American History and Genealogy Project

Sand Hill, MO to Sargeantsville, NJ

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Sand Hill, p-o., Scotland co., Mo., 171 n. Jefferson City, 933 W.

Sandridges, p-o., Amherst co., Va., 128 w. Richmond, 180 W.

Sandisfield, p-t., Berkshire co., Mass., 126 w. by s. Boston, 361 W. The surface is elevated and uneven; soil, fertile, adapted to grazing. Drained by a branch of Farmington r., which runs on its boundary in the s. e. part. It contains 1 Congregational and 1 Baptist church. Incorporated in 1736. First settled in 1750. It has 8 stores, cap. $18,800; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 3 tanneries, 2 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap, in manufac. $24,275. 14 sch. 332 scholars. Pop. 1,464.

Sand Lake, p-t., Rensselaer co., N. Y., 17 e. Albany, 384 W. The surface is hilly and rough, with much waste land, and some fertile valleys. It contains several ponds. Drained by Poestenkill and Wynantskill creeks. The v. contains 2 stores, 2 cotton fac, 2 sattinet fac, 1 blast furnace, 1 saw m., 1 tannery, and about 25 dwellings. There are in the t. 11 stores, cap. $14,900; 1 cotton fac. 1,000 sp., 2 tanneries, 1 glass fac, 1 flouring m., 4 grist m., 27 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $91,825. 21 sch. 1,258 scholars. Pop. 4,303.

Sandover, p-v., Abbeville dist., S. C, 81 w. Columbia, 534 W.

Sandown, p-t., Rockingham co., N. H., 26 s. e. Concord, 467 W. The surface is uneven; soil, fertile. Watered by Exeter r. Cub pond, a small body of water, lies on its e. border. Incorporated in 1755. It has 3 stores, cap. $1,000; 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,950. 4 sch. 170 scholars. Pop. 525.

Sands Point, Hempstead t., Queens co., N, Y., projects into Long Island sound, and contains a lighthouse.

Sand Ridge, p-o., Menard co., Ill., 27 n. Springfield, 807 W.

Sandsville, p-v., Clinton co., Mo.

Sandton, p-v., Kershaw dist., S. C, 55 n. e. Columbia, 451 W.

Sand Town, p-v., Kent co., Del., 19 s. w. Dover, 105 W.

Sand Town, p-v., Campbell co., Ga., 100 w. n. w. Milledgeville, 695 W.

Sandusky, r., O., rises in Richland and Crawford counties, and flows n. into Sandusky bay. It is 90 ms. long, and though a rapid stream, affords good navigation at high water. A portage of 4 ms. connects it with the Scioto r. It has good land on its borders.

Sandusky, County, O. Situated toward the n. w. part of the state, and contains 320 sq. ms. Drained by Sandusky r. and its branches. Portage r. crosses its n. w. corner. The surface is low and level; soil, fertile. Capital, Lower Sandusky. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,613, sheep 8,452, swine 33,914; wheat 119,122 bush, produced, rye 8,890, Ind. corn 142,628, buck-wheat 7,732, barley 1,962, oats 77,072, potatoes 78,403; sugar 83,722 pounds; 2 commission houses, cap. $11,000; 14 stores, cap. $63,600; 3 tanneries, 1 distillery, 1 pottery, 3 flouring m., 8 grist m., 26 saw m., 1 oil m., 2 printing offices, 2 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $120,109. 56 sch. 5,159 scholars. Pop. 10,182.

Sandusky, p-o., Freedom t., Cattaraugus co., N. Y., 272 w. by s. Albany, 343 W.

Sandusky, p-v., port of entry and capital, Erie co., O., 110 n. Columbus, 414 W. Situated on the s. shore of Sandusky bay, fronting the opening into Lake Erie, of which it has a beautiful view. The entire town is based upon an inexhaustible quarry of the finest building stone, which has been extensively used in the erection of its edifices. At all times of the year, excepting 3 winter months, the wharves are thronged with steam-boats and other vessels, and the view is enlivened by their arrival and departure. It contains 4 splendid churches; an academy of stone, 3 stories high; 26 stores, besides groceries and provision houses; a ship-yard, where steamboats and other vessels are built; 300 dwellings, and about 1,200 inhabitants.

Sandusky, t., Crawford co., O. It has 7 sch. 325 scholars. Pop. 679.

Sandusky, t., Richland co., O. It has 8 sch. 571 scholars. Pop. 1,465.

Sandusky, t., Sandusky co., O. It has 3 sch. 67 scholars. Pop. 579.

Sandwich, p-t., Carroll co., N, H., 49 n. Con-cord, 530 W. The surface is uneven and mountainous, with some fertile land. Squam Lake lies partly in its s. E. corner. Watered by Bearcamp r., the s. branch of which passes through Bearcamp pond. Another pond in its s. part discharges its waters s. into Winnipiseogee Lake. A small stream flows w. into Pemigewasset r. Chartered in 1763. It has 7 stores, cap. $9,700; 2 fulling m., 4 tanneries, 5 grist m., 8 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $7,000. 1 acad. 34 students, 20 sch. 785 scholars. Pop. 2,625.

Sandwich, p-t., Barnstable co., Mass., 53 s. s. e. Boston, 459 W. Situated on the isthmus of Cape Cod, between Buzzard's and Cape Cod bays. It is the most agricultural t. in the co., with some light and unproductive land. It has a number of ponds, which afford fine fishing and fowling. Deer are still found in this vicinity. The principal v. is situated on Cape Cod bay, and contains 4 churches, 1 Congregational, 1 Unitarian, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic; and an academy, a large glass fac, and about 100 dwellings. There are, in other parts of the t., 6 other churches, 4 Methodist, 1 Congregational, and 1 Friends. A ship canal, 5 ms. long, through level ground, would connect Buzzard's and Cape Cod bays, and save the tedious navigation around the cape. A considerable quantity of salt is manufactured in this t. There are in the t. 17 stores, cap. $28,750; 1 tannery, 1 glasshouse, 7 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $283,350. 3 acad. 180 students, 21 sch. 1,130 scholars. Pop. 3,719.

Sandy, r., Me., rises in Franklin co., and after a course of 45 ms., first s. e. and then n. e., it enters Kennebec r. in Starks t., Somerset co. It flows through a fertile country.

Sandy, r., Va. and Ky., rises in Logan co., Va n and flowing N. w., divides Logan and Tazewell counties, Va., and thence, inclining N., it separates the states of Va. and Ky. for nearly 200 ms. until it enters the Ohio r. at Catletsburg, Ky. It is 200 yards wide at its mouth. It receives several tributaries, the largest of which is the west fork, at Louisa, Ky. The Sandy is navigable for batteaux 50 ms. from its mouth.

Sandy, t., Tuscarawas co., O. It has 3 stores, cap. $4,000; 1 tannery, 3 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $20,000. 16 sch. 554 scholars. Pop. 1,444.

Sandy, t., Starke co., O. It has 1 sch. 34 scholars. Pop. 1,265.

Sandy, p-o., Jackson co., Va., 355 w. N. w. Richmond, 324 W.

Sandy, p-o., Columbiana co., O., 141 E. N E. Columbus, 298 W.

Sandy Bay, v., Gloucester t., Essex co., Mass. Situated on the e. side of Cape Ann, 5 ms. from Gloucester harbor. A pier and breakwater have been constructed for the security of shipping.

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Sandy Bottom, p-o., Middlesex co., Va., 103 e. Richmond, 165 W.

Sandy Bridge, p-o., Carroll co., Tenn., 87 w. Nashville, 771 W.

Sandy Creek, N. Y., rises in Orleans co., and flows into Lake Ontario in Clarkson t., Monroe co.

Sandy Creek, p-t., Oswego co., N. Y., 161 w. n. w. Albany, 391 W. The surface is undulating; soil, sandy loam. Drained by Little Sandy cr. and other streams flowing into Lake Ontario, which bounds it on the w. It has 4 stores, cap. $4,000; 1 fulling m., 1 furnace, 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap in manufac. $8,600. 1 acad. 45 students, 22 sch. 483 scholars. Pop. 2,420.

Sandy Creek, p-t., Mercer co., Pa., 228 w. n. w. Harrisburg, 302 W. It has three stores, cap. $6,540; 2 fulling m., 3 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 6 grist m., 16 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,670. 17 sch. 474 scholars. Pop. 1,965.

Sandy Creek, t., Venango co., Pa. It has 2 furnaces, 4 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,400. Pop. 929.

Sandy Creek, p-o., Randolph co., N. C, 71 w. Raleigh, 322 W.

Sandy Creek, p-o., Oglethorpe co., Ga., 69 w. Milledgeville, 602 W.

Sandy Grove, p-o., Chatham co., N. C, 58 w. Raleigh, 309 W.

Sandy Grove, p-o., Warren co., Ga., 53 e. n. e. Milledgeville, 654 W.

Sandy Hill, p-v., and semi-capital of Washington co., N. Y., 53 n. Albany, 423 W. Situated on the e. side of Hudson r. Incorporated in 1810, and contains a courthouse, 3 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, 8 stores and groceries, 1 woolen fac, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 2 furnaces, 1 machine shop, 1 tannery, 150 dwellings, and about 1,000 inhabitants. There is a fall of about 12 feet in the r., in the upper part of the v.; and 100 rods below, with a continuous descent, are Baker's Falls, with 50 feet perpendicular descent the latter creating a great water power, as yet unimproved. The navigable feeder of the Champlain canal, 1 m. E., passes through the place.

Sandy Hill, p-v., Worcester co., Md., 124 s. E. Annapolis, 164 W.

Sandy Hill, p-o., Henry co., Tenn., 86 w. Nashville, 772 W.

Sandy Hook, Middletown t., Monmouth co., N. J., is a sandy beach extending n. from Old Shrewsbury inlet and the s. point of the high-lands of Neversink, 6 ms. and is from half a m. to a m. wide. It encloses Sandy Hook bay, 7 ms. long and 6 wide. There is a lighthouse on its n. part. As the sand is accumulating and ex-tending the point n., a new lighthouse has been erected on Flinn's Noll, half a m. n. of the former.

Sandy Lake, p-t., Mercer co., Pa., 228 n. n. w. Harrisburg, 283 W. The surface is level; soil, clay and loam. Drained by Sandy cr., which flows into Sandy lake in the n. w. angle of the t. It has 3 stores, cap. $6,900; 1 furnace, 3 fulling m., 1 tannery, 4 grist m., 9 saw m., 1 oil m. 8 sch. 184 scholars. Pop. 1,566.

Sandy Plains, p-o., Patrick co., Va., 235 w. s. w. Richmond, 310 W.

Sandy Plains, p-o., Rutherford co., N. C, 230 w. by s. Raleigh, 467 W.

Sandy Point, Mass. The n. extremity of Nantucket Island.

Sandy Ridge, p-o., Henry co., Ga., 59 w. n. w. Milledgeville 667 W.

Sandy Ridge, p-o., Lowndes co., Ala., 136 b. E. Tuscaloosa, 867 W.

Sandy River, p-o., Pittsylvania co., Va., 184 s. w. Richmond, 267 W.

Sandy River Church, p -o, Prince Edward co., Va., 80 w. s. w. Richmond, 170 W. It contains a church, founded in 1768 by Episcopalians, now free to all denominations, 1 store, and several dwellings.

Sandy Run, p-o., Cleveland co., N. C.

Sandy Run, p-o., Lexington dist., S. C, 16 w Columbia, 522 W.

Sandy Spring, p-o., Montgomery co., Md., 60 w. s. w. Annapolis, 20 W.

Sandy Spring, p-o., Fayette co., Tenn., 201 w. s. w. Nashville, 896 W.

Sandyston, p-t., Sussex co., N. J., 87 n. Trenton, 256 W. Bounded w. by Delaware r. The surface on the e. is mountainous, on the w. a rich alluvion. Watered by Big and Little Flat Kill creeks. It has 1 store, cap. $6,500; 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $70,000. 9 sch. 279 scholars. Pop. 1,209.

Sandyville, p-v., Sandy t., Tuscarawas co., O., 123 n. e. Columbus, 318 W.

Sanford, p-t., York co., Me., 83 s. w. Augusta, 512 W. Watered by Mousum r., which affords water power. Incorporated in 1768. It has 5 stores, cap. $7,900; 1 fulling m., 2 woolen fac. Cap. in manufac. $3,200. 20 sch. 1,052 scholars. Pop. 2,233.

Sanford, p-o., Ingham co., Mich., 100 w. by n. Detroit, 586 W.

Sanford's Corners, p-o., Le Ray t., Jefferson co., N. Y., 169 n. w. Albany.

Sangamon, r., Ill., rises in a small lake in Vermilion co., and flows s. w., and then turns n. w., and finally w., until it unites with Illinois River, between Cass and Mason counties. It receives numerous tributaries. It flows through one of the richest and most pleasant portions of the state. It is navigable for small steamboats to the junction of the n. and s. forks; and in high water one has proceeded to within 5 ms. of Springfield.

Sangamon, County, Ill. Situated near the center of the state, and contains 900 sq. ms. Drained by Sangamon r. and its numerous branches, which afford abundant water power. The surface is gently undulating; soil, calcareous loam, from 1 to 3 feet deep, mixed with fine sand, and very fertile. Organized in 1821. It is one of the richest and most flourishing counties in the state. Capital, Springfield. There were in 1840, neat cattle 20,878, sheep 18,233, swine 69,016; wheat 74,522 bush, prod., rye 8,533, Ind. corn 1,390,160, barley 2,359, oats 193,875, potatoes 44,852, tobacco 2,000 pounds; 50 stores, cap. $325,000; 9 tanneries, 4 distilleries, 4 potteries, 5 flouring m., 23 grist m., 40 saw m., 21 oil m., 3 printing offices, 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $195,625. 3 acad. 192 students, 20 sch. 844 scholars. Pop. 14,716.

Sangerfield, p-t., Oneida co., N. Y., 15 s. Utica, 88 w. n. w. Albany, 372 W. The surface is hilly; soil, a fertile loam. Drained by Chenango r. and Oriskany cr. The v. contains 1 Presbyterian church, 1 store, 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants. There are in the t. 6 stores, cap. $57,000; 2 fulling m., 1 furnace, 1 tannery, 2 distilleries, 1 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $126,150. 2 acad. 150 students, 12 sch. 662 scholars. Pop. 2,251.

Sangerville, p-t., Piscataquis co., Me., 77 n. w. Augusta, 672 W. Situated on the height of land between Penobscot and Kennebec rs. Incorporated in 1814. The surface is uneven; soil, fertile. It has a pond, the outlet of which forms a head stream of Sebasticook r. It has 4 tanneries, 11 sch. 510 scholars. Pop. 1,197.

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Sangrun, p-o., Alleghany co., Md.

Sanilac, County, Mich. Situated in the n. e. part of the settled portion of the peninsula, and contains 730 sq. ms. Lake Huron bounds it on the e. Drained by Cass and Delude rivers. Unorganized.

Santa, p-o., Jackson co., Ala., 154 n. e. Tuscaloosa, 679 W.

Santa Anna, p-o., De Witt co., Ill., 84 n. e. Springfield, 719 W.

Santa Fe, p-o., Alexander co., Ill., 228 s. Springfield, 862 W.

Sapling Grove, p-o., Washington co., Va., 317 w. by s. Richmond, 385 W.

Sappington, p-v., St. Louis co., Mo., 140 e. Jefferson City, 820 W.

Saracta, p-o., Duplin co., N. C, 94 s. e. Raleigh, 320 W.

Sarah, p-o,, Bedford co., Pa., 122 w. Harris-burg, 148 W.

Sarahsville, p-v., Noble t., Morgan co., O., 99 e. s. e. Columbus, 325 W. It is near Buffalo Fork of Wills cr., and contains 1 store, and about 40 inhabitants.

Sarahsville, p-v., Franklin co., Ill., 181 s. Springfield, 830 W.

Saranac, r., N. Y., rises in Saranac lake, in Franklin co., near the source of Racket r., which flows to the St. Lawrence, and flows n. e. until, in Plattsburgh, it turns w., and enters Cumberland bay of Lake Champlain at the v. It affords extensive water power, and has a fine fall immediately above its mouth in Plattsburgh v., where are mills.

Saranac Lake, Hamilton co., N. Y., is 10 ms. long and 2 or 3 wide, and is connected with Lower Saranac lake through Round Lake.

Saranac, p-t., Clinton co., N. Y.. 15 w. Plattsburgh, 181 n. Albany, 830 W. The surface is hilly and mountainous, and heavily timbered; soil, in the valley of the Saranac, which waters it, a fertile loam. Iron ore abounds. It has 5 stores, cap. $6,560; 1 forge, 1 tannery, 1 glass fac, 1 grist m., 9 saw m. Capital in manufac. $165,250. 5 sch. 100 scholars. Pop. 1,462.

Saratoga, County, N. Y. Situated toward the E. part of the state, and contains 800 sq. miles. The surface is various, mountainous in the n. w., the central and s. e. parts hilly, with some sandy plains; soil, sandy or gravelly loam, with some clay, and moderately fertile. Its mineral waters are celebrated everywhere. Marl and bog iron ore are found. Hudson r. bounds it on the e., and partly on the n., and Mohawk r. on the s. Drained by Sacandaga r., and Fish and Kayaderosseras crs. Railroads from Troy and Schenectady form a junction at Ballston, and proceed to Saratoga. Capital, Ballston Spa. There were in 1840, neat cattle 40,810, sheep 96,656, swine 51,601; wheat 72,001 bush, produced, rye 162,950, Indian corn 328,631, buckwheat 85,974, barley 17,005, oats 496,089, potatoes 1,019,632, hops 5,767 pounds, silk cocoons 100, sugar 20,910; 166 stores, cap. $324,415; 12 lumber yards, cap. $13,475; 2 furnaces, 33 fulling m., 21 woolen fac, 1 cotton fac. 2,028 sp., 27 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 1 pottery, 4 flouring m., 37 grist m., 139 saw m., 1 oil m., 2 paper fac, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac $633,676. 10 acad. 527 students. 164 sch. 6,319 scholars. Pop. 40,553.

Saratoga Lake, Saratoga co., N. Y., 4 s. E. Saratoga, 5 e. Ballston Spa, is 9 ms. long and 2 wide. It affords fine fish, and is much resorted to in the summer by visitors to Saratoga springs.

Saratoga, t., Saratoga co., N. Y., 6 n. Ballston Spa, 36 n. Albany. The surface is level or undulating, excepting on the n. w., where it is hilly; soil, light sand, or sandy loam, productive with good cultivation. Drained by Ellis's cr. flowing into Kayaderosseras cr., which bounds it on the s. It has 8 stores, cap. $17,300; 2 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $41,900. 1 academy 50 students, 7 sch. 454 scholars. Pop. 2,624.

Saratoga Springs, t, Saratoga co., N. V. The surface is mostly level or undulating, except in the n. w., where it is hilly; soil, light sand, or sandy loam. Drained by some small streams entering Kayaderosseras cr., which bounds it on the s. in part. It has 42 stores, cap. $54,640; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $46,589. 4 acad. 175 students, 5 sch. 255 scholars. Pop. 3,384.

Saratoga Springs, p-v., Saratoga co., N Y.. 36 n. Albany, 406 W. The most celebrated watering place in the United States. The v. is built chiefly on several streets, and contains a number of the largest and most splendid hotels and boarding houses in the country, which, in the watering season, are abundantly filled. The v. was incorporated in 1826, and contains 6 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 1 Universalist, and 1 Roman Catholic, an insurance company, an academy, a female seminary, 35 stores, 3 printing offices, 300 dwellings, and about 2,500 inhabitants. The principal springs are Congress, Washington, Putnam's, Pavilion, Iodine, Hamilton, and Flat Rock springs. 1 mile e. are the Ten springs. The springs differ some in their properties.

Sarcoxie, p-v., Barry co., Mo., 200 s. w. Jefferson City, 1,135 W. Situated on the s. side of Centre cr.

Sardinia, p-t., Erie co., N. Y., 28 s. e. Buffalo. 276 w. Albany, 343 W. The surface is hilly; soil, moist clay loam, well adapted to grass. Drained by Cattaraugus cr., which bounds it on the s. The v. contains 1 Baptist church, 2 stores, 1 woolen fac, 1 furnace, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants. There are in the t. 1 store, cap. $1,500; 1 fulling m., 1 furnace, 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $10,500. 13 sch. 446 scholars. Pop. 1,743.

Sardinia, p-v., Washington t., Brown co., O., 92 s. w. Columbus, 459 W. It contains 1 church, 1 store, 1 oil m., 1 carding machine, 15 dwellings, and about 100 inhabitants.

Sardis, p-o., Burke co., Ga., 97 E. Milledgeville, 620 W.

Sarepta, p-o., Lafayette co., Miss., 160 n. n. e. Jackson, 913 W.

Sargeantsville, p-v., Amwell t., Hunterdon co., N. J., 23 Trenton, 180 W. It contains 1 store, 8 or 10 dwellings, and the Mantua Manual Labor Institute.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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