Pacific Coast Business Directory

State of Oregon - Union County

Union County. Bounded north by Washington Territory, east be the Territory of Idaho, south by Baker, and west by Umatilla. Area 5,180 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $982,000. Population 3,500. County seat. La Grande. Principal towns, Augusta, Cove, Gem City, Island City, North Powder, Orodell, Sparta, Summerville, and Union. This is one of the counties of Eastern Oregon, and forms the extreme northeastern portion of the State. It contains within its limits the picturesque and fertile Grande Ronde Valley, comprising an area of 288,000 acres, which for agricultural purposes is unsurpassed by any equal area on the Pacific Coast. All the fruits and vegetables of the temperate climate are produced in perfection. About three-fourths of the county consists of mountains and hills, the former covered with forests of pine, larch and fir, and the latter unsurpassed for pastoral purposes by any land on the continent. Gold, silver, and copper exist in paying quantities in many localities, and gold mines are worked to a considerable extent. The main road from the navigable waters of the Columbia to the mines of Idaho, passes through the county. La Grande, in the Grande Ronde, being on the route. The county is quite elevated, but the climate is mild, the winters being dry, short and quite cold, but the springs and falls are long and pleasant, with frequent showers of rain. The Blue Mountains are in the western part, and the Snake River, a large navigable stream, forms the eastern boundary, separating the county from Idaho.
Officers: E. C. Brainard, County Judge; R. S. Cates, Clerk and Recorder; W. B. Laswell, District Attorney; J. L. Curtis, Sheriff and Tax Collector; J. Hopper, Treasurer; James Harris, Assessor; W. Skiff, Surveyor; G. W. Webb, Coroner; S. S. Mitchel, Superintendent Public Schools.

Pacific Coast Business Directory | Oregon Territory Index

Oregon Directory and Gazetteer

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875.


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