American History and Genealogy Project

Sparta, AL to Springfield, IL

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Sparta, p-v., capital of Conecuh co., Ala., 164 s. by e. Tuscaloosa, 925 W. Situated on Murder cr., a branch of Conecuh r. It contains a court house, jail, a U.S. land office, several stores, and about 100 inhabitants.

Sparta, p-v., capital of White co., Tenn., 83 e. by s. Nashville, 598 W. Situated on a branch of Caney fork of Cumberland r., and contains a court house, jail, a church, and about 350 inhabitants.

Sparta, t., Noble co., Ia It has 2 stores, cap. 85,000. Pop. 245.

Sparta, p-o., Randolph co., Ill., 141 s. Springfield, 816 W.

Sparta, p-v., capital of Buchanan co., Mo. Situated on the head waters of Bee cr. It contains a court house, jail, and a number of dwellings. It is 8 ms. s. w. of Roubedoux landing, on the Missouri r.

Spartanburg, District, S. C. Situated in the n. part of the state, and contains 1,050 sq. ms. Drained by Ennoree, Tyger, Fair Forest, and Pacolet rivers. Capital, Spartanburg. There were in 1840, neat cattle 20,498, sheep 11,104, swine 31,251; wheat 58,670 bush, produced, Ind. corn 722,751, oats 67,615, potatoes 2,532, cotton 1,595,303 pounds; 39 stores, cap. $9S,700; 2 furnaces, 3 forges, 4 cotton fac. 2,207 sp., 8 tanneries, 37 distilleries, 2 potteries, 6 flouring m., 52 grist m., 41 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $160,030. 5 acad. 179 students, 17 sch. 375 scholars. Pop. whites 17,924, slaves 5,687, free col'd 58; total, 23,669.

Spartanburg, C. H., p-v., capital of Spartan-burg dist., S. C, 98 n. w. Columbia, 471 W. It contains a court house, jail, a church, and about 350 inhabitants.

Spartansburg, p-v., Randolph co., Ia.

Spartapolis, p-v., Rockingham co., Va., 142 N. w. Richmond, 120 W.

Speedsville, p-v., Caroline t., Tompkins co., N. Y., 177 w. by s. Albany, 307 W. Situated on West Owego cr., and contains 1 Presbyterian church, 2 stores, 1 saw m., 1 woolen fac, 1 carriage fac, 90 dwellings, and about 500 inhabitants.

Speedwell, p-o., Wythe co., Va., 269 w. by s. Richmond, 330 W.

Speedwell, p-v., Barnwell dist., S. C, 114 s. s. w. Columbia, 610 W. Situated on e. side of Savannah r.

Speedwell, p-v., Claiborne co., Tenn., 212 e. by N. Nashville, 508 W.

Speerville, p-o., Bedford co., Pa., 83 w. by s. Harrisburg, 109 W.

Speight's Bridge, p-v., Greene co., N. C, 79 e. s. e. Raleigh, 289 W. Situated on Mockasin cr. The v. contains about 60 inhabitants.

Spencer, County, Ky. Situated a little n. of the centre of the state, and contains 260 sq. miles. Drained by the e. fork of Salt r. and its branches. Capital, Taylorsville. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,913, sheep 8,495, swine 23,497; wheat 70,786 bush, produced, rye 14,083, Indian corn 324,765, oats 71,722, potatoes 3,998, tobacco 42,200 pounds; 14 stores, cap. $46,610; 1 tannery, 21 distilleries. 16 grist m., 9 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $20,090. 2 acad. 118 students, 9 sch. 275 scholars. Pop. whites 4,650, slaves 1,911, free col'd 20; total, 6,581.

Spencer, County, Ia. Situated in the s. part of the state, and contains 400 sq. ms. Ohio river bounds it on the s. Drained by Anderson's, Little Pigeon, Crooked, Big, and Sandy creeks. The surface is nearly level; soil, productive. Capital, Rockport. There were in 1840. neat cattle 5,673, sheep 5,713, swine 17,942; wheat 18,338 bush, produced, Indian corn 53.542, oats 17,719, potatoes 12,796, tobacco 96,407 pounds, sugar 2,706; 15 stores, cap. $43,160; 4 tanneries, 1 pottery, 12 grist m., 5 saw m., 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Cap. in manufac. $13,365. 19 sch. 300 scholars. Pop. 6,305.

Spencer, p-t., Worcester co., Mass., 53 w. Boston, 395 W. Incorporated from Leicester in 1753. The surface is elevated, being 950 feet above tidewater at Boston harbor, and is uneven and rough; soil, fertile. Watered by Seven Mile r., and other small streams, branches of Chicapee r. It contains 3 churches, 1 Congregational, 1 Baptist, and 1 Universalist. The v. near the centre contains 2 churches, and about 40 dwellings. There are in the t. 5 stores, cap. $9,200; 6 grist m., 9 saw m. 11 sch. 528 scholars. Pop. 1,604.

Spencer, p-t., Tioga co., N. Y., 15 w. Owego, 179 w. s. w. Albany, 280 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly loam. Drained by Cattotong creek and its branches. The v. contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist church, 5 stores, 11 grist m., 2 saw m., 1 tannery, 60 dwellings, and about 400 inhabitants. There are in the t. 7 stores, cap. $33,650; 2 tanneries, 3 grist m., 20 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,034. 429 scholars in schools. Pop. 1,532.

Spencer, p-v., Davidson co., N. C, 191 w. Raleigh, 348 W.

Spencer, p-t., Medina co., O., Ill n. n. e. Columbus, 366 W. It has 1 grist m., 1 saw m. 4 sch. 142 scholars. Pop. 551.

Spencer, t., Guernsey co., O. Situated on the head waters of Wills cr. It contains the v of Cumberland. Pop. 1,669.

Spencer, p-v., capital of Van Buren co., Tenn., 90 s. e. Nashville, 611 W. It has a court house, and a few dwellings.

Spencer, p-v., capital of Owen co., Ia., 58 s. w. Indianapolis, 621 W. Situated on the n. w. bank of n. fork of White r., and contains a court house, jail, 2 churches, 1 Baptist and 1 Methodist, 4 stores, 1 oil m., 1 ropewalk, 1 copper and tin fac, and about 375 inhabitants.

Spencerport, p-v., Ogden t., Monroe co., N. Y., 234 w. by n. Albany, 380 W. It is situated on the Erie canal, and contains 1 church, 7 stores, 2 grist m., 2 saw m., 1 furnace, 1 carriage fac, 45 dwellings, and about 300 inhabitants.

Spencersburg, p-v., Pike co., Mo., 88 n. e. Jefferson City, 892 W.

Spencertown, p-v., Austerlitz t., Columbia co., N. Y., 29 s. s. e. Albany, 359 W. It contains 1 Presbyterian church, 3 stores, 1 grist m., 1 plaster m., 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants!

Spencerville, p-v., De Kalb co., Ia., 150 n. n. e. Indianapolis, 544 W.

Speonk, p-o., Southampton t., Suffolk co., N. Y., 228 s. s. e. Albany, 308 W.

Sperryville, p-v., Rappahannock co., Va., 123 n. n. w. Richmond, 80 W.

Spiceland, p-o., Henry co., Ia., 38 e. n. e. Indianapolis, 543 W.

Spinnerstown, p-v., Bucks co., Pa., 91 e. Harrisburg, 178 W.

Split Rock, p-o., Essex t. and co., N. Y., 133 n. Albany, 504 W. It derives its name from the noted split rock in Lake Champlain, which appears as if cloven in sunder by some convulsion of nature.

Spoon, river. Ill., is made up by the union of several forks in Coffee co., and pursues a s. and s. e. course, until it enters Illinois r. on the w I side. It affords good water power.

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Spoon River, p-o., Fulton co., Ill., 159 n. n. w. Springfield, 837 W.

Spottedville, p-v., Stafford co., Va., 76 n. Richmond, 67 W.

Spottswood p-v., Amboy t., Middlesex co., N. J., 36 n. e. Trenton, 202 W. It contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Dutch Reformed church, 2 stores, 2 tobacco fac, and about 30 dwellings.

Spottsylvania, County, Va. Situated in the e. part of the state, and contains 408 sq. miles. The surface is uneven. Rappahannock r. runs on its n. border. Drained by head branches of North Anna and Mattapony rs. It contains the city of Fredericksburg. Capital, Spottsylvania C. H. There were in 1840, neat cattle 7,971, sheep 7,670, swine 12,455; wheat 58,450 bushels produced, Ind. corn 302,889, oats 101,774, potatoes 9,787, tobacco 353,147 pounds, cotton 4,454; 82 stores, cap. $394,961; 1 furnace, 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 4 tanneries, 2 flouring m., 37 grist m., 15 saw m., 2 printing offices, 4 semi-weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac. $153,100. 15acad. 415 students, 20 sch. 234 scholars. Pop. whites 6,787, slaves 7.590; total. 15,161.

Spottsylvania, C. H., p-v., capital of Spottsylvania co., Va., 71 n. by w. Richmond, 68 W. Situated on Po r., a branch of Mattapony r., and contains a court house, jail, and about 75 inhabitants.

Spout Spring, p-o., Campbell co., Va., 99 w. by s. Richmond, 185 W.

Spraker's Basin, p-v., Root t., Montgomery co., N. Y., 47 w. n. w. Albany, 398 W. Situated on the Erie canal, and contains 1 church, 2 stores, and about 20 dwellings.

Spread Eagle, p-v., Radnor t., Delaware co., Pa., 83 e. s. e. Harrisburg, 133 W. It contains 1 store, and 10 or 12 dwellings.

Sprigg, t., Adams co., O. It contains the v. of Manchester. It has 9 stores, cap $9,790; 4 tanneries, 1 flouring m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,200. 4 sch. 108 scholars. Pop. 1,976.

Spring, p-t., Crawford co., Pa., 257 n. w. Harrisburg, 330 W. It has 4 stores, cap. $8,000; 1 fulling in., 2 tanneries, 4 grist m., 6 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $17,800. Pop. 1,616.

Spring, t, Centre co., Pa. It has 4 stores, capital $9,000; 1 furnace, 4 forges, 1 brewery, 3 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $21,000. 6 sch. 255 scholars. Pop. 1,793.

Spring Arbor, p-t., Jackson co., Mich., 80 w. Detroit, 552 W. The v. is situated near one of the head branches of Kalamazoo r., on the site of an ancient Indian v. It contains a store, and a few dwellings. There are in the t. 2 saw m. Capital in manufac. $7,000. 4 sch. 127 scholars. Pop. 775.

Springborough, p-v., Clear Creek t., Warren co., O., 84 s. w. Columbus, 470 W. Situated on the n. side of Clear creek, 4 ms. from the Miami canal. It contains 3 churches, 2 Friends and 1 Methodist, 6 stores, 16 mechanic shops, 1 woolen fac, 2 flouring m., 100 dwellings, and about 800 inhabitants. It derives its name from a spring, which moves several mills.

Spring Creek, p-t., Warren co., Pa., 232 n. w. Harrisburg, 324 W. The surface is broken and rocky; soil, gravelly and stony, and scarcely capable of cultivation. Watered by Broken Straw cr. It has 2 tanneries, 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $19,250. 4 sch. 100 scholars. Pop. 435.

Spring Creek, p-o., Greenbrier co., Va., 226 w. by n. Richmond, 261 W.

Spring Creek, t., Miami co., O. It has 2 distilleries. Cap. in manufac. $5,000. 7 sch. 333 scholars. Pop. 1,444.

Spring Creek, p-o., Cherokee co., Ala., 149 N. e. Tuscaloosa, 680 W.

Spring Creek, p-o., Madison co., Tenn., 121 w. s. w. Nashville, 806 W.

Spring Dale, p-o., Alleghany co., Pa., 208 w. by n. Harrisburg, 239 W.

Spring Dale, p-o., Springfield t., Hamilton co., O., 110 s. w. Columbus, 500 W.

Springersville, p-v., Fayette co., Ia., 64 e. by s. Indianapolis, 515 W.

Springfield, p-t., Penobscot co., Me., 60 n. e. by e. Bangor. The soil is fertile, adapted to grain, and particularly to wheat. Incorporated in 1834. Drained by branches of Mattawamkeag r., which afford water power. It has 2 stores, cap. $950; 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $3,206. 7 sch. 236 scholars. Pop. 546.

Springfield, p-t., Sullivan co., N. H., 35 n. w. Concord, 492 W. Drained by the head waters of Black r., flowing into the Merrimac, and of Sugar r., flowing into the Connecticut; and it therefore occupies the height of land between Connecticut and Merrimac rivers. The surface is rough; soil, fertile. Chartered in 1769. Received its present name in 1794. It contains several considerable ponds. It has 1 store, cap. $2,500; 1 grist m., 3 saw m., 7 sch. 430 scholars. Pop. 1,252.

Springfield, p-t., Windsor co., Vt., 77 s. Montpelier, 459 W Bounded e. by Connecticut r. It has a fertile soil, adapted to grain and to grazing. Drained by Black r., which has important falls here, affording great water power. At the falls, 4 ms. from its mouth in Connecticut r., is a flourishing manufacturing v. The meadows on Connecticut r. are extensive and very fertile. It has 8 stores, cap. $25,700; 6 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 1 cotton fac 650 sp., 1 furnace, 3 tanneries, 1 paper fac, 3 grist m., 8 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $106,500. 19 sch. 904 scholars. Pop. 2,625.

Springfield, p-t., capital of Hampden co., Mass., on the e. side of Connecticut r., 24 n. Hart-ford, 91 w. Boston, 363 W. Pop. 1830, 6,784; 1840, 10,985. Incorporated in 1645. Watered by Chickapee and Mill rivers. On the r. are rich alluvial meadows, exceedingly fertile; and back, the land rises and terminates, in a plain, moderately fertile. The main street extends along the r. between 2 and 3 miles. The houses are well built, and many of them are elegant. Springfield v. has a court house, jail, 6 churches, 2 Congregational, 1 Baptist, 1 Episcopal, 1 Methodist, and 1 Unitarian, a paper fac, and one of the most extensive United States arsenals of construction in the country. A bridge here crosses Connecticut r. The armory is pleasantly situated, on elevated ground, half a mile E. of the village. The buildings are arranged on a large square, and consist of one brick edifice 240 feet by 32, 2 stories high, occupied by lock filers, stockers, and finishers; a brick forging shop 150 feet by 32; a brick building 60 feet by 32, 2 stories high, the second story forming a spacious hall devoted to religious worship; a brick building 100 feet by 40, and 2 stories high, used as a depository of arras, and numerous smaller stores and shops. The water works are situated on Mill r., about 1 mile s. of the arsenal, on 3 different sites, called the Upper, Middle, and Lower Water shops, the whole comprising 5 workshops, 28 forges, 10 trip-hammers, 18 water-wheels, exhibiting a great assemblage of water-works. The whole establishment employs from 240 to 250 workmen, who complete 45 muskets daily. The water power owned by the United States would admit of a great extension of these works. There were in Springfield, in 1810, 68 stores, cap. §250,000; value of machinery manufactured, $120,000; hardware and cutlery, $25,000; 30 cannon and 14,000 small-arms; 8 cotton fac. 43,700 sp., cap. S 1,650,000; 3 tanneries, 2 breweries, 3 grist m., 3 saw m., 4 paper fac, 7 printing offices, 4 weekly newspapers. Cap. in manufac $2,63 1,500. 3 acad. 140 students, 36 sch. 1,512 scholars. At the mouth of Chickapee r., where it enters the Connecticut, is Chickapee village, 4 ms. n. of Springfield, a fine manufacturing village in the t. of Springfield, which has 3 churches, 1 Baptist, 1 Congregational, 1 Methodist, 4 cotton fac, 1 paper fac, 150 houses, and about 1,200 inhabitants.

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Springfield, p-t., Otsego co., N. Y., 8 n. Cooperstown, 61 w. Albany, 379 W. The surface is elevated and hilly; soil, fertile in the valleys. The n. end of Otsego lake extends to the centre of the t. It has 5 stores, cap. $19,500; 4 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 1 furnace, 3 tanneries, 4 grist m., 13 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $24,515. 16 sch. 800 scholars. Pop. 2,382.

Springfield, p-t., Essex co., N. J., 8 w. Newark, 52 n. e. Trenton, 217 W. The surface is hilly; soil, clay loam and red shale. Rahway r. runs on its E. border, by tributaries of which it is drained. It is distinguished for its paper manufactories. There is situated on Rahway r., and contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist church, 5 stores, 2 grist m., 1 saw m., 10 paper m., and 200 dwellings. There are in the t. 7 stores, cap. $22,300; 1 tannery, 11 paper fac, 3 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $158,694. 7 sch. 453 scholars. Pop. 1,651.

Springfield, t., Burlington co., N. J., 5 n. e. Mount Holly. The surface is level; soil, sand and sandy loam, fertile, and well cultivated. The inhabitants are mostly Friends, and they have 3 Friends churches. Drained by Assiscunk cr. and its branches; and by tributaries of the n. branch of Rancocus cr. It has 3 stores, cap. $13,000; 1 tannery. Cap. in manufac. $6,320. 7 sch. 411 scholars. Pop. 1,632.

Springfield, p-t., Bradford co., Pa., 154 n. by E. Harrisburg, 261 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly loam. Drained by Bentley's cr., and branches of Sugar cr. It has 1 fulling m., 1 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $6,860. 12 sch. 413 scholars. Pop. 1,437.

Springfield, t., Bucks co., Pa., 15 n. Doylestown, 40 n. Philadelphia. The surface is rolling; soil, sandy loam. Drained by Durham cr., which affords water power, and by branches of Tohickon cr. It has a v. which contains a church. There are in the t. 6 stores, cap. $21,300; 1 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 2 tanneries, 7 grist m., 6 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $10,840. Pop. 2,072.

Springfield, t., Delaware co., Pa., 12 w. Philadelphia, 4 n. Chester. Crum cr. runs on its w. boundary. It contains a church, 2 woolen fac, 3 cotton fac. 3,860 sp., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $65,950. 2 sch. 80 scholars. Pop. 860.

Springfield, t., Mercer co., Pa. The surface is level; soil, clay and loam. Drained by Neshannock cr. It has 4 stores, cap. $3,700; 2 tanneries, 6 grist m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $500. 13 sch. 476 scholars. Pop. 1,804.

Springfield, t., Erie co., Pa. Drained by Crooked, Elk, and Racoon creeks. The surface is hilly; soil, loam. It has 3 stores, cap. $8,500; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 1 distillery, 2 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac $5,050; 1 sch. 18 scholars. Pop. 2,344.

Springfield, t., Huntingdon co., Pa., 21 s. Huntingdon b. The surface is hilly; soil, in the valleys, calcareous loam. Drained by Great Aughwick cr., and its branches, flowing into Juniata r. Iron ore is abundant. It has 1 store, cap. $4,000; 1 tannery, 1 pottery, 3 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $6,245. Pop. 984.

Springfield, t., Montgomery co., Pa., 10 n. Philadelphia, 7 n. e. Norristown. The surface is rolling; soil, calcareous loam. Drained by a branch of Wissahickon cr. Near the v. of Flourtown is a church. It has 3 stores, cap. $7,000; 2 grist m., 1 saw m Pop. 695.

Springfield, t., York co., Pa. It has 4 stores, cap. $4,700; 2 tanneries, 16 distilleries, 4 grist m., 4 saw m., 2 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $26,400. Pop. 1,207.

Springfield, p-v., Hampshire co., Va., 197 n. n. w. Richmond, 125 W. Situated on a branch of Potomac r., and contains about 75 inhabitants.

Springfield, p-v., capital of Effingham co., Ga., 28 n. w. Savannah, 133 e. s. e. Milledgeville, 678 W. It contains a court house, jail, 1 store, and about 80 inhabitants.

Springfield, p-v., Greene co., Ala., 33 s. s. w. Tuscaloosa, 851 W.

Springfield, p-v., capital of Livingston par., La., 65 n. w. New Orleans, 1,152 W. Situated on the w. bank of Notalbaney r., a branch of Tickfaw r. It contains a court house, jail, and about 75 inhabitants.

Springfield, p-v., capital of Robertson co., Tenn., 26 n. by w. Nashville, 708 W. Situated on the s. bank of Sulphur Fork of Red r., which flows into Cumberland r., "at Clarksville. It contains a court house, jail, 2 stores, and about 275 inhabitants.

Springfield, p-v., capital of Washington co., Ky., 68 s. s. w. Frankfort, 590 W. It contains a court house, jail, a bank, and 598 inhabitants.

Springfield, t., Muskingum co., O. It has 7 sch. 263 scholars. Pop. 1,091.

Springfield, p-v., Springfield t., capital of Clarke co., O., 43 w. Columbus, 436 W. Situated on the national road, and on the e. fork of Mad r., which affords extensive water power. It contains a handsome court house, a clerk's office, jail, 1 male and 1 female academy, 4 churches, 1 Presbyterian, 1 Methodist, 1 Reformed Methodist, and 1 Associate Reformed, 30 stores, 1 paper m., 1 grist m., 1 carding and fulling m., 1 brewery, 1 distillery, 1 printing office, which issues a weekly newspaper, 15 sch. 793 scholars, 400 dwellings, and about 2,062 inhabitants. There are in the t., exclusive of the v., 1 acad. 60 students. Pop. 2,349.

Springfield, t., Gallia co., O. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,800; 1 distillery, 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,950. Pop. 991.

Springfield, t., Hamilton co., O. It has 13 sch. 69 scholars. Pop. 3,092.

Springfield, t, Richland co., O. It has 1 sch. 40 scholars. Pop. 1,686.

Springfield, t., Summit co., O. It has 7 sch. 208 scholars. Pop. 1,663.

Springfield, t., Williams co., O. It has 2 sch. 45 scholars. Pop. 359.

Springfield, p-t., Oakland co., Mich., 37 n. w. Detroit, 561 W. It has 2 stores, cap. $4,300; 1 saw m. Pop. 573.

Springfield, p-v., Franklin co., Ia., 71 e. s. e. Indianapolis, 507 W. Situated on a small branch of Whitewater r.

Springfield, t., La Grange co., Ia. It has 1 store, cap. $12,000; 1 distillery, 1 grist m., 3 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $20,800. 4 sch. 59 scholars. Pop. 429.

Springfield, p-v., capital of Sangamon co., and of the State of Illinois, 105 N. by e. St. Louis, 780 from W. Situated near the centre of the state, 4 ms. s. Sangamon r., on the border of a beautiful and extended prairie. It was laid out in 1822, and in 1823 contained 30 families, living in log cabins. Its principal growth has been within 10 years past. It contains a state house, for the erection of which $50,000 has been appropriated, a court house, and market house, on a fine public square, a jail, a U. S. land office, 6 churches, 2 Presbyterian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, 1 Baptist Reformed, and 1 Methodist, 3 academies, 34 stores, cap. $266,000; 1 iron foundry, 4 carding machines, 3 printing offices, each issuing a weekly newspaper, and 2,579 inhabitants. It has been the capital of the state since 1840.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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