Part of the American
History & Genealogy Project
Distinguished Literary Women James to Lupton
Alice Archer Sewall James
Daughter of Frank Sewall, an eminent Swedenborgian
divine, and Thedia Redelia Gilchrist Sewall, and was born at
Glendale, Ohio, in 1870, where her father was in charge of a
church. The family removed to Urbana, Ohio, that year, and
Doctor Sewall became president of Urbana University. Here Alice
received her early education. At sixteen, she studied in the art
schools of Glasgow, Scotland, traveling later on the Continent.
In 1899, her home was in Washington, D. C, and here she met Mr.
John H. James, a prominent attorney of Urbana, Ohio, whom she
married. As an artist, Mrs. James' work has received much
favorable comment and honors from the New York Architectural
League, the Philadelphia Academy of Art, the Chicago World's
Fair, the Expositions of Atlanta and Nashville, and at the
Salon, Paris. Her illustrative work is of a high order, and she
has contributed designs to the Century Magazine, Harper's
Monthly, and the Cosmopolitan, She is hardly less noted as a
poet than as a painter, and has published several volumes of
verses. She was the authoress of the "Centennial Ode" of
Champagne County, Ohio.
Annie Laurie Wilson James
Mrs. Annie Laurie Wilson James was born in Louisville,
Kentucky, November, 1862. She occupies a very unique position
among women, having been considered an authority on the heredity
of horses, and horse pedigrees. In 1888 she went to California
on a business trip and while there became assistant editor and
manager of Breeder and Sportsman, published in San Francisco. In
1888 she married R. B. James, of Baker County, Oregon, and has
made her home there for many years.
Marea Wood Jefferis
Mrs. Marea Wood Jefferis was born at Providence, Rhode Island,
and is a descendant of William Brewster, of Mayflower fame. Her
father is Doctor J. F. B. Flagg, a distinguished physician, who
is well known through his work on anesthetics, and to whom is
justly due the credit of making them practicable in the United
Her grandfather. Doctor Josiah Foster Flagg, was one of the
early pioneers in dental surgery in the United States. Mrs.
Jefferis' first husband was Thomas Wood; her second husband.
Professor William Walter Jefferis, distinguished scientist and
mineralogist. Mrs. Jefferis has published a volume of verses in
memory of her daughter, the proceeds of which she has devoted to
charity. She is a prominent resident of Philadelphia and is
actively interested in all charitable work.
Sarah Orne Jewett 1814
Was born in South Berwick, Maine, on September 3, 1814. Her
father was Dr. Theodore Herman Jewett, a physician, and her
mother was the daughter of Dr. Perry of Exeter, also a prominent
physician of that section of New England. Most of the characters
and life of the people in her story have been taken from the
simple New England life about the little village of Berwick. She
frequently went about with her father on his errands of mercy
and through these was enabled to gain much data for her stories.
Her father was the hero of "A Country Doctor" from her pen. She
first wrote short stories for the Atlantic Monthly, and it is
said was but fourteen years of age when she wrote "Lucy
Garron's Lovers." Her first great success was "Deephaven"
which appeared in 1877. Lowell and Whittier were among her
friends and admirers as a writer. Whittier attended the Friends'
meeting in Berwick, and it was here Miss Jewett met him. The old
sea-faring life of these New England towns has been preserved to
us by Miss Jewett Her grandfather was a sea captain, and in his
home she met and enjoyed the companionship and heard the tales
of this old sea captain's friends. Miss Jewett died in 1909.
E. Pauline Johnson 1861
E. Pauline Johnson was born in Brant County, Ontario, at the
city of Brantfort. Her father, George Henry Martin Johnson, was
head chief of the Mohawks. Her mother, Emily S. Howells, an
English woman, was born in Bristol, England. Her paternal
grandfather was the distinguished John "Sakayenkwaeaghton"
(Disappearing Mist) Johnson, a pure Mohawk, and the weaker of
the Six Nation Council for forty years. During the War of 1812
he fought for the British. His paternal great-grandfather,
Tekahionwake, was given the name of Johnson by Sir William
Johnson, hence the family name which they now use. Mrs. Johnson
is a writer of verse and a contributor too many of the leading
papers in Canada and the United States, of the latter the Boston
Mary Johnston 1870 ~
The publication of "Prisoners of Hope" brought, in 1898; a new
star into the literary firmament, and instantly made Mary
Johnston's name famous. At the time of the publication of her
first novel Miss Johnston was but twenty-eight years of age. She
was born in Buchanan, Virginia, November 21, 1870. Her
great-great-great-grandfather, Peter Johnston, came to Virginia
early in the Eighteenth Century and was a man of wealth and
influence. He donated the land on which the Hampden Sidney
College now stands, and Peter, his eldest son, rode in
"light-horse," Harry Lee's legion and was the father of General
Joseph E. Johnston. Her family numbered among its members some
of the most distinguished men of the early Virginia history.
"Prisoners of Hope" was hardly more famous than her second book,
"To Have and To Hold." The latter established a record of sales
among books unprecedented for any work by an American woman. Her
latest novel is "The Long Roll," a story of the Confederacy
during the war.
Maria I. Johnston 1855
Mrs. Maria I. Johnston was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia,
May, 1855. Her lather was Judge Richard Barnett, of
Fredericksburg, who later removed to Vicksburg, Mississippi, and
here Mrs. Johnston was a resident during the terrible forty
days' siege of that city during the Civil War. That experience
was made the subject of her first novel, "The Siege of
Vicksburg." She was a contributor to the New Orleans Picayune,
The Times Democrat and to the Boston Women's Journal. Since the
death of her husband, Doctor W. R. Johnston, Mrs. Johnston has
supported herself by her pen. She has educated her children, one
son, a graduate of Yale, becoming a Judge of the Circuit Court
of Montana. She was editor at one time of St Louis Spectator, a
weekly family paper. She has made her home in St. Louis,
Missouri, for some time.
Cornelia Jane Matthews Jordan
Mrs. Cornelia Jane Matthews Jordan was born at Lynchburg;
Virginia, in 1830. Her father was Edwin Matthews and her mother,
Emily Goggin Matthews. Her parents dying when she was young, she
was brought up by her grand-mother. In 1851 she married F. H.
Jordan, a lawyer of Luray, Virginia. She is the author of many
poems and some quite stirring lyrics of the Civil War. Her book
of poems entitled "Corinth, and other Poems," published after
the surrender was seized by the military commander of Richmond
and suppressed. She has published a volume entitled "Richmond,
Her Glory and Her Graves." Has also contributed many articles to
magazines and newspapers, the best of which are "The Battle of
Manassas," "The Death of Jackson and Appeal for Jefferson
Davis." She is a member of the Alumni of the Convent of the
Visitation, Georgetown. District of Columbia, her Alma Mater.
Elizabeth Jordan 1867 ~
Was born May 9, 1867, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Daughter of
William Francis Jordan and Marguerita Carver Jordan. Soon after
her graduation she accepted a position on the staff of the New
York World, with which she was connected for ten years as
interviewer and writer on questions of the day, doing some of
the "biggest features" of the World. While engaged in this work
she wrote her first story, "Tales of the City Room,"
which was suggested by her experiences as a reporter and editor.
She made quite an extensive investigation of the tenement
conditions in New York, and wrote of them under the title, "The
Submerged Tenth." Later, she made a study of sociological
conditions in London and Paris, which furnished material for
other books. In 1900 Miss Jordan became one of the editors of
Harper's Bazar, a position which she holds at the present time.
She is the author of "Tales of the Cloister," a convent
story; "Tales of Destiny," "May Iverson, Her Book,"
"Many Kingdoms," and author in "The Whole Family,"
written in conjunction with William Dean Howells, Henry James,
Henry Van Dyke, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Alice Brown and others.
She took a special course at the Sorbonne, in Paris, in 1902,
and in 1903 she received the blessing of the pope, Leo XIII, for
her services in literature.
Ruth Ward Kahn 1870 ~
Mrs. Ruth Ward Kahn was born in August, 1870, in Jackson,
Michigan. She is a contributor to magazines and local
newspapers. She is one of the youngest members of the
Incorporated Society of Authors, of London, England. She is a
member of the Authors' and Artists' Club, of Kansas City, and
the Women's National Press Association.
Kate Fisher Kimball
Miss Kimball was born at Orange, New Jersey, February 22, 1860.
Daughter of Horace and Mary D. Kimball. Has been editor of the
Round Table of the Chautauquan Assembly since October, 1899, and
has written the reports of that circle for general circulation.
Grace Elizabeth King
1852 ~ 1932
Miss King was born in New Orleans, in 1852, and is the daughter
of William W. and Sarah Ann King. She has attained a
distinguished reputation as the writer of short stories of
Creole life. Among them are: "Monsieur Mottee," "Tales
of Time and Places" "New Orleans the Place and the
People," "Jean Baptiste Lemoine, Founder of New Orleans,"
"Balcony Stories," "De Soto and His Men in the Land
of Florida," "Stories from the History of Louisiana."
Ellen Olney Kirk 1842 ~
Mrs. Ellen Olney Kirk was born November 6, 1842, at Southington,
Connecticut Her father, Jesse Olney, was at one time state
comptroller, and is the well-known author of a number of text
books, particularly so as the author of a geography and atlas, a
standard work in the American schools for many years. Her mother
was a sister of A. S. Barnes, the New York publisher. Her first
work was a novel, entitled "Love in Idleness," which appeared as
a serial in Lippincott's Magazine in 1876. She has written a
great deal since then. Since her marriage her home has been in
Germantown, Pa., and the scenes of two of her books are laid in
the region surrounding this city. One of her most noted books is
entitled "The Story of Margaret Kent." Among her other
books may be mentioned "Queen Money," "The Daughter
of Eve," "Walfred," "Narden's Choosing"
Adeline Grafton Knox
Mrs. Adeline Grafton Knox was born in Saccarappa, February 8,
1845. Her father was the Rev. Mark Grafton, a Methodist
clergyman of New England, where she passed her early life. At
the beginning of the Civil War her father held a pastorate in
Albany, New York, and later one in Washington, D. C, while
serving as a member of the House of Representatives. Miss
Grafton began her literary career in 1860, publishing a few
stories and sketches under a fictitious name in the Republican,
of Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1874 the novel "Katherine
Earl" ran as a serial in Scribner's Monthly; another, "His
Inheritance," in the same magazine. In 1889 she wrote a
novelette, which appeared in book form under the title of "Dorothy's
Experience." In this year Miss Grafton became the wife of
the Honorable Samuel Knox, a distinguished lawyer of St Louis,
Mary Hannah Krout 1857
Born in Crawfordsville, Indiana, November 3, 1857. Daughter of
Robert K. and Caroline (Brown) Krout; sister of Caroline Krout;
was the associate editor of the Crawfordsville Journal in 1881,
and the Terre Haute Express in 1882; served ten years on the
staff of the Chicago Inter-Ocean; was correspondent from Hawaii,
New Zealand, Australia and England; writer of syndicate letters
for daily papers; also several books on Hawaii; prepared for
publication the autobiography of General Lew Wallace in 1906.
Lucy Larcom 1826 ~ 1893
Miss Lucy Larcom was born in Beverley, Massachusetts, in 1826.
Her father died when she was but a child. In her early life Miss
Larcom worked in the factories in Lowell, Massachusetts, and in
her books "Idyls of Work" and a "New England
Girlhood" she describes the life in these places. During
her work she had constantly before her text-books to further her
education, and in 1842 the operatives in the Lowell mills
published a paper known as the Offering, Miss Larcom became one
of the corps of writers for this paper and in it appeared many
of her first poems; also verses and essays which were afterwards
collected and published in book form. Miss Larcom holds an
honored place among the women poets of America. Among her
earliest contributions to the Atlantic Monthly was the "Rose
Enthroned" which was attributed to Emerson, as it was
published anonymously. "A Loyal Woman's Party"
attracted considerable attention during the Civil War; also her
poems entitled "Childhood's Songs." She was at one time
a teacher in one of the young women's seminaries of
Massachusetts. She was also a contributor to Our Young Folks,
and at one time was the associate editor and later the editor of
this periodical. She also collected and published in two volumes
a compilation from the world's greatest religious thinkers,
under the title of "Breathings of the Better Life." She
was the author of a number of religious works. Her death
occurred in Boston, April 17, 1893.
Elizabeth Wormeley Latimer
1822 ~ 1904
Mrs. Elizabeth Wormeley Latimer was born in London, England, in
July, 1822. Her father was Rear Admiral Ralph Randolph Wormeley
of the English navy, and her mother was Caroline Preble, of
Boston, Massachusetts. In 1842 she was a member of the family of
George Ticknor, of Boston, and her first literary work was the
appendix to Prescott's Conquest, of Mexico. Her father's death
occurred at Niagara Falls, in 1852. In 1856 Miss Wormeley
married Randolph Brandt Latimer and they later made their home
in Howard County, Maryland. Mrs. Latimer's works have been quite
numerous. Among them are "Cousin Veronica," "Amabel," "My Wife
and My Wife's Sister," "A Chain of Errors," and "France in the
Nineteenth Century." Mrs. Latimer died in 1904.
Margaret H. Wynne Lawless
Was born at Adrian, Michigan, July 14, 1847. Daughter of John
and Jane Meehan Wynne. After graduating from school she taught
for several years, and in 1873 married Dr. James T. Lawless, of
Toledo, Ohio, where she has since made her home; has contributed
to the Catholic World, Ave Maria, Rosary Magazine, Pilot, New
World, and conducted the children's department for a number of
years of the Catholic Universe; has also contributed to Frank
Leslie's Weekly, Democrats, American Magazine, Lippincott's,
Golden Days, Detroit Free Press and Traveler's Record. Both she
and her husband have been active workers in the cause of
Catholic education and the development of Catholic charitable,
literary and socialistic societies and institutions. Mrs.
Lawless incorporated and took out a charter for the Catholic
Ladies of Ohio, the first insurance and benevolent society for
women in the United States, and was for six years secretary of
Jennette Lee 1860
Born in Bristol, Connecticut, November 10, 1860. Daughter of
Philemon Perry and Mary Barbour Perry. In 1896, married Gerald
Stanley Lee. At one time was a teacher of English at Vassar
College, and also of English in the College for Women, Western
Reserve University. Professor of English language and literature
in Smith College since 1904. Author of several books, a few of
which are "Kate Wetherell," "A Pillar of Salt,"
"The Son of a Fiddler," and many other sketches and
Mrs. Frank Leslie 1851
Was born in 1851 in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. Her
maiden name was Miriam Florence Folline. She became the wife of
Frank Leslie, the New York publisher, who died in January, 1880.
This name, Frank Leslie was the name used in signing his
articles written for the London press, his real name being Henry
Carter. When he came to the United States he assumed legally the
name of Frank Leslie. Miss Folline was engaged in literary work
on the Ladies' Magazine, and through the illness of one of its
literary editors. Miss Folline succeeded to the position. After
the death of her husband, she continued the publication of his
periodicals and brought success out of what seemed failure at
the time of her husband's death. She is an extensive traveler
Graciana Lewis 1821 ~
Was born near Kimberton, Chester County, Pennsylvania, October,
1821. Daughter of John Lewis and Esther Lewis. They were
descended from Quaker stock, her father's ancestors coming to
this country in 1682. Her mother was the oldest child of
Bartholomew Fussell and Rebecca Bond Fussell. Bartholomew
Fussell was a minister in the Society of Friends. Her father
died when she was but three years old and her mother supported
the family by teaching. Miss Lewis' greatest work has been in
the field of natural history. She prepared a "Chart of a Class
of Birds" also ''A Chart of the Animal Kingdom," "Chart of the
Vegetable Kingdom" "Chart of Geology with Special Reference to
Paleontology." Microscopic studies, including frost crystals and
the plumage of birds, as well as the lower forms of animal and
vegetable life. She also issued a pamphlet showing the relation
of birds to the animal kingdom. In 1876 she exhibited in the
Centennial Exposition a model along with her chart of the Animal
Kingdom, which caused commendation from Prof. Huxley and other
prominent naturalists. One of her pamphlets, "The Development of
the Animal Kingdom" was published by Professor Mitchell and
extensively circulated among scientific people. In 1870, Miss
Lewis was elected a member of the Academy of Natural Science,
Philadelphia. Is also honorary member of the Women's
Anthropological Society of America and the various scientific
societies of Rochester and Philadelphia. Active in the Woman's
Christian Temperance work and many of the forestry associations.
Jennie Gould Lincoln
Mrs. Lincoln is the daughter of the late Judge George Gould of
the New York Court of Appeals and the wife of Dr. Nathan Smith
Lincoln, of Washington, D. C., now deceased. She is the author
of quite a number of short stories and a contributor to
magazines. Is one of the prominent society women of Washington
who have made a name for themselves in the literary field.
Mary Johnson Bailey Lincoln
1844 ~ 1921
Born at Attleboro, Massachusetts, July 8, 1844. Daughter of Rev.
John Milton and Sarah Morgan Johnson Bailey. In 1865 she married
David A. Lincoln, at Norton, Massachusetts, who is now deceased;
is a writer and lecturer on domestic science, and was the first
principal of the Boston Cooking School; culinary editor of the
American Kitchen Magazine in 1893; is now a noted lecturer on
cookery in the seminaries of the large cities of the United
States; author of the "Boston Cook Book," "Peerless Cook Book,"
"Carving and Serving," and other works on domestic science.
Laura A. Linton 1853 ~
Scientist Was born April, 1853, at Alliance, Ohio. Daughter of
Joseph Wildman Linton and Christiana Craven Beans. Her father's
family were Quakers, and her mother was descended from a
prominent Dutch family of Pennsylvania. Her parents moved to
Minnesota in 1868 where she received her education. She was at
one time professor of natural and physical science in Lombard
University of Galesburg, Illinois. She assisted Professor S. F.
Peckham in the preparation of the monograph on petroleum for the
reports of the Tenth Census of the United States. She is a
member of the American Society for the Advancement of Science
and the Association for the Advancement of Women.
Sarah Jane Lippincott
1823 ~ 1905 (Grace Greenwood)
Better known as "Grace Greenwood." A writer of stories for
children, and former editor of Little Pilgrim. She was born in
Pompey, New York, September 23, 1823, and spent her early youth
in Rochester, but in 1842 the family removed to New Brighton,
Pennsylvania. She married Leander K. Lippincott, of
Philadelphia, in 1873. Although during her early youth she had
written verses and short stories, it was not until 1844 that her
first publication appeared under her nom de plume,
"Grace Greenwood." She lectured, and was also a contributor and
correspondent for several newspapers. She was the author of
several books, the titles of some of which are "Greenwood
Leaves," "History of My Pets," "Volume of
Poems," "Recollections of My Childhood," "Haps
and Mishaps of a Tour in Europe," "Mary England," "Forest
Tragedy, and Other Tales," "Stories and Legends of Travel,"
"History for Children," "Stories From Famous Ballads,"
"Stories of Many Lands," "Stories and Sights in
France and Italy," "Records of Five Years," "New
Life in New Lands," and her best-known poem, "Ariadne."
Mrs. Lippincott died in 1905.
Mary Smith Lockwood
Mrs. Lockwood was born at Hanover, New York, October 24, 1831.
The daughter of Henry and Beulah Blodgett Smith. In September,
1851, she married Henry C. Lockwood. She was one of the founders
of the D. A. R., Commissioner-at-Large of the World's Fair in
Chicago, and was the first historian-general and is the
vice-president for life of the D. A. R. Prominent member of the
Woman's Suffrage Club, Historical Association, Woman's Press
Union, one of the committee which prepared the history of
women's work at the Chicago Exposition, and is the author of
several books, "Historic Homes of Washington," "Handbook of
Ceramic Art," "Story of the Records of the D. A. R.," one of the
editors of at D. A, R. Magazine, and edits the D. A. R. reports
to Smithsonian Institution.
Celia Logan 1840 ~ 1904
Was born in 1840, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. When quite
young she filled a highly responsible position as critical
reader of manuscripts in a large publishing house of London.
While here she was a regular correspondent of the Boston
Saturday Evening Gazette and the Golden Era of San Francisco,
and was well-known as a writer of short stories for magazines in
the United States and England. After the war, on her return to
America, she became associate editor of the Capital, Don Piatt's
paper published in Washington, District of Columbia. She did a
great deal of translating from French and Italian. She was a
writer of plays, the first of which was entitled "Rose,"
followed by "An American Marriage." In one of her plays
Fay Templeton made her appearance and won success as a child
actress. She wrote several stories and arranged and adapted from
the French several plays. Her first husband was Minor K.
Kellogg, an artist. After his death she married James H.
Connelly, an author. She died in 1904.
Hulda Barker Loud 1844
Was born in the town, which is now Rockland, Massachusetts,
September, 1844. In 1884 she undertook to publish and edit the
paper established in her own town, which was called the Rockland
Independent, of which she has long remained the editor and chief
and sole proprietor, superintending the business department and
job printing as well as occupying the editorial chair. This
paper has been made the vehicle of her reforms - social and
political In 1887 she represented the Knights of Labor in the
Women's International Council held in Washington, and spoke
before the Knights of Labor and the Anti-Poverty Society. She
frequently addresses associations and woman suffrage
organizations, and is conspicuous in this line of work.
Eliza O'Brien Lummis
Daughter of William and Anne O'Brien Lummis, and was born in New
York City; was one of the prominent members of the Society of
the Children of Mary, and founder of the People's Eucharistic
League, an organization in connection with the Catholic
Cathedral of New York City, and one of the largest Catholic
organizations of New York. She assisted in organizing the Corpus
Christi Reunion for Men; was instrumental in the installation of
the Fathers of the Blessed Sacrament in the Church of Jean the
Baptiste, and in the establishment of the first public throne of
exposition in New York. She founded, edited and published the
Sentinel of the Blessed Sacrament, a Eucharistic monthly and the
organ of the Priests' Eucharistic League; is also the founder of
the Society of the Daughters of the Faith. Miss Lummis is the
author of "Daughters of the Faith," "A Nineteenth
Century Apostle," several poems and magazine articles
dealing with the questions of the day. She is one of the leading
Catholic women of the United States.
Mary Josephine Lupton
Was born in County Down, Ireland; is an associate editor of the
New World, Chicago; translator of "The Child of the Moon"
and "The Task of Little Peter," from the French, and is
a contributor to the Rosary Magazine, the New World and Church
Source: The Part Taken by Women in
American History, By Mrs. John A. Logan, Published by The Perry-Nalle
Publishing Company, Wilmington, Delaware, 1912.