Pacific Coast Business Directory

State of Oregon - Clatsop County

Clatsop County. Bounded north by the Columbia River; east by Columbia County; south by Tillamook and Washington; and west by the Pacific Ocean. Area, 1,491 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $515,000. Population, 1,600.

County seat, Astoria. Principal towns: Clatsop, Fort Stevens, Knappa, Lexington, Nehalem, Summer House, and Westport. Clatsop County forms the extreme northwest of the State, and is distinguished as the first point settled upon by Americans on the west coast of the continent.

At Point Adams and other places along the river in Clatsop, and also at Cape Disappointment on the Washington side of the Columbia, the United States Government has constructed extensive fortifications, which are armed with ordnance of the heaviest caliber, and command the entrance to the mouth of the river. A light-house and fog signal have also been erected at Point Adams. In approaching the coast, the high hills and bluffs coming abruptly in many instances to the water's edge, give a forbidding appearance and create a wrong impression as to the character of the country inland.

Nehalem, Lewis & Clarke and Young's rivers, with several other small streams, run through pleasant and fertile valleys, where are thousands of acres of fine agricultural lands protected from the fierce coast winds, and very inviting to settlement.

Extensive tracts of these lands are yet unoccupied and unclaimed, and only wait the magic touch of industry to convert them into fruitful fields and happy homes. The forests constitute a grand source of wealth, and the numerous mill streams, with harbors convenient, offer great inducements to lumbermen.

The climate is mild and healthful, the heat seldom exceeding seventy-five degrees in summer, nor does the cold reach below fifteen degrees of Fahrenheit In winter.

Officers: L. Q. A. Bowlby, County Judge; R. R. Spedden, Clerk, Recorder and Auditor: H. Y. Thompson, District Attorney; W. H. Twilight, Sheriff and Tax Collector; I. W. Case, Treasurer; E. A, Taylor, Assessor; H. P. Gearhart, Surveyor and Superintendent Public Schools; D. E. Pease, Coroner.

Pacific Coast Business Directory | Oregon Territory Index

Oregon Directory and Gazetteer

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875.


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