Part of the American History & Genealogy Project

Distinguished Literary Women St. John to Wynne

 

Mrs. Cynthia Morgan St. John 1852 ~
Was born in Ithaca, New York, October 11, 1852. She was the only daughter of E. J. Morgan and Anne Bruyn Morgan. In her early youth she showed a passionate love of nature and devotion to the poetry of Wordsworth. Her one pre-eminent interest in a literary way has been in the writings of that great poet. She was a member of the English Wordsworth Society and a contributor to its meetings. She has collected the largest Wordsworth library in this country, and it is said to be the largest in the world, containing all the regular editions, complete American editions, autograph letters, prints, portraits, sketches, and relics associated with the great poet The chief fruit of her life-long study of the poet has been her "Wordsworth for the Young." In 1883 she became the wife of Henry A. St John, of Ithaca, New York.

Mary Joanna Safford
Was born at Salem, Massachusetts. Daughter of Samuel Appleton and Frances Parker Safford. Is a contributor of original articles, poems, and translations to magazines. Is considered one of the best translators of German stories and has translated a great many of these for magazines and periodicals. She makes her home in Washington, where she is considered one of the prominent literary women of the Capital City.

Mrs. Margaret Elizabeth Sangster 1838 ~
Was born February 22, 1838, in New Rochelle, New York. Her maiden name was Margaret Elizabeth Munson. In 1858 she married George Sangster.
She was a regular contributor to many of the leading magazines and periodicals, gradually drifting into editorial work, and in 1871 became the editor of Hearth and Home. In 1873 she assumed an editorial position on the Christian at Work. In 1879 she became a member of the staff of the Christian Intelligencer, serving as assistant editor until 1888. In 1882 in addition to her other editorial work she edited the Harper's Young People, then just starting. In 1871 she became the editor of Harper's Bazar. During all these busy years she has written poems of a high order, stories, sketches, essays, editorial comments, criticisms and everything connected with her work in the various editorial positions which she has occupied. Her published books are "Manual of Missions of the Reformed Church in America," "Poems of the Household," "Home Fairies and Heart Flowers," and a series of Sunday School books.

Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore 1856 ~
Miss Scidmore was born at Madison, Wisconsin, October 14, 1856. Her parents being missionaries in Japan and China, Miss Scidmore has spent much of her time in Japan and many of her writings are stories of that country. She first became conspicuous as a writer in the St Louis Globe-Democrat, writing letters from Washington over the signature, "Ruhamah," and by her pen name she is best known. She has written on Alaska, Java, China, India, and her work is reliable and her style fascinating. She spends much of her time in Washington.

Vida D. Scudder 1861 ~
Miss Scudder is today professor of English at Wellesley College and a well-known writer on literary and social topics. She was born in Southern India, December 15, 1861, and is the daughter of David Coit and Harriet L. Dutton Scudder. She received the degree of A.B. at Smith College in 1884 and that of A.M. in 1889, graduated at Oxford and Paris, and was the originator of the College Settlement in New York City. She is the author of "The Life of the Spirit in Modern English Poets" "Social Ideals in English Letters," "Introduction to the Study of English Literature" and "Selected Letters of Saint Catherine' and was the editor of Macaulay's "Lord Clive' and also of the introduction to the writings of John Ruskin, Shelly's "Prometheus Unbound," works of John Woolman and Everybody's Library.

Laura Catherine Searing 1840 ~
Mrs. Searing was born in Somerset, Maryland, February, 1840. In her childhood she lost her hearing and power of speech through illness. Educated at the Deaf Mute University of Missouri and at the Clark Institute, Northampton, Massachusetts, where she regained to quite a degree her power of speech. Married a prominent attorney of New York, Edward W. Searing, in 1876. Has been a correspondent on many of the prominent newspapers, doing this work for the Missouri Republican during the Civil War. Is one of the American authors now residing in Santa Cruz, California.

Molly Elliot Seawell
Miss Seawell's uncle was an officer in the United States navy before the Civil War, and served in the Confederate Army with distinction during the entire war. From him she heard the tales of our early navy which gave her inspiration to write her nautical sketches. Some of these are "Decatur and Somers," "Paul Jones," "Midshipman Paulding," "Quarter-deck," "Fo'c'sle," and "Little Jarvis," the latter winning the prize of five hundred dollars for the best story for boys offered by the Youths' Companion, in 1890. She was a constant reader of Shakespeare, Rousseau and other writers. Byron, Shelley, Thackeray, Macaulay, Jane Austen, Boswell's "Johnson" all formed a part of her home education. In 1895, she received a prize of $3,000 from the New York Herald for the best novelette, "The Sprightly Romance of Marsac." Her "Maid Marian" is a well-known and an amusing story of the Knickerbocker element of New York.

Catherine Maria Sedgwick 1789 ~
Born December 28, 1789, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and died near Roxbury, Massachusetts, July 31,' 1867. She was a daughter of Theodore Sedgwick, a well-known lawyer of Boston, who died January 24, 18 13. She received a thorough education, and after her father's death started a private school for young women, which she continued for fifty years. During this time she contributed to the literature of the day. Her first novel, "A New England Tale," was published in 1822. She then brought out "Redwood," which was translated into French and other foreign languages. Her translator attributed this work to J. Fenimore Cooper. This was followed by "The Traveler," "Hope Leslie, or Early Times in Massachusetts," "Clarence," "A Tale of Our Own Times," "Home," "The Linwoods, or Sixty Years Since in America," "Sketches and Tales," The Poor Rich Man and the Rich Poor Man," "Live and Let Live," "A Love Token for Children," "Means and Ends; or Self -Training," "Letters from Abroad to Kindred at Home," "Historical Sketches of the Old Painters," "Lucretia and Margaret Davidson," "Wilton Harvey and Other Tales," "Morals of Manners," "Facts and Fancies," and "Married or Single?" In addition to her school and novel work, she edited and contributed to literary periodicals and wrote for the annuals. Her work in these lines fills several large volumes.

Ellen Churchill Semple 1863 ~
Born in Louisville, Kentucky, in 1863. Daughter of Alexander Bonner and Emerine Price Semple. Graduate of Vassar, and student at Leipzig. Her special field of work is the study of the influence of geographical conditions upon the development of society. She is a member of the Association of American Geographers, and a contributor of scientific articles to journals both in America and England. Has written on American history and its geographical conditions.

Margaret Lynch Senn  1882 ~
Was born in 1882 in Chicago. Was the wife of a distinguished surgeon of that city, the late Doctor William Nicholas Senn. Mrs. Senn after her husband's death presented to the Newberry Library, of Chicago, the cygne noir edition number one of H. H. Bancroft's "Book of Health" in ten massive volumes. She is a contributor to the Rosary Magazine and Times.

Grace Gallatin Seton
Mrs. Seton is a writer and book designer. Is the wife of Ernest Thompson Seton. Has done a great deal of work on newspapers, both in this country and in Paris. In 1897 took up the work of designing covers, title-pages, and general work for make-up of books. President of Pen and Brush Club, Music-Lovers' Club, and librarian of the MacDowell College. Has made quite a name for herself in literature as well, having written "Nimrod's Wife," "A. B. C. Zoo Sketches," serial stories, and songs.

Harriette Lucy Robinson Shattuck 1850 ~
Born in Lowell, Massachusetts, December 4, 1850. Daughter of William Stevens and Harriet Hanson Robinson. In 1878 married Sidney Doane Shattuck, of Maiden, Massachusetts. Was assistant clerk of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1872, being the first woman to hold such a position. Has written several books.

Mary French Sheldon 1846 ~
Mrs. Sheldon was born in 1846, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She is a great-great-granddaughter of Isaac Newton, and her ancestors include many notable men and women. Her father was an engineer of high standing in Pittsburgh. Her mother, Mrs. Elizabeth French, was a well-known spiritualist. Mrs. Shelden was twice married. Her second husband, E. S. Sheldon, died in the summer of 1892. She was educated as a physician, but never practiced. She published one novel and a translation of Flaubert's "Salambo." In 1890 she determined to travel in Central Africa to study the women and children in their primitive state. She was the first white woman to reach Mt. Kilimanjaro, traveling with one female attendant and a small body of natives. She has published an interesting account of this trip in a volume on Africa entitled, "To Sultan."

Emily Lee Sherwood 1843 ~
Mrs. Sherwood was born in 1843, in Madison, Indiana, where she spent her childhood. Her father, Monroe Wells Lee, was a native of Ohio; her mother, of the state of Massachusetts. At the age of sixteen she entered the office of her brother, who published the Herald and Era, a religious weekly paper in Indianapolis. Here she did most creditably whatever work she was asked to do in the various departments of this paper. At the age of twenty she became the wife of Henry Lee Sherwood, a young attorney of Indianapolis, and later they made their home in Washington, D. C. Mrs. Sherwood became one of the most prominent newspaper correspondents of the Capital city. She sent letters to the various papers over the country and was a contributor of stories and miscellaneous articles to the general press. In 1889 she became a member of the staff of the Sunday Herald, of Washington, D. C, and contributed articles also to the New York Sun and World, She is an all-round author, writing in connection with her newspaper work, books, reviews, stories, character sketches, society notes and reports. She published a novel entitled ''Willis Peyton's Inheritance; " is an active member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, National Press League and the Triennial Council of Women.

Mary Elizabeth Sherwood 1830 ~ 1903
Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Sherwood was born in Keene, New Hampshire, in 1830. Her father. General James Wilson, served as a member of Congress from New Hampshire. Her mother, Mary Richardson, was well known for her great beauty and fine intellect Mrs. Sherwood was a woman of strong personality and distinguished appearance. While living in Washington she became the wife of John Sherwood and soon obtained a prominent place among literary people. She was a contributor to all the leading magazines of the day, a writer of several well-known novels, among them, "A Transplanted Rose," "Sweet Briar" and "Royal Girls and Royal Courts, " but is best known for her books on etiquette, being considered an authority on that subject During Mrs. Sherwood's residence abroad she was prominent in the literary circles of Europe. In 1885 she gave readings in her New York home for the benefit of the Mt Vernon Fund. Mrs. Sherwood was active in many of the charities of New York City, and through her pen raised sums of money for many in which she was interested. Mrs. Sherwood died in 1903.

Lydia Huntly Sigourney 1791 ~
Born in Norwich, Connecticut, September 1, 1791, and died in Hartford, Connecticut, June 10, 1865; was the daughter of Ezekiel Huntly, a soldier of the Revolution. It is said that she wrote verses at the age of seven. She taught a private girls' school in Hartford for five years, and in 1815 published her first volume "Moral Pieces in Prose and Verse." In 1819 she became the wife of Charles Sigourney, a gentleman of literary and artistic tastes, a resident of Hartford. After her marriage she devoted herself to literature. She wrote forty-six separate works, besides two thousand articles, which she contributed to about three hundred periodicals. She was a favorite poetess in England and France, as well as in her own country. Mrs. Sigourney was always an active worker in charity and philanthropy. Her best known works are "Letters to Young Ladies," ''Pocahontas, and Other Poems," and "Pleasant Memories of Pleasant Lands."

Clara A. Smith
Miss Clara A. Smith, instructor of mathematics in Wellesley College. She has recently been elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, partly because she solved a problem in mathematics which has puzzled college professors for more than a century.

Eva Munson Smith 1843 ~
Mrs. Eva Munson Smith was born July 12, 1843. She was the daughter of William Chandler Munson and Hannah Bailey Munson. Her mother was a direct descendant of Hannah Bailey of Revolutionary fame, who tore up her flannel petti-coat to make wadding for the guns in battle.
Mrs. Smith has made a collection of sacred compositions of women under the title "Women in Sacred Song." She has written quite a number of musical selections.

Helen Grace Smith 1865 ~
Daughter of General Thomas Kilby Smith and was born in December, 1865, at Torresdale, Pennsylvania Contributor of poems to various magazines, The Atlantic Monthly, Lippincott's, The Rosary, Catholic World and other religious papers.

Julia Holmes Smith 1839 ~
Born in Savannah, Georgia, December 33, 1839. On her mother's side, her grandfather was Captain George Raynall Turner, United States Navy. She was educated in the famous seminary of Gorman D. Abbott, and after graduating, married Waldo Abbott, eldest son of the historian, John S. C. Abbott. Mrs. Abbott was the organizer and first president of the Woman's Medical Association, the only society of its kind in America. In 1889 she contributed to the New York Ledger a series of articles on "Common Sense in the Nursery." She was at one time the only woman who contributed to the Arndts System of Medicine.

Mary Agnes Easby Smith 1855 ~
Was born in Washington, District of Columbia, February, 1855, when her father. Honorable William Russell Smith, was serving as a member of Congress from Alabama. Writes under the pen-name of Agnes Hampton. Has written sketches for several newspapers. In 1887 she married Milton E. Smith, editor of the Church News. Is the author of romances, poems, sketches, which have appeared in her husband's paper, and also Donahoe's Magazine, The Messenger of the Sacred Heart, and other church publications. Wrote some of the sketches which appeared in the "National Cyclopedia of Biography." Is at present one of the expert indexers of the Agricultural Department.

Mary Stuart Smith 1834 ~
Mrs. Mary Stuart Smith was born at the University of Virginia, February 10, 1834. Was the second daughter of Professor Gessner Harrison and his wife, Eliza Lewis Carter Tucker. In 1853 she became the wife of Professor Francis H. Smith, of the University of Virginia. Besides original articles, her translations from the German for leading periodicals form a long list. She is a most pleasing writer for children.

Harriet Prescott Spofford 1835 ~
Born in Calais, Maine, April 3, 1835, but her parents removed, when she was quite young, to Newburyport Massachusetts which has since been her home. Her father was Joseph N. Prescott Her essay on Hamlet when she was a student in the school at Newburyport attracted the attention of James Wentworth Higginson, who interested himself in her career. Both of her parents became helpless invalids, which made it necessary for her to early take up a literary career, and she began by contributions to the Boston papers. In 1859 ^^f story of Parisian life, entitled "In a Cellar," brought her into immediate prominence in the literary world, and the editor of the Atlantic Monthly, James Russell Lowell, was so impressed by her ability that from that day she was a well-known contributor of both prose a.id poetry to not only the Atlantic Monthly, but the chief periodicals of the country. In 1865 she married Richard S. Spofford, a lawyer of Boston. Among her works are "Sir Rohan's Ghost," "The Amber Gods," "The Thief in the Night," "Azarian," "New England Legends," "Art Decoration Applied to Furniture," "The Marquis of Carabas," "Hester Stanley at St Mark's," "The Servant Girl Question" and "Ballads About Authors."

Rebecca Ruter Springer 1832 ~ 1904
Mrs. Rebecca Ruter Springer was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, November 8, 1832. Daughter of Rev. Calvin W. Ruter, a prominent clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was educated in the Wesleyan Female College in Cincinnati, Ohio.
In 1859 she married William M. Springer, a noted lawyer of Illinois, and afterwards Congressman for several terms from that state. Mrs. Springer passed much of her life in the Capital City, and no woman was more beloved nor more conspicuous through her abilities and charm of manner. Mrs. Springer wrote several books of verse and two novels, entitled "Beechwood" and "Self," and a volume of poems under the title "Songs of the Sea." Mrs. Springer's death occurred in 1904.

Alice J. Stevens 1860 ~
Editor of The Tidings, Los Angeles, California. She was born March 10, 1860. Was at one 'time notary public for Los Angeles County. Was also engaged in the real estate business prior to becoming editor of The Tidings, Is a contributor to Harper's, Sunset, Overland, and Los Angeles Times Magazine, also edited the Children's Department, of the Tidings for a number of years. Is conspicuous in patriotic and philanthropic work.

Ruth McEnery Stuart 1849 ~ 1917
Mrs. Stuart was born at Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana, the daughter of a wealthy planter. Her family had always been slave holders and her life was spent on a plantation where she gained her familiarity and knowledge of the Negro character. She was educated at a school in New Orleans where she remained after her marriage in 1879 to Alfred O. Stuart a cotton planter, and her early life was spent near their plantation in a small Arkansas town. Her first story was sent by Charles Dudley Warner to the Princeton Review in which it appeared, and the second was published in Harper's Magazine. Her stories are of the lazy life of the Creoles and the plantation Negroes. They give a true picture of a peculiar race of people fast disappearing in the South. They are largely dialect stories. Since her husband's death Mrs. Stuart has resided in New York City and here most of her literary work has been done. "Moriah's Mourning," "In Simpkinsville," "A Golden Wedding," "Charlotta's Intended," "Solomon Crow's Christmas Box," "The Story of Babette," "Sonny," "Uncle Eph's Advice to Brer Rabbit," "Holly and Pizen," are some of her well-known stories. Charles Dudley Warner says, "her pictures of Louisiana life both white and colored are indeed the best we have."

Louise M. R. Stowell 1850 ~
Born in Grand Blanc, Michigan, December 30, 1850. Daughter of Seth and Harriet Russell Reed. Taught microscopy and botany in the University of Michigan, and in 1878 married Charles Henry Stowell. Appointed a member of the board of trustees for the Girts' Reform School by the President, for the District of Columbia, and also member of the board of trustees of the public schools of the District of Columbia in 1893. Author of ''Microscopical Structure of Wheat," "Microscopic Diagnosis." Is editor and writer in scientific work.

Ada Celeste Sweet 1853 ~
Author and business woman. Daughter of Gen. Benjamin J. Sweet, a lawyer and distinguished officer of the Civil War. She was born in Stockbridge, Wisconsin, February 23, 1853. Miss Sweet is one of the most noted women in America. At the age of sixteen she was the assistant to her father who was at that time United States pension agent in Chicago, and afterwards first deputy commissioner of Internal Revenue. Upon her father's death, in January, 1867, President Grant appointed Miss Sweet United States pension agent in Chicago. She has disbursed many million dollars annually making a most remarkable record as a business woman, and has installed many valuable reforms, reduced the work of her office to a system, which the government gladly recognized and approved by installing the same in all other pension offices in the United States. In 1885 she resigned this office to engage in business for herself. She was for two years literary editor of the Chicago Tribune, and since 1888 has maintained an office as United States claim attorney, and during this time has done considerable literary and philanthropic work. She was the founder of the ambulance system for the Chicago police.

Sophia Miriam Sweet
Born in Brewer, Maine. Daughter of Nathaniel and Susan Brastow Sweet. At one time associate editor of the Wide Awake. Writer of short stories and juvenile books.

Mary Florence Taney 1861 ~
Was born at Newport, Kentucky, May 15, 1861. Her father, Peter Taney, was a grand-nephew of Roger B. Taney, chief justice of the United States. Her mother, Catherine Alphonse Taney, was descended from a distinguished Maryland family which came to this country with Lord Baltimore, in 1632. Miss Taney has been a teacher, president of a commercial college, newspaper correspondent, private secretary, and assistant editor of the Woman's Club Magazine. Has written an operetta, the state song of Kentucky, and has contributed to the well-known Catholic magazines.

Mary Virginia Terhune 1831 ~
Mrs. Terhune is more familiar to the public under the pen name of ''Marion Harland." She was born December 21, 1831, in Amelia County, Virginia, her father Samuel P. Hawes, having removed there from Massachusetts. In 1856 she was married to Rev. E. P. Terhune, and since 1859 has lived in the North, but her stories have dealt largely with Southern life. She wrote her book 'The Story of Mary Washington" to get funds to aid in the effort to erect a monument to the mother of Washington, which was unveiled on May 10, 1894. She has been a most industrious writer. Among her works are "Alone" "Nemesis," "The Hidden Path," "Miriam," "Husks," "Husbands and Home," "Sunnybank," "Helen Gardner's Wedding Day," "At Last," "The Empty Heart," Common Sense in the Household." Her novel "Sunnybank" was very severely criticized by Southern editors, when it appeared soon after the Civil War. Mrs. Terhune's younger brothers were in the Confederate Army.
Mrs. Terhune has three children, with all of whom she has collaborated a literary work.

Caroline Wadsworth Thompson 1856 ~
Was born in 1856 in New York City. Married Charles Otis Thompson, whose mother was a great-granddaughter of General Israel Putnam and daughter of Lemuel Grosvenor, of Boston. Her grandfather on her father's side was John Wadsworth, of New York. The wife of her maternal grandfather, Howard Henderson, was of French descent and her great-grandfather was one of the original signers of the Louisiana Purchase. Mrs. Thompson is a contributor to the Ave Maria, Bensiger's, and Sacred Heart Review, and is a prominent woman socially and in the charitable works of the Catholic Church.

Ida Treadwell Thurston
Mrs. Thurston is known by her pen name, "Marion Thome." She has written several stories, among them "The Bishop's Shadow," "Boys of the Central." "A Frontier Hero," and many other excellent stories for boys.

Francis Fisher Tiernan
Is the daughter of Colonel Charles F. Fisher, of Salisbury, North Carolina. Married James M. Tiernan, of Maryland. Mrs. Tiernan is a writer of note and some of her novels, under the pen-name of "Christian Reid," are "A Daughter of Bohemia," "Valerie Aylmer," "Morton Houses" "The Lady of Las Cruces," and a "Little Maid of Arcady," and many others.

Edith Matilda Thomas 1854 ~
Was born in Chatham, Ohio, August 12, 1854. Daughter of Frederick J. Thomas and Jane Louisa Sturges Thomas, both natives of New England, her great-grandfather being a soldier in the Revolutionary War. The family lived for a short time at Kenton, Ohio, and also at Bowling Green, where her father died in 1861. Soon after this, her mother and sisters moved to Geneva, Ohio, where Edith received her education at the Normal Institute. She taught for a short time in Geneva, but soon decided to make literature her profession. She had, while a student, contributed to the newspapers, and her first admirer was Helen Hunt Jackson, who brought her to the attention of the editors of the Atlantic Monthly and Century, In 1888, Miss Thomas moved to New York City, making her home on Staten Island, and has devoted her entire time to literature, being a frequent contributor to the prominent magazines of the day.

Rose Hartwick Thorpe 1850 ~
Mrs. Thorpe is the author of the well-known poem, "Curfew Must Not Ring Tonight." Was born in Mishawaka, Indiana, July 18, 1850. Is the wife of E. Carson Thorpe. Has written many other poems, but none has added to the fame which she earned by the writing of the poem mentioned. Lives in San Diego, California.

Eleanor Elizabeth Tong
Daughter of Lucius G. Tong, at one time professor in the Notre Dame University. She is a descendant of William Tong, one of the Revolutionary heroes, and related also to Archbishop Punket. She is the author of the new manual of Catholic devotions under the title, "The Catholics' Manual, a New Manual of Prayer."

Susan Arnold Elston Wallace 1830 ~
Was born December 25, 1830, at Crawfordsville, Indiana. Her maiden name was Susan Arnold Elston. In 1852 she became the wife of General Lew Wallace, famous as the author of "Ben-Hur." During the Civil War she was frequently in camp with the general, and she aided in nursing the wounded. After the war General Wallace practiced law at Crawfordsville, their home, Mrs. Wallace was called upon to occupy high social positions, through the appointment of General Wallace to various offices under the government. From 1878 to 1881 he was governor of New Mexico and from 1881 to 1885 he was United States Minister to Turkey. General Wallace was the intimate friend of the Sultan, and Mrs. Wallace was granted many privileges not formerly given to foreign women. In 1885 they returned to their home, and General Wallace resumed his practice of law and his literary work. Mrs. Wallace was a frequent contributor to papers and magazines for many years. The best known of her poems are "The Patter of Little Feet." Among her books are "The Storied Sea," "Ginevra," "The Land of the Puebtes" and "The Repose in Egypt." Mrs. Wallace devoted a great deal of her time to charitable and philanthropic work, and her home was always a social and literary center. Mrs. Wallace died in 1907.

Honor Walsh
Associate editor of the Catholic Standard and Times. Is related to Daniel O'Connell and is the wife of Charles Thomas Walsh, of Philadelphia. She has charge of the home and school page of the Young Crusader. Is the author of "The Story Book House," and contributor to the New York Sun, Youth's Companion, Benziger's, Donahoe's, The Rosary, Irish Monthly and other publications of the Roman Catholic Church.

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward 1844 ~
Mrs. Ward was born in Andover, Massachusetts, August 31, 1844, and inherited literary talent from both of her parents. Her mother was the writer of a number of stories for children, and her father. Rev. Austin Phelps, a professor of sacred rhetoric in the Theological Seminary of Andover, was the writer of many lectures which in book form have become classics and to-day are accepted textbooks. At the age of thirteen Mrs. Ward made her first literary venture in a story which was accepted by the Youths Companion. Her first novel, "Gates Ajar," 1869, met with unprecedented success. In 1888, she married Rev. Herbert D. Ward, and with him has written several novels, the most important of which are, "The Last of the Magicans," "Come Forth," "A Singular Life," and what she regards as her most important work, "The Story of Jesus Christ," which appeared in 1897. Some of Mrs. Ward's books are, "Ellen's Idol," "Up Hill," "A Singular Life," "The Gipsy Series," "Mercy Glidden's Works," "I Don't Know How," "Men, Women and Ghosts," "The Silent Partner," "Walled In," "The Story of Avis," "My Cousin and I," "The Madonna of the Tubs," "Sealed Waters," "Jack, the Fisherman," "The Master of Magicians," and many sketches, stories and poems for magazines.

Mary Alden Ward 1856 ~
Born in Cincinnati, March 1, 1853. Daughter of Prince W. and Rebecca Neal Alden, and a direct descendant of John and Priscilla Mullins, of Plymouth colony. Prominent and active in women's club work. Editor of Federation Bulletin, national official publication of the General Federation of Woman's Clubs, and author of a "Life of Dante," "Petrarch; a Sketch of His Life and Work," "Prophets of the Nineteenth Century," and "Old Colony Days."

Elizabeth Bisland Wetmore 1863 ~
Mrs. Wetmore was born in Camp Bisland, Fairfax Plantation, Teche County, Louisiana, in 1863. Her family was one of the oldest in the South, and like all such, lost all their property in the Civil War, which necessitated Miss Bisland's supporting herself and members of her family. Having shown some talent for writing, she took up journalism, and her first sketches were published when she was but fifteen years of age, under the name of B. L. R. Dane. She did considerable work for the New Orleans Times-Democrat and became literary editor of that paper, but the field not being wide enough she removed to New York to work on the newspapers and periodicals of that city. She was soon offered the position of literary editor of the Cosmopolitan Magazine, and while occupying this position she made her famous journey around the world, attempting to make better time than that made by Nellie Ely, who undertook the journey for the New York World. This brought Miss Bisland's name conspicuously before the public, and in 1890 she went to London, England, in the interest of the Cosmopolitan, writing for that magazine letters from London and Paris which were favorably received. She collaborated with Miss Rhoda Boughton in a novel and a play, and is the author of several books. In October. 1891, she became the wife of Charles W. Wetmore, of New York City.

Edith Wharton
Mrs. Edward Wharton, best known to American story readers as Edith Wharton, author of 'The House of Mirth," has a summer home at Lenox, Massachusetts, which is the scene of many gatherings of notable people. As Miss Edith Jones, and afterwards as Mrs. Edward Wharton, she held an enviable position in New York's best society, but of late she has practically given up living in the metropolis, and divides her time between Lenox and Paris. In the French capital Mrs. Wharton's literary and social success has been phenomenal. The French are the most exclusive people, socially, in the world, but they have opened their doors to Mrs. Wharton in appreciation of her many gifts. The author of "The House of Mirth" speaks French as fluently as a native, and in that language writes regularly for Le Revue des Deux Mondes. Some of Mrs. Wharton's other works of fiction are "The Valley of Decision," "Sanctuary" and "The Fruit of the Tree."

Lilian Whiting 1859
Born at Niagara Falls, New York, October 3, 1859. Daughter of Hon. Lorenzo Dowe and Lucia Clement Whiting. Literary editor, Boston Traveler; editor of the Boston Budget, and author of "The World Beautiful," "From Dreamland Sent," a book of poems, "A Study of the Life and Poetry of Elizabeth Barrett Browning," "A Record of Kate Field," "The World Beautiful in Books," "Boston Days," "Florence of Landor," "The Outlook Beautiful " "Italy, the Magic Land," "Paris the Beautiful," etc.

Mary Alice Willcox 1856 ~
Born in Kennebunk, Maine, April 24, 1856. Daughter of William H. and Annie Holmes Goodenow Willcox. Teacher in the normal and public schools, and professor of zoology in Wellesley College since 1883. Author of "Pocket Guide to Common Land Birds of New England," and various articles on zoological subjects.

Pauline Willis 1870 ~
Was born in 1870, in Boston, Massachusetts. Daughter of Hamilton and Helen Phillips. Was a direct descendant on her mother's side, of Reverend George Phillips, of Watertown, Massachusetts, who came to this country in 1630 in Governor Winthrop's Massachusetts Colony from Norfolk, England. The descendants of this Doctor Phillips were the founders of the Phillips Academy, at Andover, Massachusetts. Miss Willis is the author of "The Willis' Records, or Records of the Willis Family of Haverhill, Portland, and Boston;" also a memoir of her late brother, Hamilton Willis, and is a contributor to the Catholic and secular press, and active worker in the charitable works and the foreign missions of the Roman Catholic Church.

Augusta J. Evans Wilson 1836 ~ 1909
Mrs. Wilson won literary fame as the author of "Beulah." She was born near Columbus, Georgia, in 1836. Her family lived for a short time in Texas, and later in Mobile, Alabama, and here in 1868 she married L. M. Wilson. Her first novel was "Inez," which met with only moderate success, but in 1859 "Beulah" appeared, and she won instantaneous literary fame. During the war she published "Macaria," and it is said that this book was printed on coarse brown paper, and copyrighted by the Confederate States of America. It was dedicated by her to the soldiers of the Southern army. It was seized and destroyed by the Federal officers, but was subsequently reprinted in the North, and met with a large sale. After the war Mrs. Wilson removed to New York City, and here she published her famous book; "St. Elmo." This was followed by one hardly less popular, "Vashti," later, one entitled "Infelice," and "At the Mercy of Tiberius." Mrs. Wilson died in 1909.

Ella Wheeler Wilcox 1855 ~
Mrs. Wilcox was born at Johnstown Center, Wisconsin, in 1855; married Robert M. Wilcox in 1884; has been a contributor to magazines and newspapers for many years; has written many beautiful poems, and is one of the prominent writers of today.

Helen Maria Winslow
Born m Westfield, Vermont Daughter of Don Avery and Mary S. Newton Winslow. Writer for papers and magazines. Editor and publisher of The Club Woman. Writer of short stories. Editor and publisher annually of the Official Register of the Directory of Woman's Clubs of America.

Bertha G. Davis Woods 1873 ~
Mrs. Woods was born in Penn Yan, New York, in April, 1873. She is a contributor to magazines, newspapers of poems and short stories.

Edith Elmer Wood 1870 ~
Mrs. Wood was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, September 24, 1871. Daughter of Commodore Horace Elmer, U. S. N., and Adele Wiley Elmer. Is the wife of Capt. Albert Norton Wood U. S. N. Mrs. Wood was the founder and first president of the Anti-Tuberculosis League of Porto Rico, which maintains hospitals and sanitariums for indigent patients and conducts a campaign on the isle against this dread disease. She has written several stories and contributed to the leading magazines and newspapers.

Kate Tannatt Wood
Born in Peekskill, New York. Daughter of James S. and Mary Tannatt. Married George H. Woods, a prominent lawyer and officer on General Sherman's staff. Has done editorial work on Harper's Bazar, Ladies' Home Journal, Boston Transcript, Globe and Herald, and several magazines. Active worker in women's clubs of Massachusetts. One of the original officers and first auditor of the General Federation of Woman's Clubs. Founder of the Massachusetts State Federation of Woman's Clubs, and the Thought and Work Club of Salem, Massachusetts. Has written quite a number of stories on New England life, and also stories of New Mexico.

Lizzie E. Wooster 1870 ~
Born in Stubenville, July 24, 1870. Daughter of Charles C. and Nannie Cullom Wooster. Has been engaged in the authorship and editing of school books since 1896, and is her own publisher, establishing her own firm under the name of Wooster and Company. She is the author of reading charts, primers, arithmetics, primary recitations, "First Reader," "Elementary Arithmetic," "Wooster's Combination Reading Chart," "Wooster Sentence Builder," "Wooster Number Builders," "The Wooster Readers," and other well-known school books.

Madeline Yale Wynne 1847 ~
Born at Newport, New York, September 25, 1847. Daughter of Linus Yale, Jr. (inventor of the Yale lock), and Catherine Brooks Yale: Was a student of art in Boston Art Museum and in New York. Pupil of George Fuller. Has originated and developed an interesting specialty in hand-wrought metals. Is a contributor to many of the magazines. Author of "The Little Room," and other stories.

 

Women of America

Source: The Part Taken by Women in American History, By Mrs. John A. Logan, Published by The Perry-Nalle Publishing Company, Wilmington, Delaware, 1912.

 

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