American History and Genealogy Project

Satartia, MS to Schroon, NY

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Satartia, p-v., Yazoo co., Miss., o2 N. w. Jackson, 1,041 W. Situated on the e. side of Yazoo r. It contains several stores, and about 150 inhabitants.

Saugatuck, r., Ct., rises in Ridgefield, and enters Long Island sound in Westport t., between 2 and 3 ms. below the v.

Saugatuck, p-o., Allegan co., Mich., 183 w. Detroit, 648 W.

Saugerties, p-t., Ulster co., N. Y., 10 n. Kingston, 45 s. by w. Albany, 331 W. The surface is level near Hudson r., which bounds it on the e. It is mountainous w., extending on to the Cattskill mountains. The soil is fertile. Drained by Plattekill and Esopus creeks, which flow into Hudson r. The p-o. has the same name as the t., but the v. in which it is located has received the name of Ulster. There are in the t. 23 stores, cap. $95,000; 1 woolen fac, 12 bloomeries, 3 tanneries, 1 paper fac, 4 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $132,700. 17 sch. 1,109 scholars. Pop. 6,216.

Saugus, p-t., Essex co., Mass., 11 n. Boston, 451 W. Watered by Saugus r., which enters Lynn bay. The surface is level near the r. and bay, with extensive salt marsh, but the uplands are rocky and rough. Incorporated from Lynn in 1815. It contains 2 churches, 1 Congregation-al and 1 Methodist. It has 3 stores, cap. $2,000; 1 lumber yard, cap. $5,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 grist m. Cap. in manufac $68,000. 5 sch. 375 scholars. Pop. 1,098.

Sauk, County, Wis. Situated toward the n. w. part of the settled portion of the ter. Bounded s. and s. e. by Wisconsin r., which flows into Mississippi r. Watered by Baraboa r. and other branches of Wisconsin r. It contains 860 sq. ms. Capital, Prairie du Sac. There were in 1840, neat cattle 148, swine 82; wheat 464 bush, produced, oats 1,795, potatoes 1,235; 1 store, cap. $500. Pop. 102.

Sault de St. Marie, p-v., capital of Chippewa co., Mich., 400 n. Detroit, 921 W. Situated on the s. side of the rapids of St. Mary's strait, a little below Lake Superior. The v. is on the site of an old French fort, and has an elevated and pleasant situation. It contains a court house, jail, 3 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, and 1 Roman Catholic, 3 stores, Fort Brady, with a garrison, and a trading house of the American Fur Company, who own one of the stores. Connected with the Baptist church is a missionary school for Indian children, for which $1,000 annually are appropriated by the general government. The Methodists have also a missionary school, and there is a school in the fort for the children of the officers and citizens. Vessels come to the foot of the rapids, and the cargoes are transported three fourths of a m. by land, to the head of the rapids, and re-shipped. The mail arrives here weekly in summer, and once in 6 weeks in winter. The thermometer often sinks in winter to 25° or 30° below zero. Great quantities of whitefish, and other kinds, are caught here, of a superior quality. The population, consisting of Americans, French, and Indians, is about 800, though at times many more.

Saunders, p-o., Sumner co., Tenn., 61 n. e. Nashville, 670 W.

Saundersville, p-v., Vanderburg co., Ia., 162 s. w. Indianapolis, 732 W.

Saquoit, p-v., Paris t., Oneida co., N. Y., 90 w. n. w. Albany, 379 W. Situated on both sides of Sadaquada or Saquoit cr., and contains 2 churches, 4 stores, 2 cotton fac, 1 paper m., 2 flouring m., 1 clothier's works, 50 dwellings, and about 300 inhabitants. Here is an inflammable sulphur spring, the gas from which is used in lighting a public house.

Savage, p-o., Anne Arundel co., Md., 20 n. w. Annapolis, 20 W. There are extensive iron works in the vicinity.

Savannah, r., Ga., forms the n. e. boundary of the state, separating it from S. C. It is formed by the union of Tugalo and Kiowee rivers, near the s. E. corner of Franklin co., 100 ms. above Augusta, and flowing s. e., it enters the Atlantic through Tybee sound, in 32° n. lat. The largest vessels come to Five Fathom hole, 3 ms. below Savannah, and 18 ms. from the ocean; and large brigs come to the wharves in Savannah. Steamboats come to Augusta, 127 ms. by land, and 340 by water, from its mouth, and pole boats go 150 ms. above Augusta. The tide flows up the r. but 25 ms.

Savannah, p-t., Wayne co., N. Y., He. Lyons, 168 w. Albany, 348 W. The surface is level and swampy on the s. E., covered by the Montezuma marshes. The soil on the n. w. is fertile. Near the centre is Crusoe Lake, the outlet of which flow T s into Seneca r. It has 1 store, cap. $2,000; 1 tannery, 1 saw m., 8 sch. 511 scholars. Pop. 1,718.

Savannah, p-o., Richland co., O., 86 n. by E. Columbus, 375 W.

Savannah, city, port of entry, and capital of Chatham County, Georgia, is situated on the s. w. bank of the Savannah river, 17 miles from its mouth. It is in 32° 8' n. lat. and 81° 10' w. Ion. from Greenwich, and 4° 10' w. from Washington. It is 118 s. w. from Charleston; 123 s. E. Augusta; 15S e. s. e. Milledgeville; 662 s. by w. from W. The population in 1810, was 5,195; in 1820, 7,523; in 1830, 7,776; in 1840, 11,214- of which 4,694 were slaves. Employed in commerce, 604; in manufactures and trades, 707; navigating the ocean, canals, &c, 241; learned professions, 131.

The city is built on a sandy plain, elevated about 40 feet above the level of the tide. It was formerly considered unhealthy, which chiefly arose from the rice grounds in the neighborhood; but the citizens subscribed $70,000 to induce the owners of the plantations to substitute a dry for a wet cultivation of that article, by which the health of the city has been much improved. The city is regularly laid out in the form of a parallelogram, with streets, many of them wide, crossing each other at right angles. There are 10 public squares, containing 2 acres each, at equal distances from each other. These squares, and many of the streets, are bordered with trees, and particularly with the Pride of India, which gives them a beautiful appearance. Many of the houses are of brick, and a considerable number of them are elegant. On the e. and w. of the city are marshes; and a pine barren extends 2 miles to the s.

It has a good harbor. Vessels requiring 14 feet of water come up to the wharves of the city, and larger vessels come up to Fathom Hole, 3 j ms. below. The city is defended by Fort Wayne on the e. side, and by Fort Jackson at Fathom Hole, 3 ms. below. Much of the trade of Georgia centers in Savannah, the principal articles of which are cotton and rice. 20 steamboats of a large size, and 50 steam tow-boats, navigate the river. On Tybee island, at the mouth of the river, is a light-house. One line of packets, consisting of 2 ships and 4 brigs, one vessel sailing from each place weekly and another, consisting of 6 brigs, ply between this place and New York

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The Savannah River furnishes great facilities for internal trade, and this river is connected to the Ocmulgee by a canal 16 miles long, which terminates at Savannah.

There are 11 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Episcopal, 2 Presbyterian, 1 Methodist, 1 Lutheran, 1 Bethel, 1 Roman Catholic, 1 Jews' Synagogue, arid 2 African. The Exchange is a heavy Gothic build-ing, 5 stories high; the academy is 180 feet long by 60 wide, 3 stories high. The City Hall, the Hospital, the Court House, the Theatre, and 2 banks, are other public buildings. The two banks have an aggregate capital of $1,670,000. The tonnage of the port in 1840, was 17,930. There were 2 foreign commercial and 50 commission houses, with a capital of $943,500; 191 retail stores, cap. $855,190; 8 lumber yards, cap. $49,000; paints, drugs, &c, cap. $35,800; 3 brick and 45 wooden houses built, cost $138,100; 4 printing offices, 2 binderies, 3 daily, 3 weekly, 3 semi-weekly newspapers, cap. $22,000. Total cap. in manufac. $105,460. 3 acad. 385 students, 7 sell. 470 scholars.

This city was founded in 1733 by Gen. James Oglethorpe and others. It was taken by the British in 1776, but they abandoned it in 1782. On the 10th of June, 1820, 463 buildings were burned, occasioning a loss of property amounting to $4,000,000; but it has been rebuilt with additional beauty.

Savannah, p-v., capital of Hardin co., Tenn., 131 8. w. by w. Nashville, 807 W. Situated on the E. bank of Tennessee r., and contains a court house, jail, and about 250 inhabitants.

Savannah, p-v., capital of Carroll co., 111., 202 N. Springfield, 872 W. Situated on the e. side of Mississippi r., above the mouth of Plum creek. It contains a court house and jail, and a number of stores and dwellings.

Savannah, p-v., capital of Andrew co., Mo. Situated 5 miles from Missouri r. It contains a temporary court house, and about 100 inhabitants.

Saverton, p-v., Ralls co., Mo., 107 n. n. e. Jefferson City, 911 W. Situated on the w. bank of the Mississippi r.

Saville, t., Perry co., Pa. It has 2 stores, cap. $5,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 furnace, 2 tanneries, 2 distilleries, 1 grist m., 17 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $20,313. 7 sch. 280 scholars. Pop. 1,233.

Savoy, p-t., Berkshire co., Mass., 122 w. N. w. Boston, 395 W. The surface is elevated and un-even; soil, well adapted ho grazing. Branches of Hoosic, Deerfield, and West field rivers flow from it. Incorporated in 1797. It contains a Baptist church. It has 3 stores, cap. $5,900; 1 grist m., 11 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,050. 9 sch. 170 scholars. Pop. 915.

Saw Mill, p-o., Dale co., Ala.

Saxenburg, p-v., Butler co., Pa., 205 w. by n. Harrisburg, 236 W.

Saxe's Mills, p-o., Franklin co., Vt., 76 n. Montpelier, 550 W.

Saxonville, p-v., Middlesex co., Mass., 22 n. w. Boston, 423 W.

Saxton's River, p-o., Windham co.. Vt.

Saybrook, p-t., Middlesex co., Ct., 42 s. s. E. Hartford, 334 W. The surface is uneven and stony; soil, to a considerable extent, fertile. Connecticut r. bounds it on the E., and here enters Long Island sound. The bar at its mouth has 12 feet of water at the highest tides. Watered by Chester, Pettipaug, and Pochaug rivers. The harbor is on a cove which sets up from Connecticut r. The r. is not frozen here in the winter. The shad fishery in the spring is very valuable. Large quantities of whitefish are taken, and used for manure. The v. at the point contains 1 Congregational and 1 Episcopal Church. The borough of Essex, 7 ms. from the mouth of the r., contains 4 churches, 1 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist, an academy, 8 or 10 stores, an extensive ropewalk, and about 1,000 inhabitants. Considerable ship building is carried on. A number of vessels are owned here employed chiefly in the coasting trade. The t. 1 was first settled in 1635. A ferry crosses Connecticut r. to Lyme. There are in the t. 16 stores, cap. $81,046; 2 lumber yards, cap. $10,000; 4 grist m., 4 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $131,250. 2 acad. 66 students, 13 sch. 578 scholars. Pop 3,417.

Saybrook, p-t., Ashtabula co., O., 200 n. e. Columbus, 347 W. Lake Erie lies a little n. of it. Organized in 1826. The name was changed from Wrightsburg in 1826. Many of the inhabitants came from Saybrook, Ct. It has 8 sch 413 scholars. Pop. 934.

Saylorsburg, p-v., Monroe co., Pa., 112 n. e Harrisburg, 205 W.

Sayville, p-o., Islip t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 199 s. s. e. Albany, 279 W.

Scaffle Cain, p-o., Rockcastle co., Ky., 70 s. s. e. Frankfort, 568 W.

Scaffold Prairie, p-o., Greene co., Ia., 83 s. w. Indianapolis, 646 W.

Scantic Village, p-v., E. Windsor t., Hartford co., Ct., 12 n. e. Hartford, 348 W.

Scarborough, p-t., Cumberland co., Me., 10 s. w. Portland, 59 s. w. Augusta, 536 W. It is bounded s. e. by the Atlantic. The soil is fertile, with considerable salt marsh. It has 4 stores, cap. $400; 2 tanneries, 4 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $4,260. 14 sch. 854 scholars. Pop. 2,172.

Scarborough, p-o., Scriven co., Ga., 63 E. by s. Milledgeville, 637 W.

Scarsdale, t., Westchester co., N. Y., 4 B. White Plains, 135 s. Albany. The surface is rolling; soil, sandy and clay loam. Drained by Bronx r., which bounds it on the w.

Schaghticoke, p-t., Rensselaer co., N. Y., 20 n. Albany, 390 W. The surface is undulating; soil, sand, clay, and loam. Hudson r. bounds it on the w. Drained by Hoosic r. and Tomhanic cr. The v. is situated on Hoosic r., 4 miles e. Hudson r., and contains 3 churches, 6 stores, 2 cotton fac. 6,000 sp. 150 looms, 1 machine shop, 1 grist m., 1 saw m., 1 clothier's works, 2 powder m., 175 dwellings, and about 1,400 inhabitants. It possesses a great water power. The t. has 10 stores, cap. $18,700; 1 fulling m., 4 cotton fac. 5,307 sp., 2 powder m., 2 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $209,550. 15 sch. 839 scholars. Pop. 3,339.

Schellsbury, p-o., Bedford co., Pa., V2w Harrisburg, 138 W.

Schenectady, County, N. Y. Situated toward the e. part of the state, and contains 200 square ms. The surface is diversified; soil, various The flats along the Mohawk r. are extensive, and very fertile. Watered by Mohawk r. The Erie Canal and the western and northern railroads pass through it. Capital, Schenectady. There were in 1840, neat cattle 10,808, sheep 18,094, swine 13,063; wheat 13,113 bush, produced, rye 52,278, Ind. corn 62,597, buckwheat 41,238, bar-ley 100,524, oats 216,963, potatoes 240,535, sugar 4,423 pounds; 45 stores, cap. $78,800; 2 furnaces, 7 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 1 cotton fac. 2,000 sp., 4 tanneries, 1 brewery, 1 flouring m., 8 grist I m., 23 saw m., 1 oil m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly [newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $113,700, 1 college 30 students, 3 acad. 83 students, 57 scholars 1 1,972 scholars. Pop. 17,387.

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Schenectady, city, and capital of Schenectady co., N. Y., 16 n. w. Albany, 384 W. Situated on the s. bank of Mohawk r. It is an ancient place, having been settled by the Dutch as a trading post in 1620. It was chartered as a city in 1798, and contains a city hall, jail, clerk's and surrogate's office, a market, lyceum, female academy, 3 banking houses, besides a savings bank, 9 churches, 1 Dutch Reformed, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Methodist, 1 Cameronian, 1 Universalist, 1 Roman Catholic, and 1 African, 100 stores and groceries, 1 cotton fac, 2 flouring m., 2 iron foundries, 1 brewery, 1 tobacco fac, 1 steam flouring m., 3 tanneries, 2 machine shops, 1 plough and wagon fac, 1,000 dwellings, and 6,784 inhabitants. The buildings of Union College, 3 in number and spacious, are pleasantly situated on an eminence, half a mile e. of the city. This institution was founded in 1795, contains a president and 11 professors or other instructors, has had 2,029 alumni, of whom 308 have been ministers of the gospel, has 258 students and 13,000 volumes in its libraries. The commencement is on the 4th Wednesday of July. Its philosophical and other apparatus is very complete. Attached to this college is about 250 acres of land, part of which is designed to be appropriated to groves and walks.

Schlosser, N. Y., the site of an old fort, a little above Niagara Falls, rendered famous by the burning of the Caroline steamboat by the British, during the late Canadian rebellion.

Schimicksburg, p-v., 3Iahoning t, Indiana co., Pa., 179 w. Harrisburg, 232 W. Situated on Little Mahoning cr., and contains a store and 8 or 10 dwellings.

Schodac, t., Rensselaer co., N. Y., 14 s. Troy, 7 s. by E. Albany. The surface is undulating and hilly; soil, clay, loam, sand, and gravel. Drained by small creeks, flowing into Hudson r., which bounds it on the w. It has 13 stores, cap. 832,150; 3 fulling m., 2 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $14,500. 23 schools 1,133 scholars. Pop. 4,125.

Schodac Centre, p-o., Schodac t., Rensselaer co., N. Y., 6 s. by e. Albany, 371 W. Here is a small settlement.

Schodac Landing, p-v., Schodac t., Rensselaer co., N. Y., 12 s. by e. Albany, 358 W. Situated on the e. side of Hudson r., and contains 1 church, 2 stores, 2 warehouses, 50 dwellings, and about 350 inhabitants. Several sloops owned here ply between this place and New York.

Schoeneck, p-o., Lancaster co., Pa., 45 e. Harrisburg, 135 W.

Schoharie, County, N. Y. Situated toward the e. part of the state, and contains 621 sq. ms. Organized in 1795. The surface is hilly and mountainous; soil, fertile, especially on the streams. On the uplands it is adapted to grazing. Watered by Schoharie creek and its tributaries. Water limestone, bog iron ore, and sulphur springs are found. The latter, at Sharon, are becoming celebrated. Capital, Schoharie. There were in 1840, neat cattle 37,633, sheep 71,258, swine 31,865; wheat 72,871 bush, produced, rye 129,342, Indian corn 67,890, buckwheat 80,609, barley 217,478, oats 497,953, potatoes 600,396, sugar 133,766 pounds; 81 stores, cap. $188,500; 30 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 32 tanneries, 1 brewery, 36 grist m., 160 saw m., 1 paper fac, 2 printing offices, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $163,000. 5 acad. 306 students, 199 schools 9,294 scholars. Pop. 32,353.

Schoharie, p-t., capital of Schoharie co., N. Y., 32 w. Albany, 383 W. The surface is uneven, with fertile flats on the streams. Watered by Schoharie and Fox creeks. The v. contains a court house, jail, county clerk's office, 1 Lutheran church, an academy, 4 stores, various mechanic shops, 1 grist m., 2 or 3 saw m., 60 dwellings, and about 450 inhabitants. There are in the t. 17 stores, cap. $52,300; 8 fulling m., 4 tanneries, 1 paper fac, 2 printing offices, 1 weekly newspaper, 7 grist m., 32 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $35,700. 2 acad. 124 students, 25 sch. 1,345 scholars. Pop. 5,534.

Schoharie, cr., rises in Greene co., among the Catskill Mountains, and flows n. into the Mohawk r., in Montgomery co. It is a rapid stream, and with its tributaries, affords water power.

Schoodic Lakes, Washington co., Me. They are a collection of lakes connected by boatable communications, the outlet of which forms a large eastern branch of St. Croix r. They cover a large surface, their borders are densely wooded, and they furnish a great amount of lumber.

Schoolcraft, p-v., Kalamazoo co., Mich., 149 w. Detroit, 608 W. The v. is situated near the centre of Prairie Ronde, in the midst of a fertile farming country. It contains 3 stores, and about 250 inhabitants.

Schooley's Mountain, N. J., forms a part of a chain which extends in a n. e. and s. w. direction across the state, from the Delaware to the Hudson r. It crosses the n. w. part of Morris co., with a height of 600 feet above its base, and about 1,100 feet above the level of the ocean. It is crossed by a turnpike road leading from New York to Easton. A mineral spring near its top has given it considerable celebrity.

Schooley's Mount, p-v., Washington t., Morris co., N. J., 56 n. Trenton, 218 W. The spring here located has a temperature of 56° Fahrenheit r and discharges 30 gallons an hour. The spring contains muriate of soda, muriate of lime, muriate of magnesia, sulphate of lime, carbonate of magnesia, silex, and carbonated oxide of iron. The pure air and the romantic scenery of this region render it a healthful and pleasant place of sum-mer resort. There are 3 well kept hotels, besides private boarding houses in the vicinity. The region abounds with magnetic iron ore. Seven miles from the spring, on the mountain, is Budd's pond, 2 ms. long and 1 broad, of great depth, clear as crystal, abounding with fish, and furnished with a boat. There is a church and a school in the vicinity of the spring.

Schoolfield's Store, p-o., Bledsoe co., Tenn., 124 s. e. Nashville, 589 W.

Schroeppel, t., Oswego co., N. Y., 16 s. e. Oswego, 150 w. n. w. Albany. The surface is rolling; soil, sandy loam. Watered by Oneida and Oswego rivers, which bound it on the s. and w. It has 4 stores, cap. $8,150; 2 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $8,700. 555 scholars in schools. Pop. 2,098.

Schroon, r., N. Y., rises in Essex co., and flowing s. enters Hudson r. in Warren co.

Schroon, lake, N. Y., lies partly in Essex co., and partly in Warren co., and is 10 ms. long, and from 1 to 2 wide. Its waters abound with fish, and its shores with game.

Schroon, t., Essex co., N. Y., 95 n. Albany. The surface is mountainous on the E. and w. with an intervening valley, which abounds with ponds and lakes. Watered by the head branches of Schroon r. The soil is sandy loam, with some clay, and covered with dense forests. The v., situated on Schroon lake, contains 1 store, 1 forge, 2 saw m., and several dwellings. There are in the t. 2 stores, cap. $5,000; 2 fulling m., 2 forges, 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 56 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $91,250. 16 sch. 450 scholars. Pop. 1,660.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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