t., Montgomery co., N. Y., 61 n. w. Albany, 394 W. The surface is undulating or hilly; soil, fertile. Drained by East Canada and Zimmerman's creeks flowing into the Mohawk r., which bounds it on the s. The v. is situated on the n. side of Mohawk River and contains 1 church, 2 stores, 2 grist m., 2 saw m., 1 tannery, 1 sash fac, 1 forge and furnace, 1 carding machine, 1 fulling m., 35 dwellings, and about 250 inhabitants. There are in the t. 3 stores, cap. $9,000; 1 tannery, 1 distillery, 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $20,000. 4 sch. 113 scholars. Pop. 1,923.

Saint Joseph's, Bay, Flor., lies within Cape St. Bias, a long and crooked peninsula. The bay is 20 miles long, and from 7 to 8 wide, with a broad entrance from the s. w., near Cape False, affording 17 feet of water on the bar. A middle ground occupies much of the space between Cape False and the peninsula, having from 9 to 11 feet of water. There is a channel on the s. e. side of the entrance close to the peninsula, nearly equal in depth to the n. w. passage. The water becomes more shoal 4 miles from the s. e. end of the bay. There is a picturesque island, 2 miles from the s. e. end, covered with live oak, cedar, and palms. The n. e. shore is intersected by ponds and lagoons.

Saint Joseph's, r. of the Maumee, Mich., rises, by several branches, in the central part of Hillsdale co. and flows a southwesterly course, across a corner of Ohio into Indiana, and joins the St. Mary's at Port Wayne, forming Maumee r. It affords much water power.

Saint Joseph's, r. of Lake Michigan, rises in the n. e. part of Hillsdale co., and flows e., and after a broad southerly bend, in which it enters Indiana, it proceeds n. w. until it enters Lake Michigan. In length and volume of water it is the second river in the Peninsula, being 250 miles long, but in a direct line not more than 150 miles. It is navigable for keel boats 130 ms., to Lockport. At its mouth is a good harbor, and, by a pier, is sufficient for any number of vessels required by the lake navigation. There is a sand bar at its mouth, which has 6 feet of water. It receives many tributaries, and affords much water power. Its intervals are very fertile, and, in some places, heavily timbered.

Saint Joseph's, island, Mich. Situated in the straits of St. Mary, between George's island on the n. w. and Drummond's island on the s. e. It is 20 ms. long and 8 broad, at its medial breadth, dividing the passage into two parts. The s. w. passage is called Muddy lake, and the United States boundary passes through it. On its s. extremity are the remains of an old British fort.

Saint Joseph's, County, Mich. Situated in the s. part of the state, and contains 528 sq. ms. Organized in 1829. Drained by St. Joseph's r. and its branches, Prairie, Portage, Rocky, and Pigeon rivers. The surface is undulating; soil, very fertile. Capital, Centreville. There were in 1840, neat cattle 7,865, sheep 3,986, swine 13,864; wheat 131,451 bushels produced, rye 2,438, Indian corn 148,944, buckwheat 2,927, barley 11,323, oats 112,125, potatoes 66,336, sugar 20,250 pounds; 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 2 distilleries, 7 flouring m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $30,100. 37 sch. 819 scholars. Pop. 7,068.

Saint Joseph's, County, Ia. Situated in the n. part of the state, bordering on Mich., and contains 463 sq. ms. Watered by St. Joseph's r. and Kankakee r., which, with other streams, afford water power. The surface is level, with many fine prairies and timber land in the s. The soil is fertile. Capital, South Bend. There were in 1840, neat cattle 6,55 1, sheep 3,668, swine 14,289; wheat 102,620 bushels produced, Indian corn 197,438, buckwheat 1,920, oats 133,647, potatoes 40,867, tobacco 1,412 pounds, sugar 72,018; 1 commission house, cap. $2,500; 20 stores, cap. $36,425; 5 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 1 pottery, 2 flouring m., 2 grist m., 14 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $128,507. 1 acad. 38 students, 22 sch. 920 scholars. Pop. 6,425.

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Saint Joseph, p-t., Williams co., O., 180 n. w. Columbus, 524 W. It has 1 store, cap. $200; 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $500. 3 sch. 59 scholars. Pop. 192.

Saint Joseph, p-t., Berrien co., Mich., 195 w. by s. Detroit, 652 W. Watered by St. Joseph and Pawpaw rivers, which unite in the t. Lake Michigan bounds it on the w. It contains St. Joseph v., capital of the co., situated on the s. side of St. Joseph r., at its entrance into the lake. It contains a court house, jail, an Episcopal church, 12 stores, 4 large forwarding and commission houses, a bank, 2 steam saw m., a printing office issuing a weekly newspaper, and about 500 inhabitants. It is one of the most important places on the w. side of the peninsula; $35,000 have been appropriated for the improvement of the harbor; it has 2,000 feet of wharf, and 65 feet of water. Three steamboats are owned here. A bridge across the St. Joseph River here, cost $15,090. There are in the t. 2 commission houses, cap. $16,000; 4 stores, cap. $7,900; 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,663. 2 sch. 43 scholars. Pop. 489.

Saint Landre, Parish, La. Situated toward the s. w. part of the state, and contains 2,000 sq. ms. The surface and the soil are various. The Atchafalaya Bayou bounds it on the e., and Bayou Nez Pique on the w. Drained by Teche and Vermilion rivers. Capital, Opelousas. There were in 1840, neat cattle 69,267, sheep 10,226, swine 20,841; Ind. corn 431,208 bush, produced, potatoes 74,523, rice 5,000 pounds, tobacco 3,500, cotton 21,437,190, sugar 400,000; 37 stores, cap. $512,900; 4 tanneries, 3 flouring m., 100 grist m., 8 saw m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $78,100. 1 college, 9 students, 2 acad. 120 students, 7 sch. 85 scholars. Pop. whites 7,179, slaves 7,129, free col'd 925; total, 15,233.

Saint Landre, v. (See Opelousas.)

Saint Lawrence, r., U. S. and Canada, forms the outlets of the great lakes Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario, and after a course of more than 2,000 miles, flows into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It forms the boundary, with the middle of the lakes through which it passes, between the United States and Canada, until it arrives at about, the 45th degree of n. lat., though by the late treaty the boundary follows the old line as formerly settled, which is 1 mile n. of the 45th degree. It has different names in different parts of its course. From its mouth to Lake Ontario it is called the St. Lawrence; between Lakes Ontario and Erie, Niagara r.; between Lakes Erie and St. Clair, Detroit r.; between Lakes St. Clair and Huron, St. Clair r.; and between Lakes Huron and Superior, St. Mary's r. It is navigable for ships of the line 400 miles, to Quebec; and for ships of 600 tons to Montreal. The distance from Montreal to Lake Ontario is nearly 200 miles. From Quebec to Montreal, it has an average breadth of 2 miles. At its mouth the Gulf, from Cape Rosier to Mingau settlement in Labrador, is 105 miles in length.

Saint Lawrence, County, N. Y. Situates toward the n. e. part of the state, and contain 2,717 sq. ms. The surface is diversified by gentle swells, broad valleys and extended tracts of level country. In the s. e. part it is hilly and mountainous. The soil is generally productive. The St Lawrence r. runs on its n. w. border for a distance of 75 miles. Watered by St. Regis, Racket Grass, Oswegatchie, and Indian rivers, and their tributaries. Some of these are to some extent navigable, and they afford much water power Black lake is an expansion of Indian r., 20 mile: long and 2 wide. There are other small lakes. In the town of Canton, a natural canal, 6 mile: long and from 30 to 80 yards wide, connects Oswegatchie and Grass rivers and is boatable. The St. Lawrence is navigated by sloops and steam boats from Lake Ontario, 60 miles, to Ogdensburgh. Lead ore is extensively found in the vicinity of Rossie v. Iron ore is extensively found some of it magnetic. Marble is abundant A railroad has been projected, from Ogdensburgh to Plattsburgh. Capital, Canton. Then were in 1840, neat cattle, 61,455, sheep 125,821 swine 41,889; wheat 278,007 bush, produced, rye 23,571, Ind. corn 204,824, buckwheat 34,312 barley 24,018, oats 334,009, potatoes 1,412,272 sugar 848,132 pounds; 2 commission houses, cap $3,000, 155 stores, cap. $558,000; 16 furnaces, 6 forges, 28 fulling m., 4 woolen fac, 27 tanneries 1 distillery, 2 potteries, 2 flouring m., 45 grist m. 103 saw m., 1 paper fac, 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $815,526 4 acad. 761 students, 357 sch. 13,539 scholar; Pop. 56,706.

Saint Lawrence, p-o., Chatham co., N. C 46 w. Raleigh, 334 W.

Saint Leonards, p-v., Calvert co., Md., 56 s Annapolis, 86 W. Situated between Chesapeake bay and Patuxent r. It contains about 21 dwellings.

Saint Louis, r., N. W. Territory, after a course of about 200 miles, flows into Fond du Lac, the w. end of Lake Superior. It is much obstructed by falls and rapids.

Saint Louis, County, Mo. Situated in the e part of the state, and contains 550 sq. ms. Tin Mississippi r. runs on its e. boundary, and tin Missouri r. on the n. w. The surface is undulating; soil, generally very fertile. Maramec r runs partly on its s. border and partly within it Capital, St. Louis. There were in 1840, neat cattle 22,877, sheep 8,730, swine 24.441; wheat 59,177 bush, produced, rye 6,138, Ind. con 477,879, buckwheat 1,908, oats 95,306, potatoes 90,988, tobacco 197,045 pounds; 1 commercial and 24 commission houses, cap. $717,000; 21 stores, cap. $3,875,050; 17 lumber yards, cap $237,529; 6 tanneries, 4 distilleries, 2 flouring m. 14 grist m., 13 saw m., 1 oil m., 22 printing offices 6 daily, 7 weekly, and 5 semi-weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $813,700. 2 colleges 252 students, 14 acad. 662 students, 28 sch. 1,056 scholars. Pop. whites 30,505, slaves 4,616, free col'd 858; total, 35,979.

Saint Louis, City, and capital of St. Louis co Missouri, is the largest place in the state, and is situated on the w. bank of the Mississippi, 18 ms. by water below the junction of the Missouri. Ii is in 38° 36' n. lat., and 89° 56' w. Ion, for Greenwich, and 13° 14' w. Ion. from W.; 30 ms. below the junction of the Illinois; 200 above that of the Ohio; 1,800 miles, by the course the river, above New Orleans; 1,100 below the Falls of St. Anthony; 120 E. Jefferson City; 808 from Washington. The population in 1810 was 600; in 1820, 4,598; in 1830, 6,694; in 1840, 16,469, of whom 1,531 were slaves. Employed in commerce, 845; in manufactures and trades, 2,012; navigating rivers, &c, 891; in the learned professions, &c, 188.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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