American History and Genealogy Project

Westmoreland County, VA to West Union, VA

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Westmoreland, County, Va
. Situated in the E. part of the state, and contains 316 sq. ms. Potomac r. bounds it on the n. e., and Rappahannock r. in part on the s. w. Small streams flow into both these rivers. Capital, Westmoreland C. H. There were in 1840, neat cattle 5,474, sheep 4,317, swine 6,159; wheat 59,958 bush, produced, rye 1,459, Indian corn 243,670, oats 27,751, potatoes 6,899, tobacco 1,040 pounds, cot-ton 5,085; 15 stores, cap. $67,000; 3 tanneries, 1 distillery, 13 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $9,950. 1 acad. 36 students, 5 sch. 127 scholars. Pop. whites 3,466, slaves 3,590, free col'd 963; total, 8,019.

Westmoreland, p-t., Cheshire co., N. H., 65 s. w. Concord, 436 W. Bounded w. by Connecticut r. The surface is moderately uneven; soil, tolerably fertile. Drained by a mill-stream flow-ing from Spofford's lake, in Chesterfield, which flows n. w. into Connecticut r. Chartered in 1752. It has 2 stores, cap. $8,000; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 4 grist m., 7 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $12,118. 13 sch. 494 scholars. Pop. 1,546.

Westmoreland, p-t., Oneida co., N. Y., 103 w. n. w. Albany, 392 W. The surface is level; soil, generally a rich loam. Watered by Oriskany cr. It has 5 stores, cap. $38,000; 1 fulling m., 1 woolen fac, 4 tanneries, 1 paper fac, 10 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $53,937. 18 sch. 1,080 scholars. Pop. 3,105.

Westmoreland, C. H., p-v., capital of Westmoreland co., Va., 70 n. E. Richmond, 105 W. It contains a court house, jail, and about 150 inhabitants.

West Mount Vernon, p-o., Mount Vernon t., Kennebec co., Me., 17 n. w. Augusta, 607 W.

West Nantmeal, t., Chester co., Pa., 34 n. w. Philadelphia. The surface is gently uneven; soil, loam and gravel. Drained by the e. branch of Brandywine r. and its tributary, Indian cr., and by French cr. It has 8 stores, cap. $17,300; 1 furnace, 1 forge, 1 tannery, 2 flouring m., 2 grist m., 5 saw m., 1 oil m. Cap. in manufac. $8,720. 6 sch. 376 scholars. Pop. 1,731.

West Needham, p-v., Needham t., Norfolk co., Mass., 14 w. s. w. Boston, 426 W.

West Newbury, p-t., Essex co., Mass., 39 n. by e. Boston, 470 W. Situated on the s. side of the Merrimac. Soil, fertile. It has 4 stores, cap. $3,500; 1 tannery, 1 grist m. Cap. in manufac. $45,700. 6 sch. 375 scholars. Pop. 1,560.

West Newfield, p-o., Newfield t, York co., Me., 84 s. w. by w. Augusta, 530 W.

West Newton, p-v., Newton t., Middlesex co., Mass., 9 w. Boston, 431 W.

West Newton, p-o., Westmoreland co., Pa., 182 w. Harrisburg, 208 W.

West New Vineyard, p-o., Vineyard t., Franklin co., Me., 57 n. n. w. Augusta, 642 W.

West Niles, p-o., Niles t., Cayuga co., N. Y., 165 w. by n. Albany, 329 W.

West Northwood, p-o., Northwood t., Rockingham co., N. H., 18 e. by s. Concord, 488 W.

West Nottingham, t., Chester co., Pa., 45 s. w. Philadelphia. The surface is level; soil, slate and loam. Octara cr. runs on its w. border. It has 1 store, cap. $3,000; 1 tannery, 2 paper fac, 3 grist m., 3 saw m. Capital in manufac. $1,270. 1 sch. 20 scholars. Pop. 607.

Weston, p-t., Aroostook co., Me., 259 n. e. Augusta, 824 W. It is a half township, granted to Hampden Academy. Drained by branches of Mattawamkeag r. Chartered in 1835. The soil is fertile, adapted to grain. It has 1 saw m., 2 sch. 95 scholars. Pop. 249.

Weston, p-t., Windsor co., Vt., 91 s. by w Montpelier, 456 W. The surface is uneven, soil, fertile, adapted to grazing and to grain. Drained by West r., which affords water power. It has 2 villages. The v. near the centre contains 2 churches, 2 stores, 1 clothier's works, 1 carding machine, and 1 tannery. The religious denominations are Congregationalists, Baptists, Methodists, and Universalists. It has 1 church common to several denominations. There are in the t. 2 stores, cap. $10,000; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 2 grist m., 8 saw m. Capital in manufactures $12,050. 12 schools 368 scholars. Pop. 1,032.

Weston, p-t., Middlesex co., Mass., 14 w. Boston, 426 W. The surface is uneven and elevated; soil, fertile. Watered by Stony brook. It contains a Congregational, a Baptist, and a Methodist church. Incorporated in 1712. It has 3 stores, cap. $4,500; 1 cotton fac. 512 sp., 1 tannery, 1 pottery, 2 grist m., 1 saw m., 6 sch. 287 scholars. Pop. 1,092.

Weston, p-t., Fairfield co., Ct., 63 s. w. Hartford, 281 W. The surface is uneven: soil, gravelly loam. Drained by Saugatuck and Mill rivers, which afford water power. It contains 5 churches, 2 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, 1 Baptist, and 1 Methodist. The v. contains a Congregational church, and a well-endowed academy. There is a small manufacturing v. in the n. w. part, containing a Baptist and a Methodist church. There are in the t. 8 stores, cap. $12,000; 1 flouring m., 8 grist m., 13 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $17,050. 2 acad. 26 students, 17 sch. 459 scholars. Pop. 2,651.

Weston, p-v., Somerset co., N. J., 20 n. Trenton, 204 W. Situated on Millstone r., 1 m. from its entrance into Raritan r., and on the Delaware and Raritan canal. It contains 1 store, 1 saw m., 1 grist m., and 12 or 14 dwellings.

Weston, p-v., capital of Lewis co., Va., 281 n. w. by w. Richmond, 249 W. Situated on the w. fork of Monongahela river, and contains a court house, jail, 4 stores, 1 flouring m., 30 dwellings, and about 200 inhabitants.

Weston, p-t., Wood co., O., 129 n. n. w. Columbus, 467 W. Maumee r. crosses the N. w. part of the t., by a branch of which it is watered. The v. called Benton is on Maumee River, 18 ms. above Perrysburg. There are in the t. 2 saw m. Capital in manufac. $7,500. 3 sch. 107 scholars. Pop. 415.

Weston, p-o., Van Buren co., Mich., 166 w. Detroit, 630 W.

Weston, p-v., Platte co., Mo. Situated on the n. e. side of Missouri r.

West Oneonta, p-o., Oneonta t., Otsego co., N. Y., 83 w. by s. Albany, 353 W.

West Ossipee, p-o., Ossipee t., Carroll co., N. H., 63 n. n. e. Concord, 544 W.

West Otis, p-o., Otis t., Berkshire co., Mass., 122 w. by s. Boston, 367 W.

West Parsonsfield, p-o., Parsonsfield t., York co., Me., 89 s. w. Augusta, 535 W.

West Penfield, p-o., Penfield t., Monroe co , N. Y., 217 w. by n. Albany, 374 W.

West Penn, p-t., Schuylkill co., Pa., 79 n. e. Harrisburg, 189 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly and sterile. Drained by Little Schuylkill r., and Mahoning and Lizard crs. It contains a Lutheran church, and abounds in anthracite coal. Pop. 1,362.

West Pennsboro', t., Cumberland co., Pa., 8 w. Carlisle. The surface is level; soil, calcareous loam. Bounded n. by Conedogwinit cr. It has 1 commission house, cap, $1,500; 3 stores, cap. $8,300; 2 tanneries, 3 distilleries, 8 flouring m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $60,800. 9 sch. 270 scholars. Pop. 1,867.

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West Pikeland, t., Chester co., Pa. The surface is a gentle declivity: soil, sandy loam. Drained by branches of Schuylkill r., which afford water power. It has 4 sch. 172 scholars. Pop. 733.

West Philadelphia, p-v., Philadelphia co., Pa., 97 e. by s. Harrisburg, 137 W. Situated on the w. side of Schuylkill r., and contains several stores, and about 40 dwellings.

West Philadelphia, p-o., Scott co., Mo., 240 s. e. Jefferson City, 873 W.

West Plattsburg, p-o., Plattsburg t., Clinton co., N. Y., 168 n. Albany, 543 W.

West Plymouth, p-o., Plymouth t., Grafton co., N. H., 43 n. Concord, 524 W.

West Point, p-v., Cornwall t., Orange co., N. Y., 92 s. by w. Albany, 278 W. Pleasantly situated on the w. bank of Hudson r., 52 miles n. New York City. It derives its importance from the United States Military Academy, established here by an act of Congress in 1802, on 250 acres of land ceded to the United States by the state of New York, in 1826. The buildings are 2 stone barracks, one 3 and the other 4 stories high, occupied by 250 cadets, the limited number; a large 3 story stone building, 275 by 75 feet, for military exercises in winter, and as a depository of the chemical apparatus, models of fortification, &c, and as drawing and recitation rooms; a fine 2 story stone building, of Gothic architecture, 150 by 60 feet, with 3 towers for astronomical apparatus, the middle tower revolving for an astronomical observatory, a chapel, hospital, mess hall, 2 cavalry stables, several workshops and store-rooms, and 17 separate dwellings for the officers of the institution. There are also a magazine, a laboratory, soldiers' barracks, a store, and about 25 dwellings for families connected with the establishment, and a total population of 900. Here is a convenient landing, and a large hotel, capable of accommodating 100 visiters. This place was fortified during the revolutionary war, and the remains of Fort Putnam, on Mount Independence, elevated 500 feet above the level of the river, and of Fort Clinton, are still seen. The education given at West Point, both scientific and military, is of a high order, and 34 officers and professors are attached to the institution. Near West Point is an academy, kept by J. D. Kinsley, formerly an instructor in the West Point Military Academy, which is flourishing.

West Point, p-v., Columbiana co., O., 158 n. e. Columbus, 280 W.

West Point, p-v., Hardin co., Ky., 75 w. by s. Frankfort, 615 W. Situated on the s. side of the Ohio, immediately below the entrance of Salt r., and contains several warehouses, and 150 inhabitants.

West Point, p-v., Orange co., N. C, 29 n. w. Raleigh, 289 W.

West Point, p-v., Troup co., Ga., 4½ above Columbus, 136 w. Milledgeville, 754 W. It contains a Methodist church, 8 or 10 stores, and about 350 inhabitants.

West Point, p-v., Tippecanoe co., Ia., 77 n. w. Indianapolis, 635 W. It contains about 100 inhabitants.

West Point, p-o., Lee co., Iowa.

West Point, p-o., Lawrence co., Tenn.

West Poland, p-o., Poland t., Cumberland co., Me., 55 s. w. Augusta, 578 W.

West Port, p-t., Lincoln co., Me., 38 s. by e. Augusta, 602 W. It is bounded e. by Sheepscot r., separating it from Edgecombe and Boothbay, and s. and w. by Sheepscot bay. Incorporated in 1828. It has 4 grist m., 3 saw m., 4 sch. 291 scholars. Pop. 655.

West Port, p-v., Cheshire co., N. H 59 s. w. Concord, 423 W.

West Port, p-t., Bristol co., Mass., 59 s. Boston, 426 W. Bounded s. by the Atlantic, at the mouth of Buzzards bay. Drained by Westport or Nochacuck r., which flows by a wide mouth into Buzzards bay. The v., situated on both sides of the r., contains 2 Baptist and 1 Friends church. There are besides in the t. 1 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, and 1 Methodist church. The whaling business furnishes employment to many of the inhabitants. It has 6 stores, capital $18,500; 2 lumber yards, cap. $4,500; 1 fulling m., 1 cotton fac. 2,000 sp., 1 furnace, 1 tannery, 3 grist m., 5 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $19,600. 18 sch. 462 scholars. Pop. 2,820.

West Port, p-t., Fairfield co., Ct., 64 s. w. Hartford, 273 W. The soil is generally fertile. Bounded s. by Long Island sound. Watered by Saugatuck river, on which stands the v. on both sides, connected by a bridge, 2s miles from the sound. It contains a Congregational and an Episcopal church, 12 stores, and several cotton and other factories. There is a Methodist church in the t. There are in the t. 14 stores, capital $35,100; 2 lumber yards, cap. $6,000; 1 cotton fac. 1,100 sp., 1 tannery, 4 grist m., 1 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $97,600. 3 acad. 57 students, 6 sch. 244 scholars. Pop. 1,803.

West Port, t., Essex co., N. Y., 125 n. Albany. Surface level on the e., and hilly on the w.; soil, clay and loam, mostly of good quality. Drained by Black cr., and several small streams flowing into Lake Champlain. It has 9 stores, cap. $27,000; 1 fulling m., 2 woolen fac, 2 forges, 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 10 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $29,000. 1 acad. 100 students, 6 sch. 307 scholars. Pop. 1,932.

West Port, p-v., Oldham co., Ky., 43 n. w. by w. Frankfort, 584 W.

West Port, p-v., Decatur co., Ia., 70 s. e. Indianapolis, 564 W. Situated on the w. side of a branch of the E. fork of White r.

West Port, p-v., Jackson co., Mo., 158 w. n. w. Jefferson City, 1,084 W. Situated on the w. line of the state, about 6 miles s. of the Missouri r. It contains about 300 inhabitants.

West Poultney, p-o., Poultney t., Rutland co., Vt., 83 s. w. Montpelier, 441 W.

West Prairie, p-o., Stoddard co., Mo.

West Prospect, p-o., Prospect t., Waldo co., Me., 49 e. by n. Augusta, 643 W.

West Randolph, p-o., Randolph t., Orange co., Vt., 27 s. Montpelier, 490 W. It contains a church, 2 stores, several mills, and a number of dwellings.

West Richmond, p-v., Richmond t., Ontario co., N. Y., 220 w. Albany, 357 W. It contains 1 store, 1 flouring m., 1 saw m., 1 furnace, and 12 or 15 dwellings.

West Quoddy Head, the w. entrance into Passamaquoddy Bay, in Lubec t, Me. It contains a lighthouse.

West Ripley, p-o., Ripley t, Somerset co., Me., 53 n. n. e. Augusta, 658 W.

West River, Vt, called also Wantasticook r., rises in Weston, and, pursuing a southeasterly course, falls into Connecticut r., in the n. e. part of Brattleboro'. Its branches afford much water power. It has some fine intervale on its banks.

West River, p-o., Anne Arundel co., Md., 17 Annapolis, 37 W. Situated on a branch of Chesapeake Bay on its w. side.

West River, p-o., Jackson co., Mich., 86 w. Detroit, 556 W.

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West River, t,, Randolph co., Ia. It has 2 stores, cap. $2,500; 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 2 saw m., 2 sch. 50 scholars. Pop. 916.

West Rockhill, t., Bucks co., Pa., 33 n. n. w. Philadelphia, 92 e. n. e. Harrisburg, 171 W. The surface is hilly; soil, gravelly. Drained by Perkiomen cr. and a branch of Tohickon cr. It has 4 stores, cap. $11,500; 4 tanneries, 3 grist m., 3 saw m., 2 oil m. Capital in manufac. $13,611. Pop. 1,631.

West Roxbury, p-v., Roxbury t., Norfolk co., Mass., 10 s. w. Boston, 434 W. It contains a Congregational and a Unitarian church.

West Rumney, p-o., Rumney t., Grafton co., N. H., 51 n. n. w. Concord, 521 W.

West Rupert, p-o., Rupert t., Bennington co., Vt., 97 s. Montpelier, 421 W.

West Rush, p-o., Rush t., Monroe co., N. Y., 221 w. by n. Albany, 360 W.

West Rutland, p-v., Rutland t. and co., Vt., 66 s. s. w. Montpelier, 452 W. It contains a Congregational church.

West Sand Lake, p-v., Sand Lake t., Rensselaer co., N. Y., 14 e. Albany, 384 W.

West Sandwich, p-v., Sandwich t., Barnstable co., Mass., 56 s. s. w. Boston, 457 W.

West Salem, t., Mercer co., Pa., 17 n. w. Mercer. Drained by Shenango creek. It has 1 store, cap. $3,000; 1 fulling m., 2 tanneries, 2 grist m., 6 saw m., 16 sch. 716 scholars. Pop. 2,528.

West Schuyler, p-o., Schuyler t., Herkimer co., N. Y., 88 w. n. w. Albany, 392 W.

West Scituate, p-v., Scituate t., Plymouth co., Mass., 20 s. e. Boston, 447 W. It contains a Congregational and a Universalist church.

West Shelburne, p-o., Shelburne t., Coos co., N. H., 107 n. by e. Concord, 590 W.

West Sherman, p-o., Sherman t, St. Joseph co., Mich., 140 s. w. by w. Detroit, 591 W.

West Sidney, p-o., Sidney t, Kennebec co., Me., 106 n. Augusta, 601 W.

West's Mills, p-o., Franklin co., Me., 44 N. w. Augusta, 631 W.

West Somers, p-v., Somers t., Westchester co., N. Y., 116 s. Albany, 278 W. It contains a church and about 40 inhabitants.

West Springfield, p-t., Hampden co., Mass., 93 w. Boston, 363 W. The surface in some parts is rough and stony, with much alluvial meadow in other parts; soil, generally very fertile. Bounded e. by Connecticut r., over which is a fine bridge, connecting it with Springfield. Watered by Westfield r., which affords water power. A pond n. of the centre has its outlet s. into Westfield r. It contains 7 churches, 4 Congregational, 2 Baptist, and 1 Methodist. The principal v. opposite to Springfield contains a Congregational church. It has spacious streets, bordered by lofty elms, and has many fine dwellings. There is a v. in the n., and another in the s. part of the t. The t. extends n. and s. through the breadth of the co. The Boston and Albany railroad passes through it. Incorporated in 1774. There are in the t. 10 stores, cap. $20,700; 1 fulling m., 1 cotton fac. 3,400 sp., 27 sch. 791 scholars. Pop. 3,626.

West Springfield, p-o., Springfield t., Sullivan co.,N. H., 38 n. w. Concord, 492 W.

West Springfield, p-o., Springfield t., Erie co., Pa., 269 n. w. Harrisburg, 342 W.

West Stafford, p-o., Stafford t., Tolland co., Ct., 29 n. m. e. Hartford, 365 W.

West Stephentown, p-o., Stephentown t., Rensselaer co., N. Y.

West Stewartstown, p-o., Stewartstown t., Coos co., N. H., 141 n. Concord, 602 W.

West Stockbridge, p-t., Berkshire county, Mass., 138 w. Boston, 365 W. The surface is generally uneven; soil, fertile. Drained by Williams r., which flows through the t. from n. to s., and affords water power. It contains an abundance of marble variously colored, from the purest white to black. The principal v. contains 1 Congregational and 1 Methodist church, several stores, 150 dwellings, and about 1,000 inhabitants. It is a great centre of railroads. The Boston and Albany railroad passes through it, and is here met by the Housatonic railroad, and the Hudson and Berkshire railroad. It has 6 stores, cap. $19,000; 1 fulling m., 1 tannery, 1 grist m., 12 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $1,000. 6 sch. 281 scholars. Pop. 1,448.

West Stockbridge Centre, p-v., West Stockbridge t., Berkshire co., Mass., 141 w. Boston, 368 W.

West Stockholm, p-o., Stockholm t., St. Lawrence co., N. Y., 218 n. n. w. Albany, 502 W.

West Suffield, p-o., Suffield t., Hartford co., Ct., 20 n. Hartford, 356 W.

West Sumner, p-o., Sumner t., Oxford co., Me., 43 w. Augusta, 604 W.

West Sutton, p-v., Sutton t., Worcester co., Mass., 49 w. s. w. Boston, 397 W. It contains a Congregational and a Baptist church.

West Taghkanic, p-o., Taghkanic t., Columbia co., N. Y., 40 s. Albany, 345 W.

West Thompson, p-v., Thompson t., Windham co., Ct., 46 e. n. e. Hartford, 382 W. It contains a Methodist church.

West Thornton, p-o., Thornton t., Grafton co., N. H., 53 n. by w. Concord, 534 W.

West Tisbury, p-v., Tisbury t., Dukes co., Mass., 96 s. s. e. Boston, 478 W. It contains 1 Congregational and 1 Methodist church.

West Topsham, p-o., Topsham t., Orange co., Vt., 19 s. e. Montpelier, 525 W.

West Town, p-v., Minisink t., Orange co., N. Y., 116 s. s. w. Albany, 267 W. It contains 1 church, an academy, 3 stores, 30 dwellings, and about 180 inhabitants.

West Town, t., Chester co., Pa., 20 n. w. Philadelphia. The surface is level; soil, sandy loam. Drained by Chester cr. It contains 2 churches and 2 Friends boarding schools, 1 for males, and 1 for females. It has 2 stores, cap. $9,000; 1 grist m., 2 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $900. 1 acad. 244 students, 3 sch. 93 scholars. Pop. 924.

West Townshend, p-o., Townshend t., Windham co., Vt., 122 s. Montpelier, 444 W.

West Trenton, p-v., Trenton t., Hancock co., Me., 98 e. Augusta, 680 W.

West Troupsburg, p-o., Troupsburg t., Steuben co., N. Y., 236 w. by s. Albany, 295 W.

West Troy. (See Troy, N. Y.)

West Turin, t., Lewis co., N. Y., 126 n. w. Albany. The surface is undulating and broken; soil, loam and fertile clay, adapted to grass. Drained by Salmon r. and Fish cr. Bounded e by Black r., where are the High falls, 63 feet high, immediately below which the Black river canal enters the river. It possesses great water power. It has 4 stores, cap. $11,000; 1 flouring m., 8 saw m. Cap. in manufac. $2,440. 16 sch. 472 scholars. Pop. 2,042.

West Union, p-v., Marshall co., Va., 347 N. w. Richmond, 254 W. Situated on the e. side of Wheeling r., and contains 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist church, an academy, 3 stores, 1 printing office, issuing a weekly newspaper, 45 dwellings, and about 300 inhabitants. In the vicinity are 6 flouring m.

Table of Contents

Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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