Pacific Coast Business Directory

State of Oregon - Umatilla County

Umatilla County. Bounded north by Washington Territory, east by Union, south by Grant, and west by Wasco. Area, 5,300 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1873, $867,535. County seat. Pendleton. Principal towns: Meadowville, Umatilla and Weston. This county is situated east of the Cascade Range, and bordering on the navigable waters of the Columbia, which separate it in part from Washington Territory, giving it commercial advantages of great importance. The valleys along the main rivers and creeks falling into it are very fertile, and highly productive where cultivated. Back from these are rolling prairies and high table lands covered with nutritious grasses, and stretching far away to the distant hills crowned with forests of gigantic pine. The great area is well adapted to stock raising, as is well proven by the large bands of horses formerly kept in this region by the Indians, and who made no provision for winter. The Blue Mountains run through the eastern part of the County, giving rise to numerous streams flowing to the Columbia. The principal of these are the Umatilla, Wild Horse Creek, Birch Creek, and the Hautomah, the three latter being forks of the first. Gold is found in the mountains, also on the bars of the Columbia, and is mined to a considerable extent. The cropping's of coal, copper and iron are said to be abundant, showing a resource to be developed into future wealth. The great overland roads from the east to Oregon cross Umatilla, and much commerce in connection with the mines of Idaho is carried on over them.
Officers: H. G. Yoakum, County Judge; F. M. Croskett, Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; W. B. Laswell, District Attorney; J. A. Pruett, Sheriff, and Tax Collector; Lot Livermore, Treasurer; David Taylor, Assessor; J. H. Sharon, Surveyor; H. C. Stewart, Coroner; L. H. Lee, Superintendent Public Schools.

Pacific Coast Business Directory | Oregon Territory Index

Oregon Directory and Gazetteer

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875.


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