Pacific Coast Business Directory

Montana Territory Gazetteer

 Adobetown, Madison County, PO address Virginia City
Carey and O'Brien, general merchandise

Agency, Missoula County, PO 27 miles north of Missoula
Dooley John Gr, sutler
Tesson L S, postmaster

Argonta, Beaver Head County, PO 15 miles north of Bannack, is, as its name implies, a silver mining: locality, also gold, lead, iron, and copper bearing veins are found. Such veins are numerous in the vicinity, and have been worked with good success, but still the wealth of the district may be regarded as undeveloped.
Ball S, carpenter
Bryan William, blacksmith
French George D, postmaster, and general merchandise
Smith W, stock dealer

Bannack City, Beaver Head County, PO and County seat, 150 miles southwest of Helena, is situated on Willard or Grasshopper Creek, a tributary of Beaver Head River, and is the locality of the discovery of gold which incited exploration leading to further discoveries and the organization of the Territory of Montana. The gold placers have been its chief support, yielding largely from the date of their discovery in 1862, though of late years showing signs of exhaustion. During the flush times of mining, Bannack was the principal city of the Territory, and was its first capital, which, like the mines, followed the rushes to new placers, and was successively located at Virginia, and again at Helena. The developments of vein mining in the vicinity have been quite important, a large number of lodes being opened with satisfactory results. Gold, silver, lead, and copper are produced. The treasure product for 1872 was over $300,000, of which $50,000 was in silver. There were also shipped to the East in the same year over 100 tons of lead bullion. These developments assure the permanence of the town, and give promise of a bright future.
Bishop C L, liquor saloon
Bowman Charles, wagon maker
Brown George M, carpenter
Crow J B, butcher
Dart George, tinsmith, and hardware
Denar W H, carpenter
Dunlap S F, drugs and medicines
Farlin William L & Company, groceries
Goodrich W C Mrs., hotel
Graeter A F, agent Wells Fargo & Co
Graeter A F & Company, general merchandise
Harley James, brewery
Kepler Joseph, watch maker
Leavitt E D, physician
Mead C, attorney at law
Murray A & Company, blacksmith
Otis H G, general merchandise
Peck Bros, liquor saloon
Pond H S, carpenter
Roe Isaac & Brother, bankers
Smith H A Mrs., milliner
Stapleton G W, attorney at law
Taylor George, shoe maker
Trask C O & Son, general merchandise
Watson Thomas, blacksmith
Wright A F, postmaster
Wright & McMean, groceries and provisions

Beartown, Deer Lodge County, PO 50 miles west of Deer Lodge City
Abacall J & Company, general merchandise
Brown L, general merchandise
Fisher & Garland, hotel
Kroger C, brewery
Lannan John, butcher
Manton Denis, postmaster, and general merchandise
Manton S E, hotel
McCabe C A, general merchandise
McElroy James, attorney at law
McQuestion A B, liquor saloon
Morse G W, butcher
Pilkey Jos, blacksmith
Pilkey Paul, liquor saloon
Pyne John, liquor saloon
Shemell J, boots and shoes

Beaver Creek, Jefferson County, PO
Robb D B, lumber
Rogers John W, postmaster

Beaver Head County. Organized in 1864. Bounded on the north by Deer Lodge and Missoula Counties, east by Madison County, and south and west by Idaho Territory. Area, 4,250 square miles. The total area of land under cultivation, about 10,000 acres. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $553,060. County seat. Bannack. Principal towns: Argenta, Blue Wing, and Vipond. The county is exceedingly mountainous, the summit of the great Rocky chain forming its northern, southern and western border, and within its limits are the extreme sources of the mighty Missouri. The rich placers of Willard Creek were discovered in 1862 and at once attracted a large population. These were the first discoveries of the precious metals in Montana, and lead to important results. The county also has the honor of leading in the discovery of silver-bearing veins, of which a large number have been found, chiefly in Argenta, and Vipond districts from 15 and 30 miles north of Bannack, and in Blue Wing district a few miles east. Mountainous ridges ramify throughout the county, giving many fine milling streams, but rendering intercommunication difficult. The Big Hole and Beaver Head rivers rising nearly as far west as the 114th meridian are the principal streams, which after receiving many branches join and form the Jefferson, the main fork of the Missouri.
Officers: George L. Batchelder, Probate Judge; William Peck. Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; Alexander £. Mayhew, District Attorney; J. C. Metlin, Sheriff; F. L. Graves, Treasurer, and Tax Collector; J. G. Sillig, Assessor; J. S. Forster, Superintendent Public Schools.

Beaver Head Valley, Beaver Head County
Ryan James M, general merchandise

Benton City, Choteau County. (See Fort Benton)

Big Horn County. Unorganized, but attached to Gallatin for judicial purposes. Bounded, including Dawson, which is formed of its northern part, north by the British Possessions, east by Dakotah Territory, south by the Territory of Wyoming, and west by Gallatin, Meagher, and Choteau. Area, about 64,400 square miles. Principal towns: Big Horn City, and Musselshell. The Belt and Judith mountains are in the western part, south of the Missouri River, and the Big Horn mountains, which give name to the county, in the southeast. The great Missouri runs through the northern part, and its principal branch, the Yellowstone, entering from the southwest, follows a sinuous course northeast and joins the parent stream on the eastern border, receiving on its way the Big Horn, and numerous other tributaries. Large steamers ascend the Missouri, and the Yellowstone is navigable to to the mouth of the Big Horn, giving it facilities of commerce of great importance. The vast region comprised within its limits is but partially explored and sparsely occupied, save by the savages, the Crows and Sioux having large reservations in the south, and the Blackfeet and Assinniboines occupy the fine grazing country north of the Missouri. Explorations made within late years have demonstrated the existence of metaliferous deposits in both placer and vein, of great value, and large tracts of land susceptible of culture, which inspire the hope that the country will be speedily populated and that Big Horn will become one of the most prosperous counties of Montana. The Black Hill region is on the southern border, where fabulous wealth is supposed to exist, and where the pretensions of the Indians no longer recognized by the Government, a large and rich section would be opened to settlement and giving its treasures to the world.

Blackfoot City, Deer Lodge County, PO 25 miles north of Deer Lodge City, on the stage road to Helena, is one of the principal mining towns of the Territory. Situated on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, its waters run westward to the Hellgate River, a tributary of the Bitter Root and of Clark's Fork of the Columbia. In 1866, the placer mines of Blackfoot created a great excitement, and for some years paid largely; but recently its dependence is chiefly upon vein mining, there being a great number of lodes in the neighboring country bearing gold, silver, copper, and lead, some of which have been profitably mined; but the general inaccessibility of the region, particularly in winter, has retarded development.
Bill F R, banker
Birdseye C G, postmaster, and agent Wells, Fargo & Company.
Birdseye & Company, general merchandise
Gallagher Frank & Company, butchers
Hall John S, liquor saloon
Higgins W W, groceries
Hinchcliff Samuel, shoe maker
Lindsay E P, groceries, and provisions
Luce & Haines, livery stable
Matthews James, liquor saloon
Olson & Tarpey, blacksmiths
Quigley John R, general merchandise
Schuster George, brewery
Simpson James & Company, butchers
Spear S W, general merchandise
Swartz & Tibbitts, lumber manufacturers
White P S, general merchandise

Boulder Valley, Jefferson County, PO 40 miles south west of Radersburgh
Cook Hiram, postmaster
Sweet & Higley, groceries, and provisions

Bozeman, Gallatin County, PO and County seat, is situated in the center of the fertile Gallatin Valley, distant 96 miles southeast of Helena. Population, 800. The town enjoys a prosperous trade with the neighboring agriculturists, miners, and with travelers to the Yellowstone, Big Horn, and other sections. Silver mines of supposed great richness exist in the mountains 45 miles northeast, and coal is found in great abundance on the Yellowstone, both of which bring trade to Bozeman. The town is pleasantly situated and well built, having been well endowed by the Territorial school fund. One newspaper, the Avant Courier, is published weekly.
Annis & Cook, blacksmiths
Avant Courier, J Wright, proprietor
Aylsworth J H, sash and door manufacturer
Bachelder G J, tinsmith
Baley W H, jeweler
Basinski Bros, clothing
Black L M, banker
Blum John, hotel
Bogert J B & W, general merchandise
Bowen Samuel B, hotel
Bridger B A Rev, clergyman
Burnett T, general merchandise
Carpenter D H, liquor saloon
Clark C L, livery stable
Cooper Walter, gunsmith
Craig John, shoe maker
Davis J J, attorney at law
Davis & Morgan, brick masons
Edwards T R, attorney at law
Ellis & Davis, general merchandise
Englefried F, harness and saddlery
Finch J B, blacksmith
First National Bank of Bozeman
Harper Francis, blacksmith
Harrington, Baker & Co, boots and shoes
Heitchens Henry, painter and glazier
Holzman S L & Bros, news dealers, and varieties
Iliff T C Rev, clergyman
Lamme A & Co, general merchandise
Langhorne S W, drugs and medicines
Lewis S W, barber
Maguire H N, land agent, probate judge, and notary public
Manej John, baker
Martin & Meyers, butchers
McAdam P W & Bro, flour manufacturers
Miller Henry, shoe maker
Monroe G W, physician
Morris W W, drugs and medicines
Mounts & Worsham, liquor saloon
Osbourne S H, drugs and medicines
Page & Coleman, attorneys at law
Ponsford & Chesnut, liquor saloon
Rich & Wilson, general merchandise
Speith & Krug, brewery, and liquor saloon
Story Nelson, contractor
Strasburger & Sperling, general merchandise
Taylor Josiah H, postmaster
Vivian R T, attorney at law
Wakefield George W, hotel
Warfield Thomas B, tinsmith
Williams & Murray, liquor saloon
Wright Joseph, proprietor Avant Courier

Burnt Pine, Beaver Head County, PO
Bissenette & Bro, general merchandise
Canovan John, hotel
Gilg Frank, livery and feed stable
Leffler Henry, builder
Lowe Thomas, general merchandise
Morrison A M, liquor saloon
Parker D R, postmaster
Prettyman & Company, liquor saloon

Butte City, Deer Lodge County, PO 40 miles south of Deer Lodge City, in the mountainous region, m the extreme southern part of the county, on the headwaters of the Deer Lodge Creek, a tributary of Hellgate River, is distinguished for the numerous veins of gold, silver, lead and copper-bearing rock in the vicinity. Placer mines have been worked with great profit, but the gold obtained carried so much silver, being only $14 an ounce, led to prospecting for the latter metal, and valuable silver bearing veins were found.
Black John E, blacksmith
Ford Anson, postmaster, physician, notary public, and justice of the peace
Foster & Ray, general merchandise, and liquor saloon
Humphreys CE, butcher
Savage Charles, butcher
Weibold H C, general merchandise and liquor saloon

Cable City, Deer Lodge County, PO 40 miles south of Deer Lodge City, is in a mountainous region at the head of Warm Spring Creek, in upper Deer Lodge Valley, at an altitude of 7,000 feet above the sea. Rich and important silver-bearing veins are in the vicinity, much of the ore assaying upwards of $1,000 per ton, but the developments are yet slight.
Keiser Louis, general merchandise
King Edward, blacksmith
Moss J A, postmaster, and hotel

Camp Baker, Meagher County, PO 18 miles east of Diamond City
Gaddis William, postmaster, and trader
Potter John, grocery, (Thomson's Gulch)
Rader C T, liquor saloon
Schriver Daniel, tailor, (Deep Creek)

Canton, Meagher County, PO 15 miles south of Diamond City
Durnan Edin, teacher
McKnight Patrick, blacksmith
Tierney William E, postmaster
Tierney & Scott, general merchandise
Walters James, shoe maker

Canyon Creek, Lewis and Clarke County, 25 miles north west of Helena
Negus William S, postmaster

Canyon Ferry, Meagher County, PO 20 miles north west of Diamond City
Rotwitt Louis, hotel
Stafford J V, postmaster, general merchandise, and hotel

Cave Gulch, Meagher County, PO address, Canon Ferry
Albrecht Emil, general merchandise
Day Frank, blacksmith
Ingersoll E J, general merchandise
Lambert Joseph, carpenter
Spencer Albert, liquor and billiard saloon

Cedar Creek, Missoula County, PO address, Quartz Creek
Buck & Cave, general merchandise
Buckley & Williams, general merchandise
Huffman J, blacksmith
Lehman R, liquor saloon

Central Park, Gallatin County, PO 16 miles north west of Bozeman
Blakley C P, attorney at law
Cockrill V A, postmaster, hotel, and general merchandise
Curtis Ellen Miss, school teacher
Perks William, blacksmith

Centreville, Meagher County, PO 22 miles south of Diamond City
Barker James, postmaster, and general merchandise
Hoover David, blacksmith
McFadden G C, hotel
McKnight Patrick, blacksmith
Robinson J M, general merchandise
Smith Bros, general merchandise

Chico, Gallatin County, PO
Chare Patrick, blacksmith
Colwell John, attorney at law-
Cone John, postmaster, and builder
Coverly John, wagon maker
Craig George, plasterer, and contractor
Fitzgerald S M, general merchandise
Hancock Joseph, blacksmith
Lee W H, wagon maker
Handle M, machinist, and miller
Ward A. hotel
Woods George W, blacksmith

Choteau County. Organized in 1866. Bounded north by the British Possessions, east by Dawson or Big Horn, south by Meagher, and west by Lewis and Clarke and Deer Lodge. Area, 26,425 square miles. Population, 1,000. Assessed valuation of property in 1874, $600,000. County seat, Fort Benton. Principal town: Sun River City. The county is of vast extent, and but sparsely occupied. The Missouri River enters in the southwestern corner, and running northeasterly to the center, turns again southeasterly, receiving the Sun, Marias, Thompson, and Mountain Rivers on the north, and the Arrow, Judith, Musselshell, and other streams on the south. The Great Falls of the Missouri, a few miles above Fort Benton, limit navigation at a distance of 2,450 miles from St. Louis. North of the river is a broad extent of excellent grazing land, extending to the British Possession, which is the favorite range of the buffalo, these animals in immense herds disputing the ground with the domestic cattle, and requiring the constant vigil of the herdsmen to defend their stock and drive back the native beasts. Great numbers of the buffalo are slain annually, some by the herdsmen in defense of their range, others for their hides, and many in sport. There were shipped from Fort Benton in 1874 upwards of 65,000 buffalo robes, usually worth about $5 each. A great number of other peltries are also taken in the county, as bear, deer, beaver, and others, bringing an important revenue. The Sun River Valley is a promising agricultural section, and having the military post of Fort Shaw a few miles distant in Lewis and Clarke County, where about 500 men are usually stationed, furnishing a ready market, has been quite well settled and is a prosperous section. The Bear Paw and Little Rocky ranges of mountains are north of the river, and the Belt and other smaller ranges are in the south. Gold, silver, and other metals are known to exist, but are not extensively mined. Coal is found in large quantities, many veins showing along the Missouri, some of which a short distance above Fort Benton being mined to a considerable extent. Steamboats ascend the river to Fort Benton, and during the summer many travelers and traders descend in broadhorns and mackinacs, boats made for the purpose, the rapid current of the river giving quick and cheap passage.
Officers: Robert R. Mills, Probate Judge; J. A. Kanouse, Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; Trevannion Hale, Sheriff; John Hunsberger, Treasurer, and Tax Collector; August Dinsey, Assessor; Moses Salomon, Coroner; Thomas F. Healy, Superintendent Public Schools.

Cicero, Madison County, PO address Laurin, 12 miles north west of Virginia City
French D & Co, flour manufacturers
Laurin J B, general merchandise, and hotel
Smith James, blacksmith, and wagon maker
White P, wagon maker

Clagett, Jefferson County, PO
Quaintance Abel C, postmaster

Clancy, Jefferson County, PO 50 miles west of Radersburg
Alexander M, shoe maker
Alexander & Moore, liquor saloon
Allen Levi & Co, lumber manufacturers
Bull, Lewis & Company, general merchandise
Crane George W, postmaster
Crane George W & Company, general merchandise
Dildie Henry Jr, teacher
Dunham J W, liquor saloon
Durfee Frank, lumber manufacturer
Gilett A S, lumber manufacturer
Hassen T M, groceries, and liquors
Hill H M, general merchandise, and liquor saloon.
Holter A M & Bro, lumber, and lath manufacturers
Northrup W D, livery stable
Payne Rufus, blacksmith
Potting & Dell, butchers, and vegetables
Townsend B, butcher
Townsend Miss, hotel

Clarkston, Lewis and Clarke County, PO, 17 miles north east of Helena
Constance Philip, general merchandise
Corwin W S, blacksmith
Travis George, hotel
Wilson J F, postmaster

Cold Spring, Jefferson County, PO
Flaherty William, postmaster

Corvallis, Missoula County, PO 45 miles south of Missoula
Block Maurice, postmaster
Harris R B, shoe maker
Judd Oscar, liquor saloon
Lent Harvey, hotel
Rollins B, general merchandise
Weinstein & Block, general merchandise

Darling, Beaver Head County, PO 40 miles north of Bannack City
Beehrer, Charles & Company. stock dealers
Beehrer G W & F, stock dealers
Browne Joseph A, postmaster
Gallagher Peter, stock dealer

Deer Lodge City, Deer Lodge County, PO and County seat, 53 miles southwest of Helena, is on Deer Lodge Creek, a distant tributary of the Columbia. Lilie many towns of Montana it is of varying prosperity, the mining population coming and going as great prospects invite or fortunes fail. The town is connected by daily stage with Corriune, running through to Helena, and other stages radiate to various mining towns. The town is quite well built, having a fine public school building, three churches, county buildings, and the United States Penitentiary. One newspaper, the View North-West, is published weekly.
Aspling & Son, dry goods
Aylesworth & McFarland, proprietors McBurney House
Bien M, furniture
Blake & Weller, blacksmiths
Blum Charles, dry goods
Bonner E L & Company, dry goods and clothing
Bowie C N, drugs, medicines, oils, glassware, etc
Bradley John A, architect
Burden & Mahan, livery stable
Claggett & Dixon, attorneys at law
Cohen D & Company, groceries, liquors, harness, and wagons
Coleman S, general merchandise
Coleman William, cigars, tobacco, and varieties
Doad & Surpinant, blacksmiths
Fenner & Van Gundy, brewery, and liquor saloon
First National Bank of Deer Lodge, W A Clark president, S E Larabie cashier
Gamer Bros, boots and shoes
Gans & Klein, clothing and furnishing goods
Gerber & Dickenson, liquor and billiard saloon
Glass J, watch maker and jeweler
Harris Tony, shoe maker
Hatfield F F, barber
Hyde William, watch maker and jeweler
Irvine C E, attorney at law and probate judge
Jonas H k Company, merchant tailors, and furnishing goods
Jordan & Miller, restaurant
Keiser Lewis, drugs and medicines
Kennon & Zonor, stoves, tin and hardware
Kenyon D S, doors, windows, groceries, sporting materials, books, stationery, etc
King k Smiley, blacksmiths
Lansing Peter, shoe maker
Love Charles & Company, barber
Mayhew & McMurtry, attorneys at law
McFarland D L, civil engineer and surveyor
McLin & Company, furniture, sashes, etc
Miller F B, stoves, tin, hardware, and agricultural implements
Mills K Kessler, proprietors New Northwest
Mitchell A H, physician
Murphy Higgins & Co, groceries
Murphy & Company, lumber manufacturers
Mussigbrod Charles F, physician
New Northwest, Mills & Kessler proprietors
Newcomer D P, attorney at law
O'Bannon B, civil engineer and surveyor
O'Neil John, furniture
Osborn & Dennel, groceries
Owings and Goslee, drugs and medicines
Parchen k D'Acheul, drugs, medicines, stationery, oils, etc
Pascoe Thomas, liquor saloon
Robinson J C, attorney at law
Scott Samuel, proprietor Scott House
Sharp & Napton, attorneys at law
Smith V A, liquor saloon
Stackpole Edward S, postmaster
Strang & Richardson, stoves, tin and hardware
Sweeney & Pettit, furniture
Talbot & Thompson, liquor and billiard saloon
Valiton Peter, wines, liquors, and brewery
Valiton & Hyde, livery stable
Weimar William H & Company, groceries
Welch D J, groceries and liquors
Wilcox J B & Company, groceries, liquors, and forwarding merchants
Willey S A, agent Wells, Fargo & Company
William Brothers, butchers
Wilson William, liquor saloon
Woodward William, cigars, tobacco, and varieties
Wright S A Mrs., ladies' furnishing goods

Deer Lodge County. Organized in 1864. Bounded on the north by the British Possessions, south by Beaver Head County, past by Choteau, Lewis and Clarke and Jefferson Counties, west by Missoula County. Area, 15,300 square miles. Quantity of laud under cultivation, in 1873, 28,753 acres. Assessed valuation of property in 1874. $1,619,303. Taxes and licenses paid into the Territorial treasury in 1873, $12,030. County seat. Deer Lodge. Principal towns: Emmetsburg, Blackfoot, Philipsburg, Cable, Beartown, Silver Bow, Butte, and Reynolds, all of which are mining camps, varying much in population and importance. It is the second most populous conn y ill the Territory. Resources: it embraces within its limits some of the richest mining ground in Montana, and its product of gold exceeds that of any other county within the same. Important discoveries of silver, lead, and copper mines have been made, showing a vast number, many of which give very high assays, and promising to return largely when properly worked. It is well watered by various tributaries of the Missouri and Columbia rivers, and contains extensive tracts of grazing and agricultural lands on each side of the Rocky Mountains, which intersect it from southeast to northwest.
Officers: C. E. Irvine, Probate Judge; H. S. Clark, County Clerk and Recorder; Alexander E. Mayhew, District Attorney; Charles S. Warren, Sheriff; R. T. Kennon, Treasurer and Tax Collector; John H. Meyer, Assessor First District; Peter Jessen, Second District; J. S. McAndrews, Third District; Thomas Strang, Coroner; Addison Smith, Public Administrator and Superintendent Public Schools.

Diamond City, Meagher County, PO and County seat, distant 40 miles east of Helena. Present population about 250. The resources of the surrounding country are mining and agriculture, the mines producing about $350,000 in gold annually.
Allen S, barber, and tailor
Brainard H B, liquor and billiard saloon
Collins T E, attorney at law
Davis A Q, shoe maker
Eckert Gilbert, shoe maker.
Foller A, butcher
Folsom D E, surveyor
Ford W T, liquor saloon
Garrigan Owen, notary public
Haase William H, general merchandise
Hampton G A, hotel
Higgins Jonas, groceries
Howell Thomas, builder, and cabinet maker
Laney Josiah, livery stable
Marks Leopold, postmaster, and general merchandise
McDonnell D A, drugs and medicines
Miller John L, jeweler, and liquor saloon
Nolan John, hotel
Parbury William, physician
Ramspeck Henry, brewery
Rian Whack, liquor saloon
Shields Nelson, stock dealer
Simmonds D, blacksmith
Yancey C D, attorney at law

Divide, Deer Lodge County, PO 56 miles south of Deer Lodge City
Burderf Robert, hotel
Ealer A M, assayer
Huffel George, butcher
McCaully Pff, blacksmith (Soap Gulch)
Turner N L, assayer
Wiber A E, justice of the peace
Wunderlich Charles, postmaster, general merchandise, and blacksmith
Wunderlich F E, general merchandise

Divide Creek, Deer Lodge County, PO address, Divide.
Forest William, station keeper
McKenzie John, hotel
Wunderlich Charles S, groceries and provisions

Eau Claire, Madison Co. (See Jefferson Island)

Emigrant, Gallatin County, PO 40 miles south east of Bozeman
Bottler Bros, general merchandise, and hotel
Bottler Frederick, postmaster

Emmetsburgh, Deer Lodge County, PO 50 miles west of Deer Lodge City
Caplice & Smith, general merchandise
Wallswork Matthew, postmaster

Fish Creek, Madison County, PO 49 miles north of Virginia City
Jordan Harrison, postmaster

Flat Head Lake, Missoula County, PO 100 miles __ of Missoula City
Cohn I, general merchandise
Coombes V H, postmaster
Deschamps Gaspard, blacksmith

Forest City, Missoula County, PO 80 miles north west of Missoula
Buck & Cave, general merchandise
Buckley & Williams, general merchandise
Caplice & Smith, general merchandise
Cummins Michael, shoe maker
Fox Thomas, billiard and liquor saloon
Garber George, brewery, and liquor saloon
Lodius Gustave, liquor saloon
Longivine Stephen, shoe maker
Luland & Talbot, billiard and liquor saloon
Murphy C, restaurant
Roses Alphonse, blacksmith
Williams Thomas, postmaster

Fort Benton, Choteau County, PO and County seat, is situated at the head of steamboat navigation on the Missouri River, and distant one hundred and forty miles northeast of Helena. Present population, about 600. This is the oldest settled place in the Territory, being an old fur-trading post many years before the discovery of gold. The fur trade it still enjoys, and is an important commercial point. Tri-weekly stages connect it with Helena, and a telegraph line gives instantaneous communication with the world.
Anderson A C & Co, blacksmiths, and wagon maker.
Baker Isaac G & Brother, general merchandise
Carroll & Steel general merchandise
Carson John, brewery
Cohn A, merchant tailor
Delaney Charles, restaurant
Elmore & Samples, restaurant
Gobert R & Company, brewery, and liquor saloon
Hamblin & Scott, wagon makers, and blacksmiths
Marshall, Carson & Company, brewers
Mecure & Lorion, builders, and carpenters
Mills Robert, hotel
Northwest Fur Company, fur dealers
Power John W, postmaster
Power Thomas C & Brother, general merchandise
Wright & Weatherwax, butchers

Fort Ellis, Gallatin County
Bowen & Cutter, general merchandise

Fort Owen, Missoula County. (See Stevensville)

Fort Shaw, Lewis and Clarke County, PO 85 miles north of Helena
Gerhausen A, brewery
McKnight J H & Co, general merchandise, and traders
McKnight Joseph H, postmaster, and agents Wells Fargo & Company.
Pauer & Swerney, hardware, and agricultural implements

French Bar, Lewis and Clarke County, PO 14 miles east of Helena
Foster J H B, general merchandise
Gray Thomas, postmaster
Langloes Louis, hotel
Lightbody T, hotel

French Gulch, Deer Lodge County, PO 40 miles south of Door Lodge City
Matte Louis, blacksmith
Maturan Samuel, butcher, and billiard and liquor saloon
Morrison A M, postmaster
Primont Frank, general merchandise

Frenchtown, Missoula County, PO 18 miles west of Missoula
Demers T T, general merchandise, and liquor saloon
Larabie T B, blacksmith
Lasserre H T, postmaster
Lebeau Salinie, flour manufacturer
McCabe _____ Mrs., hotel
Pichette O, justice of the peace, and liquor saloon
Reeves Moise, hotel
Vogt ____, carpenter

Gaffney, Madison County, PO 28 miles north of Virginia City
Gaffney Owen, postmaster, and general merchandise
Jefferson L B, blacksmith
Morier Henry, hotel
Page J M, surveyor, notary public, and hotel

Gallatin City, Gallatin County, PO 30 miles northwest of Bozeman, is situated near the confluence of the Madison, Jefferson, and Gallatin rivers, the head waters of the Missouri River, and distant 71 miles south east of Helena. The Missouri, it is thought, can be made navigable from this point to the Falls, a distance of 300 miles, at a slight expense. Here, as well as elsewhere throughout Montana, all are waiting anxiously for the coming of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and hopes are entertained that one from Utah will penetrate the valley. The town contains a number of fine buildings, a flour mill and machine shop, and also the buildings and grounds of the Eastern Montana Agricultural and Mechanical Society, where annual fairs are held.
Aplin James, machinist
Campbell G H, general merchandise
Culver John A, hotel
Girard Joseph, blacksmith
Harris W T, postmaster, and general merchandise
Hill R W, attorney at law
Ketchum D G, physician
Street J H D, attorney at law
Thomas George D, flour manufacturer

Gallatin County. Organized in 1864. Bounded on the north by Meagher County, south by Wyoming Territory, east by Big Horn County, west by Madison and Jefferson counties. Area, 6,800 square miles. Population, 1874, 2,800. Assessed valuation of property in 1874, $525,000. County seat, Bozeman. Principal towns: Gallatin, and Sixteen Mile District. There is a large extent of arable land in the county, the most occupied portion being on the Gallatin, Madison, and Jefferson rivers, which join at the town of Gallatin and form the Missouri. Large crops of grain are raised, the yield of wheat being usually about thirty bushels per acre. Several large grist mills are in active operation in the Gallatin Valley, the center of the agricultural district. This county has the reputation of being one of the most beautiful sections of country west of the Mississippi, and prosperity is quite general. Very rich silver-bearing veins have been found on Sixteen Mile Creek, 48 miles northeast of Bozeman; also rich gold placers on the Jefferson, in the southwestern part of the county. Much of the great area of the county is but slightly explored, the hostility of the Indians making it unsafe to travel in small parties, and constantly threatening isolated settlements.
Officers: H. Maguire, Probate Judge; Arch. Graham, Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; R. P. Vivion, District Attorney; C. D. Clark, Sheriff; S. B. Bowen, Treasurer, and Tax Collector; B. M. Dawes, Assessor; S. M. Reed, Surveyor; A. D. McPherson, Coroner; Stephen Allen, Public Administrator; J. T. Curtiss, Superintendent Public Schools.

German Gulch, Deer Lodge County, PO 42 miles south west of Deer Lodge City
Edward William, attorney at law
Foster & Ray, general merchandise
McCleary Hugh B, postmaster
McCleary & Bro, lumber manufacturers
Ross James, teacher

Glendale, Beaver Head County, PO address Darling
Dahler, Armstrong & Co, general merchandise.
Longley John L, hotel
McCauley Jeff, blacksmith

Gold Creek, Deer Lodge County
Connolly N, general merchandise

Greenwood, Deer Lodge County, P 28 miles north 6 of Deer Lodge City
Boisincault Charles, general merchandise (Dog Creek)
Busack E, pottery
Clarke Henry S, postmaster
Cox & Clancy, manufacturers fire clay and brick
Hobert & Barton, proprietors Star Coal Mine
Johnson J, liquor saloon (Dog Creek)
Reynolds J B, hotel

Gwendale, Deer Lodge County, PO 20 miles south of Deer Lodge City
Burkett I C, teacher
Demander N, cabinet maker
Edwards W R H, attorney at law
Evans Morgan, flour manufacturer
Helstrom J H, blacksmith
Hendricson A Rev, clergyman
James W M Rev, clergyman
Pinnington Thomas, blacksmith
Ross James, teacher
Smith Archibald, blacksmith
Stone AV H, teacher
Thomas E P, postmaster, and butcher
Wier William, general merchandise, and liquor saloon

Hamilton, Gallatin County, PO 18 miles north west of Bozeman
Baker William, blacksmith
Crittenden L B Rev, clergyman
Potter John, general merchandise, and attorney at law
Small Albert, postmaster

Hamilton, Madison County
Patten John T, general merchandise.

Harrisburg, Deer Lodge County, P 40 miles north of Deer Lodge City
Richards Robert K, postmaster, and general merchandise.

Harrison, Madison County, PO 35 miles north east of Virginia City
Allen Z M, blacksmith
Hall & Isdell, general merchandise
Isdell Nelson J, postmaster
Lake C V, teacher
Havana, Madison Company
Davis N J, general merchandise

Hayden, Gallatin County, PO 24 miles east of Bozeman
Ferrell R E Mrs., postmistress

Helena, Lewis and Clarke County, PO, County seat and Capital of the Territory, is in the midst of one of the richest mining regions of Montana, 12 miles west of the Missouri, and is a large, prosperous and well-built city of about 8,000 inhabitants. A large portion of the city is constructed of brick, granite, and blue limestone, obtained in the vicinity. Numerous large and elegant churches, schools, and other public buildings have been erected. It is supported by the surrounding rich quartz and placer mines, which give remunerative employment to a large number of miners. Highly productive lands stretch along the beautiful streams of the Ten Mile, Silver and Prickly Pear, upon which about two hundred ranches are located within sight of the city, producing a sufficient supply of cattle, dairy produce, and vegetables to meet its wants. The adjacent mountains, which are covered with forests of pine and fir trees, furnish it with an abundance of fuel, and supply logs for several saw mills, which are constantly employed in producing lumber for building purposes. Water for domestic, mining, and agricultural purposes, is plentifully obtained from the various streams and mountain springs in the neighborhood. Hot springs, possessing rare medicinal properties, exist about three miles to the northeast of the city, and are a popular resort for invalids and pleasurer seekers. Daily bi-daily and weekly stage lines keep up a constant and regular communication with Cheyenne, Corrinne, Virginia City, Fort Benton, and other places. Two daily papers are published, the Independent and the
Herald, which also issue weekly editions.
Abt M F, boots and shoes
Armitage J, groceries and provisions
Auerbach L & Bro, general merchandise
Baker H R, livery stable
Bartos Frank, watches and jewelry
Binzel & Foller, brewers
Blake Richard, butcher
Booker & Curtis, auction and commission merchants
Borstadt Frank H, watches and jewelry
Boyce J R A Company, dry goods
Brown & Weisenhorn, blacksmiths, and wagon makers
Bullard Massena, attorney at law
Bullard W R, physician
Cannon Brothers, bakery, and groceries
Chaxel Albert, watches and jewelry
Child W C, agent pianos. Register U S land office, and agent Wells, Fargo & Company
Chumasero & Chadwick, attorneys at law
Clark, Conrad & Curtin, hardware
Comly Harry R, attorney at law
Crounse S H, postmaster
Crounse & Moffit, books, stationery, and fancy articles
Cullen W E, attorney at law
Curtin A P, carpets, upholstery goods, etc
Davis & Tatem, iron founders and machinists
Davis & Wallace, groceries
Davis W J, boot maker
Denn John, groceries, and liquors
Dilger & Pilcher, proprietors Overland House
Fall A, liquor saloon
Fary Daniel, restaurant
Feldberg J, clothing and furnishing goods
First National Bank of Helena, S T Hauser president,
D C Corbin cashier
Fisk Bros, proprietors Helena Herald
Foller & Reahm, brewers
Fox Geo W, President People's National Bank
Frary L W, dentist
Ganer Frederick, boots and shoes
Gans & Klein, clothing and furnishing goods
Gerhauser & Kuhwarth, brewers
Goldberg D & J, clothing
Groshon T C. liquors
Hale R S & Company, druggists
Hall S M, general merchandise
Hartwell & Co, flour, lumber, etc
Hauser S T, president First National Bank
Helena Herald, Fisk Brothers proprietors
Helena Independent, Kerley, McQuaid,
La Croix & Co, proprietors
Herrmann George, undertaker
Hersh field L H & Bro, bankers
Holmes L E, physician
Holter A M & Bros, iron, steel, hardware, and gas fixtures
Holzman & Brother, clothing
Holzman S L & Bro, fruit, cigars, varieties, etc
Horskey & Kinck, brewery
Hoyt Z, blacksmith
Hoyt E M & Brother, groceries
Irvin & Todd, groceries
Jeffries C, blacksmith
Johnston & Toole, attorneys at law
Kemp Alexander, blacksmith, and wagon maker
Kenck & Sullivan, hotel
Kerley, McQuaid, LaCroix & Company, proprietors
Helena Independent
Kessler & Miller, brewery, and liquor saloon
King Frederick L, painting, and paper hanging
Kinna & Jack, hardware
Klane C. furniture
Koonigsberger Brothers, tobacco and cigars, ammunition, and notions
Lackey R & Bro, fruit, provisions, tobacco and cigars
Lawrence R, attorney at law
Lehman Charles, general merchandise
Lehman Frederick, general merchandise
Levy Jonathan, general merchandise
Lissner M, liquor saloon
Lobenstein W C, furs, hides, and harness
Lockey J & Company, furniture and crockery
Loeb & Brothers, clothing
Lowenburg A & Company, dry goods
Maclay E G & Company, forwarding, and freighting
Mann G B, groceries
Markham Charles, harness and saddlery
Marks J, liquor saloon
Marsh Emma Miss, teacher piano
Mather William, liquor and billiard saloon
Mayn Charles & Company, groceries and provisions
McLean William, blacksmith, and wagon maker
McLeod & Jack, hardware, stoves and tinware
Michalsky Jacob, furnishing goods
Millen Nick, leather, findings, rubber goods, and boots, and shoes
Miller & Addoms, insurance agents
Ming J H & Company, stationery, books, and fancy goods
Moliter S F, assayer
Montana Ore Sampling Works
Moore Moses, livery stable
Morris Bros, cigars, tobacco, cutlery, ammunition, toys, fruits and confectionery
Murphy, Neel & Company, general merchandise
Myres Joseph, butcher
Olin C S, machinist
Palladino L B Rev, clergyman (R C)
Parchen H M & Company, drugs, stationery, etc
People's National Bank of Helena, George W Fox, president, C W Lyster, cashier
Pichler & Bartels, hotel
Powell T C & Company, agricultural implements
Prewitt W G, liquor saloon
Reece Thomas, physician
Reinard M, bakery, groceries, and provisions
Riale C K, lumber
Rinda & Sklower, restaurant
Rosecranz L H, groceries
Rumley Thomas, jeweler, and assayer
Sanders W F, attorney at law
Sandford John, upholsterer
Sands Brothers, dry and fancy goods, carpets, oilcloths, etc
Sanford & Evans, lumber, and flour manufacturers
Schultz H A, boots and shoes
Schwab Samuel, hotel, and liquor saloon
Shaffer & Yergy, sash, doors, and blinds
Shed E R, liquor saloon
Shober & Lowry, attorneys at law
Sims William, liquor saloon
Sparenburg W, furniture
St. Vincent Female Academy, Sisters of Charity, conductors
Star Sol, real estate agent
Sullivan J T, jewelry
Swanson Otto, tailor, and gent's furnishing goods
Toole Joseph K, attorney at law
Twogood B Mrs., millinery
Vawter J E & Co, groceries
Walker Bros, lumber manufacturers
Walker Frank, flour, and produce
Watson Bros, groceries, and provisions
Webster N H, liquors, tobacco, ammunition, and fruit
Weir & Pope, drugs, medicines, assayers' materials, paints, oils, etc
Will A K, manufacturing jeweler
Williams R H, attorney at law
Williams J J, attorney at law
Woolfolk. Porter & Bullard, attorneys at law
Wytlenbach Henry, proprietor International Hotel
Zeigler Brothers, auction and commission merchants
Zimmerman E, liquor saloon

Helmville, Deer Lodge County, PO 50 miles north of Deer Lodge City
Lincoln Alvin, postmaster

Highland, Deer Lodge County.
Manderlich C, groceries and provisions

Horse Plains, Missoula County, PO 80 miles north west of Missoula
Clark James R, postmaster

Hot Springs, Jefferson County, PO address, Clancy, 51 miles west of Radorsburg
Redding & Stein, hotel
Stein George W, physician

Hot Springs, Meagher County, PO address, Camp Baker
Brewer J S, hotel and liquor saloon

Indian Creek, Jefferson County. (See St. Louis)

Iron Rod, Madison County, 40 miles north east of Virginia City
Sperry B W. hotel

Jefferson City, Jefferson County, PO is situated on the Prickly Pear River, 50 miles north of Radersburg and 20 miles southeast of Helena. The valley of the Prickly Pear is considered to be one of the most fertile spots in the Territory, being covered, where not already subject to the plow, with a dense growth of the most nutritious grasses.
Beckler _____, blacksmith
Dell & Potting, butchers
Goodnov G W, millwright
Merriman M, postmaster and hotel
Moulton A H, dairy
Nottingham W W, lumber manufacturer
Patterson Jesse, lumber manufacturer
Pickett James L, carpenter
Reng _____, liquor saloon
Sanders & Whetstone, general merchandise
Sherman J, general merchandise
Starrett C., assayer
Taylor J M D, collector and justice of the peace
Townsend B, butcher

Jefferson County. Organized in 1864. Bounded north by Lewis and Clarke, east by Meagher and Gallatin, south by Madison, and west by Deer Lodge. Area. 2,720 square miles. Assessed valuation of property in 1874. $300,000. County seat, Radersburg. Principal towns: Cedar Plains, Clancy, Jefferson City, and Springville. The Rocky Mountains form the western border, and arms from the parent range extend throughout the county, holding many fine valleys of farming land between, and large areas most suitable for stock-raising, the entire face of the country being covered with a luxuriant growth of grass. Placer gold mines have been worked on Prickly Pear, Boulder, Basin, Indian, Crow, and Pipestone Creeks, tributaries of the Jefferson and Missouri rivers, ever since 1864, and continue to contribute largely to the wealth of the county. Many rich veins of argentiferous galena as well as milling ores of silver are found in various parts of the county. The smelting furnace at Helena furnishes a market for the ores of the county in the vicinity, and numerous mills in the various districts aid in smelting the product of treasure. Hot Springs, on the Prickly Pear River, Clancy, Cedar Plains, Silver .Star and Jefferson, are mining districts, where extensive operations are carried on.
Officers: J. R. Weston, Probate Judge; George Wilkinson, County Clerk, Recorder and Auditor; R P. Vivion, District Attorney; Alexander Proffitt, Sheriff; D. H. Linebarger, Treasurer and Tax Collector; R. K. Emerson, Assessor; H. Gilman, Coroner; J. J. Rohrbaugh, Superintendent Public Schools.

Jefferson Island, Madison County, PO 50 miles north east of Virginia City
Bradberry _____, butcher
Bowers J. hotel, and liquor saloon
Carpenter C J Jr, general merchandise
Dotby G, lime manufacturer
Gans Joseph, postmaster
Shannon & Hanley, liquor saloon

Junction, Madison County, PO 5 miles north of Virginia City
Mau Charles & Company, butchers
Mearns John G, postmaster, and general merchandise
Mosseau Z, general merchandise
Wynne John E, blacksmith

Laurin, Madison County, PO. (See Cicero)
Laurin Jean B, postmaster

Lewis, Madison County, P 45 miles east of Virginia City
Hayward Paul D, postmaster, and hotel

Lewis and Clarke County. (Formerly Edgerton County.) Organized in 1864. Bounded on the north by Choteau County, east by Choteau and Meagher, south by Jefferson, and west by Deer Lodge. Area, 1,700 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874. $3,000,000, the usual manner of assessing throughout the Territory being to place the value at about half of its real worth. County seat. Helena, which is also the capital of the Territory. Principal towns: Clarkson, Fort Shaw, Silver City and Unionville. Resources: both mineral and agricultural. Although the smallest county in the Territory, it contains the greatest number of inhabitants, and the assessed valuation of its property is almost double that of any other. The mining section is chiefly limited to the southern portion of the county, in the neighborhood of Helena, at which place extensive operations on quartz and placer mines are carried on, and a large amount of gold is annually extracted. The northern portion is a fine grazing and agricultural district, embracing the western side of the fertile valley of the Missouri River, which flows along the eastern boundary, thirty-five miles in length by five in width, affording farms to a large number of people. Sun River, both sides of which are expected soon to be included within the county, is a fertile region, having some 300 farmers well established. Extreme cold at times prevails, but the winters are dry and open, and although stock suffers much, it is wintered successfully without care.
Officers: N. Hilger, Probate Judge; John N. Heldt, Clerk and Recorder; Joseph K. Toole, District Attorney; Seth Bullock, Sheriff; J. F. Taylor, Treasurer and Tax Collector; S. C. Ashby, Assessor First District; J. C. Douthill, Second District; E. Lewis, Third District; George B. Footte, Surveyor; S, C. Ingersoll, Coroner; David Searles, Superintendent Public Schools.

Lincoln, Deer Lodge County, PO 65 miles north of Deer Lodge City
Baker J V, general merchandise
Gulp D W, general merchandise
Euch Matthew, blacksmith
Rose Alfred P, postmaster

London City, Madison County, PO address, Jefferson Island
Buford & Coraly, general merchandise
Gogert & Tanner, general merchandise
Lovell's, Beaver Head Co
Estes Sim, hotel
Ryan J M, groceries
Willey C F, agent Wells, Fargo & Co

Madison County. Organized in 1864. Bounded north by Jefferson, east by Gallatin and Wyoming Territory, south by Idaho Territory, and west by Beaver Head. Area, 5,100 square miles. Assessed valuation of property in 1873, $1,867,138. Taxes collected 1873, $50,150. Paid into Territorial Treasury 1873, $9,505. Population about 3,000. County seat, Virginia City. Principal towns, Adobetown, Nevada, Sheridan, Sterling, and Twin Bridges. Resources, mineral and agricultural. High mountains, broad and fertile valleys, and noble rivers diversify the surface. The summit of the Rocky Mountains forms the southern border, and the Tobacco Root, Snow Crest, Madison, and Ruby ranges radiate through the interior. These are great storehouses of treasure, of which it has yielded, it is estimated, about $50,000,000 from Alder Gulch alone, there having been taken between thirty and forty millions dollars in gold. The great product has been chiefly from the placers, which are measurably exhausted, but innumerable quartz veins exist, bearing gold, silver, lead, and copper, which will give permanence to the mining industry. The placers, however, still continue to yield largely, and contribute a fair proportion of the $3,666,438 gold taken from Montana in 1874. The principal valleys are the Madison, Jefferson, Willow Creek, Passamari, Red Rock, and Big Hole. These are large, fertile, possess a comparatively mild and very healthy climate, and contain farms in an excellent state of cultivation. The Madison, Jefferson, Passamari, Beaver Head, and Big Hole are the chief rivers. The county possesses resources of a high order, and could furnish profitable employment and pleasant homes to many thousand people, but awaits the construction of the railroad to bring it into easy communication with the world, and render residence desirable.
Officers: N. D. Johnson, Probate Judge; A. V. Corry, Clerk and Recorder; R. P. Vivion, District Attorney; Thomas J. Farrell, Sheriff; L. Daems, Treasurer and Tax Collector; Thomas Donegan, Assessor; James M. Page, Surveyor; Stephen Edmunds, Coroner; Amos Purdum, Superintendent Public Schools.

McClellan Gulch, Dear Lodge County, PO, 50 miles north of Deer Lodge City
Pryse Charles, postmaster

Meadow Creek, Madison County, PO 18 miles northeast of Virginia City
Walton W P, postmaster

Meagher County. Organized in 1866. Bounded on the north by Choteau County, east by Big Horn, south by Madison, and west by Jefferson, Lewis and Clarke. Area, 7,650 square miles. Extent of land under cultivation, 1874, 20,000 acres. Assessed valuation of property, 1874, $585,316. Population about 1,100. County seat. Diamond City. Principal towns: Cañon Ferry, Copperopolis and Trout Creek, all small places. Resources, mineral, grazing and agricultural. The product of the mines, as reported by the Commissioner of Mining Statistics for 1873, aggregated $350,000. Rich veins of gold, silver, and copper-bearing rock are found in various parts, particularly upon the head waters of the Musselshell River, but hostile Indians render mining unsafe, The Missouri River runs along the western border, having numerous affluents, and the Musselshell rises in the Belt Mountains, and runs northeast to the Missouri.
Officers: John E. Murray, Probate Judge; T. E. Collins, Clerk, Recorder, Auditor, and Deputy District Attorney; Thomas J. Fleming. Sheriff; Charles W. Sutton, Treasurer, and Tax Collector; H. C. Graves, Assessor First District ; A. J. Stephens, Second District; D. E. Folsome, Surveyor; William H. Sutherlin, Public Administrator; Charles S. Kelly, Superintendent Public Schools.

Missoula, Missoula County, PO, and County seat, 130 miles west of Helena. Connected with Helena, Deer Lodge, and the Cedar Creek Mining District by regular by daily stages. One newspaper, the Missoulian, is published weekly.
Baker George A, groceries
Bonner E L & Company, dry goods
Buker J B, physician
Chapman J A, feed stable
D'Aste ____ Rev, clergyman (R C), St Mary's Mission
Dickinson W S H, postmaster, and stationery, etc
Duncan Hugh Rev, clergyman
Edwards & Co, butchers
Gans & Klein, dry goods, etc
Henke & McFarland, drugs and medicines
Kennedy William, proprietor Dana House
Leiser J S, cigars and tobacco
Lent Alvin, agent Wells, Fargo & Company
Lent & Osborne, livery stable
Lyons W J, liquor saloon
Martin C, blacksmith
McCormick W J, attorney at law
McNamara T J, liquor saloon
McWhick Brothers, liquor saloon
Missoula National Bank, C P Higgins, president
Missoulian, W A Turk, proprietor
Parker J M, boots and shoos
Pomeroy Thomas M, attorney at law
Reinhardt J P, hardware, stoves, and tinware
Rivalli F Rev, clergyman (R C), St Mary's Mission
Stephens W J, attorney at law
Turk W A, proprietor Missoulian
Welch Daniel J, general merchandise
Weller & Squires, blacksmiths
Worden & Company, general merchandise

Missoula County, Organized in 1864. Bounded on the north by the British Possessions, east by Deer Lodge, south and west by Idaho Territory. Area, 20,400 square miles. Extent of land under cultivation 1874, 36,800 acres. Assessed valuation 1874, $850,000. County Seat, Missoula. Principal towns. Cedar Junction, Corvallis, Forrest City, Fort Owens, Frenchtown, Mayville and Montreal. This large area occupies the upper basin of the Columbia lying between the Rocky Mountains on the east and the Bitter Root separating it from Idaho on the southwest. Deer Lodge county occupies part of the basin. The region is a high plateau broken by numerous mountain ranges and peaks, and threaded by many large rivers, tributaries of the great Columbia. In the eastern part is Flathead Lake, the largest body of water in Montana, 25 miles in length by 10 in breadth, and receiving Maple River from the north and flowing southerly into Clark's Fork of the Columbia. Mining for gold is successfully conducted in different localities, and the greater portion of the country is regarded as excellent for grazing.
Officers: Frank H. Woody, Probate Judge, Clerk and Recorder; A. B. Mayhew, District Attorney; John Miller, Sheriff; W. S. Edwards, Treasurer and Tax Collector; Daniel Woodman, Assessor; J. M. Minesinger, surveyor; W. H. Jacoby, Coroner; Thomas M. Pomeroy, Public Administrator; J. B. Buker, Superintendent Public Schools.

Nevada City, Madison County, PO 2 miles north west of Virginia City
Carey Nicholas, postmaster
Carey & O'Brien, general merchandise
Christenot Charles F, hotel, and liquor saloon
Cruise George, groceries and provisions
Farewell George, blacksmith
Foreman & Ready, butchers
Tunier L A, freight agent
McGregory W G, blacksmith
Sheffler N, brewery and liquor saloon

New Chicago, Deer Lodge County, P 30 miles west of Doer Lodge City
Featherman John A, postmaster
Pierson & Company, lumber
Sexton H L & Company, general merchandise
Huson E T & Company, general merchandise

Park City, Lewis and Clarke County, PO address, Unionville. 4 miles south west of Helena
Hackshaw E, liquor saloon
Hames E M, liquor saloon
McNeal R, hotel
Storkey George T, general merchandise

Phillipsburg, Deer Lodge County, PO 65 miles west of Deer Lodge City
Bell Hugh, postmaster, drugs, books, stationery, etc
Brown John, general merchandise
Imkamp H, liquor saloon
Kaiser M, hotel
Lytle &. Duffy, livery stable
Morrill J M, assayer
Weinstein & Black, general merchandise

Pike's Peak, Deer Lodge County, P 14 miles west of Deer Lodge City
Allan William H, blacksmith
Aspling &. Son, groceries
Aylesworth W N. hotel
Brady T C, postmaster
Cohen D & Bro, groceries
Grady James O, liquor saloon
King S F, liquor saloon
McDonel & Bro, livery stable
Morse Cal, butcher
Murray & Murphy, grocers
Piper & Brother, boots and shoes
Rulean Charles, hotel
Wood Thomas, blacksmith
Wykoff C D, blacksmith

Pioneer, Deer Lodge County, P 18 miles west of Deer Lodge City
Bennett Charles, jewelry and notions
Buzzard Frederick, hotel
Carten John, liquor saloon
Child E M, hotel
Cupinns W, dry goods, and clothing
Davidson James, general merchandise
Hauck Peter, brewery
Hirst O W, blacksmith
Jensen Samuel, barber
Kelley M W, general merchandise
Lang William, liquor saloon
Loux Jacob, shoe maker
Lyons & Owen, butchers
McDonald J & Bro, livery stable
Mullen W, liquor saloon
Morse Thomas, blacksmith
Morse W, butcher
Perry George, postmaster, and saloon
Piper James & Bro, shoe makers
Price C, physician
Rains & Daddow, livery stable
Rendell A, hotel
Ritt J B, shoe maker
Steinman Charles, jewelry
Wilhelm A G, general merchandise
Wisner Gus, teacher

Radersburgh, Jefferson County, PO and County seat, 40 miles - Helena
Austin J. hotel
Barclay H R, general merchandise
Barrett A H, fruits, varieties, etc
Carrolus Peter, shoe maker
Fauth John, merchant tailor
Hildebrand & Company, general merchandise
Parks A L, hotel
Pfaff M, bakery, and liquor saloon
Rader Richard, general merchandise
Smith Percy D, livery stable
Sparristrom F, liquor saloon
Warner D G, billiard and liquor saloon
Weston James R, postmaster, varieties, etc

Pollinger, Madison County. (See Gaffney) Prickly Pear, Jefferson Co, 12 miles east of Helena
Hill H M, general merchandise

Quartz Creek, Missoula County, PO 40 miles north west of Missoula
Boice Allen, postmaster
McGrath & Smith, general merchandise

Red Mountain City, Deer Lodge County, PO 65 miles south of Deer Lodge City
Wolf H L, postmaster

Rochester, Madison County, PO 45 miles north of Virginia City
Archer W H, postmaster, and general merchandise
Archer W H & Company, billiard and liquor saloon
Faulkner Joseph, butcher
Fort A J. hotel
Machen Henry, hotel, and justice of the peace
Staplin Charles, butcher
Vansickle & Doran, billiard and liquor saloon

Saint Ignatius, Missoula County, PO 45 miles north west of Missoula
Burns James, postmaster

Saint Louis, Jefferson County, PO 9 miles north of Radersburg
Ackroyd & Miller, blacksmiths
Bailey J D, general merchandise
Hildebrand John, postmaster
Hildebrand John & Company, general merchandise
Manning W, shoe maker
Mitchell A Mrs., liquor saloon, and bakery

Scribner, Missoula County. (See Flat Head Lake)

Sheridan, Madison County, PO 20 miles north west of Virginia City
Bateman R P, postmaster, and general merchandise
Beardsley R C, lumber manufacturer
Bennett A J, teacher
Day S D, physician
Duncan Hugh Rev., clergyman
Hall S & Company, flour manufacturers
Hamilton & Sweet, general merchandise
McCoy Jesse, hotel, and liquor saloon
Odell George, boots and shoes
Phillips & Harmon, blacksmiths
Pyre A, blacksmith
Ramsey, French & Company, flour manufacturers
Riggin F A Rev, clergyman
Smith J C, physician
Van Arsdale J W Rev., clergyman (Meth)
Walker & Cowell, attorneys at law, and notaries public

Silver Bow, Deer Lodge County, PO 35 miles north of Deer Lodge City
Bradenbutcher F, shoe maker
Dean Isaac, postmaster
Dudden B, hotel, and livery stable
Le Clair J, blacksmith
Lowe Thomas, general merchandise
Nipler Christian, brewery
Norton & Dean, billiard and liquor saloon
Parcher & Company, butchers
Weibbold H C, general merchandise

Silver City, Lewis and Clarke County, PO 12 miles north west of Helena
Glass Andrew, general merchandise
Green Philip, postmaster
Greene John H, general merchandise
Haskell & Shields, butchers
Linwedel F, hotel, and liquor saloon
Lissner M, billiard and liquor saloon
Sanford John, shoe maker
Worth Charles, tailor

Silver Star, Madison County, PO, 40 miles north east of Virginia City
Anderson John A, postmaster, and hotel
Carmichael Alexander, general merchandise, and drugs
Ellis Charles S, physician
Obertreis Charles, brewery, and liquor saloon
Oleson Emile, physician
Porter L D, general merchandise

Skalkaho, Missoula County, PO 55 miles south of Missoula
Elliott David C, postmaster

Springfield, Deer Lodge County. (See Lincoln)

Springville, Jefferson County, PO
Black L M, flour manufacturer
Hamilton William, general merchandise
McCourt John, postmaster

Sterling, Madison County, PO 26 miles north east of Virginia City
Jackson P V, assayer, and gold dust buyer
Peck Charles H, postmaster, and general merchandise

Stevensville, Missoula County, PO 30 miles south of Missoula
Bass & Bros, lumber manufacturers
Carrier George, liquor saloon
D'Aste Rev. Clergyman (R C)
Dobbins G W, liquor saloon
Kennedy James, hotel
Lafontaine P M, flour manufacturer
Long J J, lumber manufacturer
Lomme J A, postmaster, and general merchandise
Marchesseau S, produce
Matte Alexander, blacksmith
Nichols J A. flour manufacturer
Rives Thomas E, liquor saloon
Smith William, blacksmith
Winslett J W, general merchandise

Summit, Madison County, PO 7 miles south east of Virginia City
Covely William F, general merchandise
Iceten Joseph, blacksmith
Rossiter Henry D, postmaster
Schaefer John Q, boot maker

Sun River, Lewis and Clarke County, PO 90 miles north of Helena
Bull C A, postmaster and-hotel
Burcher W P, carpenter
Healy J J & Bro, flour manufacturers
Laird W R, liquor saloon
Steell George, general merchandise and lumber manufacturer
Weigand G W, brewery and liquor saloon

Superior, Missoula County, PO 60 miles north west of Missoula
Bonticou J, general merchandise
Buck & Cave, general merchandise
Cave A, clergyman
Conford George, postmaster
Goudrie Charles, blacksmith
Johnston Edmund, hotel
Lemburg Victor, watch maker and jeweler
McBride A, butcher
Union David, liquor saloon

Trout Creek, Meagher County, PO 30 miles north west of Diamond City
Cotter Richard D, postmaster
Robertson A Mrs., teacher

Twin Bridges, Madison County, PO 30 miles north of Virginia City
Cline J H, liquor saloon
Closten J E, physician
EldredT D Mrs., teacher
Harvey B F, attorney at law
Laurin & Bro, general merchandise
Lott Bros, hotel
Lott J S, general merchandise
Lott M H, postmaster
Manheim John, brewery
Pennington Joseph, general merchandise
Thompson C, furs
Vanbroklin W J, builder
White Peter, blacksmith
Wilsey & Hummell, blacksmiths
Young W A M, attorney-at-law and justice of the peace

Unionville, Lewis and Clarke County, P 4 miles south west of Helena
Bonclar Frederick, blacksmith
Constans Phillip, postmaster, and general merchandise
Hack C, shoe maker
Hunt E Mrs., hotel
O'Connor Thomas, liquor saloon

Virginia City, Madison County, incorporated, PO and County seat, 125 miles south of Helena. It is located on the north side of Alder Creek, a tributary of the Stinking Water, or the Passamari River, as it is at present more euphoniously called. Until recently this was the Capital of the Territory, and formerly contained a large population, the city extending continuously for several miles along Alder Creek. The placer mines upon which the city was founded, were discovered in 1863, and yielded enormously, the total product from Alder Gulch exceeding thirty million dollars. Large fortunes were made, and a population of 7,000 or 8,000 gathered in a few years, creating a fine city. The public buildings are costly and stately structures, a large stone Court House, a splendid Masonic Temple costing 530,000, Episcopal and Catholic churches, two school houses, four public halls, and many stores, hotels, and private residences that would do credit to any town. The altitude is 5,483 feet above the sea, and the climate is very healthful, though cold in winter. Daily stages connect it with the Pacific Railroad at Corrinne, and with Deer Lodge and Helena, and triweekly to Bannack, Bozeman, and other localities. Two newspapers are published, the Montanian and Madisonian, both weekly.
Anderson J H, engineer, Nevada
Armstrong & Johnson, clothing, Wallace
Baker John Y & Company, butchers
Bartlett E H, blacksmith, Wallace
Belless A Q, hotel, (Hot Springs)
Blake Henry N, attorney at law, and editor Montanian, Jackson
Brundage & Howe, founders, machinists, and dealers tire arms
Brown H T, business manager Montanian
Bundy C, photographer, Wallace
Butler N T, jeweler and watch maker, Wallace
Carpenter A M S, notary public, Jackson
Clark George H, furniture and cabinet maker, Wallace
Clark G W, blacksmith, Jackson
Cardwell & Gallagher, butchers
Conway R Mrs., proprietress Cresent Hotel, 'Wallace
Corbett J L, civil engineer and surveyor, Jackson
Creighton E & Company, commission merchants, Wallace
Crockett Samuel H, harness and saddlery, Wallace
Daems L, physician and druggist, Wallace
Dahler C L, banker, and assayer, Wallace
Davis A B, carpenter. Cover
Deimling F C, postmaster, Wallace
Deyahmon Thomas, proprietor Madisonian
Donaldson W M, carpenter, Cover
Douglas William, general merchandise, Wallace
Driggs E U, hardware, stoves, and tinware, Wallace
Elling Henry, banker, Wallace
Farrell T J, livery stable, Wallace
Farwell D C, groceries, Wallace
Freeler Andrew, proprietor Chicago House, Idaho
Freiler & Baker, liquor saloon, Wallace
French & Thomas, general merchandise, Wallace
Gainan Stephen, wood dealer
Gilbert H S, brewery. Cover
Gilmer & Salisbury, stage proprietors, Wallace
Hall Sargent, proprietor Mill Crook Flour Mills
Hargrave William L, boots and shoes, Wallace
Harrington, Baker & Company, boots and shoes, Wallace
Harris S, tailor, Idaho
Herndon A Donaldson, carpenters, and lumber dealers, Wallace
Horriman John M, liquor saloon, Wallace
Howell H S, agent Wells, Fargo & Company, Wallace
Johnson E F, livery stable, Idaho
Jones Thomas T, proprietor Virginia City Hotel, Wallace
Kelleher F J Rev, clergyman (R C) Jackson
Ketcham D H, harness and saddlery, Wallace
Kibler & Gohn, butchers, Wallace
Knight A B. surveyor and notary public
Kohls Julius, wheelwright, Wallace
Kramer Julius, harness and saddlery, Wallace
Lacroix A, boots and shoos. Wallace
Lancaster D, blacksmith, Wallace
Largey P A & Company, stoves, tin, hardware, and agricultural implements, Wallace
Livermore I S, blacksmith, Wallace
Loman J B, carpenter, Cover
Madisonian, Thomas Deyarmon, proprietor, Wallace
Mannheim John, brewery, and bakery, Wallace
Marshall W J, attorney at law, Jackson
Marston L F, jeweler, Wallace
Mail Charles & Company, butchers, Wallace
Maxham A Vinter, groceries, Wallace
Meyer & Koorner, bowling alley, Wallace
Montanian, Montanian Publishing Company, proprietors
Morris William, livery stable
Morris W W, drugs, paints, and oils, Wallace
Muffly Theodore, justice of the peace, notary public, and register in bankruptcy, Jackson
Parker C W, shoe maker
Patton & Lambrecht, general merchandise, cor Jackson and Wallace
Pease H A, watch maker, and jeweler, Wallace
Pfeit John H, carriage maker, and painter, Wallace
Pfouts W G, groceries, liquors, mining and farming implements, Wallace
Prout E G Rev, clergyman (Episc), Idaho
Raymond Bros, merchants, and freight agents, Wallace
Redick William, wood dealer
Renshaw R W, furniture and cabinet maker, Wallace
Reyburn L C, attorney at law
Richter Christian, brewery
Riggin F A Rev, clergyman (Meth), Jackson
Rodgers W H, proprietor Clasbey House, Jackson
Rosenstein Solomon, dry goods, Wallace
Sanford A A Mrs., millinery and dry goods, Wallace
Schultz S J, tinsmith
Smilie James Jr, painter, Wallace
Smith I C. physician, Wallace
Spiker John, liquor saloon, and bakery, Wallace
Spratt James N, attorney at law, Wallace
Stevens W V, wood dealer
Stoer J P, groceries, Wallace
Strasburger I, dry goods, Wallace
Taylor Horace, liquor saloon, Wallace
Thexton George, blacksmith, Jackson
Thomas J D, groceries, Wallace
Thompson William, carpenter and builder, Idaho
Thompson William, lumber, Wallace
Tilton D W, books, stationery, etc, corner Wallace and Jackson
Tilton &. Barber, cigars, tobacco, wall paper, etc, Wallace
Todd George W, liquor saloon, Wallace
Turner C W, attorney at law
Vetter John G, boots and shoes, Wallace
Vickers Robert, clothing, boots, shoes, etc
Walters E J, clothing, Wallace
Warmington H, dry goods, Wallace
Weiss D, tailor, Wallace
Werken Henry, livery stable, and lumber dealer, Wallace
White John H, barber, Wallace
Williams James, wood dealer
Wimmer J, liquor saloon, Wallace
Yager E T, physician, Jackson

Warm Springs, Deer Lodge County, PO 17 miles south of Deer Lodge City
Belanger L, hotel, liquor saloon, and baths
Girard E, postmaster, and general merchandise
Vittenrot S, hotel

Washington Gulch, Deer Lodge County, PO, 50 miles north of Deer Lodge City
Bantz George, butcher
Casterly Mark, blacksmith
Clark Joseph, teacher
Ganley John, hotel, and livery stable
Goding Z P, carpenter, and wheelwright
Koley Michael, butcher
McConnell R E, physician
Milre William, physician, (American Gulch)
Stoner John W, notary public
Turk Samuel, machinist, (California Gulch)
White P S, postmaster, and general merchandise

Watson, Beaver Head County, PO 20 miles east of Bannock City.
Estes & Fall, general merchandise
Lovell Philip, postmaster

Whitehall, Jefferson County, PO 50 miles south west of Radersburg
Brooke E G, hotel, and postmaster
Crosby J A, blacksmith
Hadley & Marsh, livery stable
King John, dairy produce, and cattle dealer
Meyers Frederick, carpenter
Miller S R, cattle dealer
Winslow C, dairy produce

Willow Creek, Gallatin County, PO 40 miles west of Bozeman
Burns Terry, postmaster

Yamhill, Deer Lodge County, PO address Pioneer
Cohen D & Bro, general merchandise
McDoud Michael, livery stable
Morse & Company, butchers
Murray & Murphy, general merchandise
O'Grady James, liquor saloon
Roloux Charles, hotel
Trufant D H, liquor saloon

Yreka, Deer Lodge County, PO 60 miles north west of Deer Lodge City
Ferguson William, postmaster
Ferguson W R & Company, general merchandise
Wells John, restaurant

Pacific Coast Business Directory | Montana Territory Index

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875.

 

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