Pacific Coast Business Directory

Washington Territory Algernon, Lewis County to Port Madison, Kitsap County

Algernon, Lewis County, PO
McCrady C B, postmaster

Almoti, Whitman County, PO address, Owensburgh, 16 miles __ of Colfax
Duff T & Bro, cattle dealers
Whitman Bros, cattle dealers
Wilson F, lumber dealer

Alpowa, Walla Walla County, PO 79 miles east of Walla Walla
Favor Daniel B, postmaster

Arcadia, Mason County, PO 8 miles south west of Oakland
Graham C, boat builder
McDonald D, hotel
Peters Samuel, hotel
Wilson Edward A, postmaster, and general merchandise

Attanam, Yakima County, PO
Bland William, postmaster

Battle Ground, Clarke County, PO 18 miles north of Vancouver
Capels H F, attorney at law
Leveriche B W H, postmaster
Woodin J A, mail agent

Black River, King County, PO 12 miles east of Seattle
Carr Edmund, teacher
Drieppes & Morris, general merchandise (Renton Mines)
Hardin George W, postmaster
Kerns D & I & Co, general merchandise
McIsaac John, liquor saloon
McMillian _____ Rev, clergyman
Morris, T B, hotel (Renton Mines)
Parks D, blacksmith
Schmieg, Canteini & Co, brewery
Wells Charles, blacksmith (Renton Mines)

Beaver, Thurston County, PO 6 miles south of Olympia
Judson Charles P, postmaster

Blakeley, Kitsap County, PO 8 miles south of Port Madison, usually called Port Blakeley, is a milling town, having one large saw mill capable of cutting 12,5,000 feet of lumber a day. The town contains a hotel, a school, and public hall. The population usually numbers about 200, of whom 60 are engaged at the mill. The facilities for ship-building are of the first class, and two ship yards are established, at which two schooners, and a bark of 650 tons were built in 1874.
Bryant William H, marine architect, and ship builder
Jackson T J, hotel and liquor saloon
Renton, Holmes & Co, lumber mill, and general merchandise
Renton William, postmaster
Sanders Charles, marine architect, and ship builder

Block House, Klikitat County, PO 25 miles north of Rockland
Green Michael, postmaster
Whitney Nelson, lumber manufacturer

Boisfort, Lewis County, PO 14 miles south of Chehalis
Miller John H, postmaster
Reeves H P, stock raiser
Roundtree James, physician
Stillman J, lumber manufacturer
White Alice Miss, teacher
White C F, hotel
White Jasper, blacksmith

Brookfield, Pacific County, PO 45 miles south east of Oysterville
Bell Isaac E, cooper
Columbia River Salmon Co
Megler J G, postmaster
Megler J G & Co, salmon fishery
Stoop Hugh, carpenter

Bruceport, Pacific County, PO 12 miles north east of Oysterville
Fisher C, hotel
Martz William C F, postmaster, and hotel'
Pegarder William & Co, general merchandise
Reddell John & Co, general merchandise

Brush Prairie, Clark County, PO 12 miles north of Vancouver
Rambo James, postmaster

Burksville, Walla Walla County, PO
Burk Marshal B, postmaster

Byrd's Mills, Pierce County
Bressman G, cabinet maker
Pineus &, Packscher, flour manufacturers

Cape Disappointment, Pacific County, PO address Unity, 24 miles south of Oysterville
Allen A H & H H, general merchandise

Cape Flattery Light House, Clallam County, PO address Neah Bay, 72 miles west of New Dungeness, is on Tatoosh Island, just off the main headland entering the Straits of Fuca, in latitude 48° 23' 15", longitude 124° 43' 50".

Cascades, Skamania County, PO and County seat, is situated on the north bank of the Columbia, where the river breaks through the Cascade Range, and is the lower terminus of the Cascade Railroad, six miles in length, by which the portage is made around the falls of the Columbia, the railroad having the distinction of being the first upon which a locomotive was used west of the Rocky Mountains. This connects the two towns of Cascades, locally called Lower Cascades and Upper Cascades, both landing points of the boats of the Oregon steam Navigation Company, and the two comprising about all the population of Skamania County. The river between the two points has a fall of 40 feet at medium low water. The vicinity is extremely mountainous, and the resources of the town consist in its river trade, and as the head of an important portage. Game abounds in the surrounding hills, and trout and salmon are plentiful in the main river and all lateral streams, affording sport to the amateur, as well as a resource of business. The scenery is grand, as here the great Columbia breaks through the lofty Cascade Range, and the mighty forces of power and resistance are brought to mind by the torn cliffs, the jagged rocks, and the rushing, irresistible torrent of waters.
Andrews A Mrs., general merchandise
Brazee J W, civil engineer
Burke Maggie Miss, teacher
Esterbrook A & Co, lumber manufacturers
Hamilton Helen Miss, teacher
Hamilton Samuel N, postmaster
Imans F G, lumber manufacturer
Jones Samuel B, agent Oregon Steam Navigation Co
Levens H A, physician
McDonald R, blacksmith
McKay M, car builder
Moffett Thomas, general merchandise

Castle Rock, Cowlitz County, PO 20 miles north of Kalama
Huntington William, postmaster

Castlenook Fishery, Pierce Co
North Pacific Commercial Company

Cathlamet, Wahkiakum County, PO and County seat, is situated on the north bank of the Columbia River, 35 miles from its mouth, and 115 miles south west of Olympia. The river is here a broad and noble stream, resembling an arm of the sea. The surrounding country is mountainous and well covered with timber, and a limited area of agricultural land at the river's side affords sustenance for a small community. The forests are magnificent, and the facilities for milling and shipping lumber are excellent. The grand river, with its inexhaustible stores of fish, furnishes a lasting resource. The catching and curing of salmon engages a large capital, and gives employment to from 200 to 300 men. The salmon are caught in gill nets during the season, from April to September, and are prepared for market by pickling, and being steamed and canned, ready for use.
Birnie Alexander D, postmaster
Hallett Horace, boat builder
Roberts G B, general merchandise
Scarborough E, boat builder and cooper
Warren F W, general merchandise, and salmon cannery

Cedar Creek, Whatcom County, PO
Ludlow John, postmaster

Cedar Grove, Whatcom County, PO
Tawes McKinney T, postmaster

Cedarville, Chehalis County, PO 24 miles south east of Montesano
Smith James, postmaster

Cementville, Pacific County. (See Knappton)

Centerville, Lewis County, PO address, Skookum-Chuck, is a station on the N. P. R. R., 4 miles north of Chehalis, 54 miles from Kalama, and 25 miles from Olympia.
Andrews P, blacksmith, and wagon maker
Crosby Clenvick, general merchandise
Jameson James, general merchandise
McFee William, blacksmith
Remley Joseph, blacksmith
Thompson Thomas, gunsmith
Wauch George, gunsmith
Weston _____, physician
Wingard Isaac, general merchandise

Centreville, Snohomish County, PO 30 miles north west of Snohomish City
Caldon James, general merchandise, and hotel
Oliver Henry, postmaster

Chehalis, Lewis County, PO and County seat 32 miles south of Olympia, is favorably located in the midst of a fine agricultural country on the headwaters of the Chehalis River, which is navigable for light-draft steamers to this point, and in times of high water to a considerable distance above. The Northern Pacific Railroad passes through the town, this being 55 miles south of Tacoma, and 50 miles north of Kalama. A good road also runs to Boisfort, and another to Mopah, in Pacific County. Schools and churches are maintained, and business is conducted in an intelligent and enterprising manner. Coal of good quality is found within two miles of the place, and a company has been formed for mining it.
Dunlevy J, physician
Hogue G J, general merchandise
Newland John T, postmaster
Vallard M, varieties

Chehalis County, Bounded north by Jefferson and Mason, east by Mason, Thurston, and Lewis, south by Wahkiakum and Pacific, west by Pacific and the Pacific Ocean. Area, 2,300 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $322,327. County seat, Montesano. Principal towns: Cedarville, Elma, Hokium and Satsop. The county is most favorable for commerce and agriculture, having within its limits the beautiful Bay of Grays Harbor, and a large extent of bottom and prairie land of great fertility. The valley of the Chehalis River and its tributaries, the Satsop, Wynoochee, Westican, John's Black, Skookumchuck, and Newaukum, running through this county and parts of Lewis and Thurston, is regarded as the garden spot of Washington Territory. Grays Harbor, into which the Chehalis empties, was discovered by Captain Gray, of the ship Columbia, May 7th, 1792, and was named in honor of the discoverer by Lieutenant Whidby, of Vancouver's Exploring Expedition. This Bay is twelve by fifteen miles in extent, with a bar at its mouth of five fathoms of water, and a narrow outer bar of three fathoms. The Umtulup, Hokium, and other small streams empty directly into the Bay. The Chehalis is navigable for a distance inland of sixty miles, and from the head of navigation is thirty miles to Olympia, at the head of Puget Sound, which points are connected by an excellently constructed wagon road. The western division of the Northern Pacific Railroad, now passes near the county line, from Kalama on the Columbia River to Tacoma, on the Sound. Forests of fir, maple, alder, etc., abound, enclosing lovely, park-like prairies, most inviting to the farmer. All grains, with the exception of maize, grow well, and vegetables and fruits are produced. The streams abound in salmon, trout, and other varieties of fish, the bays of the coast contain oysters and clams, and elk, deer, and other game are in abundance in the forests and prairies of the interior. The climate is mild and agreeable where not exposed to the coast winds, and altogether the county possesses features of the most inviting character.
Officers: H. D. Taylor, Probate Judge; C. N. Byles, Clerk, Recorder, Auditor and Surveyor; J. P. Judson, District Attorney; M. Z. Goodell, Sheriff, Tax Collector, and Assessor; Justin Scammon, Treasurer; H. H. Halbert, Coroner; James Gleason, Superintendent Public Schools.

Chehalis Point, Chehalis County, PO 30 miles west of Montesano
Andrews Ada Mrs, school teacher
Peterson Glenn, postmaster, and hotel

Clallam County. Bounded north by the straits of Juan de Fuca, east by Jefferson, south by Jefferson, and west by the Pacific Ocean. Area, 1,760 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, &133,081, County seat. New Dungeness. Principal towns: Neah Bay and Port Angeles. This is a rich agricultural county, and occupies an important position, bordering the Straits of Fuca from the Pacific Ocean at Cape Flattery to near Puget Sound, The northern portion, from the ocean to near Port Angeles, a distance of fifty miles, is a broad belt of fine agricultural land. In the southern portion is Mt. Olympus, the northern terminus of the Olympic Range, a noble peak rising to an altitude of 8,138 feet above the sea. The Dungeness, Elkwah and Camel Rivers enter the Straits of Fuca, and the Quillayute flows to the Pacific. Along these rivers are extensive and fertile valleys, in part occupied, but still inviting population to occupy the broad acres and establish upon them happy and prosperous homes. The Sequin Prairie is an extensive body of very productive land. The climate is mild, but the rains of winter are excessive, particularly on the ocean coast, at Cape Flattery the full being as high as 132 inches per annum. Numerous excellent harbors give the county superior commercial advantages.
Officers: B. G. Hotchkiss, Probate Judge; E. N. Pilcher, Sheriff and Assessor; G. L. Boswell, Recorder and Auditor; T. Abernethy, Treasurer and Tax Collector; E. H. McAlmond, Surveyor; A. Abernethy, Coroner.

Claquato, Lewis County, PO
Hogue George J, postmaster

Clarke County. Bounded north by Lewis, east by Skamania, south by the Columbia River dividing it from Oregon, and west by Columbia River and Cowlitz. Area, 1,400 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $697,500. County seat, Vancouver. Principal towns: Lake River. Lincoln, Pekin, Union Ridge, and Washougal. This is the oldest county in the Territory, having been organized as the District of Vancouver by the provisional government of Oregon in 1844. It then embraced all of Oregon Territory north of the Columbia River, now comprising the Territory of Washington, but as settlements were established and population increased, other counties have been created, and Clarke reduced to its present limits. The county occupies an important position, being at the western base of the Cascade Range and fronting on the Columbia River, here navigable for sea-going vessels. It contains a large area of agricultural land, much of which is yet unoccupied. One of the surveyed routes of the Northern Pacific Railroad passes through the county, giving hopes to some that the road will follow that direction. The settlements are connected by good roads but the Territorial road from Vancouver to Fort Steilacoom, passing along the Columbia to the Cowlitz is at certain periods inundated, and as a consequence and from the facility of water communication, it is but little used. The principal streams are the Washougal in the .southeast, the Salmon and the Cathlapootle or Lewis River in the west, with two large branches rising in the Cascade Mountains and running across the county.
Officers: William Ginder, Probate Judge; John P. Judson, District Attorney; A. L. Coffey, Sheriff, and Tax Collector; Charles Brown, Recorder, and Auditor; Jacob Proebstel, Jr., Treasurer; John H. Fletcher, Assessor; Alexander McAndrew, Surveyor; H. B. Woodd, Coroner; A. S. Nicholson, Superintendent Public Schools.

Colfax, Whitman County, PO and County seat is a newly built town situated at the junction of the North and South Forks of the Palouse River in the midst of a rich agricultural section. The town in 1874 numbered about one hundred inhabitants, and while supporting numerous business establishments boasted its exemption from saloons or drinking houses. A tri-weekly mail is received from Walla Walla, and a weekly mail from Lewiston, Idaho. The town is 23 miles from Pen-a-Wa-Wa steamboat landing and ferry on Snake River, with which it is connected by a good wagon road. The surrounding country is sparsely settled, but is an inviting one to farmers and stock raisers.
Beach, Jones & Co, lumber manufacturers
Boone W W, attorney at law
Bordeau Oliver, shoe maker
Bunnell P D, physician
Davenport J C, general merchandise, and flour manufacturer
Downing E M, batcher
Ewart James, hotel
King C B, livery and feed stable
Nosler James M, notary public
Parr J, harness, and saddlery
Renada James, blacksmith
Smith Thomas J, postmaster
Smith it King, druggists
Wilson Emett, butcher
Woodard S D, cabinet maker

Collins Landing, Skamania County, PO
Collins William, postmaster, and general merchandise

Columbus, Klikitat County, PO 20 miles north east of Rockland
Headley J C, flour dealer
Henderson J C, carpenter
Stark Amos, postmaster
Stark B T, carpenter
Stark E Miss, teacher

Colville, Stevens County. (See Fort Colville)

Coupeville, Island County, PO 3 miles east of Coveland, is on Whidby Island, in Puget Sound, that grand body of water classed as the Mediterranean of the Pacific, so well adapted is it for commercial purposes and so commanding over a large extent of country. Coupeville occupies a very favorable site on one of the best harbors of this great inland sea, and is a prosperous and happy locality, where the principles of the Good Templars are the predominant rule. Schools of a high order are maintained, churches are established, and good order prevails.
Morgan H, postmaster

Coveland, Island County, PO and County seat is on Whidby Island, at the mouth of Admiralty Inlet, opposite Port Townsend. The Island is the largest in the Sound, being 60 miles in length, and from 3 to 10 miles in width, and contains a number of extensive and fertile prairies. Coveland has succeeded Coupeville as County seat, and is a pleasant and prosperous place.
Barington E, general merchandise
Busby J W, manufacturer, and general merchandise
Busby William, blacksmith
Carlton William E, postmaster
Jones G, hotel
Kelley Joseph S, teacher
Lyon D K, physician
Morse G W, wagon maker
Noonan Thomas, blacksmith
Snow J M, notary public
Wallace Sarah L, teacher

Cowlitz, Lewis County, PO 23 miles south east of Coveland
Dubeau Louis L, postmaster, and general merchandise
Farron John, blacksmith
Gilbert Richard, blacksmith
Howe Horace, attorney at law
Hylebos _____ Eev, clergyman (R C)
Pinto H H, general merchandise
Sarcault Eli, carpenter
St. Peter L B, teacher

Cowlitz County. Bounded north by Lewis, east by Clarke, south by the Columbia River, and west by the Columbia and Wahkiakum. Area, 460 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $628,956. County seat, Kalama. Principal towns: Freeport, Monticello, Oak Point and Olequa. This county occupies an important position, fronting for 20 miles on the great Columbia, and embracing the valley of the river whose name it bears, a fine stream, navigable still further to the north, in Lewis County. The Puget Sound division of the Northern Pacific Railroad has its initial point at Kalama, and runs northerly through the entire length of the County. The valley of the Cowlitz and its tributaries is very fertile, having a large quantity of rich bottom lands, which in the aggregate comprise one-third the area of the County. These are very fertile, often producing as much as fifty bushels of wheat per acre. A short distance from the rivers the land is unoccupied, and offers very favorable inducements to settlers. The Columbia and Cowlitz are both navigable streams, and furnish convenient means of transportation for all products. The forests are, as everywhere in this section of the Union, on the grandest scale. Numerous roads lead from the valley of the Cowlitz to the towns of the neighboring counties, in the valley of the Chehalis and its branches, and to Puget Sound. "The Cowlitz River," says J. Ross Browne in his report to Congress, is worthy of particular mention. This river, having its source in the Cascade Mountains, between Mounts Ranier and St. Helens, runs west, then south, and empties into the Columbia about fifty miles from Its month. It runs the whole length of Cowlitz County, and nearly the whole breadth of Lewis, through good agricultural land, both prairie and bottom. The Cowlitz farms, the Cowlitz prairie, and the Cowlitz landing are familiar as household words, and date their origin long antecedent to the commencement of American settlement. The first name alludes to the claim of the prairie by the Puget Sound Agricultural Company and the area, for which the United States is requested to pay under the treaty of July 1st, 1863, with Great Britain, is 3,572 acres, or nearly six square miles. On this prairie the Catholics established a missionary station where recently a town has been laid out in acre lots. Here, too, was the site of the old Red River settlement of Canadian French, introduced under the auspices of the Hudson Bay Company in 1842. The Cowlitz is a large, rapid stream, and is still a link in the line of travel from the Columbia to Puget Sound."
Officers: L. H. Whitehouse, Probate Judge; H. H. Holt, Clerk and Auditor: J. P. Judson, District Attorney; James B. Stone, Sheriff and Tax Collector; E. G. Ingalls, Treasurer; C. C. Bozarth, Assessor; A. C. Smith, Surveyor; George Strong, Coroner; Samuel Vestal, Superintendent Public Schools.

Crab Creek, Stevens County, PO
Bacon E Miss, teacher
Bacon R M, general merchandise
Busey W A, postmaster, and attorney at law
Ernist J, fur dealer
Harding J R. general merchandise
Marlin H, millwright
Revenue _____, blacksmith
White B H, butcher
Willey N, blacksmith, and wagon maker
Woods G, carpenter

Dayton, Walla Walla County, PO 30 mile south east of Walla Walla, is an enterprising town in Walla Walla Valley, on the road leading to Lewiston, Idaho. Although a new town it has several large mercantile houses, a woolen factory, saw, planing, and flour mills, a public school and good society. Being in the midst of a good farming and grazing country it has become the center of a prosperous business. One newspaper, the News, is published weekly.
Burns J A, shingle manufacturer
CAIN A J, proprietor Dayton News
Carroll & Coston, blacksmiths
Critchfield & Strom, lumber manufacturers
Day Jesse N, postmaster
Day J H, druggist
DAYTON NEWS, A J Cain, proprietor
Dayton Woollen Manufacturing Co
Dexter A J, contractor
Dozier B F, blacksmith
Dustain James, tailor
Eckler George, lumber manufacturer
Fottis M F, proprietor Walla Walla and Lewiston Stage Line
Guernsey D C & Co., general merchandise, and agents
Wells, Fargo & Co
Hadley & Co, lumber manufacturers
Hendorshott William, harness maker
Hoar Thomas, doors, sash, and blinds
Hunt James, hotel
KIMBALL & DAY, general merchandise
Kimball & Stephens, doors, sash, and blinds
Long & Co, flour manufacturers
Lyon M, barber
Moody William A, contractor
Moore, Chapman & Co, lumber manufacturers
Opperman G A, bakery
Phelps ____, physician, and varieties
Phelps Miss, photographer
Ping E, banker
Reese Lora Miss, academy
Richardson Daniel, cabinetmaker
Rowley & Bunnell, hardware and stoves
Smith J L, butcher
Sparks & Bros, liquor saloon
Striker _____, dentist
Sturderavint D M, livery stable
Sturderavint R S, attorney at law
Torrence H J, wagon maker, and blacksmith
Wait & Metzgar, general merchandise, and flour manufacturers
Watros Levi & son, lumber manufacturers

Dwamish, King County, PO 5 miles south east of Seattle
Canvenaugh M T, blacksmith, and wagon maker
Dixon J, liquors
Horton Julius, agent Patrons of Husbandry
Miller Henry H, postmaster, eider manufacturer, etc
Reynolds J D, physician, and boot maker
Wallingford J A, teacher

Eagle Cliff, Wahkiakum County, PO 12 miles east of Cathlamet, on the north bank of the Columbia River, has for its resources the forests on the land, and the equally inexhaustible supply of salmon from the river, the catching of which engages two large companies, who have extensive canning establishments.
Columbia River Packing Co, general merchandise, and salmon cannery
Hume William, salmon cannery
Meyers A M, postmaster

Elhi, Pierce County, PO 21 miles east of Steilacoom
Grainger John, postmaster, and wagon maker

Ellensburg, Yakima County, PO 40 miles south of Yakima City
Becker Jacob, blacksmith
Bell N N, carpenter
Canady & Bros, flour manufacturers
Damman J G, lumber manufacturer
Jordan William, furniture manufacturer
Mead L S, teacher
Mercer Aaron, physician
Shoudy John A, postmaster
Shoudy & Dennis, hotel and general merchandise

Elma, Chehalis County, PO 14 miles east of Montesano
Galliher M, general merchandise
Laity John, blacksmith
Taylor H D, carpenter
Taylor Thomas Rev, clergyman
Ward Ira Rev, clergyman
Young Joseph T, postmaster, and brick layer

Eureka, Wahkiakum County, PO address Eagle Cliff
Hume Joseph, salmon cannery

Ewartsville, Whitman County, PO 8 miles south of Colfax
Wilber Giles D, postmaster

Fall City, King County, PO 36 miles east of Seattle
Boham George W, postmaster
Boham & Bro, general merchandise

Fidalgo, Whatcom County, PO 25 miles south of Whatcom
Alard William, blacksmith
Barkhausen H C, sewing machine agent
Munks William, postmaster, and general merchandise

Fort Canby, Pacific County, PO address, Unity
Allen A V, general merchandise

Fort Colville, Stevens County, PO and County seat, formerly called Pinkney City, is on the south bank of the Petahshin River, and about 16 miles east from its junction with the Columbia. The United States military post of Fort Colville is near the town. This is one of the most important frontier towns of the west, being within a short distance of the line dividing the United States from the British possessions, and formerly was the center of a large trade; but with the decline of mining on the upper Columbia, the business of the entire section decayed. When in the height of its prosperity, consequent upon the rush of miners to the gold regions above, its streets presented a unique appearance, being filled with the representatives of civilized and savage life, showing the extreme contrast in dress and manners from the active merchant or government official to the stolid or half-clad Indian, with the grades of the semi-civilized trapper, or voyageur, and the half-breeds in their deer-skins, moccasins and feathers between. Steamers from this point ascend the Columbia to La Porte, or Death Rapids, 270 miles by the course of the river, north of the mouth of the Petahshin, although business does not now justify their use.
Bradley Daniel, liquor saloon
Brown W V, general merchandise
Cheverafills Victor, liquor saloon
Douglass R H, lumber manufacturer
Fenwick & Monaehan, general merchandise
Fitzpatrick Bernard, blacksmith
Kinsley John R, wagon maker
Martin Joseph, liquor saloon
Montgomery C H, postmaster, and general merchandise
Oppenheimor M & County, general merchandise

Fort Nisqually, Pierce County, PO address, Steilacoom, 8 miles south west of Steilacoom
Huggins Edward, general merchandise

Fort Simcoe, Yakima County, PO address Yakima City
Gardner S W, blacksmith
Headley C P, wheelwright
Jones James M, engineer
Kittredge F, teacher
Kuykendall G B, physician, and surgeon
Powell H L, teacher
Stout J A, carpenter
Wilbur J H Rev, Indian agent, and clergyman

Four Lakes, Stevens County PO
Turner Edward J, postmaster

Franklin, Pierce County, PO 16 miles north east of Steilacoom
Carson John, furniture manufacturer
Clarke F A, attorney at law
Cook George A, civil engineer
Heminway S, physician
Law J W, wagon maker
Meeker E, groceries and provisions
Miller A J, carpenter
More R S, brick mason
Spining C H, physician
Temple H C, blacksmith
Vining George T, postmaster, and general merchandise
Weasner J R, furniture manufactory
Wright J W, manager Western Union Tel. Co

Freeport, Cowlitz County, PO 8 miles north west of Kalama, is advantageously situated on the Cowlitz River, two and a half miles from its mouth, and 90 miles south of Olympia. The town contains two stores, a hotel, schoolhouse, a Methodist church and parsonage, and the pleasant dwellings of a country village.
Wallace V. N, postmaster

Freeport, King County, PO address Seattle, is a milling port on the west side of Elliot Bay, opposite Seattle, having one of the largest mills on the Sound, and boasts the possession of the fastest steamer on these waters.
Williamson John R, lumber manufacturer, and general merchandise

Glendale, Pierce County, PO address Franklin, 18½ miles north east of Steilacoom
McMillan James, general merchandise
Thompson & Mead, hop growers
Weasner J R. furniture manufactory

Gleneden, Lewis County, PO 20 miles north west of Chehalis
Ingalls J W, postmaster

Goldendale, Klikitat County, PO 25 miles north east of Rockland
Caldwell H, clergyman
Jacobs & Sayra, contractors and builders
Johnson Thomas, general merchandise
Keytes John, shoe maker
Miller & Golden, lumber manufacturers
Oldham William, postmaster, blacksmith, and wagon maker

Grand Prairie, Lewis County. (See Winlock.)

Gray's Harbor, Chehalis. (See Chehalis Point)

Guemas, Whatcom County, PO 20 miles south west of Whatcom
O'Bryant H P, postmaster, and manufacturer agricultural implements

Hangman's Creek, Stevens County, PO
Wimpy L L Mrs, postmistress

Hoquiam, Chehalis County, PO 18 miles west of Montesano
Campbell Edward, postmaster

Ilwaco, Pacific County, PO address. Unity, 24 miles south of Oysterville, on Baker's Bay, near the mouth of the Columbia River. The place possesses a large lumber trade, it being the seat of a powerful steam saw mill producing nearly one million feet of lumber monthly.
Hunter John, hotel
Hunter & Carruthers, stage proprietors
Goff L M, carpenter, and machinist

Island County. Bounded on the north by Deception Pass, east by a narrow channel separating it from the main land, south and west by the waters of Admiralty Inlet. Area 250 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $465,073. County seat Coveland. Principal towns, Coupeville, Crescent Harbor, Oak Harbor and Utsalady. The county is composed of Camano and Whidby Islands, the latter being sixty miles in length and of irregular width, and is noted for the fertility of its soil, the salubrity of its climate, and the moral deportment of its inhabitants. This Island occupies a commanding position in this most magnificent body of water, fronting the broad straits that lead to the ocean, and resting on a country of illimitable resources. It can be easily connected by bridge and viaduct with the main land, and if thus made the terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad, its importance would be greatly enhanced. Puget Sound, of which Island County is the center, is one of the grandest bodies of water in the world, when its extent, its many harbors, its accessibility, its extended shore line, and the character of the productions of the surrounding country, are considered. Extending from Cape Flattery 200 miles into the interior, with a shore line of near two thousand miles; studded with fertile islands; abounding in countless harbors, where a ship's sides will touch the bank before her keel will graze the bottom; towering forests on every hand, and mines of coal beneath, and on the shortest line between the great commercial centers of the Atlantic and Japan and China, give it a value which only the most vivid imagination can estimate. The county, though cut off from the main land, is in quick communication with every section by water craft, as in this inland sea it is as natural to step into a canoe, sail boat or steamer, to go from place to place, as in Venice to take the gondola to traverse the water streets of the city. But on land, excellent roads have been constructed, connecting every place; and the villages, farms and improvements generally indicate a well advanced prosperity.
Officers: Robert C. Hill, Probate Judge and Auditor; William Fowler, Sheriff and Assessor; John Gould, Treasurer; Joseph M. Snow, Surveyor; Charles T. Terry, Coroner; Joseph S. Kelly, Superintendent Public Schools.

Jefferson County. Bounded north by Clallam and Puget Sound, east by Puget Sound, south by Mason, and west by Clallam. Area, 1,670 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $531,442. County seat. Port Townsend. Principal towns: Chemican, Port Discovery, and Port Ludlow. This county occupies an important position, as its eastern portion presents an extensive front on Puget Sound, at the entrance of the Straits of Fuca. Port Townsend, at the northeastern extremity, is the Port of entry for Washington Territory, and possesses an excellent harbor. The interior of the county is quite mountainous, and covered with dense forests of pine and fir, but quite extensive tracts of open land exist, very favorable for agricultural purposes. Roads connect Port Townsend with Port Discovery, Port Ludlow, and Hood's Canal, and with agricultural settlements, but are few, and water communication is chiefly relied upon between the principal points. The divisions of Puget Sound bordering the county are the Straits of Fuca on the north and Admiralty Inlet and Hood's Canal on the east, the latter separating it from Kitsap County.
Officers: James G. Swan, Probate Judge; George N. McConaha, District Attorney; J. J. H. Van Bokkelen, Sheriff, Tax Collector, and Assessor: James Seavey, Recorder and Auditor. L. B. Hastings, Treasurer; N. J. H. Fortman, Surveyor; E. N. Rice, Coroner; John Rea, Superintendent of Public Schools.

Kalama, Cowlitz County, PO and County seat 17 miles south of Olympia. Is eligibly situated for business, on the north bank of the Columbia, 77 miles from its mouth, 45 miles from Portland, Oregon, and 105 miles south of Tacoma, the Puget Sound terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad. The town site was selected in the Railroad Company as the starting point of the road on the Columbia and the headquarters of its operations in the Territory. The town was laid out in February, 1871, and rapidly grew into importance. The great Northern Pacific Railroad, designed to connect the waters of the Atlantic with the Pacific, running from Duluth, on Lake Superior, through Northern Minnesota, Duluth, Montana, Idaho, and Washington, to Puget Sound, was commenced with great energy, on the section from Duluth to Bismark, on the Missouri River, a distance of 100 miles, and the section from Kalama to Tacoma, a length of 105 miles, have been completed. The total length, when the sections are connected, will he about 1,700 miles, traversing a country of great resources, and capable of supporting a vast population, though now but sparsely occupied, and slightly developed. The depot and office buildings of the railroad, and the Kazano Hotel, constitute the principal structures of the town. A wharf 700 feet in length gives good landing facilities for shipping and steamers on the river, receiving the largest sea-going vessels. River steamers connecting with the railroad, make frequent trips to Portland and other points on the Columbia and Willamette rivers. Coal of an excellent quality is mined near the town, and the lumber resource is unlimited. A fine water-power is afforded by the Kalama River, which runs a short distance northeast of the town. The catching and canning of salmon engages a large capital, and constitutes an important resource. Several hotels, business houses, and two churches, Methodist and Episcopal, adorn the place. The Kalama Beacon was established in May, 1871, and is published weekly.
Bloomfield N H, attorney at law
Brogdon Samuel, blacksmith
Burke J A, butcher
Charney Casper, shoe maker
Crooks J T, cooper
Dickey H W, restaurant, and liquor saloon
Forbel Andrew, cooper
Frost Daniel, carpenter
Gardner W A, butcher
Greer William, restaurant
Hosford A Orchard, general merchandise
Hornier Ruth T Miss, teacher
INGALLS E G, postmaster, and general merchandise
Isaacs Jacob, dry goods
Martin W H, butcher
MONEY M H & M L. job printers, and proprietors Kalama Beacon
North Pacific Railroad, J W Sprague, general superintendent
O'Brien J Mrs, hotel
O'Brien John, barber
PATTERSON A M, proprietor Fulton House
Phillips John, livestock dealer
Sharp _____ Rev, clergyman
Shurble Bros, brewers
Smith & Millard, wood dealers
Sorly O, shoe maker
Stockton Charles, house and sign painter
Vestal Samuel, teacher
Watkins George, cooper
Whitehouse L H, physician and druggist
Woods J W, tailor

King County. Bounded north by Snohomish, east by Yakima (the summit of the Cascade Range being the dividing line), south by Pierce (White River being the line), and west by Puget Sound. Area, 2,300 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $1,651,526. County seat, Seattle. Principal towns: Bensonville, Fail City, Renton, and Freeport, The county possesses many features of great importance, and in its improvements is one of the most advanced in the Territory. Bordering on the Sound, it is favored with numerous excellent harbors, and its western portion is beautifully interspersed with prairie, forests, and pleasant lakes. The Snoqualmie Pass, the gentlest in ascent, and only 3,080 feet of altitude, crosses the Cascade Mountains in this county sixty miles from Seattle, over which a good road now passes, and where it is proposed to take the Seattle and Walla Walla Railroad. Broad prairies lie at the base of the Mountain, and coal of a tine quality lies beneath, making it a most inviting section, even without the railroad. The Falls of the Snoqualmie are among the attractive wonders of the county, and are visited by many tourists. Here the river of that name plunges over a precipice two hundred and seventy feet high, and is a grand object. In the midst of wild and romantic scenery. The principal rivers of the county are the Snoqualmie, Dwamish, White, and Green, bordered by rich agricultural lands. Lake Washington is a large body of fresh water, twenty miles long, by from two to five wide, lying but two and a half miles east of Seattle, and on its banks are found inexhaustible mines of coal of the best quality. A railroad has been constructed for conveying these coals to the harbor, and mining is carried on quite extensively.

Kitsap County. Bounded north by Hood's Canal, east by Puget Sound, south by Pierce, and west and northwest by Hood's Canal. Area, 400 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $786,892. Population, 1,500. County seat. Port Madison. Principal towns: Port Blakeley, Port Orchard, Seabeck, and Teekalet or Port Blakely. This county is a grand point or peninsula projecting into the sound, with a total shore line, including Bainbridge and Blake Islands, of 130 miles, bringing every portion of the county within three or four miles of navigable water. As a consequence, roads are but little needed, the convenient water communication answering every purpose, which is generally adopted. The county is noted for its extensive saw mills, one at Port Gamble said to be the largest in the world. The different towns are all on excellent harbors, and ship the product of their mills direct to every quarter of the globe. The principal resource of the county is lumbering, and in this business large numbers of men are employed.

Kittitas, Yakima County, PO 60 miles, of Yakima City
Canidy & Brother, flour manufacturers
Mead L S, teacher
Olmstead J D, postmaster, and general merchandise
Parrish G W, attorney at law
Tharp Mortimer, general merchandise

Klikitat, Klikitat County, PO 28 miles north east of Rockland
French E, general merchandise
Levins Henry T, postmaster

Klikitat County. Bounded north by Yakima, east by Walla Walla, south by the Columbia, River, and west by Skamania. Area, 2,000 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $261,082. County seat, Rockland. Principal towns: Block House, Columbus, and Klikitat. Population, 1,000. The county has made some progress during the past three years, but is still very sparsely settled. Much of the county is arable and fertile, producing the small grains in good crops, the harvest of 1874 giving a yield of over 10,000 bushels of wheat. The Columbia washes the entire southern border, and the Klikitat rising in the mountains of the west, waters the great and fertile prairie of the same name. The western portion ascends the Cascade Range, and in the extreme northwest is Mount Adams, a lofty peak, rising 9,570 feet above the sea. Rockland being opposite The Dalles, is a landing place for steamers, and the starting point of the road leading to Fort Simcoe and other points north.
Officers: M. N. Harper, Probate Judge; H. T. Levins, Recorder, and Auditor; A. Schuster, Sheriff and Assessor; Thomas Connell, Treasurer; M. N. Harper, Surveyor; John Graham, Coroner; P. E. Michel! , Superintendent of Public Schools.

Knappton, Pacific County, PO 35 miles south east of Oysterville
Knapp J B, postmaster
Oregon Trading Co, general merchandise, and manufacturers lumber, barrels, and broom handles

Konnewock, Yakima County, PO
Flint Isaac A, postmaster, and general merchandise

La Conner, Whatcom County, PO 25 miles south of Whatcom
Allen Sarah, teacher
Anderson M, boat builder
Andrews L L, general merchandise
Calhoun Samuel trader
Conner James J, hotel
Conner k Gibbons, traders
Dennison J N Rev, clergyman
Gaches George, postmaster
Gaches J & G, general merchandise
Highburger Jacob, blacksmith
Martin B L, general merchandise
McDonald J H, carpenter
O'Laughlin James, hotel
Rowlands O, physician
Winslow E D, physician

Lake View, Pierce County, PO 5 miles east of Steilacoom
Ward Moses, postmaster

Lewis County. Bounded north by Thurston and Pierce, east by Yakima, south by Skamania, Clarke and Cowlitz, and west by Chehalis, Area 1,580 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $879,880. Population, 1,700. County seat, Chehalis. Principal towns: Boisfort, Cowlitz, Highland, Newaukum, Saunders, and Skookum Chuck. This is one of the best agricultural counties west of the Cascade Mountains, comprising within its limits the fertile valleys of the Chehalis and Cowlitz, and the broad prairies embracing their tributaries. These rivers have their sources in Lewis County, one flowing northwesterly to the Pacific, the other south to the Columbia, and both navigable, affording cheap means of transportation, to these has been added within the past few years the Northern Pacific Railroad, running from the Columbia to Puget Sound, and good wagon roads radiate from the county seat to the various surrounding localities. The eastern portion is mountainous, having the summit of the Cascade Range as its dividing line, and the western part is generally level, or rolling, and highly productive.
Officers: A. B. Dillinbaugh, Probate Judge; J. P. Tax Collector; William West, Auditor; J. H. Long Treasurer; Nathan Howe, Assessor; H. N. Stearns Surveyor, and Superintendent Public Schools; H C. Bostwick, Coroner.

Lewis River, Clarke County, P 25 miles north of Vancouver
Miller & Gaither, general merchandise
Reid David, blacksmith
Simmon John H, postmaster

Lightville, Mason County, PO 18 miles north east of Oakland
Light Erastus A, postmaster

Little Falls, Lewis County, PO
Ansley David, millwright
Booth Henry, wagon maker
Cantevell James C, wagon maker
Gourdier George, postmaster, and blacksmith
Pratt John, carpenter
Rogers Silas, carpenter

Lopez Island, San Juan County, PO, a fertile island in the Straits of Fuca, between San Juan island and Rosario Straits
Deere D X, physician
Hutchison H E, postmaster, hotel, and general merchandise
Weeks T J Rev, clergyman

Lowell, Snohomish County, PO 6 miles north east of Snohomish City
Jackson D B Ac Co, general merchandise
Smith E D, postmaster, and hotel

Lummi, Whatcom County, PO 8 miles north west of Whatcom
McDonough Catharine, postmistress

Lynden, Whatcom County, PO 20 miles north of Whatcom
Hawley Enoch, shoe maker
Judson H A, postmaster, and blacksmith

Makah, Clallam County. (See Neah Bay)

Maple Grove, Clarke County, PO address, Battleground, 14 miles north of Vancouver
Leveriet & Carter, wagon material manufacturers
Palmer J C. lumber manufacturer
Rhorer Daniel, shoe maker

Martin's Bluff, Cowlitz County, PO 5 miles south of Kalama
Martin William H, postmaster

Mason County. Bounded north by Jefferson, east by Kitsap and Pierce, south by Thurston, and west by Chehalis. Area 1,020 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $254,236. County seat Oakland. Principal towns: Arcadia, Kamilchil, Lightville, and Union City. The county embraces a portion of the waters of Puget Sound whose deep and far-reaching inlets afford numerous good harbors and milling sites. The Olympus range of mountains extend through the northern part of the county, and several broad and fertile valleys are found along streams that flow to the Sound. The surface is well diversified by hills and valleys lakes, rivers, prairies and forests, making it most attractive to settlers.
Officers: A. F. Chapman, Probate Judge; John P. Judson, District Attorney; G. W. Huntley Sheriff; F. G. Morrow, Auditor; E. L. Willey, Treasurer; F. C. Purdy, Supervisor; Alexander Pollock, Coroner; John McReavy, Superintendent Public Schools.

Montesano, Chehalis County, PO and County seat, is on the south side of the Chehalis River, 15 miles from its entrance into Gray's Harbor and is surrounded by a broad extent of exceedingly fertile land. The town contains a good schoolhouse, Masonic Hall, county buildings, etc. The river is here navigable, the harbor at the mouth is good, and the surrounding country is accessible, all of which point, to the advantageous location of the town assuring prosperous future when the rich country shall be occupied by an industrious and enterprising population.
Byles Charles N, postmaster

Monticello, Cowlitz County, PO 8 miles north west of Kalama, at the junction of the Cowlitz with the Columbia. The site is an eligible one for business and the town once was of considerable importance but the building of Kalama as the terminus of the N. P. R. R. deprived it of much trade, and it has since declined The resources of the place are considerable and it its former prosperity may be restored.
Henderson Levi, physician
Huntington Chandler, postmaster
Huntington E H, hotel
Huntington H D, stock dealer
Huntington & Smith, lumber manufacturers
Riordan John, shoe maker
Smith N R, general merchandise

Mossy Rock, Lewis County, PO
Winston Laura Mrs, postmistress

Mount Coffin, Cowlitz County, PO 11 miles north west of Kalama
Barlow Bros, salmon fishery
Bush D W, salmon fishery
Cleveland & Tryon, salmon fishery
Cressy William, salmon fishery
Fisher G W, salmon fishery
La Dii C, postmaster, and horticulturist
Paulding W D, carpenter

Mukilteo, Snohomish County, PO 20 miles south west of Snohomish City
Collins, Rhineheimer & Robbeson, fish packers
FOWLER JACOB D, postmaster
Frost & Fowler, hotel, and brewery
Tull V E, fish packer

Nanum, Yakima County, PO, 50 miles __ of Yakima City.
Schnebly David J, postmaster

Napavine, Lewis County, PO, 7 miles south of Chehalis, and forty three-miles north of Kalama, is a promising station on the N. P. R. K. and is surrounded by a fine agricultural country.
Bernier Marcel, blacksmith and wagon maker
Chlopek J W, teacher
Honnesey P, teacher
Jones & Novil, lumber manufacturers
Lynch Timothy, carpenter
Urquhart J & J, general merchandise
Urquhart James, postmaster
Winston T K, surveyor

Neah Bay, Clallam County, PO, 65 miles west of New Dungeness, on the Straits of Fuca six miles east of Cape Flattery. At this place, it is said, falls a greater amount of rain, 132 inches annually than at any place known, showing more than Astoria, in Oregon, which reported to the Smithsonian Institution water separated by bar of sand, and makes one of the best harbors between San Francisco and Puget Sound. The bay is full of shoals, and is about half uncovered at low tide, but good channels run through every part. Oysterville, from its position, commands much of the trade of the Bay, and enjoys a fair degree of prosperity. High expectations are entertained of its future importance as a watering place, or pleasure resort, the beautiful scenery, pleasant yachting, fishing, and hunting grounds offering unsurpassed attractions to those in pursuit of health and recreation.
Briscoe John, postmaster
Carruthers R, hotel
Crellin & Co. general merchandise
Espy & Co, general merchandise
Lomis Edward, boat builder
Soule Edwin A, postmaster
Soule S Hood, boat builder
Stevens L, hotel

Pacific County. Bounded north by Chehalis, east by Chehalis and Wahkiakum, south by the Columbia River, and west by the Pacific Ocean. Area, 1,140 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $3355,588. County seat, Oysterville. Principal towns: Bruceport, Chinook and Ilwaco. This county comprises the extreme southwestern portion of the Territory, bordering on the Columbia and the ocean. Its principal feature is Shoalwater Bay, and the predominant resource the fisheries, particularly of oysters, in that body of water. This is one of the best harbors on the coast, but the country contributory to it is of limited extent, which detracts from its importance. The Willopah is a considerable stream entering the Bay from the east, and its lower portion constitutes a bay of itself, being broad and deep, and the tide rising in it for a distance of seventeen miles from the mouth. In the valley of this stream is much arable land and several settlements, among which is Bruceport, one of the oldest towns in the Territory. Near the mouth of the river is an extensive steam saw mill, shipping about 600,000 feet of lumber per month. The forests in this section are among the finest in the world, consisting of noble trees of fir, cedar, spruce and hemlock. The Palix, Nasal, Necomanche, Cedar, North, and other rivers, enter the Bay, and afford fine harbors at their mouths, giving great facilities for attacking, manufacturing and shipping lumber from the grand forests that line their banks. The southwestern extreme of the county terminates in Cape Disappointment, which is the outer headland at the mouth of the Columbia, and encloses Baker's Bay, upon which is situated Ilwaco, an important lumbering and fishing town. A short distance up the Columbia a valuable cement rock exists, which is extensively mined and prepared for use. In the same section silver-bearing veins are found, adding the resource of mining to the many others of the County.
Officers: M. S. Griswold, Probate Judge and Superintendent Public Schools; Robert T. Turner, Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; J. P. Judson, District Attorney; J. H. Whitcomb, Sheriff, Tax Collector, and Assessor; John Crellin, Treasurer; H. S. Gill, Surveyor; J. N. Lane, Coroner.

Palouse, Whitman County, PO 12 miles west of Colfax
Davis Jesse, postmaster

Pataha, Walla Walla County, PO 54 miles east of Walla Walla
Favor A J, postmaster

Pataha Prairie, Walla Walla County, PO 59 miles east of Walla Walla
Long Ransom, postmaster

Pekin, Cowlitz County, PO
Caples John W, postmaster
Lancaster C, attorney at law
Wood & Caples, general merchandise

Pierce County. Bounded north by Kitsap and King; east by Stevens; south by Lewis and Thurston; and west by Thurston and Mason, being separated from the latter by an arm of Puget Sound. Area, 2,000 square miles. Assessed valuation of property for 1874, $1,050,084. County seat, Steilacoom. Principal towns: Franklin, Nisqually, Spanaway and Tacoma. The county is of large extent and occupies an important section of the Territory, extending from Puget Sound on the west to the summit of the Cascade Mountains on the east, a distance of 65 miles; embracing noble harbors, navigable rivers, broad prairies, grand forests and rugged mountains, it presents a diversity of resources and most lovely scenery. In the southeastern corner is Mount Rainier, the fairest, most majestic, and the loftiest peak of the Cascade Range, reaching an altitude of 14,444 feet above the sea. The Puyallup and the Nisqually Rivers take their rise in Mount Rainier, the first on the north and the latter on the southern side, and flow through a most desirable country to Puget Sound, being navigable from 20 to 30 miles of their course, and furnishing excellent harbors at their months. The Nachess Pass, in the Cascades, is within the limits of Pierce County, through which has been constructed a good wagon road from Steilacoom to Wallula, a distance of 234 miles. The Northern Pacific Railroad enters the county from the south and finds its western terminus on the waters of Puget Sound at Tacoma, a noble harbor, where the Puyallup River enters Commencement Bay. The settlements throughout the County are generally connected by good roads, but the sound and the rivers, next to the railroad, offer most convenient and expeditions means of inter-communication.
Officers: William P. Dougherty, Probate Judge; George B. Kandle, Clerk, Recorder, and Auditor; G. N. McConaha, District -Attorney: J. K. Smith, Sheriff, Tax Collector, and Assessor; John M. Downey, Treasurer; John V. Meeker, Surveyor, and .Superintendent Public Schools; Samuel Roberts, Coroner.
Pine Grove, Stevens County, PO, 100 miles south of Fort Colville
Blane L, teacher
Gashiel F A, attorney at law
Philee T A E, physician
Ross Stephen, general merchandise
Sanders William A, postmaster
Swift A C, attorney at law
Teby C D, attorney at law

Pinkney City, Stevens County. (See Fort Colville)

Pioneer, Clark County, PO
Field William, postmaster

Pleasant Grove, Yakima County, PO
Barker Jacob, blacksmith
Bahl M M, barber
Frisby B B, teacher
Geddis S R, postmaster
Marsalner ____, physician
Read J B, teacher
Solomons William, cooper
Point Williams, Whatcom County (See Samish)

Port Angeles, Clallam County, PO, 16 miles west of New Dungeness, is on a bay of the same name on the southern shore of the Straits of Fuca, four miles long by from two to two and a half wide, constituting a very safe and accessible harbor. Vessels bound up or down the Straits of Fuca in stress of weather take refuge in Port Angeles, where shelter and good anchorage is found.
Vidler John, postmaster, and general merchandise

Port Blakely, Kitsap Co. (See Blakely)

Port Discovery, Jefferson County, PO 8 miles southwest of Port Townsend, on Port Discovery Bay, named so by Vancouver because it was the first he entered in his ship, the "Discovery," in May, 1792. Immediately in front of the town is Protection Island, also named by Vancouver. The scenery then, as now, was attractive, nor have the years intervening changed the climate nor general features of the country. The description written by the great traveler answers for the present, giving at that date a glowing picture of a section now rising into importance. He says: "On landing on the island and ascending its eminence, our attention was called to a landscape quite as beautiful as the most elegantly finished pleasure grounds of Europe. There was an elegant lawn covered with luxuriant grass, diversified with an abundance of flowers, and protected from the northwest winds by a coppice of pine trees, symmetrically arranged, as if planted by art for a special purpose. While we stopped to contemplate these several beauties of nature, in a prospect no less pleasing than unexpected, we gathered some gooseberries and roses in a state of considerable forwardness." The scenery and the seasons are the same, but the solitude is now broken by busy industry. The beautiful forests are falling before the woodman's axe, and ships of commerce, not of discovery, bear the graceful trees, now reduced to useful material, far away to foreign lands.
Clark A C, hotel
Downs George W, postmaster
Louback A Rev, clergyman (Episc)
Mastick S L & Co, lumber manufacturers, and general merchandise
Powers J, machinist
Pugh John E, hotel
Ramus E, varieties
Rice L, contractor
Ryan R E, teacher
Weymouth A, blacksmith

Port Gamble, Kitsap County, PO 30 miles north of Port Madison, near the mouth of Hood's Canal, is one of the largest milling ports of Paget Sound, having one, or a set of mills capable of cutting 500,000 feet of lumber every twenty-four hours. Such a business necessarily creates quite a town, and a large fleet of vessels is required to transport the product to market. When the mills are running at their full capacity 400 men are employed. In the long winter evenings consequent upon this high latitude, the operatives of the mills maintain amateur theatricals, and such interest is taken in dramatic representations that traveling companies always find this a profitable point. A good school, public library and town hall are among the institutions of the town.
Bishop William, shoe maker
Collins John, hotel
Edwards William, shoe maker
Houghton J S, physician
Jackson, D B, postmaster
Puget Mill Co., lumber manufacturers and general merchandise

Port Ludlow, Jefferson County, PO 13 miles south of Port Townsend
Altridge K D, hotel
Hall Brothers, ship builders
Harris George W, agent Wells, Fargo & Co, manager
Puget Sound Telegraph Co, and notary Public
Harris & Doyle, liquor saloon
PHINNEY ARTHUR, postmaster and manager
Port Ludlow Mill Co
Port Ludlow Mill Co, lumber manufacturers and general merchandise

Port Madison, Kitsap County, PO and County seat, is on an excellent harbor of the same name, and in the midst of forests, which constitute the great resource of the town. Here are extensive sawmills, capable of manufacturing 100,000 feet of lumber daily, and giving employment to two hundred men. The town is quite well built, and is superior to most of the lumbering establishments on the sound. A road leads to Teekalet or Port Gamble, but as elsewhere in this inland sea, with its labyrinth of inlets, canals and channels, water affords the favorite and most convenient method of intercommunication.
Comstock Joseph, hotel
De Shaw William, general merchandise. Point Agate
Lund Andrew, boot maker
MEIGS G. A., lumber manufacturer, and general merchandise
Primrose P J, postmaster

Index | Washington Territory Index | Washington Business Directory

Source: Pacific Coast Business Directory for 1876-78, Compiled by Henry G. Langley, San Francisco, 1875.


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