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Utah Biographies ~ Caine to Cutler

Caine, John T. Hon.

John Thomas Caine was born in the parish of Kirk Patrick, Isle of Man, on January 8, 1829. When but six years of age he was virtually an orphan, his father having immigrated to America, his mother being dead, and having no brothers or sisters. He was taken into the home of Hugh Cubbon, his grandfather. Later he went to live with an aunt, Mrs. William Cowley, who took a motherly interest in the little fellow and sent him to school.

At an early age he was urged to obtain some knowledge of the tailor's trade, with a view of fitting himself to take a position in an uncle's merchant tailoring establishment. This work did not appeal to him, and, being ambitious to seek his fortune in America, he laid his plans accordingly. An opportunity to gratify his desire came in the form of a small sum of money, left him by his grandfather, and he sailed for America in 1846.

His knowledge of the tailoring business stood him in good stead upon his arrival in New York, and he was thus enabled to earn a livelihood without difficulty. It was while in New York that he embraced the Mormon religion and became an active worker in that faith.

In 1850 Mr. Caine married Margaret Nightingale, and two years later found the Caine family in Salt Lake City, Utah, where he employed various ways of earning a livelihood, chiefly that of teaching school. He was called upon a mission to the Hawaiian Islands, where he remained for over two years.

Soon after his arrival in Salt Lake City, Mr. Caine became a member of the original Deseret Dramatic Association, and later was one of the prime movers in the building of the Salt Lake Theatre.

John T. Caine has the distinction of having represented Utah in the Congress of the United States by a longer period than any other man. He was first elected to the Forty-seventh Congress as successor to George Q. Cannon, whose seat had been denied. He was thereafter elected as Territorial representative to the 48th, 49th, 50th, 51st, and 52nd Congresses. He was immensely popular with the people of Utah, and his services in Congress were highly satisfactory to them. He was afterwards very prominent and influential in securing the admission of Utah as a State.

On September 5, 1895, Mr. Caine was unanimously nominated for the first governor of the State of Utah, on the Democratic ticket, which ticket, however, was defeated. In 1896 he was carried to victory for State Senator on the same ticket.

Mr. Caine is the father of thirteen children. Though a public man, whose duties have kept him from home a great deal of the time, Mr. Caine is a lover of his home and devotedly attached to his wife and children.

Caine, Joseph E.

The Western type, with the buoyant air and hustling, though self-contained manner, cannot be more thoroughly exemplified than in the person of Joseph E. Caine, of Salt Lake City. Born and raised in the City of Zion, he has seen the town in which he first saw the light of day, advance with wondrous strides, and more than that he has been instrumental in making it what it is today.

Mr. Caine was born April 16, 1864, he being the son of Hon. John T. Caine and Margaret Nightingale Caine. His father was one of the pioneers of this country and was at one time delegate to Congress. Mr. Game's education was varied and complete. He attended first the University of Utah, and while there acquitted himself very creditably, his scholarship being of a very high standard. After completing his course of instruction here he attended the Maryland Agricultural College, after which he was a student at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.

Coming west to his home, Mr. Caine immediately upon his arrival took up newspaper work and spent some time on the "Tribune," "Democrat" and "Herald." That he was a success in that profession is attested by all who know him and were in the city during this period in his life. When the sound of drums and martial music was heard, in 1898, and the call for volunteers resounded on every side, the love for his country and patriotic fire, burning deep into his soul, could not be quieted, and, leaving his chosen profession, he went to the front. He served as captain of the First Troop Utah United States Volunteer Cavalry. This troop played a prominent part in the war, and many times it has been said officially that the troop of which Mr. Caine was the captain was the finest troop of one hundred men in the United States Army.

After the war was over, Mr. Caine decided that he would branch out a little and not go into the newspaper game again. He became identified with several mining properties, and he has been uniformly successful in all his mining operations. His knowledge of this industry he gained through his varied experience through this country and he is recognized today by the mining men in the inter-mountain country as being keen and far-sighted, but always honest and manly in his dealings.

Mr. Caine's domestic life is a very happy one. He was married November 26, 1888, to Miss Annie Hooper, daughter of Captain William H. Hooper, former delegate to Congress. The union has been a most happy one and has been blessed with four children: William Hooper, Joseph Nightingale, Robert Warrack and Hooper Caine. The home life is ideal and the beautiful residence at 67 B Street is frequently the scene of parties and entertainments where the many friends gather in a social way.

Mr. Caine at the present time is vice-president and manager of the Yerington Copper Company, and also of the Wheeler Gold Mines Company. He is also manager of the Caine & Hooper Company, which is well known in this city. Although his many interests keep him very busy, he has time to boost and work for the city in which he was born. He is a member of the Board of Governors of the Commercial Club, and is now serving his second term. Ever since that organization was founded he has been one of the prime movers in it, and that to-day it is one of the greatest commercial organizations is a lasting tribute to Mr. Caine and those who worked so hard with him for its success. He is also a member of the University Club and the Press Club, and is an active worker in both of these.

Politically Mr. Caine has not gained much prominence because he never had much leaning that way. He was, however, at one time a member of the Board of Public Works, and while in that office he worked unceasingly and untiringly for improvements. Still a young man, Mr. Caine has been very successful, and through his manliness and integrity has earned an enviable reputation among his fellowmen.

Catrow, Henry

Prominent in mining circles in the inter-mountain country and especially in Utah is Henry Catrow, one of the youngest mine operators in this country. Although he has been a resident of the State but a few years, he has earned for himself an enviable place among the min-ing men here. His connection with the Ohio Copper Mine at Bingham and his success in handling this property is well known to all conversant with the mining business in Utah and elsewhere. The fact that this mine today is one of the biggest propositions in the great camp of Bingham and will soon be shipping a tremendous tonnage by virtue of the fact that a campaign of development was waged by Mr. Catrow 's suggestion will stand as a monument to his keenness and far-sightedness.

Born in Miamisburg, Ohio, on the 22nd of June, 1878, he received his early education in the public schools of Miamisburg. He afterwards attended the Pennsylvania Military College at Chester, Pennsylvania, and finished his course at the University of Michigan, graduating from the law department.

In June, 1903, after finishing his education he came to Salt Lake City. Soon after his arrival here he became interested in the Ohio Copper. He immediately started to promote the mine and it has been truthfully said that he was the father of this big proposition. He received the financial backing of Ohio capitalists and the work on the property started in with new vigor and vim. Although a couple of years ago F. Aug. Heinze received control of the property, Mr. Catrow still was a large shareholder and never ceased to interest himself in its development. He has given his time and attention to its development from the time when the Columbia tunnel .was being worked on the Bingham side and the ore was being treated at the Winamuck Mill to the present time when the big connection has been made through the Mascotte tunnel and the Ohio Copper shaft, and the erection of the huge 3000-ton mill at Lark. That this mine will in a very short time be one of the great producers in Bingham has always been Mr. Catrow's contention.

Mr. Catrow was married on the 7th of April, 1904, to Miss Charlotte May Bettles, a well-known and prominent young lady of this city. The union has been a most happy one and has been blessed by two children, Alfred Newton and Henry Catrow, Jr.

While a man of domestic tastes, Mr. Catrow is identified with several organizations, namely the University Club, Commercial Club and is a thirty-second degree Mason. He bothers very little with politics although he is always alive to the growth and development of this city and State. Besides being a large stockholder in the Ohio Copper he is interested in the Utah Copper Company of Bingham.

Mr. Catrow is looked upon as one of the progressive young men in the State and his many successes so far attest this to be a fact.

Clark, H. P.

Prominent in banking circles in Salt Lake City, and, in fact, in the entire inter-mountain region, is Harry P. Clark, president of the Merchants' Bank of Salt Lake City. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on February 9, 1859, his father was Asa A. Clark, a prominent newspaper man of that city, and his mother Elizabeth Borton Clark. Mr. Clark received his earlier education in the public schools of his native city and when yet a young man he came West, locating in Kansas, and later settled in San Francisco, where he became connected with the Bank of Wells, Fargo & Company.

Seeing the possibilities afforded a young man in the inter-mountain region, Mr. Clark came to Salt Lake City in June, 1903, as an officer of the Wells, Fargo & Company bank at this place, remaining with them until they retired from the banking business, when he accepted a position of prominence and trust with the Commercial National Bank, now the Continental National Bank, of which institution he was cashier until a short time ago. In his connection of cashier of the Commercial National he made a host of friends as a result of his good judgment and conservative methods.

Under his efficient management the patronage of the bank grew to splendid volume, and his success with the new institution will, it is expected, be just as marked. Possessing to a marked degree all the attributes of a successful business man, it is perhaps not to be wondered at that Mr. Clark should have accomplished as much as he has. Although he has devoted practically all his life to the banking industry, he has also found leisure to interest himself in the local real-estate situation. This, too, was a promising field to Mr. Clark, and since coming to Salt Lake he has become treasurer of the Fairmount Springs Realty Company, and also of the Salt Lake Realty Company. He is treasurer of the Green River Valley Land & Water Company, which controls 400,000 acres along the Green River and comprises one of the largest irrigation projects within the State. He is vice-president of the Bingham State Bank, in addition to being connected with numerous other business and financial institutions in and around Salt Lake City.

Mr. Clark is also quite prominent in local club life, being a member of the Alta Club, the Commercial Club, and the Press Club. He is a Free Mason, a member of the Wasatch Lodge, and a member of the Utah Chapter, Utah Commandery, and El Kalah Temple. He maintains a handsome residence at 303 South Seventh East Street, where Mr. and Mrs. Clark frequently entertain.

Mr. Clark was married on May 28, 1884, his family consisting of his wife, a son, Asa Alan Clark, and a daughter, Miss Florence Margaret Clark. Personally, Mr. Clark is a man of genial personality, whole-souled and generous to his friends. His success in life up to this time has been gained through a strict adherence to business principles and a rigid observance of the ethics of commercial life. Possessed of a comfortable fortune earned by his own industry, he will probably continue for many years to be an active factor in his chosen walk of life. His success is regarded merely as a logical outcome of well-directed effort, and there are those who predict for him an even brighter future.

Cohn, Louis

Louis Colin, one of Salt Lake City's most progressive and successful merchants, was born in Doberzyn, Poland, Russia, April 18, 1842. He was educated in the Government public schools there, and in 1859, at the age of seventeen, he emigrated to New York, in which city he clerked in a dry goods store for two years, when he went to California and entered the mercantile business in Sierra County, where he kept a general store for the next four years, in which he was quite successful. In 1865 he left California, driving his own team from Poker Flat, made famous by Bret Harte, and started for Salt Lake City, where he arrived after a tedious six weeks' journey. Shortly after arriving in Salt Lake he started a general store under the firm name of Cohn & Munter, which continued for two years, when the dry goods establishment known as The California Store was formed by Mr. L. Colin and his brother, Alexander, which, after many ups and downs, was finally merged into the Cohn Dry Goods Company. That firm went out of business, and in 1887 the present house was established and has been very successful ever since, and is today one of the leading dry goods houses in Salt Lake City. The success attained by this house was due mainly to the business ability and good judgment of Mr. Louis Cohn, who believes in sticking close to business and hanging on even when severe reverses happen. He has always been a firm believer in Salt Lake and the community and when he came here he determined to stick, which he did and has made a success of his business. His brother and partner, Mr. Alexander Cohn, died in 1902, and the company was incorporated in 1907, and his widow retained her husband's full share of the business.

Mr. Cohn, besides being president of the L. & A. Cohn Dry Goods Company, is connected with the Kaysville Brick Company, and has numerous mining interests. He was a member of the city council for two terms during the administration of Mayor Scott, also in 1894, while Mayor Baskin held office, and was subsequently fire and police com-missioner.

Mr. Cohn was married April 20, 1876, to Miss Carrie Lippman, and they have two children, Edna C. and Sylvia Cohn Druehl. Mr. Colin is a member of the Alta and Commercial clubs, a thirty-second degree Mason and Shriner, and was grand master of the Masonic fraternity in Utah in 1872.

Critchlow, E. B.

Edward B. Critchlow was born October 2nd, 1858, in Warren County, Mississippi, his father being John J. Critchlow, a college professor at Washington College, near Natchez. Later he was an agent in the Indian service under the United States Government. His mother is Mabel H. Critchlow. He arrived in Salt Lake City, May 5th, 1873, and was educated in the Collegiate Institute at Salt Lake City, Prince-ton University and Columbia Law School. He was married January 20, 1886, to Mary W. Martin, of Burlington, New Jersey, and they have seven children: Elizabeth, Francis B., George A., Maurice M., Anna J., Margery W., and Walter M.

The properties Mr. Critchlow is principally interested in are the Twin Falls Waterworks Company, the Susanna Gold Mining Company, the Utah-Colorado Cattle and Improvement Company and Bing-ham-New Haven Copper and Gold Mining Company.

He served three years as Assistant United States District Attorney for Utah, being appointed and serving during 1885, and re-appointed in 1890 for that year, and again in 1891. In 1895 he was elected a member of the first State legislature on the Republican ticket. He is a member of the Alta, University, and Country clubs and the Princeton Club of New York. He is a member of the law firm of Henderson, Pierce, Critchlow & Barrette.

Mr. Critchlow's home is a comfortable and commodious residence at 430 Seventh East Street, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Cutler, John C.

John C. Cutler, second Governor of the State of Utah, was born in Sheffield, England, February 5, 1846, at which time his father was engaged as a manufacturer of cutlery, in Sheffield. The early boyhood of the Governor was spent in the city referred to, where he received the rudiments of a common school education. At twelve years of age, with an earnest desire to be self-supporting, he obtained a situation in the city of Manchester, in the wholesale house of S. & J. Watts & Co., which position he held until his eighteenth year, when he removed with his parents from England, locating, in 1864, in Utah.

After landing in New York, the family went by boat to Albany, thence by rail to St. Joseph, by boat up the Missouri River to a place called Wyoming, near Nebraska City, and by ox team from that place to Salt Lake City, arriving in the fall of the year named. During the first year of their residence in Utah, the boys of the family were engaged in the labor common to the time, including canyon work, farm work, etc.

The Governor commenced his commercial career in Utah by obtaining a clerkship in a business house. In 1877 he became agent and later on manager of the Provo Woolen Mills, and in 1885 he and his brothers, Thomas R., Heber S., and Joseph G., formed the firm of Cutler Bros. Co., and he also assisted in the establishing of beet sugar factories and other home manufacturing enterprises of Salt Lake City. In various of these companies he is still director.

Governor Cutler has always taken a lively interest in home manufacture. He was one of the first to make knit goods in Utah, a line of manufacture which his firm still follows with marked success, and he is largely interested also in the beet sugar industry. For years he was a director in the Deseret Agricultural and Manufacturing Society, which conducts the great State Fair each year with the aim of encouraging home manufacture by bringing Utah products prominently before the people. In these various capacities he is a large employer of labor; and if anything can be said to be his hobby, it is giving employment to home people and keeping money at home. He was also for some years trustee and treasurer of the L. D. S. University. In addition to his connection with the Cutler Bros. Company, Governor Cutler is identified with the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company and the Deseret National Bank. He is vice-president of the Beneficial Life Insurance Company, director in the Home Fire Insurance Company, Thatcher Bros. Banking Company, the Deseret Savings Bank, the First National Bank of Murray, the Bank of Randolph, Bank of Garland, the Utah County Light and Power Company, and the American Security Company, and president of Daynes Jewelry Company.

The Governor is a member of the Board of Governors of the Commercial Club, and a member of the Alta Club, both of Salt Lake City. He was married in 1871 to Miss Elizabeth Taylor, and from the union seven children, four sons and three daughters, have been born. Of the sons, John C., Jr., is a prominent stock broker, Herbert E. is manager of Cutler Bros. Company, and Alfred T. is assistant manager of that firm. Of the daughters, Elizabeth is the wife of Edward E. Jenkins.

In politics, Governor Cutler has been an earnest Republican since national party lines were formed in Utah. He has not been a seeker after political office, on account of the close, urgent attention required in his private business. Yet he has found some time to give to public affairs. From 1884 till 1890 he was clerk of Salt Lake County and ex-officio clerk of the Probate Court. For a number of years he acted as United States Jury Commissioner. In 1904 his friends prevailed on him to become a candidate for the Republican nomination for Governor. Mindful of the high honor involved in being chief executive of an important State, he accepted the nomination and was elected in November, 1904.

Cunningham, J. A.

The story of the rise of Utah from a desert to one of the greatest wealth centers of the Union naturally involves an account of numerous important citizens who have assisted in this evolution process, and who have benefited themselves generously while working out the destiny of the region. Such a person is James A. Cunningham, one of the best known mining and business men of Salt Lake City.

Mr. Cunningham was born at Quincy, Illinois, on June 14, 1842. His father was a well-to-do farmer, his mother was Lucinda Rawlins, of Bedford, Indiana. The Cunningham family lived in Illinois until James was five years old, then they removed to the State of Iowa. The elder Cunningham took a large tract of farming territory located about twenty miles above Council Bluffs, where the family lived until the spring of 1848, when all faced the West on a long and tedious wagon journey to Utah. This part of Mr. Cunningham's life is indelibly impressed on his mind, although the party passed across the plains and mountains without untoward incident. Only once did the Indians interfere with progress, and a liberal distribution among them of tobacco and foodstuffs quickly secured safe passage through their lines.

Mr. Cunningham during his first few years in the new territory followed farming, and afterwards became a freighter in and out of Montana. Those were thrilling days for the young man, but he passed through many adventures none the worse for his experiences. In 1874 he turned his attention to mining, buying a prominent interest in the Mammoth Mine in the Eureka District of Utah. He served as president for several years, and was vice-president and a director for twelve years, and still is connected with this famous property. Up to the past ten years, he had much to do with the active management of the organization. To date the Mammoth Company has paid in dividends the sum of $2,220,000.

Mr. Cunningham for three years was president and manager of the Bullion Beck Mining Company, another liberal dividend-payer of the State. In a less prominent way, Mr. Cunningham has been identified with numerous successful mining companies of the West, and for many years he was noted as one of the big sheep men of the Western plains. At one 'time he was the owner of 32,000 head of sheep, but when wool was placed on the free list he began gradually to free himself from what was proving to be a losing venture. Associated with his sons, Mr. Cunningham is the owner of a 40,000-acre sugar plantation in Mexico, where he spends half of his time each year. This plantation is one of the most valuable in that republic.

By perseverance and hard work from the early days, Mr. Cunning-ham has accumulated a fortune, and is one of the wealthy men of Utah, yet one of the most unassuming and approachable to be found any-where. He is filled with the conviction, pounded into him by years of roughing it on desert and mountain, of man's equality as far as he deserves such consideration. He has a wide circle of friends throughout the West and South who have learned to know him as a healthy-brained, strong-willed and strong-muscled gentleman of that fast dis-appearing type known as the old school. Mr. Cunningham owns a beautiful home in Salt Lake City, where with his family he is happy and content. He 'has five daughters and two sons now living.

Cutler, Thomas

Thomas E. Cutler, vice-president and general manager of the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company and many other important enterprises through-out the inter-mountain country, has been a resident of Salt Lake City for nearly half a century, and during that period has witnessed the marvelous growth of the city from a small town of four thousand souls to the magnificent and wealthy city it is to-day.

Mr. Cutler was born at Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, June 2, 1844, and is a son of John and Elizabeth Cutler. The elder Cutler was a steel manufacturer. After receiving an ordinary common-school education, Thomas, at the age of fifteen, entered the employ of S. & I. Watts & Co., a mercantile house of Manchester, England. There he remained until March, 1864, when he severed his connection and, with his family, came to Utah and became a staunch supporter of the Mormon faith. He was one of four brothers, three of whom are still living, and prominent in Utah business circles. The family arrived in Utah in the fall of 1864, and early in 1865 Thomas secured employment with the T. & W. Taylor Mercantile Company, of Lehi, where he remained for several years. He next engaged in the cattle and sheep raising business and made considerable money, with which he organized the People's Cooperative Institution of Lehi, a successful business house which has always paid dividends. He is still president of that progressive institution, and was its manager till 1889, when he became manager of the Utah Sugar Company, whose great success has been due to his unusual business capacity.

In 1899 he organized the Lehi Commercial and Savings Bank, of which he is still a director. He is also a director in the Provo Woolen Mills, the most successful enterprise of its kind in the Western country. He is a director of the Cutler Brothers Company of Salt Lake City, and interested in numerous mining ventures, industrial corporations, financial institutions, etc., too numerous to mention. He is vice-president of the Utah National Bank, director of the Consolidated Wagon and Machine Company, which is one of the largest in the world, president of the Continental Life Insurance Company, and director in about a dozen banks throughout the country. Mr. Cutler is a natural financier, a good business man, generous to a fault, kindly and sympathetic. He was married December 23, 1867, and is the father of an interesting family of fifteen; namely, Emerette E., Thomas E. Jr., Edith Laura, William Henry, Joseph A., Miranda, Luella, Vera, Louis, Irma, Heber C., John F., Arthur, Ernest, and Marion. The only political offices Mr. Cutler ever held were in Lehi, where he lived for thirty-five years, and were of a local nature. Mr. Cutler is a member of the Alta Club and of the Commercial Club, and resides at 2000 South Fifth East Street, Salt Lake City.


Source: Sketches of the Inter-Mountain States, Utah, Idaho and Nevada, Published by The Salt Lake Tribune, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1909 



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