Part of the American
History & Genealogy Project
Civil War Army Nurses 1861 ~ 1865
These are very brief Biographies
Mrs. Catherine L.
Mrs. Catherine L. Taylor, senior vice-president of the National
Association of Army Nurses, served as a volunteer nurse from
1862 to 1865. She was for about three years at the United States
General Hospital, Davids' Island, New York Harbor. Her home was
at Dobbs' Ferry, and with her own team she carried supplies for
the sick and wounded, also cared for many families, as well as
sending supplies to the soldiers at the front. Mrs. Taylor's
home is in New York City.
Mrs. Hannah Judkins
Mrs. Hannah Judkins Starbird, junior vice-president of the
National Association of Army Nurses, enlisted as a nurse August
1864. She was then Miss Judkins. She was at Carver Hospital,
Washington, D. C, and at St John's College. Annapolis, where she
remained until July '65. She nursed paroled prisoners from
Libby, Andersonville and other Southern prisons, poor starved,
vermin-infested men with little clothing. Mrs. Starbird lives in
Los Angeles. California.
Miss Hannah U.
Miss Hannah U. Maxon, late national chaplain National
Association of Army Nurses, nursed in the hospital in
Gallipolis, Ohio, from the first of the war until its close. For
nearly half a century she was a public school teacher in her
native town, Gallipolis, and men and women in every walk in
life, who came under her influence, call her "blessed." She died
at her home, Gallipolis, Ohio, May 26, 1910.
Miss Kate M.
Miss Kate M. Scott, late national secretary National Association
of Army Nurses, in the spring of 1861-1862 was with the 105th
Pennsylvania Regiment at Camp Jackson, Virginia, having
volunteered in response to a call from Colonel Amos McKnight,
for nurses for his soldiers, many of whom were dying from fever
and pneumonia. Twice during the winter she, with her associate
Miss Ellen Guffy, were quarantined, as the latter had the much
dreaded disease. Miss Scott has been identified with the
regiment since the war, and was their secretary from 1879-1891.
She had been secretary of the army nurses since 1897. She died
at her home, Brookville, Pennsylvania, in 1911.
Mrs. Salome Myers
Mrs. Salome M. Stewart, national treasurer of the National
Association of Army Nurses, was a volunteer nurse, and is known
to many who were wounded in the battle of Gettysburg as Miss
Sallie Myers. During that battle her father's house was used as
a hospital, and she cared for the men there, and at the Roman
Catholic Church, the United Presbyterian Church and in Camp
Her services of three months were entirely voluntary. Her
husband was a Presbyterian minister, who died in 1868 of
injuries received in the service. He was the brother of a
wounded man who died in her father's house.
Mrs. Stewart was a teacher in the public schools before the war,
has taught for twenty-five years, and is now a substitute
teacher in the Gettysburg schools, where she has always resided.
She was appointed one of the enumerators of the late census.
Mrs. Mary E.
Mrs. Mary E. Squire, conductor, National Association of Army
Nurses, as Miss Mary Emily Chamberlain, enlisted in Washington
Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, May, 1863, afterwards being
transferred to the Officers Hospital, and then going again to
Washington Hospital. In 1861 she went to the Webster Hospital,
where she remained until she left the service, June, 1864. Mrs.
Squire is 67 years of age and lives in Sheboygan, Michigan.
Mrs. Elizabeth Chapman, guard of the National Association of
Army Nurses, served as a volunteer nurse for three months, and
then enlisted as a con-tract nurse, for the balance of the war.
Her husband's regiment being in Memphis, and many of the men
having measles, she was sent there to nurse them.
She was mustered out in Leighton House Hospital, Keokuk, Iowa,
with an honorable discharge. Mrs. Chapman is 80 years of age.
Her home is in East St Louis, Illinois.
Mrs. Addie L.
Mrs. Addie L. Ballou, past national president of the Army
Nurses, is a woman well known on the Pacific coast, as author,
artist, lawyer and club woman. She is a woman of many talents
and indomitable will, for when the earthquake and fire in San
Francisco swept away her all, she heroically set to work with
the spirit of a young woman to regain her home.
At the beginning of the Civil War she offered her services to
the Governor of Wisconsin, in which state she was living, and
then began work as a nurse in camp of the 32nd Wisconsin
regiment, where there were many sick. Later, Surgeon General
Wolcott at Milwaukee, commissioned her, and she went with the
regiment to Memphis, from there being sent with 255 sick
soldiers to Keokuk, Iowa. Again in Memphis she nursed hundreds
through a terrible epidemic. She is beloved by every member of
the 32nd Wisconsin, and is affectionately referred to as "The
Little Mother." She has written a book of poems, ''Driftwood."
Mrs. Ballou now resides in San Francisco, California.
Mrs. Margaret Hamilton, past president of the Army Nurses, was
born in Rochester, New York, October 19, 1840. Her mother dying
when the daughter was seventeen, she obtained her father's
consent and became a sister of charity and after due preparation
was sent to teach in an orphan asylum in Albany.
When the war broke out she wanted to nurse, but the lot did not
fall to her until in the spring of 1862 when, with three other
sisters, she was sent to Satterlea United States Hospital in
Philadelphia, where she cared for the wounded sent up from
Chickamauga. She served three years, during which time she fell
in love with one of the wounded soldiers, a member of the 19th
Maine Volunteers, and left the sisterhood to marry him. Her home
life was ideal, and as wife and mother she was a model. Mrs.
Hamilton is now a widow and resides in Wakefield, Massachusetts.
Mrs. Fanny Titus
Mrs. Fanny Titus Hazen, past president of the Army Nurses, the
grand-daughter of a soldier of the Revolutionary Army, was born
in Vershire, Vermont, May 2, 1840. As was the case with a number
of others, when she applied to Miss Dix for an appointment, she
was told that she was too young, but because she had two
brothers, one seventeen and the other eighteen, in the service,
she begged to be allowed to stay and was finally accepted and
sent to Columbia Hospital, Washington, where she stayed until it
closed, June 27, 1865.
From the battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, her youngest brother
was brought to her wounded, and she nursed him until he
recovered. Mrs. Hazen lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Mrs. Clarissa F. Jones
Mrs. Clarissa F. Dye, past president of the Army Nurses, in
1862, was teaching, but devoted her vacation to field and
hospital work in company with Miss Marie McClellan of
Germantown, Pennsylvania. She was first sent on the steamer
Maine, then Miss Dix gave her a pass to Alexandria, Virginia.
She reached the battlefield of Fredericksburg, ahead of all
others, and did hard work among the wounded and dying.
In 1863 she nursed in the Second Corps Hospital at Gettysburg,
having charge of the Confederate wounded, and from there she
went to Rappahannock, carrying supplies from friends in
Germantown. She was then Miss Clarissa Jones. After the war she
married Mr. John H. Dye of Philadelphia. She is now a widow over
78 years old, and receives no pension. Her home is in
Germantown, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Dye says she is the only woman
who received a medal of honor during the war.
Mrs. Rebecca S.
Mrs. Rebecca S. Smith, past president of the Army Nurses, was
teaching when an epidemic of diphtheria broke out among the
soldiers in 1862. She at once offered her services, began to
nurse them, and after that was continuously on duty on
battlefields until 1864.
Miss Hannah L.
Miss Hannah L. Palmer, past secretary of the Army Nurses, was
for nine months on duty at Columbia Hospital, Washington, under
the direction of Miss Dix. She is now 84 years of age and
resides at Conestoga, New York.
Mrs. Lettie E. Covell
Mrs. Lettie E. Buckley, was enlisted by the Sanitary Commission
under her maiden name, Lettie E. Covell, from October, 1863, to
June, 1865, at Memphis. She served in hospitals in that Southern
city and did excellent work. She is now 74 years of age. Her
home is in Chicago, Illinois.
Mrs. Susanna Kripps enlisted in 1863, and served two years and
six months. While nursing she was attacked by typhoid fever,
which destroyed the hearing of her right ear. She was attended
by Dr. Elliott, surgeon in charge of the hospital to which she
was attached. She served with the 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy
Artillery for five months, then in Capitol Hill Hospital,
Washington, Jarvis Hospital, Baltimore, and Hough General
Hospital, Alexandria, Virginia. Mrs. Kripps is 69 years old, and
seldom misses a convention. She resides in Philadelphia,
Mrs. Mary C.
Mrs. Mary C. Athow went out in February, 1864, as a volunteer
nurse under Mrs. Annie Wittenmeyer, and served eighteen months
to the close of the war. She was in hospitals at Knoxville,
Tennessee, Louiville, Kentucky, and other places. Mrs. Athow is
the widow of a veteran. She is 76 years of age. Her home is in
Mrs. Mary A.
Mrs. Mary A. Aston was living in Philadelphia when war was
declared. Her husband being an invalid, and unable to serve his
country, gave his consent for his wife to give as much of her
time as possible to alleviating the distress of the sick and
wounded in the hospitals of the city.
She was a volunteer nurse from September 5, 1862, to August 11,
1865 and was only absent from duty in all that time, two weeks
during her husband's last illness and death. Mrs. Aston became
deaf by the explosion of a cannon while engaged in the
performance of her duties. She is 77 years of age. Her home is
Mrs. Belle Thompson
Mrs. Belle Alter was Miss Belle Thompson, and served as a
volunteer nurse beginning her work in the Taylor house, which
was used as a hospital in Winchester, Virginia, September, 1864
and was assigned to duty by the surgeon in charge, Dr. S.
She assisted in caring for the wounded from Frohus Hill and
Cedar Creek battlefields, until the middle of January, 1865,
when she returned home with her brother who was badly wounded.
He was Captain Thompson, Company A 40th Pennsylvania Volunteers.
He was a helpless cripple and she nursed him the two years he
lived. Mrs. Alter is 64 years of age, and her home is at Port
Mrs. Elizabeth Lee
Mrs. Elizabeth Baldridge, as Miss Elizabeth Lee, served as a
volunteer nurse at Memphis, Tennessee. Mrs. Baldridge is 78
years old, and lives in Pomona, California.
Mrs. Catherine M.
Mrs. Catherine M. Beck, served five months as a volunteer nurse
at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, at which place she was living. She
is now 78 years of age and is living at Los Angeles, California.
Mrs. Mary E.
Mrs. Mary E. Bell enlisted as a volunteer nurse, and her first
work was at Covington, Kentucky, assisting her husband, who was
in the medical department, in an epidemic of measles.
While the regiment was in camp, smallpox and spotted fever broke
out She also served in a hospital at Jeffersonville, Indiana.
Her service extended over three years. She is 70 years old and
lives in Albion, Michigan.
Mrs. Helen M. Becket
Mrs. Helen M. Burnell was a regular nurse under her maiden name
of Helen M. Becket. She served two years and six months in the
hospital at Memphis, Tenn. She is now 81 years of age. Her home
is in Pasadena, California.
Mrs. Mary K.
Mrs. Mary K. Boyington became a nurse through going to the field
of Gettysburg to care for her wounded husband, who was a member
of Company L. 105th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. When he was
sent to the hospital at York, she accompanied him, and was
enrolled as a nurse, serving from July, 1863 to March, 1864,
receiving the warm commendation of the surgeons for her
services. She is 68 years old and lives in Carner, Oklahoma.
Mrs. Nancy M.
Mrs. Nancy M. Brown, as Miss Nancy M. Nelson, was for eighteen
months in West Hospital, Baltimore, and for two years at Gratiot
Street Hospital Prison, St. Louis. With her husband after the
war she lived in Ashtabula, Ohio, but since his death she has
lived with her son in Washington, D. C. Her husband was a
veteran. Mrs. Brown is 79 years old.
Mrs. Susan L. McLaughlin Brown
Mrs. Susan L. Brown was Miss Sue McLaughlin when she answered a
call for volunteer nurses sent out by Governor Morton of
Indiana. For the nine months she was on hospital boats on the
Mississippi River and in hospitals in Memphis. She is very
active in all patriotic work, and is the wife of S. C Brown,
past commander of the Grand Army of the Republic of Georgia.
Mrs. Brown is 75 years of age and resides with her husband in
Mrs. M. M.
Mrs. M. M. Briggs enlisted in 1861 under Miss Dix, and served
for a year in hospitals in St Louis, and then went to the newly
established Harvey Hospital at Madison, Wisconsin. Mrs. Harvey,
wife of the Governor of Wisconsin, herself went to the south and
brought from the fields and swamps, one hundred and thirty sick
and wounded, and put them in this hospital, where they were
tenderly cared for, Mrs. E. O. Gibson was in charge, and Mrs.
Briggs' daughters were with her. Mrs. Briggs remained there
until the war dosed. She is now 91 and is spending her sunset
days in the Old Peoples' Home, Elgin, Illinois.
Mrs. Jennie Matthewson
Mrs. Jennie Matthewson Bullard enlisted as a volunteer, nurse as
Miss Jennie Smole. She afterward married a soldier, and changed
her name to Matthewson. From October, 1861, to May, 1865 she
served at Savannah, Memphis, Chicago, and Farmington,
Mississippi. From October, 1861 to May, 1862, she was a
volunteer nurse, and from the latter date to May, 1865, she was
a regular nurse. Mrs. Bullard is 70 years of age. She resides at
Mrs. Bell Vorse
Mrs. Bell Vorse Clark served from July, 1864, until the close of
the war. Her first duty was in the General Hospital, No. 3, in
Nashville, Tenn. She stayed at her post until the last man was
removed in 1865. She is 77. Mrs. Clark resides in Lewisburg,
Mrs. Nannie M.
Mrs. Nannie M. Cochran was appointed matron and head nurse of
the Simpson House Hospital, Keokuk, Iowa, by Major M. K. Taylor,
and served there from November, 1863, until October, 1864.
During her stay, there were treated from six hundred to eight
hundred wounded. She is 68 years old and lives in Troy, New
Mrs. Sarah J.
Mrs. Sarah J. Dumas was Miss Sarah J. Steady, and her first work
at nursing was at Sherburn Barracks Hospital, in Washington, D.
C, February 14, 1865. She served until December of the same
year, when her services being no longer needed, she returned to
her home in Vermont.
Mrs. Annie Priscilla
Mrs. Annie Priscilla Erving (Cilia Zerbe) was a volunteer nurse
commissioned by Governor Curtin. During 1861 and 1862 she served
at Camp Curtin. While there she and three other nurses gave a
picnic on Independence Island to raise money with which to get
lint for the wounded. They raised $125. Mrs. Erving also nursed
at Gettysburg. She is now 71 years of age. Her home is in
Newberg, New York.
Mrs. Rebecca E.
Mrs. Rebecca E. Frick served in hospitals in Washington, D. C;
Annapolis, Maryland; Winchester, City Point and Hampton Roads,
Virginia. She was a regular nurse, and served two years and six
months. She is 87 years old. Her home is in West Conshohocken,
Mrs. Mary Fryer
Mrs. Mary Fryer Gardner, with Misses Scott, Guffy and Allen,
served under Colonel McKnight with the 105th Pennsylvania,
during the winter and spring of 1861-1862, at Camp Jameson, Va.
There being too many for one hospital to accommodate, a division
was made, and Miss Fryer and Miss Allen served together; thus
they escaped being quarantined twice with smallpox as Miss Scott
and Miss Duffy were. Mrs. Gardner is the widow of a veteran. She
b 65 years old and resides in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Miss Cornelia Hancock is as well-known as any of the army
nurses, and her service extended from July 6, 1863, to May 23,
1865. She was a volunteer nurse attached to the Second Army
Corps of the Potomac. She was at Gettysburg, and so faithful
that the soldiers called her the "Battlefield Angel." She
remained in the field hospital until the establishment of Camp
Letterman, where she worked for a few weeks. Before she left,
the soldiers gave her a silver medal as an expression of their
appreciation of her services. She is over 70 but as active as at
40. Her home is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Mrs. Julia A.
Mrs. Julia A. Hibbard served from September 1, 1861, to April
20, 1864. After the battle of Shiloh she was on a floating
hospital, serving afterwards in Memphis, Tennessee, and in
Paducah, Kentucky. Mrs. Hibbard resides in Peoria, Illinois, and
is 78 years of age.
Mrs. Joanna Melton was in the service from 1861 to 1864 as a
volunteer nurse. She was at Camp Carrington, Lafayette, Indiana,
and at Louisville, Kentucky. She is 76 years of age and resides
in Sah Lake City, Utah.
Mrs. Susan Carrie Robinson
Mrs. Susan Carrie Mills served under her maiden name, Carrie
Robinson, for three months. She went to the front under Dr.
Crosby, from Concord, New Hampshire, in May, 1861. Her
examination being all right, she was enrolled by Miss Dix, in
Washington, D. C, and served for three months at Point of Rocks
and Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Mrs. Mills is 71 years of age and
resides in Haverhill, Massachusetts.
Mrs. Fannie O. Oslin
Mrs. Fannie O. Jackson, as Miss Oslin, served fifteen months in
field hospitals. Department of the Cumberland, at Resaca, Big
Shanty, Centerville, Vinings Station and Lookout Mountain. She
was a regular nurse. She is 76 years of age and lives in Olathe,
Mrs. Lydia S.
Mrs. Lydia S. Johnson served from September, 1862, to July,
1865, and was through the epidemic of smallpox from 1863 to
1865. Was in Georgetown. D. C; Alexandria, Chesapeake and Old
Point Comfort, Virginia. She is 81 years old and lives in
Lyndonville, New York.
Mrs. Lucy L. Campbell
Mrs. Lucy L. Kaiser, as Miss Campbell, served three years in
Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, and on hospital steamers. She is
85 and lives in Leland, Michigan.
Mrs. Emeline D. (Tenney)
Mrs. Emeline D. (Tenney) Kingsbury enlisted tinder Colonel
Cushman as a volunteer nurse in the 53rd Illinois Infantry, and
served with that regiment until the close of the war. She was in
Washington when President Lincoln was assassinated. She served
fifteen months. Her home is in Hamilton, Texas.
Mrs. Sarah A. (Plummer)
Mrs. Sarah A. (Plummer) Lemmon was a volunteer in New York City
hospitals, giving all of her time before and after school, and
on Sundays and holidays. She is 75 years of age and resides in
Mrs. Jennie (Gauslin)
Mrs. Jennie (Gauslin) Maish lived in Winchester, Virginia, when
the war came, and her father's house was turned into a hospital,
which was supported by her own and her father's means. After
General Milroy's defeat, she and several loyal ladies were sent
to Richmond by Confederate orders, and confined in Castle
Thunder. She married Mr. Lewis Maish, a Union soldier, during
the war. She is 65 years of age and resides in Stillwater,
Mrs. Mary L.
Mrs. Mary L. Mannon responded to the call of Governor Morton, of
Indiana, in February, 1863, and went to Memphis, where she
served until June 4, 1865. She was born in 1843 and resides in
Los Angeles, California.
Mrs. Mary B. Kenny
Mrs. Mary B. Maxfield left Peoria, Illinois, November 11, 1863,
with the 6th Illinois Cavalry, for Springfield. From there to
Paducah, Kentucky, then to Memphis, where she was transferred to
Adams Block Hospital. For twenty-two months she served under her
maiden name, Miss Kenny. She was commissioned by Mrs. Mary A.
Livermore. She is 71 years of age and lives in Kansas City,
Miss Adaline Miller served four years. She is 84 years of age
and lives in Los Angeles^ California.
Mrs. Maria Hoppe Miller
Mrs. Maria Miller, as Miss Hoppe, served almost two years as a
volunteer nurse. She is 64 and lives in Milan, Indiana.
Mrs. Rena L.
Mrs. Rena L. Miner served as a regular nurse eighteen months.
Mrs. Matilda E.
Mrs. Matilda E. Morris served under Dr. D. W. Bliss in
Washington, and also under Dr. Pancoast. She was at Winchester
and nursed the wounded after Sheridan's great battle. She served
three years. She is 76 years old and lives in Cleveland, Ohio.
Mrs. Jane M.
Mrs. Jane M. Morton served one year in Nashville, Tennessee. She
is 70 and lives in Elgin, Illinois.
Mrs. Mollie C. Carnahan
Mrs. Mollie C. Mott, as Miss Carnahan, served two years as a
volunteer nurse in Tennessee. She is 79 and lives In Elkhart,
Mrs. Electa Willard was a volunteer nurse from 1861 until the
close of the war. She served in Nashville, Chattanooga and
Lookout Mountain, Tennessee. Much of her time was spent in
distributing supplies at the front, and also in the various
barracks. She is 83 and lives in Detroit, Michigan.
Mrs. Belle Counts served from 1864 to 1865 as a volunteer nurse.
She is 71 years of age and lives in Troy, Ohio.
Mrs. Emily J. Avery
Mrs. Emily J. Cartwright, as Miss Avery, served two years in
Cincinnati, Ohio. She is 80 years of age and lives in Brookline,
Mrs. Clarissa Watters
Mrs. Clarissa Crossan was Miss Watters. She served two years in
Keokuk, Iowa. She is 73 years of age. Her home is in Chicago,
Mrs. Sarah B.
Mrs. Sarah B. Cross was born in England, but when her husband
entered the service of the United States, she, too, volunteered
and served as a nurse side by side with him, one year and eight
months in Lincoln General Hospital, Washington, D. C. She is 71
years of age and lives in Kent, Ohio.
Mrs. Frances D.
Mrs. Frances D. Daniels was a volunteer nurse and served in
hospitals in Vicksburg, Mississippi. She is 68 years of age.
Mrs. Frances A.
Mrs. Frances A. Dieffenbacker volunteered at a call from
Governor Morton, of Indiana, and went to Nashville, Tennessee,
'then to Murfreesboro, afterwards being detailed as regimental
nurse for the 85th Indiana Regiment She is 76 years of age and
resides in Havana, Illinois.
Mrs. Maria O. Olmstead
Mrs. Maria O. Eldred, as Miss Olmstead, served over nine months
at Falls Church, Virginia. She is 69 years old and resides in
Canton, New York.
Mrs. Emily Rowell Elmer
Mrs. Emily Elmer, then Miss Rowell, was the agent of Miss Dix
for over a year, and served in hospitals in Tennessee and in
Iowa. She is 70 years of age and resides in Hersey, Michigan.
Mrs. Elizabeth Grass was a regular nurse and served in Missouri
and Indiana. She is 69 and lives in South Fargo, North Dakota.
Mrs. Anna Hahn was a volunteer nurse and served three months.
She is now 76 years old and resides in Omaha, Nebraska.
Mrs. Cornelia Harrington served as a volunteer nurse in
Tennessee and Kentucky for five months. She is 79 and lives in
Mrs. Mary F. Strahan
Mrs. Mary F. Hayden, m Miss Strahan served in Washington, D. C,
three months. She is 70 years of age and lives in Roxbury,
Mrs. Margaret Meserolle
Mrs. Margaret Hayes, who was Miss Maggie Meserolle, served two
years and six months in hospitals in Memphis, Tennessee, as a
regular nurse. She is 77 years of age and lives in Los Angeles,
Mrs. Lauretta H. Cutler
Mrs. Lauretta H. Hoisington, as Miss Cutler, served thirteen
months in hospitals in Chattanooga, Tennessee. She is 85 years
of age and resides in Palo Alto, California.
Miss Elizabeth P. Pickard
Miss Elizabeth P. Hunt, as Miss Pickard, served three months in
Keokuk, Iowa, then contracted smallpox and had to give up. She
is 77 years old and resides in Tacoma, Washington.
Mrs. Emily E. (Wilson)
Mrs. Emily E. (Wilson) Woodley was active in nursing during the
cholera epidemic in Philadelphia, and when the war came on was
ready for nursing the sick and wounded. She went to the front
and enlisted May 29, 1861, and remained until May 26, 1865. She
served on the field with the Army of the Potomac, and also in
the West. She was lovingly called ''Mother Wilson" by the
soldiers. She passed away at her home in Philadelphia, May 15,
Mrs. Elizabeth Wendell
Mrs. Elizabeth Wendell Ewing, served from October, 1862, to
Miss Ada Johnson
Miss Ada Johnson, served from August, 1861, to November, 1865,
the longest of any. She was a teacher before the war, and
afterwards she taught for thirty years in St Louis.
Mrs. Delia A. B.
Mrs. Delia A. B. Fay, served from the first of the war to the
close, marching with her regiment into every battle, and caring
for their wounded in the face of shot and shell. She afterwards
nursed her blind veteran husband until he died.
Mrs. Anna H.
Mrs. Anna H. Baker served in a Philadelphia hospital from
September 5, 1862 to August 9, 1864.
Mrs. Henrietta S. T.
Mrs. Henrietta S. T. Bunnell served throughout the war, having
been commissioned by Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania. She died
in 1910, leaving six children. She had been the mother of
Mrs. Ruth Danforth served from July, 1864 to May, 1865.
Mrs. Mary Jane
Mrs. Mary Jane Fox served six months as a volunteer nurse.
Mrs. Elizabeth L.
Mrs. Elizabeth L. Fritcher served from July 9, 1862, to June 4,
Mrs. Ann Eliza
Mrs. Ann Eliza Gridley, who died in 1909, was the mother of
Civil War veterans and of Captain Charles V. Gridley, who was
with Dewey at Manila Bay, and was one of the heroes of that
battle. Her grandson was also in the navy and was killed by an
explosion on his ship in Hampton Roads. Mrs. Gridley was a
volunteer nurse with the Army of the Potomac, and served to the
close of the war.
Miss Susan Ellen
Miss Susan Ellen Marsh served nineteen months as a volunteer
nurse in Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D. C.
Mrs. Elizabeth Augusta
Mrs. Elizabeth Augusta Russell was a volunteer nurse over four
years in New York City hospitals.
Mrs. Emaline Phillips served one hundred and sixteen days in the
Warren Regimental Hospital, Washington, D. C. She is 70 years of
Mrs. Rebecca L. Pennypacker
Mrs. Rebecca L. Price, as Miss Pennypacker, served as a
volunteer nurse. She did emergency work, going where there was
work, and leaving when the need was over. She often carried
supplies and books from her home in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania.
She was also at Wind Mill Point Hospital, Va., Fort Monroe,
Gettysburg and Chambersburg. She had a pass from Governor Curtin
to go where she was needed. She is 76 years of age. Her home is
in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Mrs. Mary A. Ransom
Mrs. Mary A. Richardson served under her maiden name of Miss
Mary A. Ransom, and went to the hospital at Albany, New York, to
help Dr. Armsby and Mary Carey, and was enlisted as a nurse by
the former, June 2, 1862, serving there six months, when she
went to Frederick, Maryland, also serving there six months. She
was a regular nurse, serving until discharged, February 21,
1865. She is 76 years of age and resides with her husband at the
Soldiers' Home Vineland, New Jersey.
Mrs. Alice Carey Farmer
Mrs. Alice Carey Risley lived in the South and suffered untold
hardships. Through many difficulties, she, then Miss Farmer,
with her mother, Mrs. Phoebe Farmer, made her way to New Orleans
and commenced the work of caring for the soldiers in Marine
University, St. James and St. Louis Hospitals.
Mr. Farmer having refused to vote for secession, was obliged to
flee from home, and sought safety in New Orleans where his fate
was unknown to his family, as they could receive no mail. Mrs.
Farmer had been charged with being a spy, and Dick Taylor and
his men threatened to hang her. One dark night she and her
daughter left their beautiful home, and made their way to the
dock, where they were taken aboard a steamer and locked in their
cabin by the friendly captain, who landed them in Braspear City.
Mrs. Risley served as a nurse from August, 1862, to September,
1865, and like many other devoted women, receives no pension.
She is 66 years of age.
Mrs. Ann Maria B.
Mrs. Ann Maria B. Schram served as a volunteer nurse. Her
husband had enlisted, and she, too, wished to serve her country,
so the citizens of Amsterdam, New York, assisted her to get to
the front. She reported at Fredericksburg, and was assigned by
Drs. McKenzie and Haynes to duty in camp outside the city to
care for the sick and wounded brought there from South Mountain
and Antietam. She served ten months, until her health was
impaired by the exposure and hard work, and she was obliged to
leave. She received no pay for her services, she says, and not
even her board was provided. She receives a pension by special
act of Congress. She is 77 years of age and resides in Albany,
Mrs. Amanda B.
Mrs. Amanda B. Smythe served seven months. Her husband was in
the army, and hearing that he was in the hospital at New Albany,
Indiana, she took her year-old child and went to him. She found
over three hundred sick and wounded in the hospital, and gave
her time to caring for as many as she could. After the recovery
of her husband, she went home, but he was afterwards wounded at
the battle of Chickamauga, and is still suffering from the
wound. They reside at Carrollton, Ohio. Mrs. Smythe is 71 years
Mrs. Mary O.
Mrs. Mary O. Stevens, as Miss Townsend, was five months at
Seminary Hospital, Georgetown, Armory Square and Columbia,
Washington, D. C. Mrs. Stevens is now 69 and lives in Peabody,
Mrs. Annie Bell
Mrs. Annie Bell Stubbs, on account of her youth, was refused by
Miss Dix, so she served for one year as a volunteer nurse, and
after serving for a short time, because of her faithfulness and
ability. Miss Dix sent her testimonials of the highest
commendation. After the year was up, she enlisted as a regular
nurse and served over three years, in Harper's Ferry, Acquia
Creek, 12th Corps Hospital and after Gettysburg,
Chancellorsville and Nashville battles. She is 72 and lives in
Mrs. Helen Brainard
Mrs. Helen Brainard Cole was a volunteer nurse in hospitals in
Louisville, Washington, Memphis, Nashville and City Point. Mrs.
Cole is 70 and resides in Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin.
Mrs. Maria M. C.
Mrs. Maria M. C. Richards was Miss Hall when she served from
September, 1861, to May, 1865, as a nurse. She was in the Patent
Office, Washington, on the James River transports and camps, in
Smoketown Field Hospital after Antietam, and General Hospital,
Annapolis, Maryland. She is 74 and resides in Weathersfield,
Mrs. Laura A. (Mount)
Mrs. Laura A. (Mount) Newman was, for three years, with her
husband's regiment, the 6th Maryland, which was constantly
marching or fighting. She a volunteer nurse, is now 67 years of
age and lives in Lafayette, Indiana.
Mrs. Elizabeth Nichols, in 1861, went to nurse her husband, who
belonged to the 111th New York Infantry, and stayed with the
regiment, and nursed small pox, diphtheria, fevers and wounds
until discharged with her husband. She is 76 and lives in Clyde,
Mrs. Rebecca (Lemmon)
Mrs. Rebecca (Lemmon) Oleson was a volunteer nurse from
November, 1862 to March, 1865, serving in Tennessee. She is 87
and lives in Sierraville, California.
Mrs. Rebecca Otis went to Missouri with her little son to visit
her husband, and seeing how much they needed nurses, stayed on
and helped, at the earnest solicitation of Dr. Allen. Her little
boy was killed by a log rolling over him while at play, but she
tried to drown her sorrow by more assiduous care for the sick
and suffering. She continued nursing until the close of the war.
She is 86 and resides at Manchester, Iowa.
Mrs. Sarepta C. (McNall) Patterson
Mrs. Sarepta C. (McNall) Patterson served for four years in all,
as a volunteer. She is 76 and resides at Grand Junction,
Mrs. Carrie (Wilkins)
Mrs. Carrie (Wilkins) Pollard was engaged nearly two years in
Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana and on ships, having been sent out
under Mrs. Wittenmyer. She is 68 and resides in Maxwell,
Mrs. Mary B.
Mrs. Mary B. Pollock served as a volunteer nurse two years,
mostly in South Carolina. She is 75 years old and resides in San
Louis Obispo, California.
Mrs. Malinda A. (Miller)
Mrs. Malinda A. (Miller) Pratt was seven months at Albany,
Indiana, as a volunteer nurse. She is 76 and resides in Lincoln,
Mrs. Maria L. (Moore)
Mrs. Maria L. (Moore) Rathnell served over one year as a
contract nurse in Camp Dennison, Ohio. She is 76 and lives in
Mrs. Sarah M.
Mrs. Sarah M. Reading was a volunteer nurse over a year in the
General Hospital, Davenport, Iowa. She is 70 and lives in Lowry
Mrs. Emma A. (French)
Mrs. Emma A. (French) Sackett was a regular nurse in the
hospital at Jeffersonville, Indiana, seven months and
twenty-three days. She is 69 and lives in Winterset, Iowa.
Mrs. Mary R (Webber) Smith
Mrs. Mary R (Webber) Smith served from 1862 to 1865 m Baltimore,
Maryland. She is 68 and lives in Lowell, Massachusetts.
Mrs. Sarah J. (Milliken)
Mrs. Sarah J. (Milliken) Sprague served under Miss Dix from 1862
to 1864 in Washington, D. C. She is 82 and resides in Lynn,
Mrs. Emily P.
Mrs. Emily P. Spencer went to the front with her husband, who
was surgeon of the 147th New York Infantry. She was in all the
battles of the Army of the Potomac and was one of the first
nurses to reach Gettysburg after the battle, where she remained
for several weeks. She cared for General Sickles after he lost
his limb. New York selected her as one of the heroines whose
effigy in marble should be placed on the grand staircase in the
Capitol at Albany.
She was wounded by a spent ball at City Point. The sciatic nerve
was injured, and she was crippled for life. She is 92 and
resides in Oswego, New York.
Mrs. Susannah Sprague
Mrs. Susannah Sprague served two years in Kansas as a volunteer
nurse. She lives in Denver, Colorado.
Mrs. Cornelia M. (Tompkins)
Mrs. Cornelia M. (Tompkins) Stanley was commissioned by Miss Dix
and served two years and one month in Tennessee and Missouri.
She is 73 and lives in Gardena, California.
Mrs. Mary E. Pearce Stewart
Mrs. Mary E. Stewart, then Mrs. Pearce, was the wife of the
surgeon of the hospital in Madison, Indiana. At her own expense
she went there and distributed supplies sent by the people of
her home town in Ohio, and then nursed the sick, staying seven
months in all, under direction of Colonel Grant; who was in
charge of the hospital. She resides in Athens, Ohio.
Mrs. Sophia Stephenson served from 1861 to 1865 under Dr. Colham
and Dr. B. F. Stephenson, in Ohio, Tennessee and Illinois. She
is 75 years of age and lives in Winterset, Iowa.
Dr. Vesta M.
Dr. Vesta M. Swartz, whose husband was assistant surgeon of the
100th Indiana Volunteers, was a regular nurse and served under
Mrs. Wittenmyer for more than a year. She is now 70 years old
and resides in Auburn, Indiana.
Mrs. Charlotte Marson
Mrs. Charlotte Marson Thompson was a volunteer nurse for a short
time, then became a regular nurse with pay in Washington, D. C,
and serving one year. She is 72 and lives in Brodhead,
Mrs. Pauline Thompson
Mrs. Pauline Thompson served in Kentucky and in Missouri. She
lives in Berwyn, Illinois.
Miss Eliza L.
Miss Eliza L. Townsend was a volunteer nurse, serving in Baton
Rouge, Louisiana, for eleven months. She is 79 and lives in
Mrs. Laura R. (Cotton)
Mrs. Laura R. (Cotton) Tyson answered a call for nurses sent out
by the Citizens Hospital, in Philadelphia, in 1862, and remained
on duty until the close of the war. Mrs. Tyson is 76 and resides
in Chelsea, Massachusetts.
Mrs. Susan (Mercer)
Mrs. Susan (Mercer) Wamock was six months a volunteer nurse. In
Tennessee. She is 71 and lives in Lockington, Ohio.
Mrs. Lydia L.
Mrs. Lydia L. Whiteman served from the time sick men were left
in Philadelphia at the beginning of the war, until the war
closed. She relates that after the battle of the Wilderness, she
saw a man who had been left for dead at the foot of a tree, and
in spite of protests, took him up in the ambulance, and to the
hospital and saved his life. He was Colonel Baxter. Mrs.
Whiteman was under Miss Dix most of the time. She is 85 and
lives in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Mrs. Cynthia (Elbin)
Mrs. Cynthia (Elbin) White served in Iowa hospitals for eight
and a half months. She is 67 and lives in Lowry City, Missouri.
Mrs. Mary Eleanor
Mrs. Mary Eleanor Willson was three months a volunteer nurse
under Miss Livermore, then was two years with the Army of the
Cumberland in the field, in hospitals and on hospital boats on
the Mississippi River. She resides in Westgate, California.
Mrs. Leonore (Smith)
Mrs. Leonore (Smith) Wright was commissioned by Governor Morton,
of Indiana. She served in Indiana and Tennessee. She is 80 and
lives in Terre Haute, Indiana.
Mrs. Lucy A. (Newton)
Mrs. Lucy A. (Newton) Young served in camps of Vermont soldiers
as a volunteer nurse seven months. She is 69 and lives in
Mrs. Emily Alder had two brothers in the army and her husband,
whom she followed to the front as a nurse. She served six months
and then on the Fort Donelson Battlefield was taken so seriously
ill that, as the regiment was under marching orders, the surgeon
gave her husband four days' leave to stay and see her die. She
was spared to care for a disabled husband. She returned home
after her illness. She is 71 and lives in Clarion, Iowa.
Mrs. Catherine H. (Griffith)
Mrs. Catherine H. (Griffith) Bengless served about nine months
in Philadelphia. At the close of her service, she married Rev.
J. D. Bengless, of Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Mrs. Bengless is 75
and resides in Ansonia, Connecticut
Mrs. Sarah (Chamberlain)
Mrs. Sarah (Chamberlain) Eccleston served one year as volunteer
nurse in Tennessee. After the war she became a kindergartner,
and in 1868 was called to the Argentine Republic to found its
first kindergarten and training school in the Government
College, at Parana. Later she was transferred to Buenos Ayres,
where she taught until retired on a pension from Argentina in
1904. She is 71 and still lives in the Argentine Republic.
Dr. Nancy M.
Dr. Nancy M. Hill served in Armory Square Hospital, Washington,
until 1865, then went to Dubuque, Iowa, where she settled. She
is a native of Massachusetts, but now, at the age of 76, lives
in Chicago, Illinois.
Susan E. (Hall)
Susan E. (Hall) Barry, M.D., began her four years' work of
service at Bull Run Battle, and then went wherever needed,
finishing her work in Nashville, Tennessee. She had graduated in
medicine before going in the army as a nurse. She served under
Miss Dix. At the close of the war she married Robert L. Barry
and went to Honolulu. She is 85 and lives in California.
Mrs. Rebecca E.
Mrs. Rebecca E. Gray was, for two years, in hospitals, on
battlefields and on transports. She is 70 and is blind and
helpless. Her home is in Brooklyn, New York.
Mrs. Mary Adelaide (Daugherty)
Mrs. Mary Adelaide (Daugherty) Jobes served a year in Tennessee
hospitals. She is 71 and lives in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Miss Susan R.
Miss Susan R. Lowell served nearly two yean in Tennessee
hospitals. She is 79 and lives in Topeka, Kansas.
Miss Adelia Leavitt was a volunteer nurse, serving six months in
hospitals in Wisconsin. She is 69 and lives in Oconomowoc,
Miss Mary A. E.
Miss Mary A. E. Woodworth served as Miss Mary Keen, from July,
1861, to July, 1865. She was under Miss Dix and was in
Georgetown, D. C., and Fort Monroe, Virginia. She is now living
in Washington, D. C.
Mrs. Lelia P. Roby, philanthropist and founder of the Ladies of
the Grand Army of the Republic, was born in Boston, Mass.,
December 25, 1848. She was descended from Priscilla Mullens and
John Alden of the Mayflower Colony and many of her ancestors
were among the revolutionary heroes. She, herself, acted as a
regent of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and she has
always felt a deep interest in the soldiers who fought in the
Civil War. On the twelfth of June, 1886, in Chicago, Illinois,
she founded the order of the Ladies of the Grand Army of the
Republic, which started with twenty-five members but which ten
years later numbered fifteen thousand mothers, wives, sisters
and daughters of soldiers and sailors who had served in the war
of 1861- 1865. The members were pledged to assist the Grand Army
of the Republic in works of charity, to extend noble aid to
brothers in sickness and distress, to aid sick soldiers and
sailors and marines, to look after soldiers' orphans' homes and
to see that the children received proper situations when they
left the homes; to watch the schools and see that the children
received proper education in the history of the country and in
patriotism. Mrs. Roby's personal activities have covered a wide
range and she has secured many pensions for soldiers, herself
working long, countless hours for the good of the survivors of
the war. She was one of four women selected by the Board of
Education of Chicago to represent them before the legislature of
the state to help pass the Compulsory Education Bill, and it was
passed through the fact that a large majority of the legislators
were old soldiers and their affection for Mrs. Roby made voting
for the measure she advocated a pleasant duty. She is the only
woman ever made a member of the Lincoln Guard of Honor, of
Springfield, Illinois, an honor conferred on her through General
Sherman, "For her many acts of devotion to the Martyred
President's Memory." She became a member of the Chicago Academy
of Science, was vice-president of the Women's National Press
Association for Illinois, a member of the Nineteenth Illinois
Veteran Volunteer Infantry and also joined the Society for the
Advancement of Women, and the American Society of Authors, She
had the care and over sight of supplying the Soldiers' Homes
with books and magazines and periodicals, and she has constantly
visited the homes in various parts of the country, looking after
the comfort of the old soldiers, and when special legislation
has been needed to right their wrongs or give them additional
comforts, she has gone to the state legislatures and to
Washington to secure such enactment. Through her efforts a
memorial day was set apart in the schools for the reading of
histories and stories of the war in preparation for Decoration
Day itself. She has done a good deal of literary work under the
pen name of "Miles Standish," and she has published one large
volume entitled "Heartbeats of the Republic." America has hardly
produced a woman of better courage and patriotism.
Born in Pike County, Pennsylvania, June 19, 1838. She was
descended from the families of Stephen Cole, of Scotland, and
Hannah Chase, of England. During the Civil War she was known as
the "Banished Heroine of the South."
Her parents made their home in Cass County, Illinois, where, in
1845, she married Captain F. C Brookman, of St Louis, Missouri,
who died soon afterwards of yellow fever. Later she married C.
A. Walling, of Texas. It is said that in 1863 she was warned by
the Vigilance Committee to leave the country within a few hours.
Seven of her brothers were in the Union Army, and all lost their
lives. She delivered speeches through the North, and on May lo,
1866, the United States Senate passed a resolution permitting
her to speak before that body, and there she delivered her
argument on "Reconstruction."
Mrs. Hester A. Dillon, wife of Captain Elisha Dillon, is among
the most active and patriotic women of the country. Her ancestry
runs back many centuries, having been traced to Walgrinus Ridel,
Earl of Angouleme and Perigord, a relative of Charles the Bald,
King of France.
Her grandfather Ridlon (from Ridel) was in the War of 1812, and
was an orderly to General Jackson, at New Orleans. He married a
Virginia Davis. Her mother married J. R. Duncan.
Mrs. Dillon was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, October 6, 1845, and
named Hester A. Duncan. She was married March 26, 1862, to
Captain William J. Dillon, who fell at Shiloh, April 6, 1862.
His regiment, the 18th, adopted Mrs. Dillon as its daughter. She
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Woman's Christian
Temperance Union and of the Self-culture Class of Benton,
Illinois, her place of residence.
Army Nurses | Women of
Source: The Part Taken by Women in
American History, By Mrs. John A. Logan, Published by The Perry-Nalle
Publishing Company, Wilmington, Delaware, 1912.