Military Forts by State



Illinois Military Forts

Alphabetical list of forts, reservations, blockhouses, named camps, National and State Homes for soldiers, national cemeteries, etc., in the United States from its earliest settlement to date.

Many of the forts and structures named were erected by the early settlers for their own protection, and all vestige of them has now disappeared. The exact locations of many are not positively known at the present day, but reference is made to them in State histories, State papers, etc. Those in bold-faced type are now occupied by troops or are under the control of the War Department.(does not apply) The data available for consultation are known to be incomplete, and may be erroneous in some instances.

Alton Prison, Illinois at Alton.
Apple River, Fort, Illinois at Elizabeth.
Armstrong, Fort, Illinois at Rock Island; now Rock Island Arsenal.
Assumption, Fort, Illinois, on Ohio River, in Massac County.

Battelle des Illinois, Camp, Indiana Called Fort Harrison.
Beggs, Fort, Illinois on Du Page River, at Plainfield.
Black Island, fort on, Illinois about 1 mile above the mouth of the Ohio River.
Bon Homme, Fort, Illinois on Illinois River.
Butler, Camp, Illinois at Springfield.
Butler, Camp, National Cemetery, Illinois at Springfield.

Cahokia, fort at, Illinois, on the Mississippi River, 4 miles below St. Louis, Missouri.
Carlyle, fort at, Illinois.
Chambers, Fort, Illinois near Lebanon, in St. Clair County.
Checaugo or Chicafon, Fort, Illinois See Chicago.
Chicago, fort at. Illinois Fort Dearborn.
Chickasaw, Fort, Illinois.
Clark, Fort, Illinois at Peoria.
Crevecoeur, Fort, Illinois on Lake Peoria.

Danville Branch National Home, Illinois at Danville.
Davis, Cantonment, Illinois on Rock River.
Dearborn, Fort, Illinois at Chicago.
Defiance, Camp, Illinois at junction of Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
Des Moines, Fort, Illinois at Buffalo Rock.
Dixon, Fort, Illinois.
Douglas, Camp, Illinois at Chicago.

Edwards, Fort, Illinois at Warsaw.

Gage, Fort, Illinois Randolph County; now town of that name.
Goings, Fort, Illinois Kaskaskia River.

Hamilton, Fort, Illinois near Galena.
Hill, Fort, Illinois in Lake County, on east side of Shoal Creek; now town of that name.
Houghtaling, Camp, Illinois Mississippi River, near Cairo.

Illinois, Fort, Illinois.

Johnston, Fort, Illinois at Warsaw.
Jordan's Fort, Illinois
Journey's Fort, Illinois at Ariston.

Kahokia, Fort, Illinois.
Kaskaskia, Fort, Illinois at Kaskaskia.
Kellog's Grove, fort near, Illinois during Black Hawk war.
Kinzie, Fort, Illinois.

La Mott, Fort, Illinois on La Mott Creek.
Lewis, Fort, Illinois.
Louis, Fort, Illinois Formerly called Fort Crevecoeur.

McClernand, Camp, Illinois at Cairo.
Madison, Fort, Illinois on the Mississippi River, near Bellview.
Massac, Fort, Illinois on Ohio River, 11 miles below Paducah, Kentucky.
Miamis, Fort, Illinois on Illinois River.
Middleton, Fort, Illinois Kaskaskia River.
Mound City National Cemetery, Illinois at Mound City.

Payne, Fort, Illinois.
Piggot's Fort, Illinois near Columbia.
Prentiss, Fort, Illinois at Cairo.
Prudhomme, Fort, Illinois 180 miles above the mouth of Illinois River.

Quincy National Cemetery, Illinois at Quincy.

Rockfort, Fort, Illinois on Illinois River, in Lasalle County.
Rock Island National Cemetery, Illinois Rock Island.
Rock Island Armory and Arsenal, Illinois on Rock Island.
Rosecrans, Camp, Illinois near Quincy.
Russell, Fort, Illinois near Edwardsville.

St. Joseph, Fort, Illinois near head of Illinois River.
St. Louis, Fort, Illinois at Rockford.
Shelby, Fort, Illinois on present site of Rock Island Arsenal.
Sheridan, Fort, Illinois near Highwood.
Simons General Hospital, Illinois at Mound City.
Smith, Camp, Illinois; Near Cairo.

Tanner, Camp, Illinois at Springfield.
Tyler, Camp, Illinois at Chicago.

Wilburn, Fort, Illinois on Illinois River, near Peru.

Yates, Camp, Illinois near Springfield.


Military Forts

Source: Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, Volume 2, by Francis B. Heitman, Government Printing Office, 1903.

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