Pacific Coast Business Directory


The territory comprising the State of Nevada was a part of the Mexican Territory of Alta California, and was annexed to the United States at the time of taking possession of Monterey by Commodore Sloat, in July, 1846. Subsequently it formed part of Utah, from which it was segregated and organized into a Territory in 1861. In October, 1864, Nevada was admitted into the Union as a State, although the population did not exceed 00,000. The boundaries are, north by Oregon and Idaho, east by Utah and Arizona, and southwest and west by California. The State is divided into fourteen counties, viz: Churchill, Douglas, Elko, Esmeralda, Eureka, Humboldt, Lander, Lincoln, Lyon, Ormsby, Nye, Storey, Washoe, and White Pine. Capital, Carson City. Principal towns, Virginia City, Gold Hill, Austin, Hamilton, Eureka, Elko, Pioche, Reno, Winnemucca, Battle Mountain, Silver City, Cornucopia, Palisades, Mineral City, Cherry Creek and Columbus.

The finances of the State are on a very substantial basis, the Treasury usually having cash assets exceeding all indebtedness or demands upon it, and as large sums are collected from the tax on bullion products, the property of the State is assessed at a very low rate, consequently the figures given as the assessed valuation give no correct idea of the real value.

Nevada is an elevated, mountainous basin, with the exception of its extreme southeastern portion, its lowest valleys being 4,000 feet above the sea, and its highest mountains reaching an altitude of 12,000 to 14,000 feet. The principal mountain ranges are the White Mountains, in the southwest; Mount Davidson, in the west; Humboldt, Clan Alpine, Shoshone, Toiyabe, Mount Tenabo and Diamond, in the central part: White Pine and Snake Range, in the east; Goose Creek, Tuscarora and Battle Mountains, in the north; and Mount Irish and Spring Mountains, in the south, with numerous other ranges of less importance. Read more....

Pacific Coast Business Directory

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875.


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